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Diabetes Mean In Urdu

Type 2 Diabetes In Newly Diagnosed 'can Be Reversed'

Type 2 Diabetes In Newly Diagnosed 'can Be Reversed'

Type 2 diabetes in newly diagnosed 'can be reversed' These are external links and will open in a new window Image caption Researchers found that blood sugar levels of all participants had returned to normal in one week. An extreme eight-week diet of 600 calories a day can reverse Type 2 diabetes in people newly diagnosed with the disease, says a Diabetologia study. Newcastle University researchers found the low-calorie diet reduced fat levels in the pancreas and liver, which helped insulin production return to normal. Seven out of 11 people studied were free of diabetes three months later, say findings published in the journal. More research is needed to see whether the reversal is permanent, say experts. Type 2 diabetes affects 2.5m people in the UK. It develops when not enough insulin is produced in the body or the insulin that is made by the body doesn't work properly. When this happens, glucose - a type of sugar - builds up in the blood instead of being broken down into energy or fuel which the body needs. The 11 participants in the study were all diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes within the previous four years. They cut their food intake drastically for two months, eating only liquid diet drinks and non-starchy vegetables. After one week of the diet, researchers found that the pre-breakfast blood sugar levels of all participants had returned to normal. MRI scans of their pancreases also revealed that the fat levels in the organ had decreased from around 8% - an elevated level - to a more normal 6%. Three months after the end of the diet, when participants had returned to eating normally and received advice on healthy eating and portion size, most no longer suffered from the condition. It offers great hope for many people with diabetes. Professor Roy Taylor, director Continue reading >>

Insulin Resistance

Insulin Resistance

Tweet Insulin resistance is the name given to when cells of the body don’t respond properly to the hormone insulin. Insulin resistance is the driving factor that leads to type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes and prediabetes. Insulin resistance is closely associated with obesity; however, it is possible to be insulin resistant without being overweight or obese. Modern research has shown that insulin resistance can be combatted by treatment methods that reduce how much insulin the body is producing or taking via insulin injections or insulin pumps. Reducing insulin resistance can be achieved by following low-carbohydrate and ketogenic diets. What is insulin resistance? The role of insulin is to allow cells of the body to take in glucose to be used as fuel or stored as body fat. [282] It also means that glucose is more likely to build up in the blood and this can lead to too high blood sugar levels. When the body becomes resistant to insulin, it tries to cope by producing more insulin. People with insulin resistance are often producing too more insulin than healthy people. Producing too much insulin is known as hyperinsulinemia. Symptoms of insulin resistance Initially, insulin resistance presents no symptoms. The symptoms only start to appear once it leads to secondary effects such as higher blood sugar levels. When this happens, the symptoms may include: Lethargy (tiredness) Hunger Difficulty concentrating (brain fog) Other signs that often appear in people with insulin resistance include: Weight gain around the middle (belly fat) High blood pressure High cholesterol levels If insulin resistance develops into prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, the symptoms will include increased blood glucose levels and more of the classic symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Causes of insulin r Continue reading >>

Urdu

Urdu

Summary: It is important to look after diabetes for long-term health. Diabetes is a condition which, over time, may cause damage to the bodys organs, blood vessels and nerves. If diabetes is well managed and general health is taken care of, the risk of diabetes-related complications is reduced. This fact sheet provides information on diabetes-related complications including the most common diabetes-related complications and tips to maintain good health. Summary: This fact sheet provides general information and facts about type 1 and 2 diabetes, their common symptoms, causes and treatment. It also covers gestational diabetes. It includes frequently asked questions about diabetes and information about diabetes and travelling, diabetes and driving and diabetes complications and driving. Title: Understanding gestational diabetes DVD Summary: The DVD explains to women and their families how to manage their gestational diabetes and what to do when the baby is born. It features women who have had gestational diabetes sharing their experiences. It is intended to give viewers a better understanding of gestational diabetes as well as be a useful educational resource for health professionals working with women from culturally and linguistically diverse communities. Summary: Type 1 diabetes affects about 10-15% of all people living with diabetes. It occurs when the pancreas cant produce insulin. This happens because the cells that make the insulin (beta cells) have been destroyed by the bodys own immune system. Summary: Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It affects 80-90% of all people living with diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas cant make enough insulin and the bodys cells cant respond properly to the insulin that is made. This leads to high bl Continue reading >>

Hemoglobin A1c Test (hba1c)

Hemoglobin A1c Test (hba1c)

Hemoglobin A1c, often abbreviated HbA1c, is a form of hemoglobin (a blood pigment that carries oxygen) that is bound to glucose. The blood test for HbA1c level is routinely performed in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Blood HbA1c levels are reflective of how well diabetes is controlled. The normal range for level for hemoglobin A1c is less than 6%. HbA1c also is known as glycosylated, or glycated hemoglobin. HbA1c levels are reflective of blood glucose levels over the past six to eight weeks and do not reflect daily ups and downs of blood glucose. High HbA1c levels indicate poorer control of diabetes than levels in the normal range. HbA1c is typically measured to determine how well a type 1 or type 2 diabetes treatment plan (including medications, exercise, or dietary changes) is working. How Is Hemoglobin A1c Measured? The test for hemoglobin A1c depends on the chemical (electrical) charge on the molecule of HbA1c, which differs from the charges on the other components of hemoglobin. The molecule of HbA1c also differs in size from the other components. HbA1c may be separated by charge and size from the other hemoglobin A components in blood by a procedure called high pressure (or performance) liquid chromatography (HPLC). HPLC separates mixtures (for example, blood) into its various components by adding the mixtures to special liquids and passing them under pressure through columns filled with a material that separates the mixture into its different component molecules. HbA1c testing is done on a blood sample. Because HbA1c is not affected by short-term fluctuations in blood glucose concentrations, for example, due to meals, blood can be drawn for HbA1c testing without regard to when food was eaten. Fasting for the blood test is not necessary. What Are Continue reading >>

What Does Mg/dl Mean?

What Does Mg/dl Mean?

Mg/dL, or milligrams per deciliter, is a measurement that indicates the amount of a particular substance (such as glucose) in a specific amount of blood. SOURCES: American Diabetes Association. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. xylitol.org.News release, FDA. Reviewed by Michael Dansinger on January 20, 2017 SOURCES: American Diabetes Association. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. xylitol.org.News release, FDA. Reviewed by Michael Dansinger on January 20, 2017 When should you call a doctor or podiatrist about your diabetes-related skin issues? THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911. This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information. Continue reading >>

Suboptimal Glycemic Control In Type 2 Diabetes: A Key Role For Anhedonia?

Suboptimal Glycemic Control In Type 2 Diabetes: A Key Role For Anhedonia?

J Psychiatr Res. 2012 Apr;46(4):549-54. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2012.01.013. Epub 2012 Jan 28. Suboptimal glycemic control in type 2 diabetes: a key role for anhedonia? CoRPS-Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases, Department of Medical Psychology and Neuropsychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands. [email protected] Recent studies examining the relationship between depression and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA(1c)) concentrations in patients with type 2 diabetes have yielded mixed findings. One explanation may lie in the heterogeneity of depression. Therefore, we examined whether distinct features of depression were differentially associated with suboptimal glycemic control. Cross-sectional baseline data from a dynamic cohort study of primary care patients with type 2 diabetes from the Eindhoven region, The Netherlands, were analyzed. A total of 5772 individuals completed baseline measurements of demographic, clinical, lifestyle and psychological factors between 2005 and 2009. The Edinburgh Depression Scale was used to assess symptoms of depressed mood, anhedonia and anxiety. Suboptimal glycemic control was defined as HbA(1c) values 7%, with 29.8% of the sample (n=1718) scoring above this cut-off. In univariate logistic regression analyses, anhedonia was significantly associated with suboptimal glycemic control (OR 1.29, 95% CI 1.09-1.52), while both depressed mood (OR 1.04, 0.88-1.22) and anxiety (OR 0.99, 0.83-1.19) were not. The association between anhedonia and glycemic control remained after adjustment for the other depression measures (OR 1.33, 1.11-1.59). Alcohol consumption and physical activity met criteria for mediation, but did not attenuate the association between anhedonia and glycemic control by more than 5%. Although diabetes d Continue reading >>

Diabetes Meaning In Urdu - Shakar Ki Ziadati Meaning, English To Urdu Dictionary

Diabetes Meaning In Urdu - Shakar Ki Ziadati Meaning, English To Urdu Dictionary

Diabetes Meaning in Urdu: Searching meanings in Urdu can be beneficial for understanding the context in an efficient manner. You can get more than one meaning for one word in Urdu. You have searched the English word "Diabetes" which means " " Shakar Ki Ziadati in Urdu. Diabetes meaning in Urdu has been searched 26918 (twenty-six thousand nine hundred and eighteen) times till 16 Apr, 2019. You can find translation in Urdu and Roman Urdu that is Shakar Ki Ziadati for the word Diabetes. The definitions of the word Diabetes has been described here with maximum details, and also fined different synonyms for the word Diabetes, like . You can listen to the pronunciation of the word Diabetes in clear voice from this page online through our voice dictionary a unique facility for dedicated users. You can find words like Diabetes from Hamariweb.com dictionary in multiple languages like Urdu, Arabic, Hindi, Spanish, French and other languages. Hamariweb.com dictionary is not only popular among students but also popular among professionals; it is one of the best online dictionaries in Pakistan and Worldwide especially in "English to Urdu Meaning" & "Urdu to English Meaning" of thousands of daily use and typical words. Continue reading >>

What Is Prediabetes?

What Is Prediabetes?

When you have prediabetes that means your blood glucose (sugar) levels are higher than normal, but not high enough for a diabetes diagnosis. Having prediabetes means that you face an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease and other serious conditions. With prediabetes blood sugars are not normal, but they are not quite in the diabetes range. In this video, Steven Edelman, MD, director of Taking Control of Your Diabetes, explains why people should take a prediabetes diagnosis seriously. If your blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, then you are likely "prediabetic." If you are prediabetic, you have a higher than normal chance of developing type 2 diabetes. However, research shows that you can lower your risk for type 2 diabetes by losing weight and exercising moderately. Even losing 10 to 15 pounds has been shown to be effective in controlling blood glucose levels. Most adults who are overweight, have high blood pressure, or have a family history of diabetes should be tested by their primary care physician during annual check-ups. Most people are familiar with the "fasting plasma glucose test" (FPG) to determine blood sugar levels. There is also the "oral glucose tolerance test" (OGTT) or the A1C test to detect prediabetes. Normal FPG is below 100 mg/dl. A person with prediabetes has a fasting blood glucose level between 100 and 125 mg/dl. If the fasting blood glucose level rises to 126 mg/dl or above, or if the A1C is 6.5% or greater a person has diabetes. Prediabetes is a state where the blood glucose is higher than normal, however not high enough to be classified as diabetes. It can be diagnosed with basic blood work that is typically monitored by your primary care physician. What it demons Continue reading >>

Diabetes Mellitus Urdu Meaning With Definition And Sentence(s)

Diabetes Mellitus Urdu Meaning With Definition And Sentence(s)

1. Diabetes Mellitus , Dm : : (noun) diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria. When doctors say `diabetes' they usually mean `diabetes mellitus'. Diabetes - a polygenic disease characterized by abnormally high glucose levels in the blood; any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst. Absolute : : something that is conceived or that exists independently and not in relation to other things; something that does not depend on anything else and is beyond human control; something that is not relative. "No mortal being can influence the absolute" Deficiency , Inadequacy , Insufficiency : : lack of an adequate quantity or number. "The inadequacy of unemployment benefits" Insulin : : hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas; regulates storage of glycogen in the liver and accelerates oxidation of sugar in cells. Polyuria : : renal disorder characterized by the production of large volumes of pale dilute urine; often associated with diabetes. Congenator , Congener , Congeneric , Relative : : an animal or plant that bears a relationship to another (as related by common descent or by membership in the same genus). Diabetic : : someone who has diabetes. Dextrocardia : : abnormal condition where the heart is located toward the right side of the chest. How this page explains Diabetes Mellitus ? It helps you understand the word Diabetes Mellitus with comprehensive detail, no other web page in our knowledge can explain Diabetes Mellitus better than this page. The page not only provides Urdu meaning of Diabetes Mellitus but also gives extensive definition in English language. The definition of Diabetes Mellitus is followed by practically usable example sentences which allow yo Continue reading >>

Random Glucose Test

Random Glucose Test

Random glucose test ({aka} random blood glucose) is a [blood sugar] test taken from a non-[fasting] subject. This test, also called capillary blood glucose (CBG), assumes a recent [meal] and therefore has higher reference values than the fasting glucose test. Reference values[edit] The reference values for a "normal" random glucose test in an average adult are 79–160 mg/dl (4.4–7.8 mmol/l), between 160–200 mg/dl is considered pre-diabetes, and > 200 mg/dl is considered diabetes according to ADA guidelines (you should visit your doctor or a clinic for additional tests however as a random glucose of > 200 mg/dl does not necessarily mean you are diabetic).[citation needed] See also[edit] Blood glucose Diabetes mellitus Hypoglycemia External links[edit] Glucose Tests @ Lab Tests Online ADA page that hints at random glucose levels Continue reading >>

Diabetes: The Differences Between Types 1 And 2

Diabetes: The Differences Between Types 1 And 2

Diabetes, or diabetes mellitus (DM), is a metabolic disorder in which the body cannot properly store and use sugar. It affects the body's ability to use glucose, a type of sugar found in the blood, as fuel. This happens because the body does not produce enough insulin, or the cells do not correctly respond to insulin to use glucose as energy. Insulin is a type of hormone produced by the pancreas to regulate how blood sugar becomes energy. An imbalance of insulin or resistance to insulin causes diabetes. Diabetes is linked to a higher risk of cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, vision loss, neurological conditions, and damage to blood vessels and organs. There is type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. They have different causes and risk factors, and different lines of treatment. This article will compare the similarities and differences of types 1 and 2 diabetes. Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnancy and typically resolves after childbirth. However, having gestational diabetes also increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes after pregnancy, so patients are often screened for type 2 diabetes at a later date. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 29.1 million people in the United States (U.S.) have diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1. For every person with type 1 diabetes, 20 will have type 2. Type 2 can be hereditary, but excess weight, a lack of exercise and an unhealthy diet increase At least a third of people in the U.S. will develop type 2 diabetes in their lifetime. Both types can lead to heart attack, stroke, nerve damage, kidney damage, and possible amputation of limbs. Causes In type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakenly attacks the insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. These cells are destro Continue reading >>

Psychometric Properties Of The Diabetes Self-management Questionnaire (dsmq) In Urdu

Psychometric Properties Of The Diabetes Self-management Questionnaire (dsmq) In Urdu

Psychometric properties of the Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire (DSMQ) in Urdu Numerous study tools on diabetes self-care have been introduced; however, most existing tools do not show expectable and meaningful correlations with patients glycaemic control. The Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire (DSMQ) was designed to appraise self-care activities which can predict glycaemic control outcomes. However, this tool has not been validated in Pakistan. Therefore, the aim of this study was to translate and examine the psychometric properties of the Urdu version of DSMQ among type 2 diabetes patients. Standard forward-backward translation was used to translate the DSMQ into Urdu language. A convenience sample of 130 patients with type 2 diabetes was collected to assess the Urdu versions psychometric properties. Reliability was assessed by Cronbachs coefficient and validity was assessed using confirmatory factor analysis and criterion-related correlations. High internal consistency was found for all DSMQ scales (Sum scale: =0.96, Glucose Management: 0.91; Dietary Control: 0.88; Physical Activity: 0.89; Health-Care Use: 0.73). The DSMQ subscales showed significant correlations with HbA1c (Glucose Management: 0.75; Dietary Control: 0.76; Physical Activity: 0.71; Health-Care Use: 0.64; Sum Scale: 0.78; all p<0.001). However, when associations with HbA1c were assessed in one multiple linear regression model, only Glucose Management and Dietary Control were significantly associated with lower HbA1c values (Beta=0.42, p=0.004 and Beta=0.30, p=0.028, respectively), while Physical Activity and Health-Care Use were not (p>0.05). Adequate fit to the data was achieved for single factor model after successively modelling all significant correlations between the items error terms, Continue reading >>

Diabetes Urdu Meaning With Definition And Sentence(s)

Diabetes Urdu Meaning With Definition And Sentence(s)

Polydipsia - excessive thirst (as in cases of diabetes or kidney dysfunction). Abnormally - - in an abnormal manner; "they were behaving abnormally". Any , Whatever , Whatsoever - - one or some or every or all without specification; "Whatsoever happens". Blood - - the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped through the body by the heart and contains plasma, blood cells, and platelets; "The blood came out". Disease - - an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning. Disorder , Upset - - a physical condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning; "I had an upset stomach". Excessive , Inordinate , Undue , Unreasonable - - beyond normal limits; "Excessive charges". High , High Gear - - a forward gear with a gear ratio that gives the greatest vehicle velocity for a given engine speed; "He drives slow in a high gear". Floor , Level , Storey , Story - - a structure consisting of a room or set of rooms at a single position along a vertical scale; "what level is the office on?". Marked , Pronounced - - strongly marked; easily noticeable; "walked with a marked limp". Persistent , Relentless , Unrelenting - - never-ceasing; "the relentless beat of the drums". Respective , Several , Various - - considered individually; "the respective club members". Hunger , Hungriness , Thirst , Thirstiness - - strong desire for something (not food or drink); "a thirst for knowledge". Micturition , Urination - - the discharge of urine. Diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria. Dextrin Any of various polysaccharides obtained by hydrolysis of starch; a tasteless and odorless gummy substance that is used as a thickening agent and in adhesives and in dietary supplements. It helps you understand the word Diabetes wi Continue reading >>

Prediabetes

Prediabetes

What Is Prediabetes? Prediabetes is a “pre-diagnosis” of diabetes—you can think of it as a warning sign. It’s when your blood glucose level (blood sugar level) is higher than normal, but it’s not high enough to be considered diabetes. Prediabetes is an indication that you could develop type 2 diabetes if you don’t make some lifestyle changes. But here's the good news: . Eating healthy food, losing weight and staying at a healthy weight, and being physically active can help you bring your blood glucose level back into the normal range. Diabetes develops very gradually, so when you’re in the prediabetes stage—when your blood glucose level is higher than it should be—you may not have any symptoms at all. You may, however, notice that: you’re hungrier than normal you’re losing weight, despite eating more you’re thirstier than normal you have to go to the bathroom more frequently you’re more tired than usual All of those are typical symptoms associated with diabetes, so if you’re in the early stages of diabetes, you may notice them. Prediabetes develops when your body begins to have trouble using the hormone insulin. Insulin is necessary to transport glucose—what your body uses for energy—into the cells via the bloodstream. In pre-diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or it doesn’t use it well (that’s called insulin resistance). If you don’t have enough insulin or if you’re insulin resistant, you can build up too much glucose in your blood, leading to a higher-than-normal blood glucose level and perhaps prediabetes. Researchers aren’t sure what exactly causes the insulin process to go awry in some people. There are several risk factors, though, that make it more likely that you’ll develop pre-diabetes. These are Continue reading >>

(pdf) Psychometric Properties Of The Urdu Version Of Diabetes Knowledge Questionnaire

(pdf) Psychometric Properties Of The Urdu Version Of Diabetes Knowledge Questionnaire

Allah Bukhsh1*, Shaun Wen Huey Lee1, Priyia Pusparajah2, Amer Hayat Khan3 1 School of Pharmacy, Monash University, Bandar Sunway, Malaysia, 2 Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Monash University, Bandar Sunway, Malaysia, 3 School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Objective: Patient education is a key element in the treatment of diabetes. Assessment of diabetes knowledge is important for optimum treatment. For the assessment of diabetes knowledge, validated tool is essential. None of such validated tool is available in Urdu language. Therefore, the aim of this study was to translate and examine the psy- chometric properties of the 24-item Urdu version of Diabetes Knowledge Questionnaire Methods: Standard forwardbackward process was used to translate DKQ into Urdu language. Later, it was validated on a convenience sample of 130 patients with type 2 diabetes, between July and September 2016. Internal consistency was assessed by reliability analysis, one-way analysis of variance was applied for known group validity and multivariate linear logistic regression was applied for identifying signicant predictors for Results: Good internal consistency was observed for DKQ (Cronbachs = 0.702). The mean HbA1c of the patients was 8.55% (1.91). DKQ scores of patients with good glycemic control (14.222.4) were observed signicantly higher (P<0.05) than patients with poor glycemic control (12.562.75). Multiple linear regression revealed that patients HbA1c (OR 0.17, CI 1.111, 0.023) and patients education (OR 0.17, CI 0.032, 0.758) were signicant predictors for DKQ sum score. Conclusion: Urdu version of the DKQ is a valid and reliable instrument for adequate estimation of disease knowledge and its association with glycemic control in type 2 Keywor Continue reading >>

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