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What Does It Mean To Have Elevated Insulin Levels?

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C-peptide

A C-peptide test measures the level of this peptide in the blood. It is generally found in amounts equal to insulin because insulin and C-peptide are linked when first made by the pancreas. Insulin helps the body use and control the amount of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Insulin allows glucose to enter body cells where it is used for energy. The level of C-peptide in the blood can show how much insulin is being made by the pancreas . C-peptide does not affect the blood sugar level in the body. A C-peptide test can be done when diabetes has just been found and it is not clear whether type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes is present. A person whose pancreas does not make any insulin (type 1 diabetes) has a low level of insulin and C-peptide. A person with type 2 diabetes can have a normal or high level of C-peptide. A C-peptide test can also help find the cause of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), such as excessive use of medicine to treat diabetes or a noncancerous growth (tumor) in the pancreas (insulinoma). Because man-made (synthetic) insulin does not have C-peptide, a person with a low blood sugar level from taking too much insulin will have a low C-peptide level but a high level of Continue reading >>

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  1. saabgirl88

    I just got the insulin panel back and it said it was elevated. I guess normal is below 24 and mine was 31. The letter said we needed to start medication at the follow up visit.
    Does this mean I am a diabetic? If I have to much insulin then shouldn't my sugar levels be low and not high? Two hour after most meals I run about 160 to 250. So I am very confused as to what is going on? Thank you for you help with this.

  2. jps

    With Insulin resistance, that means your body isn't utilizing insulin as well as it should. With that, your sugar goes up. Your body tries to compensate by pushing out even more insulin to counteract the high sugar.
    "Two hour after most meals I run about 160 to 250"
    Your doctor is telling you that you are prediabetic with numbers like these?
    Might want to request an OGTT (Oral Glucose Tolerance Time) from your doctor. It's what is used to diagnose - but a couple fasting sugars above 127 (or 128?) is used also. How are your fasting sugars (blood sugar taken after 8-12 hours of no food)?
    With your sugars like that, he hasn't ordered a Hemoglobin A1c (aka A1c, HbA1c, HbA1c)?
    I'm not a doctor, but yes, those numbers seem high. You are not in any immediate danger or anything like that, but you are going to want to get to the doc and figure everything out. Your doctor should steer you down some pathway. If he doesn't and wants to keep playing things by ear, you should probably find a new doctor.
    I'm not trying to be mean, but the odds of high insulin and sugars in that range being something OTHER than diabetes have to be extremely low.

  3. CALynn

    You are seeing an endocrinologist, right? If not, you should be.

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High Insulin, Normal Blood Sugar Levels. What Is It?

Is it hypoglycemia? What do I eat with that? I know how to cure type 2 diabetes (Newcastle study) but not sure if it is the same for high insulin levels. I have checked all hypoglycemia plans and it seems that they say to have a snack every 2 hours plus a serving of grain with every meal. Is there anybody here who took care of their hypoglycemia with Paleo and devised a special meal plan? Thanks! Continue reading >>

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  1. PsuedoDiva

    High Insulin, normal glucose, deer in the headlights

    I am a 32 year old female, two children. Last January after my second was born I decided to turn my life around. I lost 25 pounds very quickly. Then I stalled out and gained some back. 7 months after the plateau I was finally diagnosed with hypothyroidism (low T3.) That was four months ago. My doctor ordered a 3-hour glucose test. I just got the results:
    Fasting Glucose: 89
    Insulin 1/2 Hour 108.2 20-112
    Insulin 1 Hour 177.7
    Insulin 2 hour 144.1
    Glucose 1/2 Hour 194 <200 mg/dL
    Glucose 1 Hour 168 <200 mg/dL
    Glucose 2 Hour 119 <140 mg/dL
    I eat a low carb, high fat diet. I do not eat processed foods. I do not drink soda. I do not smoke. I do not eat lots of sugar, even being careful to maintain a low intake of fruit. When I do have a treat, it is usually 80% or higher dark chocolate.
    What do I do? What might these results mean?

  2. jwags

    The results indicate pre diabetes but you were very close to the 200 diabetic threshold. The high insulin levels indicate insulin resistance. That means your pancreas still produces insulin, but your cells don't always recognize it so your pancreas overproduces insulin. I have heard that if you follow a low carb diet , you should go off of it for a week or so to get accurate results on OGTT.

  3. PsuedoDiva

    What does being pre-diabetic mean, for the course of my life? How should I change things? I thought I was doing a good job already.

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Total And Free Insulin (blood)

Does this test have other names? Serum insulin level What is this test? This blood test measures two types of insulin in your body: total and free. Insulin is found in your body in many forms. Bound insulin is attached to other proteins. This often happens in people with diabetes who are treated with insulin. Free insulin is not attached to other proteins. Total insulin measures both free and bound insulin. The hormone insulin plays a key role in keeping your blood sugar at the right level. Too little insulin leads to a certain type of diabetes. High levels of insulin can harm your health by leading to hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar. Why do I need this test? You may need this test if you have symptoms of low blood sugar. Symptoms of hypoglycemia often include: Anxiety Trembling Sweating Confusion Nausea Irritability Weakness Irregular heartbeat Hypoglycemia can be caused by: Insulin used as a medicine to control diabetes. Each year, up to 30% of people with type 1 diabetes have a serious episode of hypoglycemia. This also can happen in people with type 2 diabetes, but it's much less common in them. Insulinomas. These are rare tumors in the pancreas that produce insulin. They are Continue reading >>

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  1. spakesneaker

    What does it mean if, in a blood test, insulin is high but glucose levels are normal? Doesn't this mean that a person's cells might be resistant to insulin?
    I ask because I had an extremely frustrating doctor's appointment today where the doctor looked over my blood test results from a few years ago when I was diagnosed as PCOS and insulin resistant. She said that because my glucose levels are normal (and I don't have problems with blood pressure or triglycerides), I don't have insulin resistance--she also said that fasting insulin is meaningless as a test, and that it doesn't really tell us anything medically.
    I know that my glucose levels are normal, but I have no idea what my base insulin levels are like these days (although I'm sure that with primal they're a lot better than they used to be), because doctors don't seem to find it a valuable test to run on someone who previously had ridiculously high insulin levels.
    WTF?? Someone please explain this to me. Did I just go to an incredibly stupid doctor, who won't recommend any treatment other than "continue losing weight, and eat more fruits and vegetables" unless a patient's hyperinsulinemia progresses to type 2 diabetes??

  2. AndreaReina

    Have they done a glucose tolerance test (drink a glucose solution, see how long it takes for BS to fall)? If both fasting glucose and glucose tolerance show good results I imagine you should be fine, since the problem with insulin resistance is that it results in chronically elevated BS. I don't really know what an insulin test would show independently of glucose, but this isn't something I've researched a lot, sorry.

  3. O_O

    Did your doctor do a HbA1C and a fasting glucose test?

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