Type 2 Diabetes Facts

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Articles Ontype 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a life-long disease that affects the way your body handles glucose, a kind of sugar, in your blood. Most people with the condition have type 2. There are about 27 million people in the U.S. with it. Another 86 million have prediabetes: Their blood glucose is not normal, but not high enough to be diabetes yet. Your pancreas makes a hormone called insulin. It's what lets your cells turn glucose from the food you eat into energy. People with type 2 diabetes make insulin, but their cells don't use it as well as they should. Doctors call this insulin resistance. At first, the pancreas makes more insulin to try to get glucose into the cells. But eventually it can't keep up, and the sugar builds up in your blood instead. Usually a combination of things cause type 2 diabetes, including: Genes. Scientists have found different bits of DNA that affect how your body makes insulin. Extra weight. Being overweight or obese can cause insulin resistance, especially if you carry your extra pounds around the middle. Now type 2 diabetes affects kids and teens as well as adults, mainly because of childhood obesity. Metabolic syndrome. People with insulin resistance often have a group of con Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. boakin

    A diabetic breastfeeding Mom of an 8-week-old baby asked me if there are high levels of sugar in her milk when her own blood sugars are high? She was concerned about the effect of that on her baby. Anybody know anything about that?

  2. cpride

    Dear boakin,
    Glucose levels in breastmilk are approximately one-fourth of the mother's blood glucose level. Breastfeeding is not contraindicated for women with diabetes. Blood sugars should be monitored closely after delivery and while breastfeeding is being established as medications such as insulin and antidiabetic oral medications often have to be adjusted during this time period. Adults should keep their blood glucose levels between 70 to 100 mg/dl to prevent the long term complications of diabetes. If this breastfeeding mother is having difficulty with high blood sugars, she should talk with her physician about this issue as her medication and/or diet may need to be adjusted. Nutritional counselors often are a great resource when dietary changes need to be made. Remember, breastfeeding mothers need to consume approximately 500 more calories than non-lactating women. Let me know if you have further questions.
    Cindy Pride, MSN, CPNP
    TTUHSC InfantRisk Center

  3. jackjames

    thank you for sharing.

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