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Can You Have Metabolic Acidosis And Alkalosis At The Same Time?

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Acid–base Imbalance

Acid–base imbalance is an abnormality of the human body's normal balance of acids and bases that causes the plasma pH to deviate out of the normal range (7.35 to 7.45). In the fetus, the normal range differs based on which umbilical vessel is sampled (umbilical vein pH is normally 7.25 to 7.45; umbilical artery pH is normally 7.18 to 7.38).[1] It can exist in varying levels of severity, some life-threatening. Classification[edit] A Davenport diagram illustrates acid–base imbalance graphically. An excess of acid is called acidosis or acidemia and an excess in bases is called alkalosis or alkalemia. The process that causes the imbalance is classified based on the cause of the disturbance (respiratory or metabolic) and the direction of change in pH (acidosis or alkalosis). This yields the following four basic processes: process pH carbon dioxide compensation metabolic acidosis down down respiratory respiratory acidosis down up renal metabolic alkalosis up up respiratory respiratory alkalosis up down renal Mixed disorders[edit] The presence of only one of the above derangements is called a simple acid–base disorder. In a mixed disorder more than one is occurring at the same time. Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. beemerbeeper

    How to get rid of ketosis smell?

    My friend says I stink. She says it smells like ketosis. How do I get rid of it? I sure can't smell it. It isn't gas.
    How do you start adding carbs back without freaking out about gaining?
    How embarrasing.
    b

  2. MajorMom

    Water, water, water and more water.
    You don't want to add carbs back in. I'm confused. Why do you want to add carbs in?

  3. beemerbeeper

    I thought the ketosis smell was from too few carbs? I haven't been counting my water altho it seems like I am constantly drinking. I will start counting my ounces tomorrow and see if I can increase it by quite a bit.

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What is ALKALOSIS? What does ALKALOSIS mean? ALKALOSIS meaning - ALKALOSIS pronunciation - ALKALOSIS definition - ALKALOSIS explanation - How to pronounce ALKALOSIS? Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Uu... Alkalosis is the result of a process reducing hydrogen ion concentration of arterial blood plasma (alkalemia). In contrast to acidemia (serum pH 7.35 or lower), alkalemia occurs when the serum pH is higher than normal (7.45 or higher). Alkalosis is usually divided into the categories of respiratory alkalosis and metabolic alkalosis or a combined respiratory/metabolic alkalosis. Respiratory alkalosis is caused by hyperventilation, resulting in a loss of carbon dioxide. Compensatory mechanisms for this would include increased dissociation of the carbonic acid buffering intermediate into hydrogen ions, and the related excretion of bicarbonate, both of which lower blood pH. Hyperventilation-induced alkalosis can be seen in several deadly central nervous system diseases such as strokes or Rett syndrome. Metabolic alkalosis can be caused by repeated vomiting, resulting in a loss of hydrochloric acid within the stomach content. Severe dehydration, and the consumption of alkali are other causes. It can also be caused by administration of diuretics and endocrine disorders such as Cushing's syndrome. Compensatory mechanism for metabolic alkalosis involve slowed breathing by the lungs to increase serum carbon dioxide, a condition leaning toward respiratory acidosis. As respiratory acidosis often accompanies the compensation for metabolic alkalosis, and vice versa, a delicate balance is created between these two conditions. Metabolic alkalosis is usually accompanied by low blood potassium concentration, causing, e.g., muscular weakness, muscle pain, and muscle cramps (from disturbed function of the skeletal muscles), and muscle spasms (from disturbed function of smooth muscles). It may also cause low blood calcium concentration. As the blood pH increases, blood transport proteins, such as albumin, become more ionized into anions. This causes the free calcium present in blood to bind more strongly with albumin. If severe, it may cause tetany.

Metabolic Alkalosis

Practice Essentials Metabolic alkalosis is a primary increase in serum bicarbonate (HCO3-) concentration. This occurs as a consequence of a loss of H+ from the body or a gain in HCO3-. In its pure form, it manifests as alkalemia (pH >7.40). As a compensatory mechanism, metabolic alkalosis leads to alveolar hypoventilation with a rise in arterial carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2), which diminishes the change in pH that would otherwise occur. Normally, arterial PaCO2 increases by 0.5-0.7 mm Hg for every 1 mEq/L increase in plasma bicarbonate concentration, a compensatory response that is very quick. If the change in PaCO2 is not within this range, then a mixed acid-base disturbance occurs. For example, if the increase in PaCO2 is more than 0.7 times the increase in bicarbonate, then metabolic alkalosis coexists with primary respiratory acidosis. Likewise, if the increase in PaCO2 is less than the expected change, then a primary respiratory alkalosis is also present. The first clue to metabolic alkalosis is often an elevated bicarbonate concentration that is observed when serum electrolyte measurements are obtained. Remember that an elevated serum bicarbonate concentration may also be ob Continue reading >>

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  1. peterj7

    Raspberry Ketone Diet

    hi all
    can anyone tell me if it`s safe to use the ,(Raspberry Ketone Diet ) and has anyone tried it yet,
    thanks pete

  2. MCMLXXIII

    I take a small punnet of raspberries each morning and combine with cinnamon and flaxseed with either soya yoghurt or porridge.
    Brilliant fruit and good for you in so many ways.
    I could go on but do google for a full list of benefits.
    Sent from my KFTT using DCUK Forum mobile app

  3. phoenix

    I remembered the name of this supplement because of a thread about it on another diabetes forum a while ago. (google diabetes raspberry ketone warning), A regular poster reported that his wife suffered extreme feelings of jitteriness and anxiety when she took the supplement. There are quite a few comments from people who have used the supplement, not many positively and some said that glucose and or BP was raised. ( strangely most of these posts about experience seem to come from one time only posters, not sure what to make of that)
    The supplement has not undergone the safety trials or any trials that show it to work in humans.
    Raspberry ketone became popular for weight loss after it was mentioned on the Dr. Oz television show during the segment called “Raspberry ketone: Miracle fat-burner in a bottle” in February 2012. Even though it is touted as a “miracle” for weight loss, there is no reliable scientific evidence that it works for improving weight loss.
    How does it work?
    Raspberry ketone is a chemical from red raspberries that is thought to help for weight loss. Some research in animals or in test tubes shows that it might increase some measures of metabolism. It might also affect a hormone in the body called adiponectin. However, it is important to keep in mind that there is no reliable scientific evidence that it improves weight loss when taken by people.
    Side Effects & Safety
    There isn’t enough information available to know if raspberry ketone is safe to take as a supplement. Raspberry ketone has never been scientifically studied in humans to determine if it causes side effects. However, there are some concerns about the safety of raspberry ketone because it is chemically related to a stimulant called synephrine. Therefore, it is possible that raspberry ketone might cause feelings of jitteriness, increase blood pressure, or rapid heart beat. In one report, someone who took raspberry ketone described feelings of being shaky and a pounding heart beat (palpitations
    Click to expand...
    http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplemen ... entId=1262

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10. Acid Base Tutorial - Barnes

TRUE or FALSE: ABG goes in through the femoral artery TEST: What is the general equation for pH in terms of hydrogen ions? As hydrogen ion concentration goes down, the pH goes (up/down) and causes the blood to be (acidemic/alkalemic) TEST: What is the MAIN buffer system in our body that keeps our blood pH stable? TEST: As hydrogen ions increase in our blood, the bicarbonate buffer system causes a build up of more _____ which is excreted by our _______ As hydrogen ions increase in our blood, it builds up more CARBON DIOXIDE which is excreted by our LUNGS This is the RESPIRATORY side of the buffer system TEST: As carbon dioxide levels in our blood increases, the bicarbonate buffer system causes a buildup of ____ and ______ (ions) that is excreted by our __________ As carbon dioxide levels in our blood increases, it causes a buildup of H+ and HCO3- that is excreted by our KIDNEYS This is the METABOLIC side of the buffer system TEST: What is the equation for pH in terms of the bicarbonate buffer system and the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation? As HCO3 levels increase, pH will (increase/decrease) More bicarbonate means less hydrogen ions as the buffer system shifts it to the left, so pH Continue reading >>

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  1. kimmer

    Hi everyone,
    I'm currently 15 days into my Whole30 and as of three days ago I start experiencing bad breath/taste. It's gotten so bad that it has made me throw up and I haven't been able to eat much as it makes everything I eat taste horrible.
    I have a really good dental hygeine schedule but that seems to only be a temporary fix, usually about an hour before it goes bad again, I've tried liquid chlorophyll and probiotics incase it was something in my gut and I'm drinking a lot of water also.
    I've looked around on the internet and the only thing that could be causing this is ketosis. I've tried adding more carb rich vegetables to my meals but it hasn't made a difference.
    Has anyone else here experienced anything similar? What did you do to fix it? Does it go away on its own?
    Thanks for your help.

  2. missmary

    Its unlikely that you are in ketosis if you are eating veggies. One possible culprit is heavy metal detox. This will happen through your teeth/mouth and yes, it does go away after a while (although for now be happy the heavy metals are exiting your system!). One thing that really helps is oil pulling. I know, it sounds weird, but do this: take a spoonful of coconut oil (not huge) and hold it in your mouth. Once it melts, start swishing it through your teeth and back and forth. Swish it around your mouth for a minute or so? I never could stand it for very long. When you are done, spit it into the trash (it will clog your sink) and rinse once more with water. The oil binds to any heavy metals in your mouth, and coconut oil in particular is antibacterial (meaning this should help even if this is something other than heavy metal detox), anyway, win win. worth a try?
    For the record, FYI: my teeth/mouth has never been healthier since I started the whole30, like noticed by my hygenist healthier, so there is hope.

  3. Tom Denham

    I wonder if your time line has been too compressed for starchy, carb-rich vegetables to help YET. If you have been in ketosis, it may take more than a day of eating carb rich vegetables to balance you out again.

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