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What Causes A Lack Of Insulin?

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How Does Lack Of Insulin Harm People With Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications. Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. molson1959

    lack of insulin or insulin resistance

    Greetings members,
    As a newbie T2, i have lots of questions as i am sure a lot of you had.
    Can someone tell me in general terms how treatment differs with the two distinct diabetes problems mentioned above.
    I have looked through the forums but did not find what i was looking for, if this has been covered previously, accept my opologizes and perhaps direct me to the correct thread
    Thanks in advance
    mike

  2. jwags

    Welcome Mike to DD. Lack of insulin or insulin insufficiency can be tested by a C Peptide test. Insulin resistance can also be tested with a C Peptide. If you have a high level of insulin and high fasting numbers you probably are insulin resistant. A very low number may indicate lack of insulin. Once your beta cells are damaged they usually don't regenerate and you will probably need injected insulin.

  3. Lynnw

    From what I've read, a lot of doctors don't make the distinction between IR and insulin insufficiency. To my doctor, high blood sugar is the issue...WHY it's high is irrelevant. He started going down his list of medications, starting with Metformin. If it didn't work, he'd shrug and try the next drug on the list. I had to beg him to do tests (except lipids...he was crazy for lipid tests, even though mine were good every time). I want answers, so I wasn't happy with that. Seems to me you'd want to know WHY it's high to determine the best treatment.

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