How Much Insulin To Take

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Diabetes: Counting Carbs If You Use Insulin

Carbohydrate, or carb, counting is an important skill to learn when you have diabetes. Carb counting helps you keep tight control of your blood sugar (glucose) level. It also gives you the flexibility to eat what you want. This can help you feel more in control and confident when managing your diabetes. Carb counting helps you keep your blood sugar at your target level. It allows you to adjust the amount of insulin you take. This amount is based on how many grams of carbs you eat at a meal or snack. The formula used to find how much insulin you need is called the insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio. The insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio is not the same for each person. You and your doctor will find your ratio by keeping track of the food you eat and testing your blood sugar level after meals. To count carb grams at a meal, you need to know how many carbs are in each type of food you eat. This includes all food, whether it is a slice of bread, a bowl of lettuce, or a spoonful of salad dressing. Most packaged foods have labels that tell you how many total carbs are in one serving. Carbohydrate guides can help too. You can get these from diabetes educators and the American Diabetes Association. Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Debe Pendice

    Insulin Dosages

    How many people have a set dosage of insulin the use daily? Or does anyone have a sliding scale the take their insulin with?

  2. OneDeepABN

    So here's my thing. I've been a type 1 juvenile diabetic since I was seven, which is 23 years, now. As of the past few years, I've been self dosaging with lantus and humalog. Been pretty simple; 20 units of lantus twice a day and a 10:1 carb ratio at meals with humalog. I recently ran out of lantus, though, and have no insurance or even a primary care giver because my fiance and I just moved to Texas. So I'm currently trying to figure out the proper dose of novalin n to take throughout the day. Lantus and humalog are my wonder mix. Along with my exercise, they keep me in the low to mid 100s.
    I've been in dka twelve times since diagnosis, including when I was on the pump. The mix with best for me, but I'm afraid I'll see number thirteen before I can get the proper dosing. I know there are people here with more experience than I have, and obviously doctors who will tell me I need to seek medical help… And I have. I just need some help to last me until I can get the right insurance and find a good Dr. I've also got a pacemaker, actually my seventh one since the age of right months old, that I need to worry about, so it's hard to keep my mind focused on finding the answer to one problem at a time, if you could imagine.
    Any advice for a fellow?

  3. MommaKEB1970

    WOW reading all of the replies here, it's confusing.. I was first diagnosed as a type 2 diabetic in 2009, now, I'm referred to as an insulin dependent, insulin resistant diabetic type 1. I am taking 65 units in the morning of Tresiba and 15 units of Novolog per meal. My numbers are still over 300, even my fasting. If I fast all day I can keep my numbers down where they want them to be but if I put one morsel of food in my mouth my BS levels climb and keep on climbing.. it's nothing for me to have BS numbers of 300 everyday all day even after my insulin and meals… what does that mean?

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