Alcoholic Ketoacidosis Lab Results

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Educational video on methanol and ethylene glycol toxicity. Medical education. Not official statement of Albert Einstein College of Medicine or Maimonides Medical Center. Not meant as medical advice.

Diagnosis And Treatment Of Ethylene Glycol (antifreeze) Ingestion

Fast, free, expert help 247365 1-800-222-1222 Diagnosis and Treatment of Ethylene Glycol (Antifreeze) Ingestion Ethylene glycol is an odorless, colorless, sweet-tasting syrupy substance with a molecular weight of 62.07, freezing point of -13C and a boiling point of 197.6C. It is most commonly encountered as automotive antifreeze. Diethylene glycol behaves similarly to ethylene glycol in an overdose. The ethylene glycol molecule is incorporated into the structure of several ethers (e.g., ethylene glycol mono butyl ether and ethylene glycol mono ethyl ether), which may in very large amounts behave similarly to EG. A 27 year old male is found in a motel room, after telling an acquaintance that he was going to drink antifreeze. In the motel room is a glass with what looks like antifreeze. The patient says it is, and says that he drank one glass. He is brought to an ED in police custody. They are anxious to take him to jail. In the ED he is alert and cooperative, oriented to person, place and time. PMH reveals multiple prior suicide attempts. Physical examination is unremarkable. (He has multiple old scars from apparent self-harm efforts.) Initial labs at 20:33 hours are Na 149, Cl 108 Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. quartz75

    potassium on keto

    i read that 2000mg supp was recommended, i've got some tablets which say
    200mg yielding elemental potassium
    1100mg potassium gluconate
    anyone know what the second bit is ? does that mean it's got 1300mg total, and i only need to take 1 a day, instead of 5-10 ? thnx

  2. EvSer

    I was wondering something similar. I started keto also and I bought some potassium pills at the pharmacy. But there 50mg elemental potassium? On the bottle it says to take one a day but the recommended amount of potassium daily is upwards of 2g. I don't get it??

  3. Eileen

    A lot of foods that you'd normally eat on keto, like chard, spinach, avocado, fish, mushrooms etc are naturally high in potassium.
    A handy way to bump your potassium intake is the LoSalt, it replaces some of the sodium with potassium.

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Anion gap usmle - anion gap metabolic acidosis normal anion gap metabolic acidosis

Common Laboratory (lab) Values - Anion Gap

Question: Please define the Anion Gap and its utility in diagnosis and how it relates to osmolality. The anion gap provides an estimation of the unmeasured anions in the plasma and is useful in the setting of arterial blood gas analysis. It is especially useful in helping to differentiate the cause of a metabolic acidosis, as well as following the response to therapy. Its basic premise is based on the fact that electroneutrality must exist in the body, or in other words the net charges of serum anions, which includes albumin, bicarbonate, chloride, organic acids and phosphate must equal the net charges of the serum cations, which includes calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium. In clinical practice, the anion gap is calculated using three lab values (Na+, Cl-, and HCO3-). [Occasionally, you may see an alternative equation: Anion Gap = [Na+] + [K+] - [Cl-] - [HCO3-]. This equation is preferred by some nephrologists, because of the wide fluctuations that may occur with potassium in renal disease. ] Serum sodium represents over 90 percent of the extracellular cations, whereas chloride and bicarbonate represent approximately 85 percent of the extracellular anions. It follows then, t Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Renz Envy

    Let's talk about ketosis.
    Has anyone here ever experienced it?
    Right now I'm trimming down and slipping into it-
    I feel a heavy brain fog as it takes my mind a little longer than normal to convert thoughts to words. I have a pretty strong case of cotton mouth. I have zero energy, no motivation and a general feeling of depression.

  2. Fyasko.

    you should probably specify what ketosis is haha :)
    Ketosis is a state of elevated levels of ketone bodies in the body. It is almost always generalized throughout the body, with hyperketonemia, that is, an elevated level of ketone bodies in the blood. Ketone bodies are formed by ketogenesis when the liver glycogen stores are depleted. The ketone bodies acetoacetate and β-hydroxybutyrate are used for energy.
    it mearly means your body is using fat for energy.
    i tried it once and tbh hated it. had the exact feelings you did.
    i think the depression is due to low blood sugar.

  3. twentysix

    I'm sure I have it as I consume virtually no carbs at all. I've been eating almost nothing but homemade hemp butter for a couple of weeks. I do eat chicken and fish, too, but have disease that makes me unable to process most vegetation... plus multiple food allergies. Hemp has made life easier, considering.
    But anyway... I guess it makes sense now why mouth has been so dry. I consume enough water so I've been a little confused.
    As for blood sugar and glucose for the brain, eventually your body starts converting protein into glucose. For some it may not work, but if healthy you'll do fine. The Inuit eat a diet nearly devoid of any vegetation/carbs and do fine.

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Alcoholism is disease, heres some resources to help you fight back: Responsible Drinking: A Moderation Management Approach http://amzn.to/1ZdgP9f I Need to Stop Drinking!: How to get back your self-respect. http://amzn.to/1VEqbeU Why You Drink and How to Stop: A Journey to Freedom: http://amzn.to/1Q8pAv2 Alcoholics Anonymous: The Big Book: http://amzn.to/1N0rttl Alcoholics: Dealing With an Alcoholic Family Member, Friend or Someone You Love: http://amzn.to/1j9cvH4 Watch more How to Understand Alcoholism videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/517398-... The question that has been asked of me is if alcoholism can lead to diabetes. And if so, how? The answer is chronic alcohol use can lead to diabetes. The way it leads to diabetes is that chronic alcohol use can cause inflammation of the pancreas, and chronic inflammation of the pancreas can affect the production of insulin in the body. And that's what causes diabetes. So that is why alcohol can be an actual primary determinate of diabetes. The other way that heavy alcohol use can lead to diabetes or exacerbate diabetes is that alcohol has a high content of sugar. So if one is already diabetic, alcohol is really not indicated because o

Alcoholism: Facts On Alcoholic Symptoms & Treatment

For More Information About Alcoholism and Alcohol Use Disorder Alcohol problems vary in severity from mild to life threatening and affect the individual, the person's family, and society in numerous adverse ways. Despite the focus on illegal drugs of abuse such as cocaine , alcohol remains the number-one drug problem in the United States. Nearly 17 million adults in the U.S. are dependent on alcohol or have other alcohol-related problems, and about 88,000 people die from preventable alcohol-related causes. In teenagers, alcohol is the most commonly abused drug. Thirty-five percent of teens have had at least one drink by age 15. Even though it is illegal, about 8.7 million people 12 to 20 years of age have had a drink in the past month, and this age group accounted for 11% of all alcohol consumed in the U.S. Among underaged youth, alcohol is responsible for about 189,000 emergency-room visits and 4,300 deaths annually. Withdrawal, for those physically dependent on alcohol, is much more dangerous than withdrawal from heroin or other narcotic drugs. Alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence are now grouped together under the diagnosis of alcohol use disorder. What was formerly called alco Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. taponte

    How to know if you are in ketosis.

    Well i am sure there is another post like this, because i read it before, but i dont remeber exactly what it said and I cant find it.
    The quesiton is just as the title says, how can i know if i am in ketosis or not?
    I have been reading and the people says that at the second day, or thirth day or X day they get in to ketosis, but how they know that?

  2. jumpingjupiter

    If you have never been in Ketosis buy some keto sticks. You can pick them up at most drug stores in the US and Canada. Ask the pharmisist if you can't find them on the shelf. Usually they will be with diabetic supplies. Lots of people will say not to waist your money but they are cheap and I get an instant gratification when I see the test strip turn color. Besides, it is always nice to see evidence that your effort is paying off.
    -odd metalic taste in your mouth and bad breath.
    -Odd smelling urine is another symptom.
    -You will pee like a race horse.
    - I also get cotton mouth (dry mouth and really foamy saliva). Not sure if anyone else gets this.

  3. Andypandy999

    Normally i pee like a race horse for 2 days after my carb up which means im back in ketosis, Breath smells like crap, my wee smells like meat, and i find i get really de-hydrated...

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