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Novorapid Insulin Dosage

Insulin Aspart Dosage

Insulin Aspart Dosage

Applies to the following strengths: 100 units/mL The information at Drugs.com is not a substitute for medical advice. Always consult your doctor or pharmacist. Usual Adult Dose for: Usual Pediatric Dose for: Additional dosage information: Usual Adult Dose for Diabetes Type 1 Individualize dose based on metabolic needs, blood glucose monitoring results, and glycemic goal -Total daily insulin requirements are generally between 0.5 to 1 unit/kg/day; 50% to 70% of total daily requirements are generally provided by prandial insulin with the remainder provided by intermediate-acting or long-acting basal insulin -Use HbA1c values to guide therapy; consult current guidelines for optimal target ranges Multiple-daily injection (MDI): -Insulin aspart (Novolog[R]): Administer subcutaneously within 5 to 10 minutes before a meal OR -Insulin aspart with nicotinamide (Fiasp[R]): Administer at the start of a meal or within 20 minutes after starting a meal -Match prandial insulin dose to carbohydrate intake, pre-meal blood glucose, and anticipated activity -Use in combination with an intermediate-acting or long-acting basal insulin Intravenous Administration: -Insulin aspart (Novolog[R]): Dilute to a concentration of 0.05 to 1 unit/mL in an infusion system using polypropylene infusion bags -Insulin aspart with nicotinamide (Fiasp[R]): Dilute to a concentration of 0.5 to 1 unit/mL in infusion system using polypropylene infusion bags -Closely monitor blood glucose and serum potassium during administration Continuous Subcutaneous Infusion (Insulin Pump): -Initial programming should be based on the total daily insulin dose of previous MDI regimen; check with pump labeling to ensure the pump has been evaluated with this insulin -While there is significant interpatient variability, approximate Continue reading >>

Novorapid

Novorapid

How does this medication work? What will it do for me? Insulin is a naturally occurring hormone made by the pancreas that helps our body use or store the glucose (sugar) it gets from food. For people with diabetes, either the pancreas does not make enough insulin to meet the body's requirements, or the body cannot properly use the insulin that is made. As a result, glucose cannot be used or stored properly and accumulates in the bloodstream. Insulin injected under the skin helps to lower blood glucose levels. There are many different types of insulin and they are absorbed at different rates and work for varying periods of time. Insulin aspart is a rapid-acting insulin. It takes 10 to 20 minutes to begin working after the injection, has its maximum effect between 1 hour and 3 hours, and stops working after 3 to 5 hours. Insulin aspart should be used along with an intermediate or long-acting insulin. This medication may be available under multiple brand names and/or in several different forms. Any specific brand name of this medication may not be available in all of the forms or approved for all of the conditions discussed here. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here. Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are being given this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop using this medication without consulting your doctor. Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to use this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it. What form(s) does this medication come in? NovoRapid® 3 mL P Continue reading >>

Calculating Insulin Dose

Calculating Insulin Dose

You'll need to calculate some of your insulin doses. You'll also need to know some basic things about insulin. For example, 40-50% of the total daily insulin dose is to replace insulin overnight. Your provider will prescribe an insulin dose regimen for you; however, you still need to calculate some of your insulin doses. Your insulin dose regimen provides formulas that allow you to calculate how much bolus insulin to take at meals and snacks, or to correct high blood sugars. In this section, you will find: First, some basic things to know about insulin: Approximately 40-50% of the total daily insulin dose is to replace insulin overnight, when you are fasting and between meals. This is called background or basal insulin replacement. The basal or background insulin dose usually is constant from day to day. The other 50-60% of the total daily insulin dose is for carbohydrate coverage (food) and high blood sugar correction. This is called the bolus insulin replacement. Bolus – Carbohydrate coverage The bolus dose for food coverage is prescribed as an insulin to carbohydrate ratio. The insulin to carbohydrate ratio represents how many grams of carbohydrate are covered or disposed of by 1 unit of insulin. Generally, one unit of rapid-acting insulin will dispose of 12-15 grams of carbohydrate. This range can vary from 6-30 grams or more of carbohydrate depending on an individual’s sensitivity to insulin. Insulin sensitivity can vary according to the time of day, from person to person, and is affected by physical activity and stress. Bolus – High blood sugar correction (also known as insulin sensitivity factor) The bolus dose for high blood sugar correction is defined as how much one unit of rapid-acting insulin will drop the blood sugar. Generally, to correct a high bloo Continue reading >>

Adjustable Dosing

Adjustable Dosing

Adjustable Dosing NovoLog® stays in step with your activities and mealtimes. Your health care provider will teach you how to adjust your NovoLog® dose to your eating, activity, and blood sugar levels. NovoLog® is designed to closely mimic your body's insulin patterns at mealtime. It is changed slightly so that it acts more quickly than regular human insulin. That is why it is called analog insulin. Keep in mind, you will need to eat a meal within 5 to 10 minutes after taking NovoLog®. For information on food labels and carb counting, click here. You and your diabetes care team will also have to see how your physical activity affects your insulin dosage and adjust it as needed. For example, when you are very physically active, you have to decide whether to eat more or take less insulin, since both physical activity and insulin decrease the amount of sugar in the blood. Checking your blood sugar often when you are physically active will help you figure out how each type of physical activity you do affects your blood sugar. NovoLog® Dosing Tool Your diabetes care team can help you learn how to fine-tune your NovoLog® doses throughout the day. While you are figuring out how to adjust your insulin dose, you will want to stay in close touch with your diabetes care team. If you are using NovoLog® FlexPen®, you can select doses from 1 to 60 units in 1-unit steps. NovoPen Echo® provides precise half-unit dosing from 0.5 units up to 30 units. It also records the insulin dose and time passed since the last injection. If you have type 2 diabetes, ask your diabetes care team if the NovoLog® Dosing Tool might be right for you. This tool was created to help with adding and adjusting your mealtime insulin dose. If you’ve been taking NovoLog® for a while and your A1C is not Continue reading >>

Insulin Aspart (rx)

Insulin Aspart (rx)

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Improvement of glycemic control in adults and children with diabetes mellitus May administer 0.2-0.6 unit/kg/day in divided doses; conservative doses of 0.2-0.4 unit/kg/day often recommended to reduce risk of hypoglycemia Total maintenance daily insulin requirement may vary; it is usually between 0.5 and 1 unit/kg/day; nonobese may require 0.4-0.6 unit/kg/day; obese may require 0.6-1.2 units/kg/day Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes inadequately controlled by diet, weight reduction, exercise, or oral medication 10 units/day SC (or 0.1-0.2 units/kg/day) in evening or divided q12hr of an intermediate (eg, NPH) or long-acting insulin at bedtime recommended; conversely, regular insulin or rapid-acting insulin (aspart insulin) before meals also recommended Dosing Considerations When used in a meal-related SC injection treatment regimen, 50-75% of total insulin requirements may be provided by an intermediate-acting or long-acting insulin; the remainder is divided and provided before or at mealtimes as a rapid-acting insulin, such as insulin aspart Because of insulin aspart’s comparatively rapid onset and short duration of glucose-lowering activity, some patients may require more basal insulin and more total insulin to prevent premeal hyperglycemia than they would need when using human regular insulin Dosage must be individualized; blood and urine glucose monitoring is essential in all patients receiving insulin therapy Insulin requirements may be altered during stress or major illness or with changes in exercise, meal patterns, or coadministered drugs Dosage Modifications Patients with hepatic and renal impairment may be at increased risk of hypoglycemia and may require more frequent dose adjustment and more frequent blood glucose monitoring Continue reading >>

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