Acidosis And Alkalosis Mnemonic

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NCLEX tips and strategies on how to avoid 3 common mistakes students make when taking the NCLEX-RN or NCLEX-PN exam. Mistake 1: panicking when they don't get a certain amount of questions. Most students go into the NCLEX exam hoping to get either 75 or 85 questions because if they don't get this amount of questions they feel like they "may have" failed the exam. It is normal to receive a random number of questions on the NCLEX. So, if your computer doesn't shut off at that magic number of questions, keep going and give it your best. Mistake 2: waiting too long to take the exam after graduation. After you graduate nursing school, schedule to take the exam within 1-2 months. The nursing concepts are fresh on your mind and chances are you just got done taking exit exams which primed you for NCLEX. So, don't wait 6-8 months to schedule the exam...take it soon. Mistake 3: practicing NCLEX questions but not reading the rationales. It is best to study for the NCLEX exam by practicing questions, but you must go back and read the rationales of the questions you got right and wrong, especially the questions you got wrong. Then you need to go back in your study resource and read the areas you don't understand. Remember NCLEX questions are critical thinking (not fact based) so you need to thoroughly understand the material to pass. #NCLEX #NCLEX Review #Nursing #Nurse Free NCLEX review quizzes: http://www.registerednursern.com/nurs... Article for this video: http://www.registerednursern.com/3-co... Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_c... Nursing School Supplies: http://www.registerednursern.com/the-... Nursing Job Search: http://www.registerednursern.com/nurs... Visit our website RegisteredNurseRN.com for free quizzes, nursing care plans, salary information, job search, and much more: http://www.registerednursern.com Check out other Videos: https://www.youtube.com/user/Register... All of our videos in a playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pAhHx... Popular Playlists: NCLEX Reviews: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Fluid & Electrolytes: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Nursing Skills: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Nursing School Study Tips: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Nursing School Tips & Questions" https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Teaching Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Types of Nursing Specialties: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Healthcare Salary Information: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... New Nurse Tips: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Nursing Career Help: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... EKG Teaching Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Personality Types: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Dosage & Calculations for Nurses: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Diabetes Health Managment: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list...

Metabolic Acidosis Nclex Review Notes

Are you studying metabolic acidosis and need to know a mnemonic on how to remember the causes? This article will give you a clever mnemonic and simplify the signs and symptoms and nursing interventions on how to remember metabolic acidosis for nursing lecture exams and NCLEX. In addition, you will learn how to differentiate metabolic acidosis from metabolic alkalosis. Don’t forget to take the metabolic acidosis and metabolic alkalosis quiz. This article will cover: Metabolic acidosis simplified Lab values expected with metabolic acidosis Causes of metabolic acidosis Signs and symptoms of metabolic acidosis Nursing interventions for metabolic acidosis Lecture on Metabolic Acidosis Metabolic Acidosis Metabolic Acidosis in Simple Terms: a metabolic problem due to the buildup of acid in the body fluids which affects the bicarbonate (HCO3 levels) either from: increased acid production (ex: DKA where ketones (acids) increase in the body which decreases bicarbonate) decreased acid excretion (ex: renal failure where there is high amount of waste left in the body which causes the acids to increase and bicarb can’t control imbalance) loss of too much bicarb (diarrhea) When this acidic ph Continue reading >>

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  1. Injecto

    I can't seem to find anything that backs this up. I know that high BG will damage them over time (duh!!), but what about ketones?

  2. fgummett

    Ketone bodies are water-soluble compounds that are produced as by-products when fatty acids are broken down for energy. They are a vital source of energy during fasting -- such as overnight.
    The brain gets its energy from ketone bodies when insufficient glucose is available. In the event of low blood glucose, most other tissues have additional energy sources besides ketone bodies (such as fatty acids), but the brain does not.
    Remember that when you are not fasting, the body can use Amino Acids (from dietary Protein) to synthesize Glucose (Gluconeogenesis).
    Any production of Ketones is called ketogenesis, and this is necessary in small amounts. When even larger amounts of ketone bodies accumulate such that the blood's pH is lowered to dangerously acidic levels, this state is called ketoacidosis. This happens in untreated Type I diabetes (DKA).
    In short, the human body has evolved over the millennia to burn either Glucose or Fatty Acids -- think of these as the short-term fuel and longer-term reserve, respectively.
    So if it is normal to burn Fatty Acids and produce Ketones why would they be harmful unless they accumulate to dangerous levels? Yes I know... we always get the "dangerous levels" lecture but consider that BG can be toxic at high enough levels... that does not mean it is bad for us at any level


    can we get the production of ketones correct??
    The primary cause of ketogenesis in the body is.....
    gluconeogenesis from dietary protein, when there is insufficient dietary glucose to fill the body needs, aka the ketogenic diet.
    The process of gluconeogenesis utilises a key component of the citric acid cycle (oxaloacetate), which blocks the oxidation of Acetyl CoA. Fatty acid (and glucose oxidation) require their conversion to Acetyl CoA. It is Acetyl CoA which is converted to ketone bodies and this process occurs pretty exclusively in the liver (also happens in the kidney)
    Normally oxidation of fatty acids does NOT produce ketone bodies, even during fasting overnight, as usually there are more than sufficient stores of glycogen.
    - starvation is an entirely different matter. Fasting for longer than a day or so can be sufficient for ketogenesis to start.
    Astrocytes in the brain can produce ketone bodies in response to hypoglycemia, but this will not provide adequate protection in the event of hypoglycemia caused by insulin overdose.
    The simple reason why ketogenesis as caused by a ketogenic diet is probably safe is because ketones only transiently rise in response to food, and the levels sustained should not be sufficient to disturb the body's buffer system.
    if however you spent long periods without food, or lacking insulin then that is a very different matter.
    I can't find anything definitive about ketones and kidney function - the only thing of note is an association with kidney stones for children on ketogenic diets to control epilepsy - but this could be due to the components of the diet (high protein) rather than ketones. There are no long term safety studies on ketogenic diets, but they are though to be safe (probably).
    Those on this forum on low carbohydrate diets 50g to 120g of carbs probably do not experience ketogenesis to any significant degree. Significant ketogenesis only occurs at <30g.

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Listen to all the episodes at: https://www.nrsng.com/labspodcast/ View this post on our blog: https://www.nrsng.com/acidosis-alkalo... Alkalosis and acidosis Alkalosis has a K, therefore it is Kicking the pH UP! Acidosis has a D, therefore it is dropping the pH DOWN!

Usmle Mcqs And "pearls":

The pH of blood is normally kept constant by a series of buffers and by the bodys ability to excrete excess acid through the lungs and kidneys. The main buffering system is the bicarbonate-carbonic acid buffer, which is described by the following reaction: Normal ABG values for the pH, PaCO2, and HCO3- are as follows: The following steps are followed in working out acid-base problems. Also there are nomograms, and PDA programs (medmath) that calculate and interpret these problems. Pt. has vomiting (metabolic alkalosis), diarrhea (metabolic acidosis), renal failure (metabolic acidosis), toxic ingestion (metabolic acidosis), respiratory failure (respiratory acidosis), hyperventilation (respiratory alkalosis) or a combination of these? Normal values: pH = 7.4, PaCO2 = 40 mmHg, HCO3- = 24 mEq/L pH Primary Abnormality Secondary Abnormality Primary (1 process) 1. mmol/L and mEq/L are same in calculations. 2. PaCO2 and HCO3- always go in the same direction. If they go in different directions, a mixed acid-base d/o is present. 3. Metabolic alkalosis is the most common type of acid-base disorder. 4. If HCO3- is 13 mEq/L, then 1 disturbance is metabolic acidosis, regardless of other ABG val Continue reading >>

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  1. AMeyer05

    I'm somewhat confused by your doctors reasoning? I had a stillborn at 22w in February. We are currently 14w pregnant again and my high risk doctor told me that at 16w I will start progesterone shots and that I have to do them every week until 36w. He said they are not recommended until week 16? It was always my understanding that early miscarriages were due to issues in the pregnancy and that nothing could be done if you were having one? They even told me this when they deemed my first pregnancy a "threatened miscarriage" at 17w. I would seek a second opinion personally. I would be concerned about being taken off of progesterone as well! Best of luck momma :)

  2. sesame16

    Thanks for getting back to me. I'm sorry to hear about your loss.
    My understanding from my doctor is that at 12 weeks the placenta takes over as it should be producing enough progesterone that the suppositories are redundant...

    I have heard of other moms starting progesterone later on for other reasons (much like you) so I find it very confusing.

  3. petrap14

    I have had 2 miscarriages because of low progesterone. I will be 12 wks this coming Thursday and last Friday my dr said I could stop taking the progesterone at 12 wks bc the placenta has taken over. She also said I could have some spotting. Hope this helps.

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What is ALKALOSIS? What does ALKALOSIS mean? ALKALOSIS meaning - ALKALOSIS pronunciation - ALKALOSIS definition - ALKALOSIS explanation - How to pronounce ALKALOSIS? Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Uu... Alkalosis is the result of a process reducing hydrogen ion concentration of arterial blood plasma (alkalemia). In contrast to acidemia (serum pH 7.35 or lower), alkalemia occurs when the serum pH is higher than normal (7.45 or higher). Alkalosis is usually divided into the categories of respiratory alkalosis and metabolic alkalosis or a combined respiratory/metabolic alkalosis. Respiratory alkalosis is caused by hyperventilation, resulting in a loss of carbon dioxide. Compensatory mechanisms for this would include increased dissociation of the carbonic acid buffering intermediate into hydrogen ions, and the related excretion of bicarbonate, both of which lower blood pH. Hyperventilation-induced alkalosis can be seen in several deadly central nervous system diseases such as strokes or Rett syndrome. Metabolic alkalosis can be caused by repeated vomiting, resulting in a loss of hydrochloric acid within the stomach content. Severe dehydration, and the consumption of alkali are other causes. It can also be caused by administration of diuretics and endocrine disorders such as Cushing's syndrome. Compensatory mechanism for metabolic alkalosis involve slowed breathing by the lungs to increase serum carbon dioxide, a condition leaning toward respiratory acidosis. As respiratory acidosis often accompanies the compensation for metabolic alkalosis, and vice versa, a delicate balance is created between these two conditions. Metabolic alkalosis is usually accompanied by low blood potassium concentration, causing, e.g., muscular weakness, muscle pain, and muscle cramps (from disturbed function of the skeletal muscles), and muscle spasms (from disturbed function of smooth muscles). It may also cause low blood calcium concentration. As the blood pH increases, blood transport proteins, such as albumin, become more ionized into anions. This causes the free calcium present in blood to bind more strongly with albumin. If severe, it may cause tetany.

Ep9: Acidosis Alkalosis And Ph

Grab My Cheatsheet! Ready to Make Lab Values Quick and Easily Accessible? Use Skeletons! Alkalosis has a K, therefore it is Kicking the pH UP! Acidosis has a D, therefore it is dropping the pH DOWN! Ready to Make Lab Values Quick and Easily Accessible? Use Skeletons! Alright so this next memory device is to help you remember the location on the pH scale for alkalosis and acidosis. And it can be hard to remember in picture which one is on which side of that little scale. So, if you can remember that alkalosis has a K in it. Therefore, its kicking the pH up. So, alkalosis has a K in the word, therefore, its kicking the pH up. And then, if you can remember, acidosis has a D in it. Therefore, its dropping the pH down. So, lets go over that again. Alakalosis has a K, therefore, its kicking the pH up. Acidosis has a D, therefore its dropping the pH down. Alkalosis, K, kicking the pH up. Acidosis has a D, therefore, it is dropping the pH down. This has been another episode of the nursing mnemonics podcast by NRSNG.com with your host, Katie Kleber, RN, CCRN. To grab all of our nursing cheat sheets, head over to NRSNG.com/freebies. Thats NRSNG.com/freebies. Thank you so much for being here Continue reading >>

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  1. tracy

    Hi Im just restarting on my atkins again this new year, and am really trying to make it a lifestyle change this time! Some friends from work are doing it with me so hopefully we can motivate each other.
    Anyhow I wanted to get some of those testing strips but anyone know if the have them in Canada at walmart, I asssuming Id have to ask for them in the pharmacy and dont want to look like a idiot! So if you know what they are called here I would appreciate it. Thanks

  2. think_thin

    HAHAHA - I've been there! I'm in Ontario too (Oshawa) and I found them in Pharma Plus and in the Walmart (behind the pharmacy counter). I haven't tried anywhere else because I was lucky both times. Good Luck!!

  3. pennink

    any pharmacy...
    Walmart, Costco, loblaws' stores, Shopper drug mart... all over the place. They're about 7 to 8 bucks. Get Bayer, they never fail.

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