What Is The Difference Between Type One Diabetes And Type Two Diabetes?

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What’s The Difference Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes?

The disorder diabetes mellitus, often just referred to as diabetes, is a disorder within the metabolism of the body. Remember that the metabolism of the body is the process in which the body digests the food eaten, and how the body uses this food for energy. The majority of the food consumed by people is broken down into sugar cells called glucose. Glucose is one of the body”s blood sugars, and is the main energy source for the cells of the body. The entry of glucose into blood cells is the primary way the energy from the food we eat moves from our stomach into our cells. However, this process in controlled by the amount of insulin present. Insulin is produced in the Pancreas of the body and instructs the cells of the body on when to take in glucose. Insulin is released automatically from the brain when a person eats, and is the only hormone of the body to instruct the body to store glucose in the cells. Thus, the amount of sugar in the blood is directly controlled by the presence of insulin. If a person suffers from diabetes, they will have an abnormal amount of sugar in the blood ” “ this is called hyperglycemia. There are two kinds of diabetes a person can suffer from, eac Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Fluffi_McPhee

    My nephew was just diagnosed with type 1, and my stepmother has had type 2 since her third pregnancy. She tells me they're completely different but I feel rather stupid, because the explanations I've found aren't helping. So a few questions: My nephew is 6, how big of an impact will this have? I read that type 2 diabetics don't inject, but that can't be true because my stepmum injects I think twice daily. Why do people think this? Thanks!

  2. [deleted]

    This is my favourite ELI5 of diabetes.

  3. grindbxp

    There are two major differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The first is who it affects - type 1 normally begins during childhood or adolescence while type 2 normally appears in adults or the elderly. The second difference is more important. Type 1 diabetics can't produce enough insulin, while type 2 diabetics do produce insulin but their bodies can't use it properly which is called "insulin resistance". It's a subtle but very important difference.
    Type 1 diabetes is a genetic disease and there is no cure. Type 1 diabetics are dependent on insulin injections because they can't make enough on their own. Type 2 diabetics sometimes receive insulin shots, but they aren't always necessary because having more insulin isn't much help if your body can't use it. The treatment for type 2 diabetes usually focuses on healthy diet and weight loss, combined with drugs that make your body more sensitive to insulin, and is something that many people can grow (or rather "shrink") out of with a healthy lifestyle.

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