How Does Sugar Cause Insulin Resistance?

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Insulin Resistance

What medical conditions are associated with insulin resistance? While the metabolic syndrome links insulin resistance with abdominal obesity, elevated cholesterol, and high blood pressure; several other medical other conditions are specifically associated with insulin resistance. Insulin resistance may contribute to the following conditions: Type 2 Diabetes: Overt diabetes may be the first sign insulin resistance is present. Insulin resistance can be noted long before type 2 diabetes develops. Individuals reluctant or unable to see a health-care professional often seek medical attention when they have already developed type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance. Fatty liver: Fatty liver is strongly associated with insulin resistance. Accumulation of fat in the liver is a manifestation of the disordered control of lipids that occurs with insulin resistance. Fatty liver associated with insulin resistance may be mild or severe. Newer evidence suggests fatty liver may even lead to cirrhosis of the liver and, possibly, liver cancer. Arteriosclerosis: Arteriosclerosis (also known as atherosclerosis) is a process of progressive thickening and hardening of the walls of medium-sized and large a Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Jen Gronroos

    Insulin dose is measured in international units rather than volumes. 10ml of insulin contains 1000 units of insulin. A typical insulin dose is around 40units a day. Patients have died when 40 units have been given as a slowly absorbing subcutaneous injection rather than the intended 4 units s.c. 1000 units given as a quick iv bolus will lead to severe hypoglycemia and, likely, death.

  2. Liang-Hai Sie

    1 ml contains 100 IU of insulin, so 10 ml is 1,000 IU of insulin.
    Insulin in one’s blood will only be effective for 2 to 3 minutes, but even so giving a bolus of 1,000 IU most likely will kill the person given the injection because it will cause the blood sugar to go down a lot for a lot time, although giving it by i.m. or even s.c. route would kill one later but even more effectively because then it has more time to do its fatal work. In such extreme overdoses we very often aren’t able to keep the blood glucose levels high enough by infusing glucose infusions to keep them from dying.

  3. Sameer Apte

    Well in order to answer we need to know how many units of insulin that is, and what type of insulin (long med or short acting). Insulin units are measured in international units not ml. 1ml could contain any number of different amounts maybe 1000 or 10000 units. That's a big difference.

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