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Which Diabetes Type Is Genetic

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Diabetes Genetics: How Is Diabetes Inherited?

An estimated 2.5 to 3 million Americans have type 1 diabetes. My father was one of them. Diagnosed around age 10, he spent most of his life injecting insulin into his arms, stomach and legs. Eventually, his eye sight and heart could no longer function properly, and he passed away when I was in high school. Around this time, I was introduced to the subject of genetics. I thought back to all those check-ups at the Joslin clinic (now Joslin Diabetes Center) and realized that genetics was the reason everyone watched me and my sister so closely. Genetics was the reason my family was so scared when I starting gaining too much weight in middle school and freaked out every time my foot fell asleep or I was thirsty. Genetics. The loss of my father and timely introduction to genetics drove my decision to become a genetic counselor. Part of a genetic counselors job is to assess disease risk using what we know about family history, the genes and mutations involved, and sometimes, genetic and non-genetic testing results. We then use that information to help individuals and families make more informed decisions about their health. The Genetics of Diabetes Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are both cons Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Ryan P. Long

    Type 1 diabetes is not really genetic. Children of type 1 diabetics have only a slightly higher risk of acquiring type 1 diabetes, but for the most part their risk of acquisition is about the same as the general population.

  2. Paz Zait-Givon

    Dogs and cats also have genes and are also exposed to environmental affects by their humans. Dogs and Cats also have pancreases and they also have an immune system. They also have genes. Most mammals can develop similar diseases that is how we can use them to study our diseases. Often the way they develop these diseases are similar but not necessarily the same. Mice are commonly used for type 1 diabetes research

  3. Lisa Vaas

    You’re starting with an incorrect assumption: you assume that because owners have to inject their pets with insulin, they must have Type 1. Insulin injections don’t make you Type 1. The complete lack of insulin secreted from the pancreas makes you Type 1. Type 2 diabetics, human or otherwise, only get to that point after a progression that entails complete burnout of their pancreas. That’s done through the typical ways of life associated with Type 2 (albeit there are some skinny diabetics): obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, and a diet high in refined carbohydrate.

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