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Types Of Insulin And How They Work

Insulin is a hormone the body makes to control the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. It lowers blood sugar by allowing glucose to leave the bloodstream and enter body cells. Without enough insulin, the level of glucose in the bloodstream can become too high. Everyone needs insulin to use food properly. People without diabetes make enough of their own insulin to keep their blood sugar at healthy levels all the time. People with type 1 diabetes no longer make insulin of their own. Instead, they need to take shots of one or more types of insulin to keep their blood sugars close to normal. Between 75 and 90 percent of people with type 2 diabetes need to take insulin shots to help them get the best control of their blood sugar levels. Deciding How Much Insulin to Take The amount of insulin a person needs depends on: Body weight Percentage of body fat Activity level Diet Other medicines Emotions and stress General health Type of insulin When you first start taking insulin shots, your doctor might ask you to change the amount you take or the time you take it several times. You and your doctor will base these changes on the results of your blood sugar tests. You'll need to make adjust Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. GreatDane

    Help, I have a dilemma with the biting cat’s sister who needs insulin twice a day. She gets a small dose (3 ccs?) every 12 hours and I’m going to watch her for a week starting tomorrow night. I won’t be able to give her her evening meds until about 9:30 (I’ll get there around 9:10, but she has to eat first and wait a bit). That would mean giving her her insulin every day a 9:30 am and pm. However, Friday and Saturday, I’m working 8-1 and need to give her her insulin before I go to work, so around 7:30.
    Does she have to have it exactly 12 hours apart or can I do 9:30 the first day, 8:30 the next and then 7:30 Friday? It would mean giving her a dose after 11 hours instead of 12.
    I don’t really want to ask her crazy owner, because she’ll freak out and worry. If it doesn’t work, I’ll have to try to get someone to cover for me at the gym.
    Help, please?

  2. Buttercup

    First of all make sure she writes down all of the doses(more likely to be .3cc). I would be hesitant about giving the dose early because it could bring her glucose too low and she could bottom out and you’re not there to watch her. It would be better to give it later than earlier since any change could mess up her glucose control. I know you don’t have many options though.
    Could you maybe ask her what her kitty does when her blood sugar is too high or too low? Just say you want to be sure to have all the info or something.

  3. jcat

    Gosh, GD, I would be fine with that for my Jasper but so hard to ‘suggest’ on somebody else’s cat, especially when you don’t know how stable they are on their insulin dose and everything.
    But, as I say, I would be happy with that for my Jasper.

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