Why Is Type 1 Diabetes Genetic?

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Type 1 Diabetes Risk Factors

There are several risk factors that may make it more likely that you’ll develop type 1 diabetes—if you have the genetic marker that makes you susceptible to diabetes. That genetic marker is located on chromosome 6, and it’s an HLA (human leukocyte antigen) complex. Several HLA complexes have been connected to type 1 diabetes, and if you have one or more of those, you may develop type 1. (However, having the necessary HLA complex is not a guarantee that you will develop diabetes; in fact, less than 10% of people with the “right” complex(es) actually develop type 1.) Other risk factors for type 1 diabetes include: Viral infections: Researchers have found that certain viruses may trigger the development of type 1 diabetes by causing the immune system to turn against the body—instead of helping it fight infection and sickness. Viruses that are believed to trigger type 1 include: German measles, coxsackie, and mumps. Race/ethnicity: Certain ethnicities have a higher rate of type 1 diabetes. In the United States, Caucasians seem to be more susceptible to type 1 than African-Americans and Hispanic-Americans. Chinese people have a lower risk of developing type 1, as do people i Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Ketopan

    Can you have an undetected hypoglycemia during the night that makes you go high in the morning because of the liver dumping glucose or your body increasing your insulin resistance?

  2. [deleted]

    Would it be called hypoglycemia? My liver definitely gets pissy for reasons other than hypoglycemia...I think the way you deal with it if you're on MDI is decrease your short acting ratio at night, and maybe increase your long acting dose. I'm not sure what you would do on a pump.

  3. mandis76

    On a pump you would do pretty much the same thing :).

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