diabetestalk.net

In ___ Diabetes No Insulin Is Produced

Survey Of The American Association Of Diabetes Educators And The American Diabetes Association

Survey Of The American Association Of Diabetes Educators And The American Diabetes Association

Clinical and cost-effectiveness of continuous subcutaneous infusion for diabetes: updating review A technology assessment report commissioned by the HTA Programme on behalf of NICE. HTA reference 06/61. This TAR updates the previous review, published as HTA 2004; vol 8: no 43. Some of the information used comes from unpublished studies which are currently (5th August 2007) “academic in confidenceâ€. The relevant sections had been underlined and highlighted. Authors; Ewen Cummins Pam Royle Ailsa Snaith Alexandra Greene Lynn Robertson Linda McIntyre Norman Waugh Address for correspondence: Professor Norman Waugh Dept of Public Health Medical School Buildings Foresterhill Aberdeen AB25 2ZD [email protected] Competing interests – none. The Aberdeen HTA group The Aberdeen Health Technology Assessment Group is part of the Institute of Applied Health Sciences (IAHS), which is part of the College of Medicine and Life Sciences of the University of Aberdeen. The Institute of Applied Health Sciences is made up of discrete but methodologically related research groups. The HTA Group is drawn mainly from the Health Services Research Unit, Public Health, and the Health Economics Research Unit. The HTA Group carries out independent health technology assessments (TARs) for the UK HTA Programme, which commissions TARs for NICE and other bodies, such as the National Screening Committee. In addition, a joint venture between the Health Services Research Unit at Aberdeen and the Medical Care Research Unit at Sheffield University informs the Review Body for Interventional Procedures Programme within NICE (ReBIP) ReBIP undertakes systematic reviews and establishes UK registries, where appropriate, to collect and analyse data on the efficacy and safety of selected procedures, Continue reading >>

Animation: Blood Sugar Regulation In Diabetics

Animation: Blood Sugar Regulation In Diabetics

(See related pages) View the animation below, then complete the quiz to test your knowledge of the concept. 1 After eating a meal, blood sugar levels 2 Insulin, released after a meal is eaten by a person who does not have diabetes, will cause blood sugar levels to A) increase far above normal. B) return to about normal. C) decrease far below normal. 3 In Type I diabetes blood sugar levels remain high after a meal because A) too much insulin is released. B) protein is converted to glucose. D) muscle and liver cells do not receive a signal. 5 The treatment for Type I diabetes always includes A) oral thiazolidinedione. Continue reading >>

Diabetes Exam 2

Diabetes Exam 2

A fasting blood sugar of greater than ____ is indicated of diabetes. a repeat test is necessary to confirm Flashcards Matching Hangman Crossword Type In Quiz Test StudyStack Study Table Bug Match Hungry Bug Unscramble Chopped Targets Question Answer A fasting blood sugar of greater than ____ is indicated of diabetes. a repeat test is necessary to confirm 126/ 125 book how long should pt be NPO for FBS test? 12 hrs what meds can increase FBS levels? 7 caaddle Cortisone, Anesthetics, ACTH,Diuretics, Dilantin, Levadopa, Epinephrine how is OGTT performed? drink ___grams. _ and __ is sampled at what time intervals? and is performed when FBS is consistently high > ____ drinks 75-100gms of glucose and sample blood and urine are taken NOW, 30,60,and 120mins. May go up to 3-6hrs) values for 2hr plasma at ___ or below are considered normal. values at ____ or greater, if confirmed with a second test on a different day, are a diagnostic of ______ 139/200/DM What drugs increase glucose in the OGTT test? SETCS contraceptives, estrogen,thiazides,steriods, salicylates formation of glucose from fats an protein is called _________ gluconegenesis ________ is a test used to test effectiveness of treatment of DM HbA1C ______ is the breakdown of liver glycogen glycogenolysis ________ cells of the pancreas produce hormone ____, which stimulates the breakdown of glycogen in the _____ ALPHA/ glucagon/liver Primary function of _________ is to decrease glucose oxidation and to increase blood glucose levels. glucagon glucagon is initiated when blood glucose falls _________mg/dl 70 ______ increases when blood glucose increases and decreses when blood glucose deceases insulin insulin rises in minutes. peak in ___to__mins and returns to baseline in ___to__hrs 3-5/2-3 ____cells respond to _____ blood Continue reading >>

Bio Hw Ch 24 & 25

Bio Hw Ch 24 & 25

Sort High Blood Glucose 1) Blood glucose becomes high 2) Pancreas releases insulin 3) Insulin binds to receptors on target cells 4) Cells take in glucose 5) Blood glucose returns to normal Low Blood Glucose 1) Pathway --> stimulus: (Low blood glucose) 2) Endocrine cells: (Cells in the pancreas) 3) Hormone: (Glucagon) 4) Target cells: (Liver cells) 5) Response: (Glucogen breakdown glucose released into blood) Regulating Blood Sugar 1) Hight blood glucose --> Pancreas releases insulin 2a) Body cells take up more glucose 2b) Liver takes up glucose and stores it as glycogen 3) Blood glucose decreases to normal 4) Homeostasis: Normal blood glucose level 5) Low blood glucose --> Pancreas releases glucagon 6) Liver breaks down glycogen and releases glucose to the blood 7) Blood glucose increases to normal 8) Homeostasis: Normal blood glucose level Continue reading >>

Diabetes New

Diabetes New

Sort transports and metabolizes glucose for energy, stimulates the storage of glucose in the liver and muscles in the form of glucagon, signals the liver to stop release of glucose, enhances the storage of dietary fat in adipose tissue, accelerates transport of amino acids into cells, In the muscle, liver and fat cells insulin does four things 1) the placenta produces hormones that antagonize the insulin actions, 2) production of coritsol, a hormones that promotes hyperglycemia increases during pregnancy, 3) glucose can pass from the mom to the fetus circulation, hyperglycemia in mom will stimulate insulin secretion from fetus=adverse effects, three reasons why elevated BG in gestational diabetes Continue reading >>

People Keep Saying That Too Much Sugar Does Not Cause Diabetes (even The Ada). But Isn't It True That Too Much Sugar Can Lead To An Overworked Pancreas Overtime, Which Then Cannot Produce Enough Insulin, Which Causes Diabetes?

People Keep Saying That Too Much Sugar Does Not Cause Diabetes (even The Ada). But Isn't It True That Too Much Sugar Can Lead To An Overworked Pancreas Overtime, Which Then Cannot Produce Enough Insulin, Which Causes Diabetes?

Ever hear the phrase “correlations does not equal causation?” There are a number of factors that govern why some people become diabetic and some don’t but that doesn’t mean that there are not high correlations between sugar consumption and diabetes. First, here’s what the American Diabetes Association says in their 2017 standards of care: The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and processed “low-fat”or “nonfat” food products with high amounts of refined grains and added sugars should be strongly discouraged. “No other food types yielded significant individual associations with diabetes prevalence after controlling for obesity and other confounders. The impact of sugar on diabetes was independent of sedentary behavior and alcohol use, and the effect was modified but not confounded by obesity or overweight. Duration and degree of sugar exposure correlated significantly with diabetes prevalence in a dose-dependent manner, while declines in sugar exposure correlated with significant subsequent declines in diabetes rates independently of other socioeconomic, dietary and obesity prevalence changes. “ This study shows that regular consumption of sugar sweetened beverages is associated with type 2 diabetes in African American Women. This study finds that habitual consumption of sugar sweetened beverages was associated with a greater incidence of type 2 diabetes, independently of adiposity. Beta cell fatigue where a type 2 diabetic stops producing insulin usually only happens in very long term type 2 diabetics. I’ve been diabetic for over 20 years and I can tell you that my pancreas is still producing high levels of insulin. If I had to pick one root cause of diabetes it’s over production of insulin in the body. One huge culprit in these high leve Continue reading >>

Nurs 171 Exam Iii (diabetes)

Nurs 171 Exam Iii (diabetes)

Home > Preview classic symptoms -polyuria -polydipsia -polyphagia -weight loss -weakness -fatigue Author: JChristie20 ID: 73371 Filename: Nurs 171 Exam III (Diabetes) Updated: March 3, 5877521 Tags: Nurs Exam III Diabetes Folders: Description: Nurs 171 Exam III (Diabetes) Show Answers: Continue reading >>

Mastering

Mastering

Sort The primary function of hormones is to alter cell activity by altering plasma membrane permeability or membrane potential, stimulating synthesis of enzymes or regulating molecules, activating or deactivating enzymes, inducing secretory activity, or stimulating mitosis. True Continue reading >>

Johnson & Johnson, Viacyte Testing Possible Diabetes Cure

Johnson & Johnson, Viacyte Testing Possible Diabetes Cure

Johnson & Johnson, continuing its long quest for a Type 1 diabetes cure, is joining forces with biotech company ViaCyte to speed development of the first stem cell treatment that could fix the life-threatening hormonal disorder. They've already begun testing it in a small number of diabetic patients. If it works as well in patients as it has in animals, it would amount to a cure, ending the need for frequent insulin injections and blood sugar testing. ViaCyte and Johnson & Johnson's Janssen BetaLogics group said Thursday they've agreed to combine their knowledge and hundreds of patents on their research under ViaCyte, a longtime J&J partner focused on regenerative medicine. The therapy involves inducing embryonic stem cells in a lab dish to turn into insulin-producing cells, then putting them inside a small capsule that is implanted under the skin. The capsule protects the cells from the immune system, which otherwise would attack them as invaders — a roadblock that has stymied other research projects. Advertisement Researchers at universities and other drug companies also are working toward a diabetes cure, using various strategies. But according to ViaCyte and others, this treatment is the first tested in patients. If the project succeeds, the product could be available in several years for Type 1 diabetes patients and down the road could also treat insulin-using Type 2 diabetics. "This one is potentially the real deal," said Dr. Tom Donner, director of the diabetes center at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. "It's like making a new pancreas that makes all the hormones" needed to control blood sugar. Donner, who is not involved in the research, said if the device gives patients normal insulin levels, "it's going to prevent millions of diabetics from getti Continue reading >>

Your Wellness Roadmap: The Hidden Risk: Diabetes

Your Wellness Roadmap: The Hidden Risk: Diabetes

This publication includes information about type 2 diabetes and who is likely to develop it, a worksheet to help estimate risk for type 2 diabetes, information about artificial sweeteners and recipes. Objectives of Lesson 2 Complete this lesson and you will be able to explain what type 2 diabetes is; list the symptoms of diabetes; estimate your personal risk of having type 2 diabetes and not knowing it; describe the different types of artificial sweeteners; decide whether you want to use artificial sweeteners. Introduction Lesson 2 looks at non-insulin-dependent diabetes, which is called type 2 diabetes. As we age, more of us will develop this disease. About 7 million people have been told they have type 2 diabetes, but experts think only half of the actual cases are identified. This means another 7 million adults are walking around with type 2 and don’t realize it. If this disease is not treated, it causes serious damage to the body. Lesson 2 describes the symptoms of type 2 diabetes and who is likely to develop it. See if you are at risk. If so, visit your doctor for a checkup. Prompt treatment can make a difference. Recipe Notes The recipes in this lesson use an artificial sweetener or a sugar substitute and support the following healthful eating rule: Choose and prepare foods and beverages with little added sugars. Some people use sugar substitutes to help them control their calorie intake. Others find these substitutes too sweet. After you have tried artificial sweeteners, you may find that foods sweetened with plain sugar taste too bland. Some sweeteners can be used in baked products, others cannot. They are a common ingredient in certain manufactured food products. Be sure to compare the number of calories in a serving of a product made with sugar substitutes t Continue reading >>

Exam 1-diabetes - Flashcards

Exam 1-diabetes - Flashcards

Shuffle Remaining Cards Show Definitions First Take Quiz (NEW) List View: Terms & Definitions Hide All 75 Print Front Back carb and fat DM is a complex disorder that affects ____ and ____ metabolism lack of insulin, of something wrong with receptors 2 causes of DM endocrine and exocrine gland the pancreas is both an ______ and ____ gland secrete digestive juices into duodenum 2 break down carbs/fats what do acini do secrete hormones into blood what do the islets of langerhans do? glucagon raises blood glucose levels insulin lowers blood glucose levels glucagon, insulin, somatostatin & gastrin, pancreatic polypeptide alpha cells secrete, beta cells secrete, delta cells secrete, F cells secrete increased blood glucose levels, increase amino acids, gi hormones produced at meal time, parasym stimulation secretion of insulin is promoted by naturally occurring hormones that the gut releases throughout the day- increases when food is ingested what are incretins raises, low, sympathetic glucagon _____ blood glucose and responds to ____ blood glucose & ________stimulation glucose, cells, liver, musc and adipose tissue insulin facilitates rate of ______ uptake into the ____ of the body, transports to ___, ___, ____ provides glucose storage, prevents fat and glycogen breakdown, inhibits gluconeogenesis & increases protein synthesis 3 major functions of insulin opposite glucagon acts ______ insulin small protein, maintains blood glucose between meals and during fasting, glucagon secretion is inhibited by glucose 3 features of glucagon osmotically glucose is _______ active. insulin some tissues require______ to transport glucose into cells gut, liver glucose is absorbed in the ____ and transported to the _____ glycogen, liver and musc glucose is stored as ______ in ____ and ____ tri Continue reading >>

Facts About Diabetes And Insulin

Facts About Diabetes And Insulin

Diabetes is a very common disease, which, if not treated, can be very dangerous. There are two types of diabetes. They were once called juvenile-onset diabetes and adult diabetes. However, today we know that all ages can get both types so they are simply called type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Type 1, which occurs in approximately 10 percent of all cases, is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system, by mistake, attacks its own insulin-producing cells so that insufficient amounts of insulin are produced - or no insulin at all. Type 1 affects predominantly young people and usually makes its debut before the age of 30, and most frequently between the ages of 10 and 14. Type 2, which makes up the remaining 90 percent of diabetes cases, commonly affects patients during the second half of their lives. The cells of the body no longer react to insulin as they should. This is called insulin resistance. In the early 1920s, Frederick Banting, John Macleod, George Best and Bertram Collip isolated the hormone insulin and purified it so that it could be administered to humans. This was a major breakthrough in the treatment of diabetes type 1. Insulin Insulin is a hormone. Hormones are chemical substances that regulate the cells of the body and are produced by special glands. The hormone insulin is a main regulator of the glucose (sugar) levels in the blood. Insulin is produced in the pancreas. To be more specific, it's produced by the beta cells in the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. When we eat, glucose levels rise, and insulin is released into the bloodstream. The insulin acts like a key, opening up cells so they can take in the sugar and use it as an energy source. Sugar is one of the top energy sources for the body. The body gets it in many forms, but mainly as carbohydr Continue reading >>

Are The Large Producers Of Insulin Actively Suppressing Research In A Cure For Diabetes?

Are The Large Producers Of Insulin Actively Suppressing Research In A Cure For Diabetes?

Whether you are the parent of a child who has been recently diagnosed with type 1 or you’ve been prescribed insulin for the first time, the transition to injecting can feel overwhelming. Most experts agree that using an insulin pen can take some of the stress out of injecting. Discreet and convenient, they are one of the easiest ways to incorporate injections into your routine. Here’s the A-Z on these clever devices and why they are a great diabetes management tool. There is not cure of diabetes. There is only prevention. Easy, don't eat anything with sugar, cereals and fruits. Have a diet with green vegetables, low-fat meat or substitutes, nuts and pure water. No pharmaceutical company needs to prevent finding the cure if the human likes carbohydrate. Every industrialised and home made products with sugar, cereals and fruit is making people pre and diabetic. Period. There is no way to stay eating the same and staying healthy, no matter how much exercise you make. I believe so. They make billions of dollars a year from diabetic medications, so why would pharmaceutical companies want to give that up? It's all about money, they don't care about you getting well. I realize this sounds like a rant, but I am sick and tired of this illness and I want a cure, not just “ managing” symptoms. And please don't give me advice about diet and exercise, because I've heard it all before, and frankly I don't want to hear it again!! Also, please stop generalizing that T2 diabetics are obese, lazy, self indulgent slobs because it's simply not true. Just stop it! Ask New Question Continue reading >>

How Insulin And Glucagon Work

How Insulin And Glucagon Work

Insulin and glucagon are hormones that help regulate the levels of blood glucose, or sugar, in your body. Glucose, which comes from the food you eat, moves through your bloodstream to help fuel your body. Insulin and glucagon work together to balance your blood sugar levels, keeping them in the narrow range that your body requires. These hormones are like the yin and yang of blood glucose maintenance. Read on to learn more about how they function and what can happen when they don’t work well. Insulin and glucagon work in what’s called a negative feedback loop. During this process, one event triggers another, which triggers another, and so on, to keep your blood sugar levels balanced. How insulin works During digestion, foods that contain carbohydrates are converted into glucose. Most of this glucose is sent into your bloodstream, causing a rise in blood glucose levels. This increase in blood glucose signals your pancreas to produce insulin. The insulin tells cells throughout your body to take in glucose from your bloodstream. As the glucose moves into your cells, your blood glucose levels go down. Some cells use the glucose as energy. Other cells, such as in your liver and muscles, store any excess glucose as a substance called glycogen. Your body uses glycogen for fuel between meals. Read more: Simple vs. complex carbs » How glucagon works Glucagon works to counterbalance the actions of insulin. About four to six hours after you eat, the glucose levels in your blood decrease, triggering your pancreas to produce glucagon. This hormone signals your liver and muscle cells to change the stored glycogen back into glucose. These cells then release the glucose into your bloodstream so your other cells can use it for energy. This whole feedback loop with insulin and gluca Continue reading >>

By The End Of The Course, The Student Will Know: A. The Definition And Types Of Diabetes B. Who Is Susceptible To Contract Diabetes C. The Scope Of Impact And Management Of Diabetes

By The End Of The Course, The Student Will Know: A. The Definition And Types Of Diabetes B. Who Is Susceptible To Contract Diabetes C. The Scope Of Impact And Management Of Diabetes

Florida Heart CPR* Diabetes Update 1 hour Almost every one of us knows someone who has diabetes. An estimated 16 million people in the United States have diabetes mellitus--a serious, lifelong condition. About half of these people do not know they have diabetes and are not under care for the disorder. Each year, about 650,000 people are diagnosed with diabetes. Although diabetes occurs most often in older adults, it is one of the most common chronic disorders in children in the United States. About 127,000 children and teenagers age 19 and younger have diabetes. What Is Diabetes? Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism--the way our bodies use digested food for growth and energy. Most of the food we eat is broken down by the digestive juices into a simple sugar called glucose. Glucose is the main source of fuel for the body. After digestion, the glucose passes into our bloodstream where it is available for body cells to use for growth and energy. For the glucose to get into the cells, insulin must be present. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach. When we eat, the pancreas is supposed to automatically produce the right amount of insulin to move the glucose from our blood into our cells. In people with diabetes, however, the pancreas either produces little or no insulin, or the body cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. As a result, glucose builds up in the blood, overflows into the urine, and passes out of the body. Thus, the body loses its main source of fuel even though the blood contains large amounts of glucose. The three main types of diabetes are: · Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or Type I diabetes · Noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or Type II diabetes · Gestational diabetes. Continue reading >>

More in insulin