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Why Do Diabetes Get Thirsty

Drink More Water

Drink More Water

Last month I was taken to the emergency room because my blood pressure dropped. It turned out I had gone low because of dehydration. I’m really embarrassed because I hadn’t realized how important hydration is. It was scary. I could sit up, but only for about a minute. Then I’d have to lie down again. Couldn’t even think about standing (which is hard enough for me on a good day). I was in the ER for about 12 hours getting IV fluids before I was strong enough to go home. Lord knows what it will cost, and all because I didn’t drink enough. I didn’t know I had a viral infection. They found that on a white blood count in the ER. But I did know I was eating lots of fiber, which absorbs water, and not drinking much. I just didn’t know I could get in so much physical trouble from a little dryness. For people with diabetes, the risk of dehydration is greater, because higher than normal blood glucose depletes fluids. To get rid of the glucose, the kidneys will try to pass it out in the urine, but that takes water. So the higher your blood glucose, the more fluids you should drink, which is why thirst is one of the main symptoms of diabetes. According to the British diabetes site diabetes.co.uk, other causative factors for dehydration include insufficient fluid intake, sweating because of hot weather or exercise, alcohol, diarrhea, or vomiting. The symptoms of mild dehydration include thirst, headache, dry mouth and eyes, dizziness, fatigue, and dark-colored urine. Severe dehydration causes all those symptoms plus low blood pressure, sunken eyes, weak pulse and/or rapid heartbeat, confusion, and lethargy. But many people, especially older people, don’t get these symptoms. It seems that thirst signals become weaker as we age. Diabetes may get people used to thirst s Continue reading >>

Why Does Diabetes Make You Thirsty?

Why Does Diabetes Make You Thirsty?

Nearly 24 million people in the United States have diabetes. The number continues to grow, according to the Centers for Disease Control. Excessive thirst is one of the warning signs of diabetes and also a common side effect after a diabetic begins treatment for the disease, according to the American Diabetes Association (ADA). “Hyperglycemia (or high blood glucose) can occur any time blood glucose is above the target range.” the ADA states. “In fact, the symptoms of diabetes are the same as the symptoms of hyperglycemia. That's because diabetes itself causes hyperglycemia.” Diabetes Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that allows your body to turn blood glucose into a form of energy your cells can use. Type 1 diabetics produce little or no insulin, and Type 2 diabetics produce either an insufficient amount of insulin or are resistant to the insulin they do produce. To avoid the long-term side effects of diabetes--like blindness or kidney disease--you must keep your blood sugar under control. The National Institutes of Health recommends a blood glucose range of 80 to 130 before meals and less than 170 after meals. Hyperglycemia High blood sugar can be caused by a range of factors including too little insulin, too much food, too little exercise, illness or not taking oral medications as directed. Treatments for hyperglycemia include taking extra insulin and increasing exercise, but the treatments vary based on your individual condition. A personal treatment plan for dealing with hyperglycemia should be developed with your health care professional. Excessive Thirst Hyperglycemia is the reason that diabetics experience excessive thirst. Your kidneys act as a filter and normally absorb the glucose in your blood and recycle it for your body’s use. When you Continue reading >>

Why Does Diabetes Make You So Thirsty?

Why Does Diabetes Make You So Thirsty?

Excessive thirst, or polydipsia, can be triggered by different factors such as eating too much salt or taking medications that cause dry mouth. Thirst is also a symptom of diabetes. For people with diabetes, thirst can be a sign of hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar. The kidneys play a vital role in regulating levels of blood sugar by filtering the blood and absorbing excess glucose. When very high levels of sugar build up in the blood, the kidneys can’t keep up and they produce more urine than normal — a condition known as polyuria. As a result, you can become dehydrated. “People who have well-controlled diabetes should be at no increased risk for excessive thirst compared with somebody who doesn’t have diabetes,” says Noah Bloomgarden, MD, assistant professor of medicine-endocrinology at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and clinical endocrinologist in the division of endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism at the Montefiore Health System in the Bronx, New York. “It’s really poor control of one’s blood sugar and an increase in urination and excretion of water that makes people [with diabetes] feel very thirsty and increases their need to maintain water balance.” As Dr. Bloomgarden points out, even people who are doing a good job of controlling their diabetes can develop very high blood sugar. A cold, infection, or even a very stressful situation can cause blood sugar to rise, and excessive thirst may be the first sign that something is wrong. “If you’re experiencing excessive thirst, you should contact your doctor immediately, because it may indicate severe hyperglycemia,” says Bloomgarden. If you have diabetes and you’re not sure whether you’re unusually thirsty, Bloomgarden suggests that you check your blood sugar. If your blood sug Continue reading >>

7 Reasons You're Always Thirsty

7 Reasons You're Always Thirsty

When that parched feeling strikes, the reason why is usually clear: You've been skimping on your H2O intake, bingeing on your fave salty treat, or working out ultra-hard. But your mouth morphing into the Sahara may also be your body's way of hinting that you have a health condition. "Any condition that alters your water or salt balance in the body can trigger thirst," says Laura M. Hahn, MD, a primary care physician at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore. If you follow good hydration practices (your pee should be within the light yellow to clear range) yet still feel dehydrated, you may want to check in with your doc to rule out these sneaky saboteurs: 1. Diabetes Diabetes can increase your risk of dehydration—especially if you're not yet aware of it. When blood sugar levels are too high, your body peer-pressures your kidneys into producing more urine to get rid of the excess glucose, says Heather Rosen, MD, medical director of UPMC Urgent Care North Huntingdon in Pennsylvania. "Frequent urination, another common symptom, will bring on thirst," she adds. "This leads to drinking more fluids, which compounds the problem." If you experience excessive thirst and urination, as well as other symptoms like unexplained weight loss, fatigue, or irritability, your doc can carry out a blood glucose test to find out if you have diabetes. 2. Diabetes Insipidus Although diabetes insipidus isn't related to the diabetes we know and loathe, it does share some of the same signs and symptoms, such as dehydration and a busy bladder. Diabetes insipidus is characterized by a hormone imbalance in your body that affects water absorption. Because you end up losing vast amounts of water through your urine and have no say in the matter, thirst strikes as your body tries to compensate for the flui Continue reading >>

Polydipsia

Polydipsia

Tweet Polydipsia is the term given to excessive thirst and is one of the initial symptoms of diabetes. It is also usually accompanied by temporary or prolonged dryness of the mouth. We all get thirsty at various times during the day. Adequate daily intake of water (several glasses) is very important as water is essential for many bodily functions, including regulating body temperature and removing waste. However, if you feel thirsty all the time or your thirst is stronger than usual and continues even after you drink, it can be a sign that not all is well inside your body. Causes of polydipsia Increased thirst is often the reaction to fluid loss during exercise, or to eating salty or spicy foods. It can also be caused by: Diarrhoea Vomiting Profuse sweating Significant blood loss or Certain prescription medications Increased thirst can also occur as a result of high blood sugar levels in people with diabetes or yet to be diagnosed diabetes. Persistent excessive thirst can be the result of one of the following: Diabetes mellitus Diabetes insipidus - a condition unrelated to diabetes mellitus that affects the kidneys and the hormones that interact with them, resulting in large quantities of urine being produced Loss of body fluids from the bloodstream into the tissues due to: burns or severe infections (sepsis) or heart, liver, or kidney failure Psychogenic polydipsia - compulsive water drinking associated with mental/psychiatric disorders Excessive thirst can be caused by high blood sugar (hyperglycemia), and is also one of the ‘Big 3’ signs of diabetes mellitus. Increased thirst and diabetes Increased thirst in people with diabetes can sometimes be, but certainly not always, an indication of higher than normal blood glucose levels. People with diabetes with access t Continue reading >>

Thirst - Excessive

Thirst - Excessive

Drinking lots of water is healthy in most cases. The urge to drink too much may be the result of a physical or emotional disease. Excessive thirst may be a symptom of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). It may help in detecting diabetes. Excessive thirst is a common symptom. It is often the reaction to fluid loss during exercise or to eating salty foods. Continue reading >>

Can A Dry Throat Be A Sign Of Diabetes?

Can A Dry Throat Be A Sign Of Diabetes?

Your throat feels parched and scratchy and your breath is stale. While you may dismiss this as not drinking enough water or coming down with a cold, if you experience a chronic dry throat, diabetes may be to blame. Type 2 or adult-onset diabetes is a chronic condition that raises your blood sugar levels leading to symptoms such as thirst and dry mouth. If you are diagnosed with this disease, rest assured that it is common and manageable. The American Diabetes Association notes that nearly 26 million Americans have diabetes. Dry Throat A dry throat can feel like someone has sandpapered the lining of your throat. Your throat might feel itchy and even sore. The dry, rough feeling may also occur in your mouth and on your tongue. There are many causes of a dry throat including being dehydrated, excessive exercise, habitually sleeping or breathing with an open mouth and an infection. If your dry throat persists no matter how much water you drink and you also seem to urinate more than usual, you may have diabetes. Diabetes.co.uk notes that thirst, excess urination and a dry mouth are signs of diabetes. Thirst in Diabetes Diabetes occurs because your body cannot make enough or adequately use a hormone called insulin, which carries sugar from your bloodstream into your cells where it can be burned for energy. This raises your blood sugar levels, causing a domino effect on your body that leads to dehydration and thirst. Diabetes.co.uk explains that as your blood sugar levels spike, the kidneys sense an imbalance and kick into overdrive to secrete more sugar through your urine. More urination means extra water loss from your body, causing chronic thirst and a dry mouth and throat. Other Symptoms You can have a range of diabetes symptoms or none at all. If your dry throat occurs al Continue reading >>

Diabetes Symptoms: When Diabetes Symptoms Are A Concern

Diabetes Symptoms: When Diabetes Symptoms Are A Concern

Diabetes symptoms are often subtle. Here's what to look for — and when to consult your doctor. Early symptoms of diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes, can be subtle or seemingly harmless — that is, if you even have symptoms at all. Over time, however, you may develop diabetes complications, even if you haven't had diabetes symptoms. In the United States alone, more than 8 million people have undiagnosed diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association. But you don't need to become a statistic. Understanding possible diabetes symptoms can lead to early diagnosis and treatment — and a lifetime of better health. If you're experiencing any of the following diabetes signs and symptoms, see your doctor. Excessive thirst and increased urination Excessive thirst (also called polydipsia) and increased urination (also known as polyuria) are classic diabetes symptoms. When you have diabetes, excess sugar (glucose) builds up in your blood. Your kidneys are forced to work overtime to filter and absorb the excess sugar. If your kidneys can't keep up, the excess sugar is excreted into your urine, dragging along fluids from your tissues. This triggers more frequent urination, which may leave you dehydrated. As you drink more fluids to quench your thirst, you'll urinate even more. Fatigue You may feel fatigued. Many factors can contribute to this. They include dehydration from increased urination and your body's inability to function properly, since it's less able to use sugar for energy needs. Weight loss Weight fluctuations also fall under the umbrella of possible diabetes signs and symptoms. When you lose sugar through frequent urination, you also lose calories. At the same time, diabetes may keep the sugar from your food from reaching your cells — leading to constant Continue reading >>

Excessive Thirst, Frequent Urination And Increased Urine Production

Excessive Thirst, Frequent Urination And Increased Urine Production

SHARE RATE★★★★★ Excessive thirst (polydipsia), frequent urination (more than eight times per day), and increased urine production (polyuria) (generally considered urine output of over 3 liters [about 100 ounces or 12.5 cups] per day) are classic symptoms of diabetes mellitus, resulting from the effects of high blood glucose. They are also symptoms of a dangerous complication of diabetes called diabetic ketoacidosis. To understand the cause of these symptoms, it’s necessary to understand a little about the role and function of the kidneys. The role of the kidneys is to filter waste out of the blood and maintaining a balance of chemical elements in the blood. The waste products that the kidney removes from the blood are sent to the bladder, which produces urine, which in turn is passed out of the body.1,2 Learn more about diabetic ketoacidosis. Uncontrolled diabetes with high levels of blood glucose can place a great deal of stress on kidney function and over time and can ultimately cause kidney disease (also called nephropathy). Excessive thirst, frequent urination, and increased urine production are signs that the kidney is working overtime to filter high levels of glucose out of the blood. To accomplish this, the kidneys produce a high volume of urine, which results in an increase in the frequency of urination and the need to urinate at night (this is called nocturne).1 Because of extra urine production, the body becomes easily dehydrated, resulting in excessive thirst. Often, an individual who experiences excessive thirst will consume carbonated drinks containing sugar to satisfy this thirst, a choice that results in a worsening of symptoms. Despite the efforts of the kidney to meet extra demands of filtering glucose out of the blood, over time high blood Continue reading >>

Why Am I Always Thirsty?

Why Am I Always Thirsty?

Thirst is your body’s way of telling you that it’s running low on water, which it needs to work well. It’s normal to feel thirsty when it’s hot or after you’ve powered through an intense workout. But if you’re constantly refilling your cup without relief, it could signal another health problem. Dehydration means your body doesn’t have enough water to carry out normal tasks, and thirst is the main symptom. It can happen for a lot of reasons, such as exercise, diarrhea, vomiting, and too much sweating. Besides wanting water, other signs can include: Dark-colored urine Not needing to pee as often Feeling tired or lightheaded Kids who are dehydrated might also: Have few or no tears when they cry Have a dry, sticky mouth Go to the bathroom less or have fewer wet diapers Be irritable or sluggish Thirst you can’t seem to quench, what doctors call polydipsia, is one symptom of diabetes. When you have this disease, your body doesn’t make enough of the hormone insulin or doesn’t use it properly. It causes too much sugar (called glucose) to build up in your body. Glucose in your urine draws in more water, so you pee more often. That leaves your body wanting to replace the fluid you’re losing. Along with thirst and more visits to the restroom, other symptoms of diabetes include: Despite its name, this condition isn’t related to diabetes. It happens when your body doesn’t make enough of a hormone that helps your kidneys control the amount of water in your body. Excessive thirst is one of the major symptoms. If you have diabetes insipidus, you may also have: When your mouth feels very dry, it can make you thirsty. Usually, it happens because the glands in your mouth make less saliva. You may get it because of medications you take, treatments for other condit Continue reading >>

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes (also called type 2 diabetes mellitus) develop gradually—so gradually, in fact, that it’s possible to miss them or to not connect them as related symptoms. Some people are actually surprised when they are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes because they’ve gone to the doctor for something else (eg, fatigue or increased urination). The symptoms develop gradually because, if you have the insulin resistant form of type 2, it takes time for the effects of insulin resistance to show up. Your body doesn’t become insulin resistant (unable to use insulin properly) overnight, as you can learn about in the article on causes of type 2 diabetes. If you’re not insulin resistant—and instead your body doesn’t produce enough insulin to process glucose well—the symptoms also develop gradually. Your body will be able to “make do” with lower insulin levels for awhile, but eventually, you will start to notice the following symptoms. Here are some of the common symptoms of type 2 diabetes: Fatigue: Your body isn’t getting the energy it needs from the food you’re eating, so you may feel very tired. Extreme thirst: No matter how much you drink, it feels like you’re still dehydrated. Your tissues (such as your muscles) are, in fact, dehydrated when there’s too much glucose (sugar) in your blood. Your body pulls fluid from the tissues to try to dilute the blood and counteract the high glucose, so your tissues will be dehydrated and send the message that you need to drink more. This is also associated with increased urination. Frequent urination: This is related to drinking so much more in an attempt to satisfy your thirst. Since you’re drinking more, you’ll have to urinate more. Additionally, the body will try to get rid of the excess g Continue reading >>

Why Do You Get Thirsty When You Have Diabetes?

Why Do You Get Thirsty When You Have Diabetes?

Diabetes is defined as a chronic health condition in which blood sugar or blood glucose levels become high. There are 2 kinds of diabetes namely Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. Diabetes occurs as a result of insulin resistance, obesity, hereditary factors etc. Common symptoms of Diabetes are sudden and unexpected weight loss, blurred vision, increased appetite, numbness and tingling sensation in the feet and hands, fatigue, hard-to-heal sores and increased urination. Another very common symptom of diabetes is excessive thirst felt by the patients. So why does high blood sugar cause increased thirst? Well, first and foremost it should be remembered that excessive thirst is not a favourable indicator of diabetes. For most people this symptom shows up very slowly, which makes it almost impossible to determine any marked increase in the thirst experienced by the individual. Sudden increase in thirst is also a common symptom for many other illnesses like common cold, flu, allergies, other forms of fever, vomiting and diarrhea. So, although heightened thirst does occur in diabetes patients and needs to be treated too, it’s not always a very solid indicator of diabetes. Getting a blood sugar test done is the best way of getting diabetes diagnosed. Are you a high blood sugar patient? Do you feel unusually thirsty? Want to know why do you get so thirsty when you have diabetes? The following read tells all about excessive thirst in diabetes. Why Do You Get Thirsty When You Have Diabetes? Excessive thirst that appears as a symptom of another health condition is termed as Polydipsia. Polydipsia is one of the initial symptoms of diabetes and is generally accompanied by cotton mouth, i.e. increased dryness of the mouth. Although this symptom appears quite early in Type 1 or Ty Continue reading >>

Why Does Diabetes Cause Excessive Urination And Thirst? A Lesson On Osmosis

Why Does Diabetes Cause Excessive Urination And Thirst? A Lesson On Osmosis

A TABA Seminar on Diabetes I have the pleasure of being an executive member of the Toronto Applied Biostatistics Association (TABA), a volunteer-run professional organization here in Toronto that organizes seminars on biostatistics. During this past Tuesday, Dr. Loren Grossman from the LMC Diabetes and Endocrinology Centre generously donated his time to deliver an introductory seminar on diabetes for biostatisticians. The Institute for Clinical and Evaluative Sciences (ICES) at Sunnybrook Hospital kindly hosted us and provided the venue for the seminar. As a chemist and a former pre-medical student who studied physiology, I really enjoyed this intellectual treat, especially since Loren was clear, informative, and very knowledgeable about the subject. Diabetes Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases that are characterized by a high concentration of glucose in the bloodstream. Glucose is a common monomer of carbohydrates that exists in many foods, including bread, pasta, rice, fruits, vegetables, and refined sugar. It provides the fuel for the cells of our bodies to function. Chemical Structures of Open-Chain and Cyclic Glucose For a variety of reasons that distinguish the different types of diabetes, diabetics cannot absorb glucose normally, leaving an excess of glucose in the bloodstream. Diabetes leads to many health problems, like kidney failure, blindness, heart attacks and strokes. The Growing Prevalence of Diabetes It was interesting but sad for me to learn about the increased prevalence of diabetes in North America and around the world. Loren commented that diabetes was a specialized niche area in endocrinology when he began his research in this field over 25 years ago, but it is now a major area of study in medical research because of its epidemic proportions. Continue reading >>

Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes insipidus is a condition in which your ability to control the balance of water within your body is not working properly. Your kidneys are not able to retain water and this causes you to pass large amounts of urine. Because of this, you become more thirsty and want to drink more. There are two different types of diabetes insipidus: cranial and nephrogenic. Cranial diabetes insipidus may only be a short-term problem in some cases. Treatment includes drinking plenty of fluids so that you do not become lacking in fluid in the body (dehydrated). Treatment with medicines may also be needed for both types of diabetes insipidus. A note about thirst and water balance in your body Getting the balance right between how much water your body takes in and how much water your body passes out is very important. This is because a large proportion (about 70%) of your body is actually water. Also, water levels in your body help to control the levels of some important salts, particularly sodium and potassium. Your body normally controls (regulates) water balance in two main ways: By making you feel thirsty and so encouraging you to drink and take more water in. Through the action of a chemical (hormone) called antidiuretic hormone (ADH) which controls the amount of water passed out in your urine. ADH is also known as vasopressin. It is made in a part of your brain called the hypothalamus. It is then transported to another part of your brain, the pituitary gland, from where it is released into your bloodstream. After its release, ADH has an effect on your kidneys. It causes your kidneys to pass out less water in your urine (your urine becomes more concentrated). So, if your body is lacking in fluid (dehydrated), your thirst sensation will be triggered, encouraging you to drink. As Continue reading >>

Is My Thirst Due To Diabetes?

Is My Thirst Due To Diabetes?

Recently, the question was asked: I was officially diagnosed last month with diabetes (Type 2) at the age of 43. I already have RA [rheumatoid arthritis] and hypothyroid (due to Graves’ disease). The endo prescribed metformin. My sugar levels are steady, around 114 to 129, but I am always thirsty and have sweating episodes. I constantly want water and I want it to be ice cold. I can turn up a large glass of water in one drink (non stop). Will the thirst problem eventually go away? Both sides of family has diabetes Type 2. My mother also has it and takes shots. She also craved water but she said she was never this bad. She says I should ration my water so I don’t drink too much. My reply: Thirst is a hallmark of uncontrolled diabetes, but obviously may also be due to other causes. First things first: is your thirst due to uncontrolled diabetes? I’m missing some key bits of information to help decide. I’d like to know if your measured blood glucose (BG) levels, which you describe as 114 to 129, are representative of your around-the-clock levels. If indeed they are, and you don’t have any BG levels over about 180 mg/dl (10 mmol/L), it’s unlikely that your thirst is due to diabetes. The reason is that the thirst of uncontrolled diabetes is due to urinary loss of sugar and subsequent loss of fluids. In other words, if you pee a lot, you’ll get thirsty. So, measure your BG at different times of the day, especially several hours after large meals, to see if your BG numbers are intermittently - or perhaps mostly - higher than you expect. Another way to assess if your thirst is due to high blood sugar is to measure urine sugar levels (something we don’t often recommend in the 21st century, although for many years it was the only way to assess diabetes at home). T Continue reading >>

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