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Amino Acids Can Be Used By The Body To Make Glucose And Fatty Acids Quizlet

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In this video I discuss what are amino acids, what are amino acids made of, and what do amino acids do in the body. I also cover what are peptide bonds, polypeptide chains, how amino acids form proteins, some functions of amino acids, and what are amino acids used to build. Transcript We are going to start by looking at the molecular structure of a typical amino acid, dont worry, I am going to make it easy to understand. The basic structure of amino acids is that they consist of a carboxyl group, a lone hydrogen atom, an amino group, and a side chain, which is often referred to as an R-group. The formation of the side chain is what makes amino acids different from one another. As you can see in this diagram, these 4 are all connected to a carbon atom, which is referred to as the alpha carbon. Not every amino acid follows this exact structure, but, most do. On the screen I have 3 different amino acids, lysine, tryptophan, and leucine. You can see that each has a carboxyl group, an alpha carbon, a amino group, and an R-group that is different from each other. There are 23 total amino acids that are proteinogenic. Proteinogenic amino acids are precursors to proteins, which means they

Lecture 6: Proteins And Amino Acids- Set 3

making proteins from RNA; tRNA translates the mRNA code into a sequence of amino acids. something wrong in a protein, like an enzyme the process whereby the information coded in a gene is used to produce a protein, and is based on the need for the given protein. the essential amino acid that is available in the lowest concentration in relation to the body's need. -this limits the body's ability to synthesize a protein Name some nonprotein molecules that amino acids are used to make? DNA, RNA, and neurotransmitters (all N containing) What happens to the amino group once it is removed from the amino acid? It is converted into ammonia. Ammonia enters the liver and is converted to urea which goes to the kidneys for removal. After deamination, what must happen to the amino acid before it can be used for energy? The remaining carbon skeleton can be broken down to produce ATP or used to make glucose or fatty acids. It can enter at different points of the citric acid cycle, and then enters electron transport chain Breaking up amino acids is metabolically expensive. What does this mean? It takes up more energy to break these down than fat or carbs What happens to body proteins when energy Continue reading >>

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  1. Kingleonidas

    Metformin and DKA>>

    Just wondering, I have read that taking metformin without food can lead to dka, or does this usually pertain to people who eat absolutely nothing or very little all day?
    I am going to start my 850mg three times a day at about 4-5am, 9-10am, then again at the end of the day when I go to bed.
    Has anyone had a problem with metformin and dka?
    Thanks.

  2. MarkM

    no, metformin won't cause dka. its main action is to inhibit glycogenolysis. only insufficient insulin will cause dka. metformin can cause lactic acidosis, but it is not the same thing as ketoacidosis (dka).

  3. Ken S

    Studies have also shown that the risk of getting lactic acidosis with or without taking metformin is about the same. This is an extremely rare affliction that only really seems to affect patients with serious preexisting health problems. It's really not an issue to be concerned about.
    As for DKA, metformin is contradicted in cases where patients are experiencing symptoms of DKA, and therefore it may be surmised that it may worsen this condition, although it does not seem to cause it.

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Are you looking for accredited Nutrition Courses Online? Wish to start a career in nutrition? You can now explore nutrition courses at Brentwood Open Learning College http://goo.gl/RhaLMm. Contact us 24/7 athttp://www.bolc.co.uk/. There are no age limits or geographical restrictions to enrol in our courses. Get experience of our professionally designed Nutrition courses now. Our Nutrition courses cover different areas of diet and nutrition. Online Nutrition courses deliver information about nutrition plans that is important for maintaining healthy life style. People are becoming more conscious about the health as they are getting familiar with health issues. Demand for diet and nutrition professionals is increasing with the passage of time. Certificate in nutrition is specifically structured keeping in view the upcoming demand for nutrition advisors. Nutrition Certificate Online is designed to provide the deep knowledge about the key topics of nutrition. You will get knowledge about the importance of optimum health, through effective balance and lifestyle choices. Basic principles of healthy eating and dietary plans are examined during studies. Common eating disorders are discussed

Understanding Nutrition Chap 7

a common high-energy compound composed of a purine (adenine), a sugar (ribose), and three phosphate groups. cellular organelles responsible for producing ATP made of lipids and proteins with enzymes mounted to them pairs of chemical reactions in which some of the energy released from the breakdown of one compound is used to create a bond in the formation of another compound. converts fructose and galactose to glucose, makes and stores glycogen, breaks down glycogen and releases glucose, makes glucose from some amino acids and glycerol when needed. converts excess glucose to fatty acids manufactures nonessential amino acids that are short in supply. removes from circulation amino acids that are present in excess of need and converts them to other amino acids or deaminates them and converts them to glucose or fatty acids. removes ammonia from the blood and converts it to urea to be sent to the kidneys for excretion. makes other nitrogen containing compounds the body needs such as bases usein DNA and RNA. makes many proteins builds and breaks down triglycerides, phospholipids, and chelesterol as needed. breaks down fatty acids for energy when needed. packages extra lipids in lipoprot Continue reading >>

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  1. Marie

    Hi I am sure I have read somewhere on here that nothing can be done about it but how do you all deal/cope with halitosisi please?
    I am not exaggerating when I say that people recoil or flinch when with me. I know it probably makes you laugh when I say that my daughter holds her nose, I could see the lady at the beauty counter whilst applying my lipstick flinching and holding back and my best friend admitted after duress that my breath smells foul!! ...I have cancelled my regular facials now also as that requires someone leaning over my face. I am soooooo embarrassed!!
    I spray breath spray but that makes no difference. I also drink a min of 2 litres of water throughout the day? Am I able to eat sugar free gum? Although tbh I'm not sure that'll make a lot of difference if it's coming from the gut??
    Please HELP!!
    [ed. note: Marie (2154136) last edited this post 2 years, 1 month ago.]

  2. Ellen

    If its ketosis breath, its more of a pear drops smell and it will pass. But halitosis can also be caused by excess protein. Make sure protein intake is moderate and wait.

  3. Marie

    If it was a pear drop smell Helen I don't think people would be running for the hills! Ha! Ha!
    It's been described as a 'sewage' smell....very embarrassing. I eat protein with my meals as described and required by the diet, definitely not in excess. Dental checks are up to date and normal. Surely someone else on here is or has suffered the same problem and if so has some useful tips to freshen the breath. Apart from wearing a mask over my mouth am not sure what I can do.
    In all seriousness I am getting quite anxious about it now tbh.

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Ntr 312 Exam 2 Flashcards | Quizlet

Transamination: attaching amino group to a carboxyl group; process by which cells make nonessential amino acids Does denaturation of protein affect the nutritional content of the protein? Name some examples of protein denaturation in foods. Denaturation: proteins uncoiling; results from change in pH (acids), addition of heat, high salt concentration, mechanical breakdown It does NOT change the nutritional content of protein. High fevers (105.8) can denature proteins Protein digestion in the GI tract. (In your description include the digestive juices / enzymes secreted, review the hormones involved) STOMACH: pepsin breaks down large peptide chains SMALL INTESTINE: proteases come from pancreas to break down smaller chains into dipeptides, and tripeptides. peptidases (on microvilli) break small chains into individual amino acids Into what circulatory system are amino acids, dipeptides and tripeptides absorbed? Amino acids are absorbed into the blood stream through the micro villi in the small intestine What provides the instructions for all proteins synthesized in the body? Described the process of transcription and translation in synthesizing proteins. DNA ---> mRNA--->attaches to r Continue reading >>

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  1. Daves_Not_Here

    Has anyone else on keto experienced shorter colds? For the first time in at least 30 years, I got over a cold in 24 hours.
    As I've aged, my ability to shake a cold has diminished. When I was younger, I could get a cold, experience the symptoms, tough it out, and in 5 to 7 days, I'd be fully recovered. More recently, my colds have lingered for weeks. In the last 5 years, I've not gotten over a cold without a visit to the doctor after 2 weeks and a course of antibiotics and steroids.
    So, imagine my pleasant surprise when, after starting to experience cold/flu symptoms, I shook them in 24 hours. A bug has been going around our office that has knocked our staff out for up to a week. Everybody's been coughing and the women sound like dudes. The other night, I felt a sore throat coming on as I fell asleep. I woke up throughout the night as it got worse. The next day, I was sore and had no energy. I still went on my 15 minute bike ride but it took 22 minutes. I was at 50% energy for the day, but was curious why my symptoms were not worsening. Went to bed feeling slightly better. Woke up at 5:00 AM - no pain! Couldn't believe it. Carefully swallowed to confirm. Wow. Went on my ride - 16 minutes. Throughout my day, I was at 90%+ energy. I literally had back to back meetings scheduled from 8:00 AM to 8:00 PM which I had considered rescheduling the day before, but kept them all and felt fine. As I type this this morning, I'm at 100% after a 15 minute ride, completely recovered!
    This correlates with my recent adoption of a ketogenic diet. (yes yes, I know, correlation is not causation, it's all water weight loss, I'll die an early death and join Robert Atkins in hell, I can't draw any conclusions from a single anecdote, I got it). One thing that may have directly helped is the suppression of mucus production. Normally, when I get a sore throat, a post-nasal drip kicks in and seems to exacerbate more flu symptoms. This time, there was no congestion or sniffles at all. Has anyone else had a similar experience?
    Dave’s TrendWeight

  2. MagsOnTheBeach

    I read a couple articles about exercise and colds - people who consider themselves healthy and those who exercise regularly have fewer colds and if they do get them, they are sick for half the time as others. Also in a study with mice, certain viruses never caused lung issues when the mice were exercised regularly before exposure.
    They think it is because those who exercise cause tissue inflammation on a regular basis so the body is geared up to heal/repair - when you don't exercise, the body struggles to make those repairs.
    I'm not doing keto but I was reflecting last night on how at least once a month I had a cold or migraine before I started to lose weight and exercise. Since January, the most I have felt was worn out, after a good night of sleeping, I feel better.

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