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What Is The Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus?

Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes insipidus (DI) is a condition characterized by large amounts of dilute urine and increased thirst.[1] The amount of urine produced can be nearly 20 liters per day.[1] Reduction of fluid has little effect on the concentration of the urine.[1] Complications may include dehydration or seizures.[1] There are four types of DI, each with a different set of causes.[1] Central DI (CDI) is due to a lack of the hormone vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone).[1] This can be due to damage to the hypothalamus or pituitary gland or genetics.[1] Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) occurs when the kidneys do not respond properly to vasopressin.[1] Dipsogenic DI is due to abnormal thirst mechanisms in the hypothalamus while gestational DI occurs only during pregnancy.[1] Diagnosis is often based on urine tests, blood tests, and the fluid deprivation test.[1] Diabetes mellitus is a separate condition with an unrelated mechanism, though both can result in the production of large amounts of urine.[1] Treatment involves drinking sufficient fluids to prevent dehydration.[1] Other treatments depend on the type.[1] In central and gestational disease treated is with desmopressin.[1] Nephrogenic disease may be treated by addressing the underlying cause or the use of a thiazide, aspirin, or ibuprofen.[1] The number of new cases of diabetes insipidus each year is 3 in 100,000.[4] Central DI usually starts between the ages of 10 and 20 and occurs in males and females equally.[2] Nephrogenic DI can begin at any age.[3] The term "diabetes" is derived from the Greek word meaning siphon.[5] Signs and symptoms[edit] Excessive urination and extreme thirst and increased fluid intake (especially for cold water and sometimes ice or ice water) are typical for DI.[6] The symptoms of excessive urination Continue reading >>

Difference Between Diabetes Insipidus And Diabetes Mellitus.

Difference Between Diabetes Insipidus And Diabetes Mellitus.

1 Answer Diabetes mellitus: It is one of the diseases caused by deficiency of glucose. It is of two types: type 1and type 2. Diabetes Insipidus: It is also one of the diseases caused by dehydration. It occurs when the body has looses its water. answered by chaithra edited by Lifeeasy Biology Continue reading >>

Diabetes Insipidus Vs Mellitus

Diabetes Insipidus Vs Mellitus

Diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus might share a name and have some similar symptoms, but they are two very different diseases. They also require two very different treatments. Because diabetes mellitus involves blood sugar levels and insulin resistance, it is important for most people to use a blood sugar monitoring device daily and eat low glycemic foods that won’t spike their blood sugar levels. For diabetes insipidus, it isn’t blood sugar that is the problem, but blood water levels. The body produces a hormone called Vasopressin that is supposed to control how much water the kidneys take out of the blood stream. Converted to urine, these fluids flush out the wastes that the kidneys filter out. When this system malfunctions, a person’s thirst increases because the body thinks it needs more water to flush out impurities. By paying attention to the specific signs and symptoms of each disease, it becomes possible to discover which is the problem and find an appropriate solution to the issue. Here are the common symptoms and what they mean for each. Excessive Fatigue For diabetes insipidus, excessive fatigue occurs because of an overall lack of hydration. It may also be caused by an electrolyte imbalance. For diabetes mellitus, excessive fatigue generally occurs because blood sugar levels are too low or too high. Excessive Thirst This symptom occurs in diabetes insipidus because the body senses a lack of Vasopressin and so it demands more fluids because it thinks it needs them. For diabetes mellitus, the excessive thirst occurs because of excessive glucose levels that need to be expelled from the body. Urine for those with diabetes insipidus is clear and transparent, while with diabetes mellitus, it is yellow, pale, and often cloudy. Blurred Vision With diabe Continue reading >>

Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus Vs Diabetes Insipidus

Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus Vs Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes insipidus (DI) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are two medical conditions which are often confused as meaning the same thing. However, you should not mistake DI for DM which occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or becomes resistant to insulin. DI is associated with excessive urination and thirst. Hence, when you consider DI vs DM, you should know that they are not related in any way, though they may share the same symptoms such as excessive urination and excessive thirst. DM is a common condition compared to DI, which is rare. This could be attributed to the fact that DM is more prevalent compared to DI. That means there is a higher number of people diagnosed with DM compared to those diagnosed with DI. Another reason would be that DM is a serious medical condition which requires adopting a healthy lifestyle, such as exercise and diet, and insulin therapy. Any changes in these factors could be fatal in the long or short term. However, DI is not considered as serious a medical condition and can be managed by drinking enough fluids every day. What is DI? Diabetes insipidus is a rare medical condition characterized by high passage of urine due to kidney problems. This condition usually occurs when there is an imbalance of fluids in the body as a result of the kidney failing to regulate body fluids properly. This results in excessive thirst, even after taking water, and excessive urination (polyuria). Because of the high passage of urine, patients with DI may become dehydrated if they do not drink enough water to make up for the lost fluids. When functioning properly, your kidneys will remove excess water from your blood. This water waste will be stored in the bladder in the form urine which will be excreted from your body as urine. In case the fluid reg Continue reading >>

What Is The Difference Between Diabetes Insipidus And Diabetes Mellitus?

What Is The Difference Between Diabetes Insipidus And Diabetes Mellitus?

The two types of diabetes, diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus differ in many ways. Though they share common name, ‘diabetes’, the reasons behind them and most of the symptoms are different. Diabetes mellitus is the most common of the two, as it is a lifestyle disease that affects metabolism in our body. The increased incidence of sedentary life, tensions, and decrease in physical activity are mostly to be blamed, though some other reasons such as auto-immune disease also are causes. Some severe head injuries, tumours, or certain diseases can result in diabetes insipidus. Here is more about diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus and the differences between them. What is diabetes insipidus? Due to some injuries or viral diseases, the hypothalamus or pituitary gland get damaged and might be rendered unable to produce the hormone vasopressin. In some, the kidneys might have defect or be damaged due to certain reasons resulting in inability to respond to vasopressin. This lack of vasopressin or inability to respond to vasopressin causes the body to lose water through excessive urination. This is known as diabetes insipidus. What is diabetes mellitus? Diabetes mellitus varies from diabetes insipidus mainly in the hormone involved. When it comes to diabetes mellitus, the hormone involved is insulin, secreted by pancreas, which is absorbed by the cells in our body as a message to use glucose present in the blood. When pancreas is unable to secrete insulin or when the cells in our body develop resistance to insulin, the glucose in the blood will not be utilized. This is known as diabetes mellitus. What are the differences between Diabetes Insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus? The Hormones Involved In diabetes insipidus, it is the lack of vasopressin or inability of kidney Continue reading >>

Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus

Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes Mellitus vs Diabetes Insipidus Diabetes mellitus, which is commonly known as diabetes, is a condition in which the person suffering from it has high blood sugar. This may be because the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells do not respond to it. There are three different types of diabetes which are: Type 1, Type 2, and gestational diabetes. In Type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin, and the person needs insulin injections. In Type 2 diabetes, the body does not respond to insulin and may also not produce enough of it. Gestational diabetes occurs only in pregnant women whereby a woman who never had diabetes before has a high blood glucose level during pregnancy. On the other hand, diabetes insipidus is a condition which is rare and causes frequent urination and excessive thirst. Like diabetes mellitus, it has different types and each has a different cause. The type which is more common is called central diabetes insipidus which is caused by a deficiency of the anti-diuretic hormone. This is due to damage of the pituitary gland and is treated by desmopressin which prevents water excretion. The second commonest type is nephrogenic diabetes insipidus which is caused by the kidneys being insensitive to the anti-diuretic hormone due to drugs or kidney disease. Diabetes mellitus is more common than diabetes insipidus. Both involve frequent urination and excessive thirst. Diabetes mellitus also results in vision changes due to prolonged high blood glucose which causes glucose absorption. People with this condition may also present with a sweet-smelling breath, vomiting, nausea, and abdominal pain. Diabetes insipidus is diagnosed by blood tests, urine tests, and a water deprivation test. Summary: 1.Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which Continue reading >>

What Is The Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus

What Is The Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus

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Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus.a&p 2

Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus.a&p 2

Diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus.A&P 2 1. By: Fatimo Solomon. 2. What is diabetes mellitus? o It is the most common form of diabetes caused by a deficiency of the pancreatic hormone insulin, which results in a failure to metabolize. What is diabetes insipidus?? o It is a rare form of diabetes caused by a deficiency of the pituitary hormone that causes frequent urination. 3.  Symptoms of diabetes mellitus can include; Hunger, sweating, shaking, Weakness etc..  Symptoms of diabetes insipidus can include; excessive amount of fluid intake and frequent urination etc.. 4. Diagnostic procedures for diabetes mellitus may include:  Blood test. Diagnostic procedures for diabetes insipidus may include:  urine tests  blood tests  water deprivation test (to observe if dehydration occurs). 5.  To understand diabetes, it is important to first understand the normal process by which food is broken down and used by the body for energy  Since insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes mellitus can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both.  Diabetes insipidus is caused by many problems related to the antidiuretic hormone or its receptor and causes frequent urination. 6.  Modifying eating habits and increasing physical activity are typically the first steps toward reducing blood sugar levels.  Using multiple insulin injections can also help to maintain blood sugar levels.  medications taken in pill form may be prescribed. 7. Treating diabetes insipidus depends on what is causing the disease. Specific treatment for diabetes insipidus will be determined by your physician based on:  your age, overall health, and medical history extent of the disease  your tolerance for specific medicati Continue reading >>

What Is The Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus?

What Is The Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus?

CONTENTS What is the difference between diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus? (function(){var aa="function"==typeof Object.create?Object.create:function(a){var b=function(){};b.prototype=a;return new b},m;if("function"==typeof Object.setPrototypeOf)m=Object.setPrototypeOf;else{var n;a:{var ba={a:!0},ca={};try{ca.__proto__=ba;n=ca.a;break a}catch(a){}n=!1}m=n?function(a,b){a.__proto__=b;if(a.__proto__!==b)throw new TypeError(a+" is not extensible");return a}:null} var da=m,p=this,ea=function(a){var b=typeof a;if("object"==b)if(a){if(a instanceof Array)return"array";if(a instanceof Object)return b;var c=Object.prototype.toString.call(a);if("[object Window]"==c)return"object";if("[object Array]"==c||"number"==typeof a.length&&"undefined"!=typeof a.splice&&"undefined"!=typeof a.propertyIsEnumerable&&!a.propertyIsEnumerable("splice"))return"array";if("[object Function]"==c||"undefined"!=typeof a.call&&"undefined"!=typeof a.propertyIsEnumerable&&!a.propertyIsEnumerable("call"))return"function"}else return"null"; else if("function"==b&&"undefined"==typeof a.call)return"object";return b},ha=function(a,b){var c=Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments,1);return function(){var b=c.slice();b.push.apply(b,arguments);return a.apply(this,b)}},ia=Date.now||function(){return+new Date};var ja=Array.prototype.forEach?function(a,b){Array.prototype.forEach.call(a,b,void 0)}:function(a,b){for(var c=a.length,d="string"==typeof a?a.split(""):a,e=0;eb?null:"string"==typeof a?a.charAt(b):a[b]};var la=String.prototype.trim?function(a){return a.trim()}:function(a){return/^[\s\xa0]*([\s\S]*?)[\s\xa0]*$/.exec(a)[1 Continue reading >>

What Is The Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus?

What Is The Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus?

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition that results from high blood sugar. When food is digested, glucose is absorbed and it enters the blood stream. Insulin is released by the pancreas which “pushes” the glucose from the blood into the cells for them to use it as a source of energy. In diabetes mellitus the cells start becoming resistant to the action of insulin. That is, insulin is no longer effectively recognized by the cells. Under these circumstances, insulin isn’t able to push glucose inside cells and glucose accumulates in the blood. Diabetes insipidus is not a form of diabetes, but is a rare condition where a person suffers from frequent urination and increased thirst. It’s called as diabetes insipidus because its symptoms are similar to that of diabetes. The condition is caused by inadequate output of vasopressin, the antidiuretic hormone or ADH, by the pituitary gland. It can also be caused by a lack of usual response by the kidney to ADH. Check out this excellent article that gives all the details on what diabetes insipidus is. Continue reading >>

Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus

Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes Mellitus It is characterized by hyperglycemia (high blood sugar level), glycosuria (glucose in urine), polyuria ( increased volume of urine due to the osmotic effect of glucose), polydipsia (excessivie thirst), polyphagia (excessive appetite). It is due to the hyposecretion of insulin or lack of insulin. It is of two types:- Diabetes Type I and Diabetes Type II. Diabetes Type I (Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, IDDM): It is cased due to deficient insulin production by pancreas because either beta cells of islets of Langerhans are not able to produce insulin or beta cells are absent. Diabetes Type II (Insulin Independent or Non insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, NIDDM): It is an inherited recessive autosomal disorder appearing after the age of 40 years in which the cells fail to take up insulin from blood. It results in deficient passage of glucose form blood into the cell surfaces for storage or for direct consumption. It may occur due to defective insulin receptors over cell surfaces or abnormality on plasma protein amylin. The phenomenon is called insulin resistance. This type of diabetes mellitus accounts for 80-90% of all cases of diabetes. It is kept under control by administration of insulin in case of insulin dependent diabetes. and hypoglycaemics in case of insulin independent diabetes. Sugar free diet is a pre requisite in both the cases. Diabetes Insipidus (Drinker’s disease): Hypo secretion of ADH (Antidiuretic hormone or Vasopressin) causes a disorder known as diabetes insipidus (Excretion of large quantity of dilute urine). ADH is released into blood when special osmoreceptors or hypothalamic neurons are stimulated by rise in osmotic pressure of blood due to loss of water from the body. In this disorder, person suffers from polyuria, i.e., Continue reading >>

Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus

Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus

Main Difference – Diabetes Mellitus vs Diabetes Insipidus Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetes Insipidus are two different medical conditions which arise due to a dysregulation of the endocrine system. Even though they share several similar features, the pathophysiology behind them has significant differences depending on the fundamental etiology and the progression of the pathological changes. The main difference between diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus is that diabetes insipidus involves a problem with the production of antidiuretic hormone or kidney’s response to antidiuretic hormone (nephrogenic diabetes insipidus), whereas diabetes mellitus is caused by a deficiency of the pancreatic hormone insulin. This article covers, 1. What is Diabetes Mellitus? – Definition, Cause, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment 2. What is Diabetes Insipidus? – Definition, Cause, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment 3. What is the difference between Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetes Insipidus? What is Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes Mellitus is a long term ailment of metabolism that includes Diabetes type 1 and 2 which occur due to a malfunctional pancreas which fails to secrete required amounts of Insulin or poorly functioning insulin either due to an inherent pathology or acquired condition later in life, respectively. It can also happen as a result of excessive blood glucose, which does not respond to the secreted amount of insulin due to a separate mechanism known as Insulin resistance. There are 2 types of Diabetes: Type 1 Diabetes Type 1 diabetes is a condition occurring due to the destruction of pancreatic Beta cells by autoimmune cells in the body. The patients rely on insulin injection since the body is not able to produce its own insulin. This condition can affect in Continue reading >>

Diabetes Insipidus Vs. Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Insipidus Vs. Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is characterized by high levels of sugar in the blood while diabetes insipidus is a disease where kidneys are unable to conserve water. Diabetes insipidus (DI) is a rare disease while diabetes mellitus is very common; "diabetes" in general usage refers to diabetes mellitus, which is of 3 types — gestational, Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. The causes, symptoms, treatment and prognosis for diabetes insipidus are different from diabetes mellitus. Comparison chart Excessive thirst, excess volume of severely diluted urine. High blood sugar, excessive urination, increased thirst, increased hunger. 3 in 100,000 people 7.7 per 1000 people Deficiency of ADH. Brain tumor, head injury, medication such as lithium, genetics Type 1 - Autoimmune Disease; Type 2 - Genetics, lifestyle, infection Typically desmopressin (nasal spray) or IM, IV hypertonic saline solution (3% or 5%). Thiazide diuretics. Insulin and lifestyle management Causes and Types of Diabetes Diabetes insipidus Diabetes insipidus, or DI, is characterized by the inability of kidneys to conserve water when they purify blood. This can be either because of: a deficiency of ADH (antidiuretic hormone or vasopressin), or a failure of the kidneys to respond to ADH In the first case, the condition is called central DI, and in the second case it is called nephrogenic DI. Central DI is the more common form of the disease. Central DI can be inherited or caused due to damage to either the hypothalamus (the part of the brain that produces ADH) or the pituitary gland, where ADH is stored. Head injuries, tumors, infections or surgery can inflict such damage. Nephrogenic DI can be inherited (from mother to son) or be caused by kidney disease, hypercalcemia (excess calcium in the body) or by certain drugs such as lithiu Continue reading >>

Diabetes In Dogs And Cats

Diabetes In Dogs And Cats

Diabetes is something that most people think only humans can develop, but the truth is that dogs and cats can also develop diabetes. And like humans, dogs and cats are susceptible to both diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus. This guide will help you learn more about diabetes in dogs and cats so you get your pet the treatment they need, or to help prevent your pet from developing diabetes in the first place. 4 Key Facts About Diabetes in Cats and Dogs Diabetes is a fatal disease for cats and dogs if it is left untreated If a cat or dog requires insulin, there is a chance that the pet could recover after a period and no longer need it How the insulin is administered can affect how it works A cat or dog’s diet is the top factor in causing, treating, and avoiding diabetes The Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetes Insipidus in Cats and Dogs Of the two types of diabetes, diabetes mellitus is the most common to develop in dogs and cats. It is diagnosed as either Type I or Type II diabetes mellitus. Type I is known as “Insulin Dependent Diabetes.” This type of diabetes is caused by a total or near-total destruction of the beta-cells in the animal’s body. Type II diabetes, on the other hand, leaves some insulin-producing cells in the body, although not enough to do an adequate job of regulating the animal’s blood sugar levels. For this reason, it is known as “Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus.” This type of diabetes is most commonly caused by obesity and poor diet. Diabetes insipidus is the rarer of the two forms of diabetes. It is also known as “watery diabetes” or “weak diabetes” because it affects the animal’s water metabolism. Rather than storing water, the animal’s body releases it, thus causing increased thirst and urination Continue reading >>

Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus

Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus

Main Difference Diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which the body is unable to produce enough insulin to maintain the blood glucose level resulting in high glucose level in blood. Diabetes is a general term for diabetes mellitus. Diabetes insipidus is a disease characterized by excessive thirst with excretion of large amount of diluted urine. Diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus are two totally different medical conditions. In diabetes mellitus polyuria is because of osmotic diuresis while in diabetes insipidus polyuria is because of diminished production of ADH (antidiuretic hormone) or kidney’s response to ADH. Diabetes mellitus commonly referred as diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder in which the blood glucose level is prolonged for a long time. Diabetes is due to cells of pancreas do not produce enough insulin or the cells of the body do not response adequately to the insulin produced. Diabetes mellitus is classified into type I DM and type II DM. Type I DM also known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile diabetes. In type I DM cells of pancreas fails to produce enough insulin to maintain the blood glucose level. The etiology of type I DM is unknown. Type II DM also called non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult onset diabetes. In type II DM body’s cells fails to respond to insulin produced by pancreas. Type II DM primary cause is excessive weight gain and not enough activity. There is also another type of diabetes that occur during pregnancy known as gestational diabetes. Symptoms of untreated diabetes mellitus are polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia and weight loss. Symptoms can be developed within one month of type I DM while in type II DM the symptoms develop much more slowly. Type I DM can be treated on Continue reading >>

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