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How Does Insulin Control Blood Sugar Levels In The Body?

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http://www.rxwiki.com/victoza https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Victoza, brand for liraglutide, is a prescription medication used to control blood glucose in people with type 2 diabetes. This medication belongs to a group of drugs called glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists which work by causing the pancreas to release insulin when blood sugar levels are high. Victoza comes in an injectable form in prefilled, multi-dose pens. It is injected just under the skin, or subcutaneously, once daily. Common side effects include headache, nausea, and diarrhea.

How The Body Controls Blood Sugar - Topic Overview

The bloodstream carries glucose-a type of sugar produced from the digestion of carbohydrates and other foods-to provide energy to cells throughout the body. Unused glucose is stored mainly in the liver as glycogen. Insulin, glucagon, and other hormone levels rise and fall to keep blood sugar in a normal range. Too little or too much of these hormones can cause blood sugar levels to fall too low (hypoglycemia) or rise too high (hyperglycemia). Normally, blood glucose levels increase after you eat a meal. When blood sugar rises, cells in the pancreas release insulin, causing the body to absorb glucose from the blood and lowering the blood sugar level to normal. When blood sugar drops too low, the level of insulin declines and other cells in the pancreas release glucagon, which causes the liver to turn stored glycogen back into glucose and release it into the blood. This brings blood sugar levels back up to normal. Continue reading >>

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  1. Chandradev819

    Hi
    can we take lantus insulin injection by bd insulin syringes ? I take every day 1 unit of lantus insulin. But while injecting from pen injection, half unit insulin will come out of body. So i feel pen injection is not suitable for small unit.
    Can i inject same insulin by bd insulin syringes ?

  2. CarbsRok

    Chandradev819 said: ↑
    Hi
    can we take lantus insulin injection by bd insulin syringes ? I take every day 1 unit of lantus insulin. But while injecting from pen injection, half unit insulin will come out of body. So i feel pen injection is not suitable for small unit.
    Can i inject same insulin by bd insulin syringes ? Yes you can

  3. noblehead

    You can, but it's quite common to see some insulin residue when you withdraw the needle, when you inject try and leave the needle in the skin for 10 seconds and see if that makes a difference.

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Blood Sugar: What Causes High Blood Sugar Levels In The Morning

There are two reasons why your blood sugar levels may be high in the morning – the dawn phenomenon and the Somogyi effect. The dawn phenomenon is the end result of a combination of natural body changes that occur during the sleep cycle and can be explained as follows: Your body has little need for insulin between about midnight and about 3:00 a.m. (a time when your body is sleeping most soundly). Any insulin taken in the evening causes blood sugar levels to drop sharply during this time. Then, between 3:00 a.m. and 8:00 a.m., your body starts churning out stored glucose (sugar) to prepare for the upcoming day as well as releases hormones that reduce the body's sensitivity to insulin. All of these events happen as your bedtime insulin dose is also wearing off. These events, taken together, cause your body's blood sugar levels to rise in the morning (at "dawn"). A second cause of high blood sugar levels in the morning might be due to the Somogyi effect (named after the doctor who first wrote about it). This condition is also called "rebound hyperglycemia." Although the cascade of events and end result – high blood sugar levels in the morning – is the same as in the dawn phenome Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. DBCooper

    Do you inject insulin in the Morning or last thing at Night?

    Do I have been told I can either take long acting insulin in the morning or at night so long as I take it at roughly the same time.
    I was wondering if I should take it in the morning as bs is lower then? And it's the start of the day?
    Is it best todo this?what do you do? I can't imagine taking it at night but does it help with sleep and does it keep your levels rock stable over a 24 hour time period?
    Sent from my iPhone using Tapatalk Pro

  2. Uff Da

    I take my Lantus at 6 PM, right after dinner. The main reason I chose that time is because I'm virtually always home at that hour and not sleeping. Otherwise, as a retiree, I sleep at different hours in the morning, depending upon how bad a night I had previously. It also means that if it turned out that Lantus didn't last a full 24 hours for me, I'd be bolusing for dinner just an hour or hour and a half before the Lantus, so could easily do a small correction with my dinner bolus to fill in the gap.
    Since starting on Lantus almost four years ago, I've learned of a third reason to take it then, or at least to avoid "bedtime." Three different individuals on these boards have posted that they had one or more episodes where Lantus acted like fast-acting and they went hypo and in one case unconscious quickly. I surmise that this was caused by accidentally injecting into muscle rather than fat. I'm careful to inject into fat, but just in case of such an accident, I wouldn't want it to happen at bedtime, as I might not survive.
    I think there is one additional advantage of taking it in the evening as opposed to morning. I have DP. If I don't get up and bolus for breakfast about 4 AM, my BG typically rises about 40-50 points between the hours 3 or 4 AM and about 10 or 11. If it turned out the Lantus didn't last a full 24 hours, it would be least effective right during the DP hours when I needed it most. As I understand it, Lantus takes a couple hours after injection to start working.

  3. jwags

    Long acting insulin is supposed to be a 24 hour insulin. But many find it doesn't last 24 hours. So many will split their long acting insulin into 2 shots, 12 hours apart. Your dose will depend on your bgs. You may find you need more at night and less in the morning. Lots of bg testing will help you determine what your bg pattern is. There are 2 books anyone on insulin needs to read.
    Using Insulin by John Walsh
    Think like a pancreas by Gary Schneider

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Oral Treatments To Control Blood Sugar

When are oral medicines used? In type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes), the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin are progressively destroyed by an immune reaction, stopping the production of insulin. Insulin replacement treatment is therefore needed for life, because we cannot make the beta cells in the pancreas work again to produce insulin. Insulin can't be taken in tablet form, because it is broken down in the digestive system. This destroys its effect. Insulin is given by injection. Type 2 diabetes Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent diabetes) is different because the pancreas still produces insulin. Instead, problems are caused because: insulin is produced inefficiently in response to surges of blood sugar, eg following a meal the insulin produced gets less effective at controlling blood sugar, because the cells in the body become increasingly resistant to it. This is called 'insulin resistance'. Treatment for type 2 diabetes involves either improving insulin release in response to meals, or reducing the resistance of the body cells to the effect of insulin. Diet and exercise are the first treatments used to improve insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes. If blo Continue reading >>

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  1. Naveen Kumaar S.M

    Research is being conducted in the alternate methods of insulin administration. It has been successfully found that insulin can be administered both orally and through nasal cavity. In case of nasal delivery the insulin is directed to be absorbed by the capillaries around the alveoli. If it is taken orally in form of spray it will be absorbed by the oral mucosa. It is successfully proved in animals and human trials will be soon.

  2. Nikhil Prabhu

    At Present No.
    Insulin gets easily destroyed in our gastrointestinal tract if administered orally.
    Research is going on to make gastro resistant insulin pills which can administered insulin orally but its still in clinical trials & might need some more time to get success.

  3. Yusuf Sidi

    Insulin must be injected or given via an insulin pump. It cannot be given orally because it is a protein and is broken down in the stomach before it can be absorbed.

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