What is HYPOKALEMIA? What does HYPOKALEMIA mean? HYPOKALEMIA meaning - HYPOKALEMIA pronunciation - HYPOKALEMIA definition - HYPOKALEMIA explanation - How to pronounce HYPOKALEMIA? Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. Hypokalemia, also spelled hypokalaemia, is a low level of potassium (K+) in the blood serum. Normal potassium levels are between 3.5 and 5.0 mmol/L (3.5 and 5.0 mEq/L) with levels below 3.5 mmol/L defined as hypokalemia. Mildly low levels do not typically cause symptoms. Symptoms may include feeling tired, leg cramps, weakness, and constipation. It increases the risk of an abnormal heart rhythm such as bradycardia and cardiac arrest. Causes of hypokalemia include diarrhea, medications like furosemide and steroids, dialysis, diabetes insipidus, hyperaldosteronism, hypomagnesemia, and not enough intake in the diet. It is classified as severe when levels are less than 2.5 mmol/L. Low levels can also be detected on an electrocardiogram (ECG). Hyperkalemia refers to a high level of potassium in the blood serum. The speed at which potassium should be replaced depends on whether or not there are symptoms or ECG changes
What is Hypokalemia? Hypokalemia is defined as low potassium level in the blood. Potassium is an electrolyte whose concentration within the cells is higher than outside the cells i.e. in the blood. The potassium levels as measured in the laboratory indicate the blood levels of potassium, and not the levels within the cells. Normal potassium levels in the blood serum range from 3.5 to 5.0 mEq /l. Low blood potassium levels is referred to as hypokalemia, while high blood potassium levels are referred to as hyperkalemia. Hypokalemia can range from mild to severe. Mild - serum potassium level ranges from 3-3.5 mEq /L. Moderate - serum potassium level ranges between 2.5-3 mEq /L. Severe – serum potassium level is below 2.5 mEq /L Serum refers to the liquid portion of the blood that does not clot, which is used for measuring potassium levels. How are Potassium Levels Maintained at Normal Levels? Potassium is obtained from the diet and excreted through the kidneys. It is essential that potassium levels are tightly regulated by physiological mechanisms. The adrenal glands and the pancreas play an important role in maintaining blood potassium levels. The adrenal glands secrete a hormone c
This video discusses how to become a cardiac nurse, job & educational requirements, certifications available (RN-BC), salary, and the like & dislikes of cardiac nursing. I am a cardiac nurse and love it. I share with you my experience as a cardiac nurse and how I became one. If you are unsure what nursing specialty to go into check out our other nursing specialty videos and take our FREE personality quiz to see what nursing specialty is the best for you. Salary Information by State: http://www.registerednursern.com/regi... Nursing Specialty Videos: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Article on Cardiac Nursing: http://www.registerednursern.com/card... Personality Quiz: http://www.registerednursern.com/nurs...
Hypokalemia And Cardiac Disease
In health, serum potassium concentration is maintained within the approximate range of 3.5-5.2 mmol/L. Disturbance of potassium homeostasis is a common electrolyte disorder that is clinically manifest through its adverse effect on both skeletal and cardiac muscle cell function. Although often asymptomatic, both reduced serum potassium (hypokalemia) and increased serum potassium (hyperkalemia) can cause muscle weakness/paralysis and cardiac arrhythmias. A recently published short review focuses on hypokalemia occurring in patients with cardiovascular disease, in particular the contribution that hypokalemia can make to sudden cardiac death in this patient group. The article includes a brief consideration of the physiological mechanisms involved in maintaining normal serum potassium, and the prevalence of hypokalemia among patients with cardiovascular disease (7-17 %). Also included is a summary of the accumulating epidemiological evidence that hypokalemia increases the risk of cardiac arrhythmias and reduces survival among patients suffering myocardial infarction and heart failure. Common causes of hypokalemia in patients with cardiovascular disease are highlighted; these include the
Take Dr. Berg's Advanced Evaluation Quiz: http://bit.ly/EvalQuiz Your report will then be sent via email analyzing 104 potential symptoms, giving you a much deeper insight into the cause-effect relationship of your body issues. It's free and very enlightening. Dr. Berg explains what hypokalemia is in this video. This is when you don't have enough potassium in your body. This can cause various problems such as tiredness, leg cramps, weak, constipation, arrhythmias, high blood pressure. There are various causes for this condition. The body need 7 to 10 cups of vegetables a day which would give the body enough potassium. This is generally never part of a person's diet. Find out how you can learn to handle this condition to a better degree. Dr. Eric Berg DC Bio: Dr. Berg, 51 years of age is a chiropractor who specializes in weight loss through nutritional and natural methods. His private practice is located in Alexandria, Virginia. His clients include senior officials in the U.S. government and the Justice Department, ambassadors, medical doctors, high-level executives of prominent corporations, scientists, engineers, professors, and other clients from all walks of life. He is the auth
Hypokalemia (low Level Of Potassium In The Blood)
In hypokalemia, the level of potassium in blood is too low. A low potassium level has many causes but usually results from vomiting, diarrhea, adrenal gland disorders, or use of diuretics. A low potassium level can make muscles feel weak, cramp, twitch, or even become paralyzed, and abnormal heart rhythms may develop. Usually, eating foods rich in potassium or taking potassium supplements by mouth is all that is needed. Potassium is one of the body's electrolytes, which are minerals that carry an electric charge when dissolved in body fluids such as blood. Potassium is needed for cells, muscles, and nerves to function correctly. Causes of Hypokalemia Typically, the potassium level becomes low because too much is lost from the digestive tract due to vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive laxative use. Sometimes too much potassium is excreted in urine, usually because of drugs that cause the kidneys to excrete excess sodium, water, and potassium (diuretics). In many adrenal disorders, such as Cushing syndrome, the adrenal glands produce too much aldosterone, a hormone that causes the kidneys to excrete large amounts of potassium. Certain drugs (such as insulin, albuterol, and terbutaline)
CE credit is no longer available for this article. Expired July 2005 Originally posted April 2004 VERONICA CRUMP, RN, BSN VERONICA CRUMP is a nurse on the surgical unit of Morristown Memorial Hospital in Morristown, N.J. She's also a subacute care nurse in the hospital's rehabilitation division. KEY WORDS: hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome (HHS), diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), hepatic glucose production, proteolysis, hepatic gluconeogenesis, keto ...
According to a 2011 national diabetes fact sheet from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, over 25 million people, or 8.3 percent of the United States population, have diabetes. Diabetes is the condition that results from the lack of insulin production or from insulin resistance; in diabetes, there is abnormal metabolism of glucose, which results in elevated blood glucose levels. Diabetes is associated with dysregulation of potassium, ...
Diabetes insipidus - is a condition in which patients produce large quantities of dilute urine due to inability to conserve water and maintain an optimum free water level, leading to symptoms of extraordinary thirst, copius water intake up to 20 L/day (), dry skin, and constipation. Desmopressin (DDAVP 0.1 mg/mL nasal spray 1-2x/day, 0.1-0.2 mg tablet, 4 mcg/mL injection), a synthetic analog of vasopressin, is the drug of choice in the treatment ...
The hallmark of diabetes is a raised plasma glucose resulting from an absolute or relative lack of insulin action. Untreated, this can lead to two distinct yet overlapping life-threatening emergencies. Near-complete lack of insulin will result in diabetic ketoacidosis, which is therefore more characteristic of type 1 diabetes, whereas partial insulin deficiency will suppress hepatic ketogenesis but not hepatic glucose output, resulting in hypergl ...
Hypokalemia is generally defined as a serum potassium level of less than 3.5 mEq/L (3.5 mmol/L). Moderate hypokalemia is a serum level of 2.5-3.0 mEq/L, and severe hypokalemia is a level of less than 2.5 mEq/L. Hypokalemia is a potentially life-threatening imbalance that may be iatrogenically induced. Hypokalemia may result from inadequate potassium intake, increased potassium excretion, or a shift of potassium from the extracellular to the intra ...