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What Percentage Of Americans Have Diabetes?

Half Of Adults In The U.s. Have Diabetes Or Pre-diabetes, Study Finds

Half Of Adults In The U.s. Have Diabetes Or Pre-diabetes, Study Finds

A national wake up call to intensify efforts to control the obesity crisis with added focus on diet, exercise and monitoring blood sugar According to a study published online in JAMA today, nearly 50% of adults living in the U.S. have diabetes or pre-diabetes, a condition where a person already has elevated blood sugar and is at risk to develop diabetes. Diabetes, a condition where blood sugar is elevated, may reflect lack of production of insulin to lower blood sugar (Type 1) or insulin resistance (Type 2), generally the result of obesity, poor diet or lack of exercise leading to the metabolic syndrome. Diabetes is a costly disease in the U.S, racking up an estimated 245 billion in 2012, related to consumption and utilization of health care resources as well as lost productivity, according to the researchers in the study. Diabetes can damage blood vessels, the eyes and kidneys, also resulting in poor wound healing and devastating soft tissue infections. And nearly 71,000 persons die annually due to complications associated with diabetes, based on recent statistics from the American Diabetes Association. Investigators in the study defined undiagnosed diabetes as those persons having a fasting blood sugar greater than 126 mg/dl or a hemoglobin A1C > 6.5 %, a measure of long term glucose control. Pre-diabetes was defined as having a fasting blood sugar 100-125 mg/dl, or a hemoglobin A1C of 5.7-6.4%. Researchers evaluated 5,000 patients who were part of a national survey designed to assess the prevalence of diabetes and explore trends in different subgroups and ethnicities. Results from the study indicated that in 2012, between 12% and 14% of adults had diabetes, the most recent data available. The majority of these diabetics are type 2, the result of poor diet, obesity an Continue reading >>

Study Finds Half Of U.s. Adults Have Diabetes Or Prediabetes

Study Finds Half Of U.s. Adults Have Diabetes Or Prediabetes

Recently, researchers set out to quantify just how prevalent the disease and its precursor are among American adults. In a large population-based study(jama.jamanetwork.com) published Sept. 8 in JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association, authors examined the prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes and related disease trends in U.S. adults from 1988-2012. One of the most startling findings in this study was that in 2012, more than half of American adults had either diabetes or prediabetes. Also of interest was the fact that more than one-third of those who met the study's criteria for diabetes were unaware they had the disease. Breakdown of Study Methods The study used data collected as part of the 1988-94 and the 1999-2000 to 2011-12 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES), which are designed to be nationally representative of the civilian, noninstitutionalized U.S. population. Specifically, researchers used data from 2,781 adults from 2011-12 to estimate recent prevalence and an additional 23,634 adults from all NHANES conducted between 1988 and 2010 to estimate trends. Furthermore, the researchers used two definitions of undiagnosed and total diabetes to bolster the reliability of their results. The first of these defined undiagnosed diabetes as any participant who had a hemoglobin A1c level of 6.5 percent or greater, a fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level of 126 mg/dL or greater, or a two-hour plasma glucose (2-hour PG) level of 200 mg/dL or greater (i.e., the hemoglobin A1c, FPG or 2-hour PG definition). Total diabetes was defined as any participant who had either diagnosed diabetes or undiagnosed diabetes according to the hemoglobin A1c, FPG or 2-hour PG definition. Because 2-hour PG levels were not available for all age groups and for a Continue reading >>

About Diabetes

About Diabetes

Diabetes in the United States | Race for a Cure | Medical Expenditures Attributed to Diabetes Indirect Costs of Diabetes Total: 29.1 million people - 9.3 percent of the population--have diabetes. Of those with diabetes, approximately 21 million are diagnosed while 8.1 million remain undiagnosed. Type 1 Diabetes (Body cannot produce insulin): 5 percent of cases. Type 2 Diabetes (Body fails to use insulin properly): 90-95 percent of cases. In 2012, about 208,000 people younger than 20 years have diagnosed diabetes (type 1 or type 2). This represents 0.25 percent of all people in this age group. During 2008–2009, an estimated 18,436 people younger than 20 years in the United States were newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes annually, and 5,089 people younger than 20 years were newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes annually. Compared with other groups, non-Hispanic white children and adolescents had the highest rate of new cases of type 1 diabetes. In 2012, 1.7 million new diabetes cases were reported for people 20 years and older. From 2009-2012, 37 percent of U.S. adults aged 20 years or older had prediabetes (51 perecent of those aged 65 years or older). Applying this percentage to the entire U.S. population in 2012 yields an estimated 86 million Americans aged 20 years or older with prediabetes. The rates of diagnosed diabetes by race/ethnic background are: 7.6 percent of non-Hispanic whites; 9 percent of Asian Americans; 12.8 percent of Hispanics; 13.2 percent of non-Hispanic blacks; 15.9 percent of American Indians/Alaskan Natives. In 2012 alone, an estimated $245 billion was spent on the direct (medical) and indirect (loss of productivity) costs of diabetes. Every 17 seconds, another individual is diagnosed with diabetes. Each day approximately 5,082 people are diagn Continue reading >>

Half Of Americans Have Diabetes Or A High Risk For It — And Many Of Them Are Unaware

Half Of Americans Have Diabetes Or A High Risk For It — And Many Of Them Are Unaware

That’s right. The metabolic condition is about as American as you can get, according to a new national report card on diabetes released Tuesday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The report shows that nearly half of Americans have diabetes or prediabetes, which puts them at high risk for the condition. A good number of these folks haven’t been diagnosed and don’t even realize their predicament. People with diabetes have too much sugar in their blood. If the disease isn’t controlled, they can wind up with heart disease, nerve damage, kidney problems, eye damage and other serious health problems. The new report combines data from the CDC, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the Indian Health Service and the Census Bureau. Here’s a numerical look at what they reveal about diabetes in America. 30.3 million The number of people in the U.S. who had diabetes in 2015. The percentage of the U.S. population that has diabetes. That’s nearly 1 in 10. 1.5 million The number of newly diagnosed cases of diabetes among U.S. adults in 2015. That works out to 6.7 new cases per 1,000 people. 24% The percentage of Americans with diabetes who don’t even know they have it. That’s 7.2 million people. 7 Where diabetes ranked on the list of leading causes of death in the U.S. in 2015. Diabetes was listed as a cause of death on 252,806 death certificates that year, including 79,535 that identified diabetes as the primary cause of death. There were two kinds of diabetes included in the study. Type 1 diabetes (formerly known as juvenile diabetes) occurs when the immune system prevents the body from making insulin, and type 2 diabetes (formerly known as adult-onset diabetes) occurs when the body can’t make enough insulin or can’t use it well. About 95 Continue reading >>

One Third Of Americans Are Headed For Diabetes, And They Don't Even Know It

One Third Of Americans Are Headed For Diabetes, And They Don't Even Know It

One third of Americans may be on their way to developing full-blown type 2 diabetes, and most of them don't even know it. A recent report from The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows that more than 84 million Americans, or roughly one-third of the population, have prediabetes, a condition marked by higher-than-normal blood sugar. Of that group, 90 percent aren't aware they have the condition. The primary risk factors for type 2 diabetes are genetics and lifestyle — excess weight, obesity and lack of exercise contribute to this alarming medical trend. "People with prediabetes who don't change their lifestyle are at a much higher risk of developing heart disease and stroke and can develop type 2 diabetes within five years if left untreated," said William T. Cefalu, MD, chief scientific, medical & mission officer of the American Diabetes Association. The health risks go beyond heart disease and stroke. As diabetes worsens over time, blindness, kidney disease and lower-limb amputation are also major health risks. Diabetes was the seventh-leading cause of death in the United States in 2015, according to the CDC. This population of diabetes "ticking time bombs" is particularly alarming, because in many cases type 2 diabetes can be avoided, simply by leading a healthy lifestyle. Type 2 diabetes is often progressive, and within 10 years of diagnosis, 50 percent of individuals need to use insulin to control their blood glucose levels, according to the ADA. More than 30 million Americans — 9.4 percent of the U.S. population — are already battling diabetes, according to the CDC's National Diabetes Statistics Report, which used data through 2015. The CDC found that of those cases, 7.2 million were undiagnosed. "The country needs to take this seriously, ratc Continue reading >>

Type 2 Diabetes Statistics: Facts And Trends

Type 2 Diabetes Statistics: Facts And Trends

Diabetes mellitus, or diabetes, is a disease that causes high blood sugar. It occurs when there is a problem with insulin. Insulin is a hormone that takes sugar from foods and moves it to the body's cells. If the body does not make enough insulin or does not use insulin well, the sugar from food stays in the blood and causes high blood sugar. There are several different types of diabetes, but the most common is type 2. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) National Diabetes Report, 2014, 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes in the United States have type 2. Just 5 percent of people have type 1. Contents of this article: Key facts about diabetes in the U.S. Diabetes is at an all-time high in the U.S. The CDC's Division of Diabetes Translation states that 1 percent of the population, which is about a half of a million people, had diagnosed diabetes in 1958. Today, nearly 10 percent of the population have diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association (ADA). That's 29.1 million Americans, and more than a quarter of these people do not know they have it. The ADA report that the number of people who have diabetes increased by 382 percent from 1988 to 2014. The risk of developing diabetes increases with age. The CDC report that 4.1 percent of people age 20-44 have diabetes, but the number jumps to 25.9 percent for people over 65 years old. As obesity has become more prevalent over the past few decades, so too has the rate of type 2 diabetes. An article in the Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology states that 25.6 percent of Americans are obese, much higher than the 15.3 percent of obese people in 1995. In that same period, the incidence of diabetes increased by 90 percent. Although the link between obesity and diabetes is well Continue reading >>

50% Us Adults Have Diabetes Or Pre-diabetes - Study

50% Us Adults Have Diabetes Or Pre-diabetes - Study

Half of all US adults currently have diabetes or pre-diabetes, a new study revealed. The new research shows that the disease has made gains across every racial and ethnic group in the last 18 years, regardless of income level or education. “We found 14% of the people in the US have diabetes, and this was even higher in blacks, Asians and Hispanics,” said Andy Menke, PhD, epidemiologist and lead author for the study, which was published Tuesday in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Previous studies had shown cases of diabetes, once a rare disease, increasing. There are currently an estimated 27 million people with diabetes and 86 million with pre-diabetes in the US, according to the WebMD website. Researchers conducting the study wanted find percentages for those in the population who had been diagnosed with diabetes, those with undiagnosed diabetes, and those with pre-diabetes indicators. Among the findings was that diabetes was more prevalent in those aged 65 years and older, with 33 percent affected, compared to those aged 45-64 years (17.5 percent), and those aged 45 or younger (5 percent). Broken down by gender, diabetes affected 15 percent of men and 13 percent of women. The study involved 26,000 people participating in a series of nationally representative surveys conducted by the National Health and Nutritional Examination Surveys organization. It involved in-home interviews and mobile exam centers, the testing of blood samples for glucose levels, as well as the use of the Body Mass Index, which measures fat and muscle ratios based on weight and height. The first survey was conducted between 1988 and 1994, and the most recent between 2011 and 2012. Researchers found a 25 percent increase in diabetes in each age group, for both sexes and each rac Continue reading >>

More Than 100 Million Americans Have Diabetes Or Pre-diabetes

More Than 100 Million Americans Have Diabetes Or Pre-diabetes

More than 100 million people in America have either diabetes or a condition called "pre-diabetes" that can lead to type 2 diabetes within five years, the CDC says in a new report out today. That's a huge number, with enormous consequences for the healthcare system. County-level prevalence of diagnosed diabetes among adults in 2013 8.8 11.65 Bottom 20% Top 20% 7.83 9.96 WA MT ME ND VT OR MN NH ID SD NY MA WI CT MI WY IA PA NJ NE NV MD OH IL IN UT WV CA CO VA KS MO KY NC TN OK AZ NM SC AR GA AL MS TX LA AK FL HI Data: Centers for Disease Control; Map: Lazaro Gamio / Axios Key findings 218 words Key findings: As of 2015, 30.3 million Americans have diabetes and another 84.1 million have pre-diabetes. Diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in the country in 2015. The rate of new diagnoses hasn't changed much: In 2015, there were about 1.5 million new cases among adults. Importantly, the CDC found 23.8% of adults living with diabetes didn't know they had it — a statistic that has also held steady. A map of the country shows that a higher percentage of diabetes cases are in Rust Belt states, the deep South and the Southeast. The new CDC statistics were pulled from data compiled by four federal agencies, along with published studies in peer-reviewed medical science journals. The report doesn't distinguish between type 1 and type 2 diabetes, but 95% of all diabetes cases are type 2, which can be prevented if people know about it and act on it. Sound smarter: Diabetes can be managed with nutrition, exercise and insulin use, but it can also lead to serious health complications when people aren't aware of the risks. There are multiple risk factors for diabetes, but the major ones include smoking, obesity, physical inactivity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and hi Continue reading >>

Type 2 Diabetes Statistics And Facts

Type 2 Diabetes Statistics And Facts

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Read on to learn some of the key facts and statistics about the people who have it and how to manage it. Risk factors Many risk factors for type 2 diabetes include lifestyle decisions that can be reduced or even cut out entirely with time and effort. Men are also at slightly higher risk of developing diabetes than women. This may be more associated with lifestyle factors, body weight, and where the weight is located (abdominally versus in the hip area) than with innate gender differences. Significant risk factors include: older age excess weight, particularly around the waist family history certain ethnicities physical inactivity poor diet Prevalence Type 2 diabetes is increasingly prevalent but also largely preventable. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90 to 95 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes in adults. The CDC also gives us the following information: In general Research suggests that 1 out of 3 adults has prediabetes. Of this group, 9 out of 10 don't know they have it. 29.1 million people in the United States have diabetes, but 8.1 million may be undiagnosed and unaware of their condition. About 1.4 million new cases of diabetes are diagnosed in United States every year. More than one in every 10 adults who are 20 years or older has diabetes. For seniors (65 years and older), that figure rises to more than one in four. Cases of diagnosed diabetes cost the United States an estimated $245 billion in 2012. This cost is expected to rise with the increasing diagnoses. In pregnancy and parentingAccording to the CDC, 4.6 to 9.2 percent of pregnancies may be affected by gestational diabetes. In up to 10 percent of them, the mother is diagnosed w Continue reading >>

Half Of Americans Have Diabetes Or High Blood Sugar, Survey Finds

Half Of Americans Have Diabetes Or High Blood Sugar, Survey Finds

Half of all U.S. adults have diabetes or blood sugar so high they’re almost diabetic, researchers reported Tuesday. And for the first time they’ve looked at diabetes rates among Asian-Americans and find they are nearly as high as rates among other minorities. Twenty percent of Asian-Americans had diabetes, the survey found, and half of them were not aware of it. Andy Menke of global health research company Social & Scientific Systems, Catherine Cowie of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases and others used annual national survey data of 5,000 people for their report. They found that 12 percent to 14 percent of adults had diagnosed diabetes in 2012, the latest data available. It’s almost all Type 2 diabetes, which is caused by poor diet, obesity and a lack of exercise. While 11 percent of whites had diabetes, nearly twice as many – 22 percent – of blacks did. More than 20 percent of Asians had diabetes and 22.6 percent of Hispanics did. “The proportion of diabetes that’s undiagnosed is as high as 50 percent in Asian-Americans and the Hispanic population compared to about a third in whites and it blacks,” Cowie said. They found a steep rise in diabetes between 1990 and 2008, and found it started leveling off after that. “Diabetes prevalence significantly increased over time in every age group, in both sexes, in every racial/ethnic group, by all education levels, and in all poverty income (groups),” the team wrote in the Journal of the American Medical Association. “When stratified by BMI, diabetes only increased among people with a BMI of 30 or greater.” BMI or body mass index is a measure of obesity. People with a BMI of 30 or higher are medically obese. One exception – diabetic Asian-Americans only had an average Continue reading >>

Prediabetes: The Wakeup Call That Can Save Your Life

Prediabetes: The Wakeup Call That Can Save Your Life

Prediabetes. It doesn’t sound like a real diagnosis. So why pay attention to a disease you don’t have yet? “What it comes down to is this: Prediabetes means that if you do nothing, you’re at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes,” says Jane Jeffrie Seley, DNP, CDE, a diabetes nurse practitioner and certified diabetes educator in the division of endocrinology, diabetes and metabolism at NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center. “Prediabetes equals high risk. Explain it that way and people start to pay attention.” Prediabetes means your blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not yet in the diabetes range. When left unchecked, 15 to 30 percent of the estimated 86 million Americans with prediabetes will go on to develop full-blown type 2 diabetes within five years, according to a 2014 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance — when your body doesn’t use insulin properly — which leads to problems processing blood sugar and potentially a host of serious medical illnesses, including heart disease and stroke. More than 76,000 adults die of complications from type 1 and type 2 diabetes every year, according to the CDC. Many of these complications can be prevented or reduced through earlier diagnosis and treatment. One in three U.S. adults will have type 2 diabetes by 2050, the CDC estimates. How Did We Get Here? “The epidemic of prediabetes is following the epidemic of obesity,” says Dr. Louis Aronne, director of the Comprehensive Weight Control Center at NewYork-Presbyterian and the Sanford I. Weill Professor of Metabolic Research at Weill Cornell Medicine. “It’s pretty clear that an increase in body weight raises the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Continue reading >>

Cdc: More Than 100 Million Americans Have Diabetes, Prediabetes

Cdc: More Than 100 Million Americans Have Diabetes, Prediabetes

July 20 (UPI) -- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released a new report showing 100 million adults in the United States are living with diabetes or prediabetes. The report found that as of 2015, 30.3 million Americans have diabetes, representing 9.4 percent of the population. Another 84.1 million people have prediabetes, the condition that can lead to type 2 diabetes if left untreated. The rate of new diabetes diagnoses remains steady even as the disease continues to be a growing health burden in the country. "Although these findings reveal some progress in diabetes management and prevention, there are still too many Americans with diabetes and prediabetes," CDC Director Dr. Brenda Fitzgerald, said in a press release. "More than a third of U.S. adults have prediabetes, and the majority don't know it. Now, more than ever, we must step up our efforts to reduce the burden of this serious disease." In 2015, diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in the United States and an estimated 1.5 million new cases of diabetes were diagnosed in adults age 18 and older. The report also found that nearly one in four adults in the United States are living with diabetes and do not know it and only 11.6 percent of adults with prediabetes knew they had the condition. Rates of diabetes diagnoses increased with age, according to the CDC. Adults age 18 to 44, 4 percent had diabetes and in adults age 45 to 64, 17 percent had diabetes. In adults age 65 and older, 25 percent had diabetes. The report also showed diabetes prevalence varied by education with 12.6 percent of diabetes cases in adults with less than a high school education. In adults with a high school education, 9.5 percent had diabetes and 7.2 percent had diabetes in adults with more than a high school educatio Continue reading >>

Type 1 Diabetes Facts

Type 1 Diabetes Facts

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease that occurs when a person’s pancreas stops producing insulin, the hormone that controls blood-sugar levels. T1D develops when the insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells are mistakenly destroyed by the body’s immune system. The cause of this attack is still being researched, however scientists believe the cause may have genetic and environmental components. There is nothing anyone can do to prevent T1D. Presently, there is no known cure. Who T1D affects Type 1 diabetes (sometimes known as juvenile diabetes) affects children and adults, though people can be diagnosed at any age. With a typically quick onset, T1D must be managed with the use of insulin—either via injection or insulin pump. Soon, people who are insulin dependent may also be able to use artificial pancreas systems to automatically administer their insulin. How T1D is managed Type 1 diabetes is a 24/7 disease that requires constant management. People with T1D continuously and carefully balance insulin intake with eating, exercise and other activities. They also measure blood-sugar levels through finger pricks, ideally at least six times a day, or by wearing a continuous glucose monitor. Even with a strict regimen, people with T1D may still experience dangerously high or low blood-glucose levels that can, in extreme cases, be life threatening. Every person with T1D becomes actively involved in managing his or her disease. Insulin is not a cure While insulin therapy keeps people with T1D alive and can help keep blood-glucose levels within recommended range, it is not a cure, nor does it prevent the possibility of T1D’s serious effects. The outlook for treatments and a cure Although T1D is a serious and challenging disease, long-term management options cont Continue reading >>

​​​one In Two Asian Americans Develop Diabetes Or Pre-diabetes In Their Lifetime

​​​one In Two Asian Americans Develop Diabetes Or Pre-diabetes In Their Lifetime

Despite having a lower body weight, Asian Americans are more likely than Caucasians to have diabetes. Diabetes is a rapidly growing health challenge among Asians and Pacific Islanders who have immigrated to the United States, affecting about 20 percent of Asian Americans; about 90 to 95 percent of Asians with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. In addition, 32 percent of Asian Americans have pre-diabetes, which means that one in two Asian Americans you meet may have diabetes or at risk of having diabetes. The higher rate of type 2 diabetes in Asian descents results from a combination of genetic and environmental influences. Interestingly, the rate of diabetes in Chinese Americans is notably higher than the rate in the Chinese population living in rural China. Likewise, studies show that rates of diabetes are higher in Japanese Americans living in the U.S. compared to Japanese living in Japan, pointing to environment as an important contributing factor. On the other hand, second and third generation Japanese Americans, who are well acculturated in the mainstream American lifestyle, still have higher diabetes rates compared with Caucasians, suggesting genetics to also be an important factor. About Diabetes $322 billion: the cost for diabetes and pre-diabetes care in the United States per year. Over 14.3% of the population in the United States has diabetes, 38.0% is pre-diabetic and at least 36.4% remains undiagnosed. About Asian Americans Between 2000 and 2010, the Asian population grew by 46 %, which was faster than any other ethnic group. In 2012, this population continued to be the fastest-growing ethnic group. Currently, the Asian population represents 5.6 % of the total population in the country. In the United States, the Chinese (4.0 million) were the largest detailed As Continue reading >>

How Many People Have Diabetes?

How Many People Have Diabetes?

Rates of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are increasing globally. According to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) Diabetes Atlas, here are the overall rates including both type 1 and type 2: 415 million adults have diabetes (1 in 11 adults) By 2040, 642 million adults (1 in 10 adults) are expected to have diabetes 46.5% of those with diabetes have not been diagnosed 1 in 7 births is affected by gestational diabetes 12% of global health expenditure is spent on diabetes ($673 billion) You can see an interactive map of global diabetes statistics at the IDF website. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the most current data is for 2012 (source): 29 million people in the United States (9.3 percent) have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. 1.7 million people aged 20 years or older were newly diagnosed with type or type 2 diabetes in 2012. Non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, and American Indian/Alaska Native adults are about twice as likely to have diagnosed with some form of diabetes as non-Hispanic white adults. 208,000 people younger than 20 years have been diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. 86 million adults aged 20 years and older have prediabetes. The percentage of U.S. adults with prediabetes is similar for non-Hispanic whites (35 percent), non-Hispanic blacks (39 percent), and Hispanics (38 percent). Similar data is available from a study called Prevalence and Incidence Trends for Diagnosed Diabetes Among Adults Aged 20 to 79 Years, United States, 1980-2012 published in Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). This study found that 49% to 52% of the adult population had either diabetes or prediabetes. Then came the most stunning number: 83% of adults over 65 have either diabetes or prediabetes! Thankfully, the authors of this s Continue reading >>

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