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Dog Hypoglycemia Diet

Hypoglycemia In Dogs

Hypoglycemia In Dogs

Hypoglycemia refers to an abnormal decrease of glucose concentration in the blood, or more simply - low blood sugar levels. A normal blood glucose value for healthy, non-diabetic dogs is 3.3-6.1 mmol/L. Hypoglycemia occurs when excessive glucose consumption depletes the reserves of glucose in the body. Hypoglycemia can be a result of endocrine or hepatic disorders, a higher energy requirement for glucose, lack of glucose due to fasting, or toxicity. Hypoglycemia will leave dogs feeling weak and groggy. If left untreated, unconsciousness followed by death will result. Hypoglycemia is defined as a low blood sugar concentration. As sugar (in the form of glucose) is the primary energy source in the body, low blood sugar levels will ultimately affect organ and brain function. Symptoms of hypoglycemia will usually begin with low energy and a delayed response time, if left to progress further these symptoms will develop into more serious signs such as seizures and collapse. Potential symptoms include: Loss of appetite Lethargy (low energy) Slow response time Unusual behaviour Polyuria (increased urination) Polydipsia (increased thirst) Lack of coordination Partial paralysis of hindquarters Weakness Exercise intolerance Trembling Involuntary twitching Seizures Unconsciousness Hypoglycemia can be the result of underlying endocrine or hepatic disorders, sudden increase in the use of glucose by the body, inadequate amounts of glucose, or toxicity. Causes include: Abnormal growth of pancreatic cells Cancer in the liver or gastrointestinal system Inflammation of the liver Portosystemic shunt Glycogen-storage disease Excessive strenuous exercise Overuse of glucose in the body during pregnancy Reduced intake of glucose due to starvation or malnutrition Delayed time between meals in ki Continue reading >>

Pets With Diabetes: Hypoglycemia

Pets With Diabetes: Hypoglycemia

Signs Treatment Asymptomatic Hypo Be Prepared (how to carry a sugar supply) Exercise and hypo. Nigel Goes Hypo Hypo Humor References The most serious side effect of too much insulin is hypoglycemia, or low blood glucose. Hypoglycemia can be a life-threatening, even fatal condition. Classic signs of hypoglycemia lethargy (lack of energy) weakness head tilting "drunkedness" - wobbling when walking, unbalanced hunger restlessness shivering ataxia - usually lack of muscular coordination, but maybe changes in head and neck movements disorientation stupor convulsions or seizures coma The occurrence of signs depends on how far the bg drops and on how fast the blood glucose drops. Owners of diabetic cats have also reported observing these signs sleepiness unable to wake the cat easily when it is sleeping. vomiting glassy eyes - it may look like it is staring into space laying, sleeping, or curled up in an unusual location of the house meowing, crying, yowling, or vocalizing in a way that is unusual for your cat some cats get aggressive drooling coughing Owners of diabetic dogs have also reported observing these signs sweating - check the nose and the paw pads. lip smacking or licking getting physically "stuck" in a place where the pet normally could get itself out (for example, behind a partially closed door that a pet would usually nudge open.) Some animals are asymptomatic at very low bg values. This means they do not show any of the usual signs of hypoglycemia even though their bg is very low. Read experiences of three pets who have had episodes of asymptomatic hypoglycemia. Be Prepared Always have corn syrup or sugar available. Corn syrup works well because it is a very pure sugar, and it is liquid. In the U.S. "Karo" is a brand name of corn syrup and you'll often see this Continue reading >>

Low Blood Sugar In Dogs

Low Blood Sugar In Dogs

Hypoglycemia in Dogs The medical term for critically low levels of sugar in the blood is hypoglycemia, and it is often linked to diabetes and an overdose of insulin. The blood sugar, or glucose, is a main energy of source in an animal's body, so a low amount will result in a severe decrease in energy levels, possibly to the point of loss of consciousness. There are conditions other than diabetes that can also cause blood sugar levels to drop to dangerous levels in dogs. In most animals, hypoglycemia is actually not a disease in and of itself, but is only an indication of another underlying health problem. The brain actually needs a steady supply of glucose in order to function properly, as it does not store and create glucose itself. When glucose levels drop to a dangerously low level, a condition of hypoglycemia takes place. This is a dangerous health condition and needs to be treated quickly and appropriately. If you suspect hypoglycemia, especially if your dog is disposed to this condition, you will need to treat the condition quickly before it becomes life threatening. Symptoms Loss of appetite (anorexia) Increased hunger Visual instability, such as blurred vision Disorientation and confusion – may show an apparent inability to complete basic routine tasks Weakness, low energy, loss of consciousness Anxiety, restlessness Tremor/shivering Heart palpitations These symptoms may not be specific to hypoglycemia, there can be other possible underlying medical causes. The best way to determine hypoglycemia if by having the blood sugar level measured while the symptoms are apparent. Causes There may be several causes for hypoglycemia, but the most common is the side effects caused by drugs that are being used to treat diabetes. Dogs with diabetes are given insulin to help Continue reading >>

Feeding Schedule For Diabetic Dogs

Feeding Schedule For Diabetic Dogs

Go to site For Pet Owners Good glycemic control is dependent upon a controlled and consistent dietary intake. It is important to achieve and then maintain a normal body weight, because this is a strong indicator of good diabetic control. The dietary requirements of a diabetic dog are highly variable—diet must be individually tailored for each dog. Body weight is a major factor in diet selections. Obese dogs require reduced caloric intake, either through feeding a calorie-restricted diet or by feeding a reduced quantity of the normal diet. Increasing physical activity will also be beneficial in obese dogs. Conversely, underweight dogs may require calorie-rich diets such as pediatric or convalescent diets. Another important consideration is the presence of concurrent disease, for example, renal failure or pancreatitis. It may be that the dietary management for these associated problems is more critical than a specific "diabetic" diet. Dogs tend to gobble their food. Traditionally, the dog’s daily food intake should be divided into 2 meals. The first meal is given around the time of the morning insulin injection, and the second meal is given approximately 7.5 hours (6 to 10 hours) later, at the time of peak insulin activity. Fiber-rich diets have been shown to slow the postprandial glucose surge in dogs, which consequently improves glycemic control. Timing of meals Meals should be timed so that the absorption of glucose from the gastrointestinal tract coincides with the peak action of the administered insulin. This will minimize fluctuations in blood glucose concentrations and thus episodes of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia. 1. Dogs administered insulin once daily The first meal (eg, 2/3 of the daily ration) is given prior to the morning insulin injection. This allows Continue reading >>

What Is Hypoglycemia?

What Is Hypoglycemia?

Hypoglycemia is a dangerous condition in which your blood sugar drops perilously low. Low blood sugar will most often make you feel shaky and weak. In extreme cases, you could lose consciousness and slip into a coma. People develop hypoglycemia for different reasons, but those with diabetes run the greatest risk of developing the condition. Glucose and Hypoglycemia Your body uses glucose as its main fuel source. Glucose is derived from food, and it's delivered to cells through the bloodstream. The body uses different hormones to regulate the amount of glucose in your blood. Glucagon, cortisol, and epinephrine are some hormones that help regulate glucose. Your body uses another hormone called insulin to help your cells absorb glucose and burn it for fuel. If your blood sugar level drops below a certain point, your body can develop various symptoms and sensations. For people with diabetes, this typically happens when blood sugar drops below 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), although the exact level may vary from person to person. Causes of Hypoglycemia Low blood sugar often happens in people with diabetes who are using insulin or other medicines that increase insulin production or its actions. Too much insulin can make your blood glucose drop too low. Low blood sugar can happen if: Your body's supply of glucose is used up too quickly. Glucose is released into your bloodstream too slowly. There's too much insulin in your bloodstream. Hypoglycemia Symptoms Although no two people will have the exact same symptoms of low blood sugar, there are some common signs to watch out for: Sudden, intense hunger Dizziness or light-headedness Excessive sweating (often sudden and without regard to temperature) Shaking or tremors Sudden feelings of anxiety Irritability, mood swings, and Continue reading >>

Hypoglycemia In Chihuahuas

Hypoglycemia In Chihuahuas

All pet owners need to know the basics of animal care in order to ensure a healthy life for their pet and themselves. One of the common problems owners of small toy breed dogs needs to know about is hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is the scientific term which means “low blood sugar“. You are probably aware of this phenomenon in people with diabetes and the condition is quite similar in dogs. Low blood sugar levels can be quite dangerous in dogs because glucose (sugar) is needed by the brain to operate properly. When glucose levels drop too low, serious consequences can follow. In dogs, hypoglycemia is especially an issue for toy breeds like the Chihuahua. This is because Chihuahuas have been bred to be small, so they have a naturally low body mass. The small body mass means that they cannot store sugar properly, there is simply not enough body fat. So, a responsible dog owner needs to be aware of the serious risk of hypoglycemia in these small breeds. Beyond the natural tendencies to hypoglycemia, there are several, preventable causes. The modern dog food diet, like much of the modern diet for people, tends to be high in grains. Grains get converted by the body into sugar. So, a diet high in grains means the body is working overtime trying to store sugar. This leads to the body crashing afterward because of the high sugar levels and greater hunger. This creates a vicious cycle where the body is simply unable to regulate a steady level of glucose. The ultimate result of this is obesity. Hand-in-hand with a high-grain diet comes disorders of the pancreas. When the body has high levels of sugar because of the diet, the pancreas has to work overtime to produce insulin. Eventually, it wears down and can no longer keep up. The result is diabetes, in which case regular insulin Continue reading >>

Diet Recommendations For Dogs With Metastatic Insulinoma

Diet Recommendations For Dogs With Metastatic Insulinoma

My patient is “Ben,” a 10-year old, male Lab weighing 35 kg that presented with a 2-month history of having strange episodes, which included signs of disorientation and ataxia lasting from 10 minutes to 2 hours. The episodes were initially intermittent, but became much more frequent (2-3 times per day), so that the owner (finally) brought him in for an evaluation. On physical exam, the dog was clinically normal. On our routine chemistry profile, the serum glucose value was very low (28 mg/dl; 1.56 mmol/l). We collected another blood sample for paired serum insulin and glucose concentrations. These test results showed an extremely low serum glucose concentration (25 ng/dl; 1.39 mmol/l) with a high serum insulin value (439 pmol/l; reference interval, 36-287 pmol/l). An abdominal ultrasound showed a solitary 7-9 mm hypoechoic nodule on the pancreatic body between the pyloris and the proximal duodenal flexure. Unfortunately, multiple, small, very discrete solitary hypoechoic masses or nodules were also found throughout the liver, suggesting metastatic disease. Based upon the hypoglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and ultrasound findings, my presumptive diagnosis is insulinoma with metastasis to the liver. His owners have declined surgical exploration or biopsy. We started Ben on oral prednisone (5 mg three times daily), and the owners have been feeding him small frequent meals. His improvement has been dramatic— no further episodes of disorientation or ataxia have been noted. I'm planning on keeping Ben on long-term, daily prednisone, but have some questions about the best diet to feed. My understanding is that these dogs do best when fed frequent meals with high complex carbohydrates and low simple carbohydrates. I’ve also read that puppy diets are best, whereas others ha Continue reading >>

How To Treat Hypoglycemia In Cats And Dogs

How To Treat Hypoglycemia In Cats And Dogs

Hypoglycemia is a condition where your pet's glucose levels, better known as blood sugar drops dangerously low. Luckily, there are treatment levels out there if diagnosed in a timely manner. Learn more about hypoglycemia here. When your pet’s blood sugar drops below normal, it can spell serious trouble for their health. Blood sugar, or glucose, is the main source of energy for both the body and the brain. Without adequate amounts of glucose, your pet cannot function properly. In severe cases, hypoglycemia can cause loss of consciousness, coma, and even death. Fortunately, there are treatment options available, and the sooner you seek treatment for your pet, the more likely they are to recover. Read on to learn about the diagnosis and treatment of hypoglycemia in cats and dogs. Diagnosing Hypoglycemia in Cats and Dogs Contact your veterinarian if your pet ever exhibits symptoms of hypoglycemia. Your vet will perform a physical examination, take a full health history, and perform certain diagnostic tests. Most cases of hypoglycemia are easily diagnosed through routine blood work that reveals low glucose levels. The more challenging part of diagnosis is figuring out the source of the condition. Exploratory testing may include: Blood chemistry to assess liver, kidney, and pancreatic health Complete blood count to check for blood conditions Urinalysis to evaluate the kidneys and check for urinary tract infection or other diseases Thyroid test to see if there is a problem with thyroid hormone production X-ray or ultrasound to search for tumors, liver shunts, or liver abnormalities Treatment for Hypoglycemia in Cats and Dogs Treatment for hypoglycemia is usually a two-pronged attack: blood sugar levels must be raised immediately the underlying cause of the condition must be Continue reading >>

Hypoglycemia Symptoms To Look Out For & Ways To Naturally Treat Them

Hypoglycemia Symptoms To Look Out For & Ways To Naturally Treat Them

Uncontrolled glucose levels are one of the most common health problems in the world. Hypoglycemia symptoms frequently affect people with prediabetes or diabetes but are also linked with other health problems, including high blood pressure, high cholesterol and even arthritis. And although it’s rarely mentioned, hypoglycemia has been called “an under-appreciated problem” that’s the most common and serious side effect of glucose-lowering diabetes drugs. (1) Those who are at risk for both hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia are not only people who are ill, overweight or inactive — anyone who consumes a poor diet and has trouble with normal glucose metabolism can develop symptoms. The standard American diet, which tends to be very high in things like refined grains and sugar but low in nutrients like healthy fats and fiber, contributes to hypoglycemia and related diseases. What are some clues you might be experiencing hypoglycemia symptoms, and what kind of things can you do to help manage them? Symptoms of hypoglycemia are often confused with other health conditions and can include sudden hunger, irritability, headaches, brain fog and shakiness. By managing your intake of empty calories, improving your diet, and paying attention to how meal timing and exercise affects you, you can help control low blood sugar symptoms and prevent them from returning. What Is Hypoglycemia? Hypoglycemia is a condition caused by low blood sugar levels, also sometimes referred to as low glucose. Glucose is mostly found in carbohydrate foods and those containing sugar and is considered to be one of the most important sources of energy for the body. (2) Here’s an overview of how glucose works once it enters the body and the process of how our hormones regulate blood sugar levels: When we Continue reading >>

Best Dog Food Diet For Insulinoma

Best Dog Food Diet For Insulinoma

by Sandra S. My 10 year old terrier mix, Mac, was diagnosed with insulinoma in September 2012. I was just devastated. It's like living with an ax hanging over our heads. I researched the surgery option but decided not to put him through that as he is an excitable little guy with a great deal of separation anxiety when I'm not with him. Our vet is great and he is being treated now with prednisone 5 mg 1/2 in the am and 1/2 in the PM. I was told to feed him Science Diet LD, but he wouldn't go near it. They suggested then Science Diet ID which he tolerates. I boil organic chicken and mix some of it in the ID so he'll eat it. We still can't get his blood sugar past 39 and I KNOW this is not good. I understand the vet's reason for suggesting Science Diet and thinks its best. We've been with him for 25 years and I have total faith in him, but not the food. I am afraid to do the wrong thing if I choose an organic dog food by trying to read the label. His little treats I bake like 'cookies' with science diet DD. I really need a recommendation from a knowledgeable source as to what organic food I can try to help get his blood sugar up and perhaps what organic treats would be safe. I just read that I can give him a little Ensure to help with this that won't spike his sugar too high. I can see he has had one or two slight seizures (he suddenly sits and looks around the ceiling as if something was flying up there. When I call his name he doesn't answer... but in 30 seconds or so he turns around when I call his name, showing no further symptom of the episode. I know this disease won't end well, but I'm just desperate to find something that will help with the blood sugar. He can't stay at 39 for long without going downhill. Anything you can tell me that might help my little Mac would Continue reading >>

How To Prevent Hunting Dog Hypoglycemia

How To Prevent Hunting Dog Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia is a condition that occurs in hunting dogs when their glucose levels fall under 50. Glucose is what gives hunting dogs the energy they exert. Glucose is crucial in a hunting a hunting dog’s body for the work that he has to do. When these levels fall it can lead to a dog that is disorientated, weak and suffering from tremors. If it is not treated quickly it can lead to the collapse and coma in a hunting dog and eventually death. As serious as this ailment is that affects some hunting dogs there are ways to prevent hunting dog hypoglycemia and continue to have a happy and healthy dog. Conditioning Perhaps the most important thing you can do with a hunting dog suffering from hypoglycemia is exercise. Your dog should be kept well conditioned before taking him hunting. You can do this by walking or running your dog several times a day and go through a few of the routines that will take place when hunting. Conditioning your dog for hunting will prepare your dog to handle the job of hunting when you are ready. Do not take a dog that is a couch potato at home into hunting without preparation. Diet Another preventative for hypoglycemia is to keep your dog on a well balanced diet that is high in carbohydrates. Make sure he is getting the right amount of fats in his diet and feed your hunting dog more often. He needs these added carbohydrates to sustain the amount of energy he uses while hunting. When you are actually hunting make sure you take the time out several times during the day to give your dog a snack. Any dog that is prone to hypoglycemia will benefit from this small burst of energy food and it may prevent his glucose from dropping at all. Emergency kits If you know your hunting dog is prone to hypoglycemia always have a first aid kit with you that holds g Continue reading >>

Best Dog Food For Small Breeds

Best Dog Food For Small Breeds

Your small breed dog might think he is one of the big dogs, but when it comes to dinnertime his nutritional needs are unique. He needs a diet specially formulated for small dogs to help him feel and act his best. Unfortunately, finding the best dog food for small breeds is not always easy. We have a few tips to help make your search for the perfect canine cuisine easier. Small Dog Nutrition 101 Small dogs are different in many ways from their larger counterparts, beginning with their nutritional needs. Despite their small size, small and Toy breed dogs may actually require more calories per pound than larger dogs. Their higher metabolic rates particularly affect their dietary needs in puppyhood, and there are health concerns as they age that diet can help address. In general, dogs require a wide range of nutrients, vitamins, and minerals. Dogs, contrary to popular belief, are not strictly carnivores. Domestic dogs rely on grains, fruits, and vegetables, as well as meat, for a complete and balanced diet. For this reason, many people prefer to feed their dogs commercial foods. Most commercial foods are affordable, convenient, and contain all of the nutrients that dogs need to stay healthy, and since few owners are experts in dog nutrition, feeding a dry or canned commercial diet takes the guesswork out of balancing your dog’s nutritional needs. Certain breeds may have their own nutritional concerns. Talk to your vet about your dog to see if there are any nutritional risks you should be aware of based on breed, age, or existing health problems. Best Food For Small Breed Puppies The assumption that small breed dogs are low maintenance and easy to feed due to their small size is dangerous. Small breed puppies, especially Toy breeds, require careful feeding to prevent a con Continue reading >>

Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia is what every diabetic fears -- very low blood glucose. Since the brain requires glucose for fuel at every second, it's possible to induce coma, seizures,brain damage[1][2][3] and death by letting blood glucose drop too low. Because the brain is almost totally dependent on glucose to make use of oxygen[4], it is somewhat like having severe breathing problems. Though the causes and mechanisms are different, in both cases the brain does not have enough oxygen, and similar symptoms and problems can occur. It is caused by giving too much insulin for the body's current needs. The blood glucose level at which an animal (or person) is dangerously hypoglycemic is fuzzy, and depends on several factors.[5] The line is different for diabetics and non-diabetics, and differs between individuals and depending on exogenous insulin and what the individual is accustomed to. The most likely time for an acute hypoglycemia episode is when the insulin is working hardest, or at its peak; mild lows may cause lethargy and sleepiness[6]. An acute hypoglycemic episode can happen even if you are careful, since pets' insulin requirements sometimes change without warning. Pets and people can have hypoglycemic episodes because of increases to physical activity. What makes those with diabetes prone to hypoglycemia is that muscles require glucose for proper function. The more active muscles become, the more their need for glucose increases[7]. Conversely, there can also be hyperglycemic reactions from this; it depends on the individual/caregiver knowing him/herself and the pet's reactions. According to a 2000 JAVMA study, dogs receiving insulin injections only once daily at high doses[9] are more likely to have hypoglycemic episodes than those who receive insulin twice daily. The symptoms Continue reading >>

Hypoglycemia - Low Blood Sugar In Dogs

Hypoglycemia - Low Blood Sugar In Dogs

Hypoglycemia Q: Dear Dr. Richards, Thank you very much for the information on stroke and vestibular syndrome. I have another question. (My Vet is still on vacation.) Is it possible that my Yorkie's stroke-like symptoms could be caused by hypoglycemia or an electrolyte imbalance? (She suffered a week long bout of vomiting and diarrhea prior to her symptoms.) After this was suggested to me, I started giving her a little sugar in her food and water. She does seem to be feeling better and walking more normally. Although, she still seems to be a little disoriented. If hypoglycemia is possible, what is the proper way to treat this? Again, thank you very much, Debra A: Debra- It is possible for disorientation, weakness and even seizures to occur with hypoglycemia. Small breeds are more likely to become hypoglycemic from illnesses than larger breeds but most older dogs do not have much problems with this whether they are large or small. Older dogs do have problems with insulin producing tumors of the pancreas sometimes, though. This is probably the most common cause of hypoglycemia in older dogs. A temporary fix is to feed several small meals a day rather than one or two large ones. That would help until your vet got back. Then the best thing to do would be a general lab panel or blood glucose test (but I'd run the whole panel most of the time) and check for hypoglycemia. If it is present then checking another sample is a good idea. Then checking the insulin/glucose ratio on a blood sample would be a more definitive test for excess insulin. Insulinomas can be treated surgically or medically but surgery has a chance of curing the dog and medical treatment doesn't. Good luck with this. Peripheral vestibular syndrome clears up in most cases spontaneously so response to therapy for Continue reading >>

Canine Hypoglycemia

Canine Hypoglycemia

Canine hypoglycemia is a dog blood glucose disorder, also known as exertional hypoglycemia, or sugar fits. The condition is due to having abnormally low levels of blood sugar. It is diagnosed after a blood test reading that shows blood glucose levels lower than 50 mg/dL vs. a normal level between 70 - 150 mg/dL. Smaller dogs who are hypoglycemic likely got the condition from some type of illness. The condition is rare in older dogs and larger breeds. Hypoglycemia in this case could be due to higher than usual levels of insulin production due to a pancreatic tumor. Dogs that are active such as working dogs, but have poor conditioning can begin to suffer from hypoglycemia. Puppies, Toy Breeds and Hypoglycemia in Dogs If you see the symptoms listed below such as weakness or listlessness then your puppy may be suffering from hypoglycemia. If you puppy or toy breed isn't eating then you can try feeding some Nutri-cal off your fingers. It is a malt paste filled with vitamins and sugar designed to be highly palatable to your dog. If the hypoglycemia persists, it could result in a medical emergency, particularly if you see severe symptoms such as seizure and collapse. Complicating Factors Sometimes there is more to hypoglycemia than just low blood sugar. While being extra small and extra young is enough to drop one's blood sugar, sometimes there is more to the story. Bacterial infection: Bacteria can be tremendous consumers of glucose (blood sugar). For this reason, hypoglycemic puppies frequently are given antibiotics. * Portosystemic (Liver) shunt This is a problem for the Yorkshire terrier in particular. In this congenital malformation of the liver circulation, blood travels from the GI tract to the general circulation by-passing the liver. The liver does not develop properl Continue reading >>

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