A Storage Form Of Carbohydrate Energy Glucose

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In this video I discuss the what are carbohydrates and the types of carbohydrates. The pros and cons to each type, and the best carbs to eat. Transcript Types of carbs So, what are the different types of carbohydrates? The answer to this question depends on who you ask. Some common classifications would be healthy and unhealthy, good and bad, slow and fast. In this video I am going to classify them as simple, complex and fibrous. Before we get into those classifications, we need to look at molecules. I know, fun stuff, but it will help you understand better. A monosaccharide is a single molecule, such as fructose, which is found in fruit. A disaccharide consists of 2 monosaccharide molecules, such as sucrose or table sugar. And a polysaccharide consists of many monosaccharide molecules, such as in whole grain pasta. Now that we have that out of the way, lets look at simple carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates are made up of mono and disaccharides, 1 or 2 molecules. Some foods include, fruits, milk, and foods with high amounts of added sugars. Typically simple carbohydrates are easily absorbed into the bloodstream because of their simple molecular structure. However, when you obtain simple carbohydrates from whole foods, they are usually combined with vitamins, minerals and fiber, which slows down the digestive process. Now, lets look at complex carbohydrates. Complex carbohydrates are composed of polysaccharides, so, because of their more complex molecular structure, they can take longer for the body to break down and digest, like whole grains and vegetables. However, some complex carbohydrate foods have been processed, which strips them of some of their natural, high fiber content as well as vitamins and minerals, so they are digested faster and more easily. So, with both simple and complex carbohydrates I have mentioned fast and slow digestion. Why is that important? 3 reasons, #1 is it is going to make you feel fuller longer, rapid digestion means hunger returns quicker which leads to more consumption. #2, typically slower digested foods cause lower blood level spikes, and #3, slower, longer digestion means the body is using more energy over a longer period of time to break down the food, which is an increase or boost in metabolism. Next up is fiber. Fiber is parts of plants that cant be digested. I have a separate video that looks deeper into fiber that I will link in the little I in the upper right-hand corner of your screen. Bottom line. So, the question is what type of carbohydrates should you eat. That is actually very easy to answer. All 3 types. Don’t focus on the types, instead, focus on Carbohydrates that have been minimally processed, like whole grain pasta, and whole wheat bread, also Fruits and vegetables that contain fiber, vitamins and minerals. And of course anything from dairy queen. Ah, just joking with ya folks. Seriously though, minimize the consumption of the processed foods, if you can eliminated them great, if not, its about moderation. Its ok to eat the foods you love, you just have to do it in moderation. Other sources... http://www.builtlean.com/2012/05/17/c... http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/healt... http://www.livestrong.com/article/133...


Monosaccharides Carbohydrates are the most abundant biomolecule on Earth. Living organisms use carbohydrates as accessible energy to fuel cellular reactions and for structural support inside cell walls. Cells attach carbohydrate molecules to proteins and lipids, modifying structures to enhance functionality. For example, small carbohydrate molecules bonded to lipids in cell membranes improve cell identification, cell signaling, and complex immune system responses. The carbohydrate monomers deoxyribose and ribose are integral parts of DNA and RNA molecules. To recognize how carbohydrates function in living cells, we must understand their chemical structure. The structure of carbohydrates determines how energy is stored in carbohydrate bonds during photosynthesis and how breaking these bonds releases energy during cellular respiration. Biomolecules meet specific structural criteria to be classified as carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates are modifications of short hydrocarbon chains. Several hydroxyls and one carbonyl functional group modify these hydrocarbon chains to create a monosaccharide, the base unit of all carbohydrates. Monosaccharides consist of a carbon chain of three or mo Continue reading >>

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  1. Sideways17

    Taking a break from keto to break through plateau...Will it work

    Let me start by saying, I love keto. I've been on this diet for almost 5 months and have lost 40 lbs. However, I have been stalled for 5 to 6 weeks. I have lowered calories, upped cardio....nothing. I have been stalled at 195lbs. I still have quite a bit of fat to lose. Still can't see the 6 pack and I still have slight love handles. I decided to take a 1 to 2 week break from the diet. Anyone else ever do this? Thanks.

  2. queloque

    Originally Posted by Sideways17
    Let me start by saying, I love keto. I've been on this diet for almost 5 months and have lost 40 lbs. However, I have been stalled for 5 to 6 weeks. I have lowered calories, upped cardio....nothing. I have been stalled at 195lbs. I still have quite a bit of fat to lose. Still can't see the 6 pack and I still have slight love handles. I decided to take a 1 to 2 week break from the diet. Anyone else ever do this? Thanks.

    Well you know I have. When I go back to keto I won't have such a large deficit this time. I'm sticking to the 10 to 20 percent deficit that Lyles recommends.

  3. Sideways17

    Originally Posted by queloque
    Well you know I have. When I go back to keto I won't have such a large deficit this time. I'm sticking to the 10 to 20 percent deficit that Lyles recommends.

    Yeah, Im just looking for more opinions. What will 10 to 20% put you at?

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In this video I discuss what are complex carbohydrates, and some foods that contain them. I also discuss what is starch food, and I cover some starchy foods. I also look at what are polysaccharides, and what are oligosaccharides, and how some oligosaccharides are prebiotic foods. Transcript (partial with notes). What are complex carbohydrates? Complex carbohydrates are made up of monosaccharides, or simple sugar molecules, not the table sugar that might come to mind, and these molecules are joined together to form long chains. There are mainly two classifications of complex carbohydrates, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Oligosaccharides consist of 3 to 10 simple sugars joined together such as fructo-oligosaccharides which consist of a short chain of fructose molecules. Most oligosaccharides are not digested in the body because we lack an enzyme to break them down, meaning that some of them are a form of fiber. Some forms of oligosaccharides act as a prebiotic, which means they promote the growth of good gut bacteria. Foods that contain oligosaccharides include chicory root, artichokes, onions, garlic and asparagus. Polysaccharides consist of more than 10 simple sugars joined together. Starch and cellulose are 2 of the main polysaccharides. Starch consists of many glucose molecules joined together, and the body can break them down and use the glucose for energy. Starchy foods include potatoes, rice, wheat, and corn. Cellulose also consists of many bonded glucose units, however their bond are different that starches, and the body cannot break them down. So, cellulose is a form of fiber. Cellulose fiber helps remove waste from the body and it can also bind to excess cholesterol and sugar in the intestines and remove them in solid waste. Foods high in cellulose include fruits, veggies, grains and nuts. Complex carbohydrates are digested more slowly than simple carbs, as it takes the body longer to break them down, and their fiber content naturally slows digestion, making you feel fuller.


Brought to you by the Departmentof Kinesiology and Health at GeorgiaState University . This page is meant to be a general guide to nutritionfor the promotion of health and fitness. This information onthis page is not meant to give specific individual dietary recommendationsbut general guidelines for a healthy diet. Carbohydrates are the primary fuel for your musclesand the brain. Eating a high carbohydrate diet will ensuremaintenance of muscle and liver glycogen (storage forms of carbohydrate),improve performance and delay fatigue. Any type of carbohydrate eaten ismetabolized into glucose. However, there are different typesof carbohydrate. Simple carbohydrates are monosaccharides and disaccharides.These contain one or two sugar molecules and taste very sweet. Examplesof simple sugars are glucose, fructose galactose (monosaccharides) andsucrose, lactose and corn syrup (disaccharides). Complex carbohydratesare long chains of sugars. Plants store complex carbohydrates asstarch and animals store them as glycogen in the muscles and liver.Examples of foods that contain large amounts of complex carbohydrate includepotatoes, rice and bread. Complex carbohydrates are burnedas energy or sto Continue reading >>

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  1. yshahin

    I am wondering what are the effects you have seen of eating carbs after being fat adapted?
    I have been on Keto for 5 weeks and cravings have stopped. I went for a KFC breaded dinner and saw some side effects of the carbs.
    1) Dehydration
    2) Little Craving
    3) Bloated


  2. Jeffryan

    Hard to sleep
    Get dizzy two days after running out of gylcogen so back to the keto flu.
    Lots of guilt lol

  3. BodyInBeta

    I'm too afraid to find out.

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In this video we look at the structure of carbohydrates, and what elements and bonding of elements form carbohydrates. We cover the structure of monosaccharides, including glucose, fructose and galactose, disaccharides, including sucrose (table sugar), lactose and galactose, and polysaccharides, including starch, glycogen and cellulose. Transcript/notes Structure of carbohydrates All carbohydrates contain carbon, oxygen and hydrogen, usually in a ratio of 1 to 2 to 1, as you can see in this linear model of a glucose molecule. Which has 6 carbon atoms, 12 hydrogen atoms and 6 oxygen atoms. There are 4 types of carbohydrates, monosaccharides, which are also called simple sugars, disaccharides, which are also called double sugars, and polysaccharides, or complex sugars. Monosaccharides and disaccharides are also known as simple carbohydrates. Lets start by looking at monosaccharides. Monosaccharides are smaller molecules, of which the most important being glucose. Glucose is a 6 carbon carbohydrate as you can see in this linear model of the molecule. When glucose is dissolved in water it will form a ring, as represented in this ring model. A 3 dimentional model of glucose looks like this. I have shown you 3 different models here, but keep in mind that these models all represent the same molecule. 2 other important 6 carbon monosaccharides are fructose and galactcose. Like glucose both of these molecules have 6 carbon atoms, 12 hydrogen atoms and 6 oxygen atoms, but their structures are all slightly different. Not all monosaccharides are 6 carbon molecules, as ribose and deoxyribose have only 5 carbon atoms in their structure, and we will cover them in depth in the nucleic acids video. Disaccharides, or double sugars, are composed of 2 monosaccharide molecules bonded together through a dehydration synthesis reaction which results in the loss of a water molecule. Sucrose, maltose and lactose are important disaccharide molecules. Sucrose, or table sugar, is formed when a glucose and fructose molecule bond together as you see here. As this bond takes place, a water molecule is removed. Maltose, which is found in sweet potatoes and many cereals, is the result of 2 glucose molecules bonding together, again a water molecule is removed during the bonding. Lactose, which is mainly found in milk, is formed when a galactose and glucose molecule bond together, and again, a water molecule is removed. Polysaccharides are formed when many monosaccharide molecules bond together. There are 3 important polysaccharides that are important to the body, starch, glycogen and cellulose. Starch consists of many glucose molecules bonded together forming long chains called amylose or branched chains called amylopectin. Water molecules are also removed as these bonds are formed. Starchy foods include potatoes, rice, wheat, and corn. Glycogen is not a dietary carbohydrate, as it is a storage form of glucose found in the muscles and liver. And cellulose is a component of plant food referred to as fiber. The human body cannot break the bonds of these molecules, so they are not digestible, but it has many benefits to overall health, which we will cover in another video. Polysaccharides are often called polymers of monosaccharides, as polymers are made up of many identical small molecules.


Carbohydrates (also called saccharides) are molecular compounds made from just three elements: carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Monosaccharides (e.g. glucose) and disaccharides (e.g. sucrose) are relatively small molecules. They are often called sugars. Other carbohydrate molecules are very large (polysaccharides such as starch and cellulose). Carbohydrates are: a source of energy for the body e.g. glucose and a store of energy, e.g. starch in plants building blocks for polysaccharides (giant carbohydrates), e.g. cellulose in plants and glycogen in the human body components of other molecules eg DNA, RNA, glycolipids, glycoproteins, ATP Monosaccharides Monosaccharides are the simplest carbohydrates and are often called single sugars. They are the building blocks from which all bigger carbohydrates are made. Monosaccharides have the general molecular formula (CH2O)n, where n can be 3, 5 or 6. They can be classified according to the number of carbon atoms in a molecule: n = 3 trioses, e.g. glyceraldehyde n = 5 pentoses, e.g. ribose and deoxyribose ('pent' indicates 5) n = 6 hexoses, e.g. fructose, glucose and galactose ('hex' indicates 6) There is more than one molecule with the molecula Continue reading >>

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  1. Jaydev Kalivarapu

    This world is huge and limitless. So vast that people are often lost!
    There are unlimited ideas, countless things, millions of known species and incalculable unknown, billions of people and plenty of directions to go. With the multitude of philosophies and endless ideologies, distorted truths, crazy beliefs, silly conceptions how can a person not get lost ?!
    No path is perfect because the world is not so predictable. Every day episodes coupled with space and time complexities in this universe are impossible to understand. In the plethora of events, we usually don't observe much of anything we encounter, we don't understand much of everything we observe and the added complication by our quality of forgetfulness. Added to this the array of human emotions, instincts, choices, thoughts and feelings, how can a wise one not get confused?! (For unwise there is no path or the path is certain at all times - follow the sea)
    Harsh truth of life - isn't it ?
    But the confused are at-least digging for a better understanding of the world around them.
    Given the efforts of understanding, with time things heal - from a state of bewilderment about the enormousness in everything to manageable size of realm of world where we strongly believe the things we care about practically matter to a vast extent. It is then the the world seem not huge and empty but full of possibilities and reasons about what matters and what we passionately care about.
    Ever heard of no free lunch theorem?
    No single strategy is the optimum one for all class of problems. A strategy can hold good only for a certain class of problems.
    This holds good in life. It is only when we minimize our tract of world we care about to a manageable extent, we can derive a strategy, be certain about our path, kickoff with our dreams, pad our hearts with hope with an immense zeal to win - which works most times.

  2. Pete Ashly

    One source of great confusion is paradoxes of existence.
    One might be ignorant of a paradox and then be confused by what's happening when constantly bumbling between one horn of the dilemma to the other. One might deny a paradox by clinging to a narrow solution, in which case one will not feel confused but will look confused to others based on the behavior of denying exceptions with illogical arguments. One might investigate a paradox directly, resulting in surrender to confusion and the paradox's unresolvable power. In this last case the person may seem confused both to themselves and others, even though this could be the clear sighted position.
    Can you think of your own example paradox where this effect is evident?

  3. Armin Hanik

    Because we are not a ONE, we are a quorum with many many dissenting voices.

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