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Type 2 Diabetes In Arabic

Translation And Meaning Of Diabetes In English Arabic Terms Dictionary

Translation And Meaning Of Diabetes In English Arabic Terms Dictionary

Contextual Example: diabetes in a translated text () As of May , of practice units have a diabetes registry fully in place and in use 2 . () The most pressing one is that we want to understand how some differences make some people susceptible to one disease type 2 diabetes , for example and other differences make people more susceptible to heart disease , or stroke , or autism and so on . , , . () And those have been linked then with the rather alarming , growing rates of obesity , shown in these maps here , and that obesity has also been triggering great increases in heart disease and diabetes to the point where a child born today has a oneinthree chance of developing diabetes . . () () My friend Red Maxwell has spent the last 10 years fighting against juvenile diabetes . () This is a campaign from the American Diabetes Association . 1 2 . () There's a second big project , recently funded by the Wellcome Trust in this country , involving very large studies thousands of individuals , with each of eight different diseases , common diseases like type 1 and type 2 diabetes , and coronary heart disease , bipolar disease and so on to try and understand the genetics . Continue reading >>

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients - Translation Into Arabic - Examples English | Reverso Context

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients - Translation Into Arabic - Examples English | Reverso Context

The role of dietary management of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus has been conclusively established. . Physical activity appears to protect against the advent of type 2 diabetes mellitus both independently and by preventing and mitigating weight gain and obesity (37). (37). Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease and appears to be an independent risk factor for stroke (49). (49). These factors contribute to the development of insulin resistance at the receptor, an often key element in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. . But if I take that same data, upload it to deCODEme, I can look at my risk for sample type 2 diabetes. deCODEme 2 . Cotton candy. Encourages Type 2 diabetes. - . - The Austrian health policy emphasizes its prevention strategies, tackling the increasing number of persons with diabetes by adopting a federal quality guideline on diabetes mellitus type 2. . It used to be that type 2 diabetes only affected adults. This review included studies in patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. . Your Mother had type 2 diabetes, didn't she? Type-2 diabetes can significantly affect grip strength, particularly in men. 2 2 . Because while America is struggling with type 2 diabetes, Hypertension, type 2 diabetes, fracture of lower limb or osteomyelitis 2 I'm at almost twice the risk for type 2 diabetes. 2 . Turk has Type 2 diabetes and hasn't figured out his medication yet. ( ) Psoriasis is also associated with an increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, liver disease and clinical depression 2 . Continue reading >>

Diabetes Epidemic Sweeping The Arab World

Diabetes Epidemic Sweeping The Arab World

Diabetes epidemic sweeping the Arab world Number of Hits and Downloads for This Article Apr 25, 2016 (publication date) through Sep 5, 2018 Baishideng Publishing Group Inc, 7901 Stoneridge Drive, Suite 501, Pleasanton, CA 94588, USA Copyright The Author(s) 2016. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved. World J Diabetes.Apr 25, 2016;7(8): 165-174 Published online Apr 25, 2016.doi: 10.4239/wjd.v7.i8.165 Diabetes epidemic sweeping the Arab world Bisher Abuyassin, Ismail Laher, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada Author contributions: Abuyassin B conducted the literature search and prepared the manuscript; Laher I reviewed and edited the manuscript. Conflict-of-interest statement: Authors have no financial conflicts of interest related to this work. Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: Correspondence to: Dr. Ismail Laher, PhD, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, 2176 Health Science Mall, Medical Block C, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada. The prevalence of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has increased dramatically during the last 2 decades, a fact driven by the increased prevalence of obesity, the primary risk factor for T2DM. The figures for diabetes in the Arab world ar Continue reading >>

Diabetes And The Arab Nations

Diabetes And The Arab Nations

Have we reached a tipping point, and how do we silence the alarm? There is a crisis that is impacting health care in the Arab nations of the Middle East and in north and west Africa: six countries in this region are on the top-ten list worldwide in terms of diabetes prevalence. Comprising 22 countries with a total population of 350 million people, these nations constitute only about 5% of the total world population. Yet, nearly 20% of the people in Kuwait, Lebanon, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are diabetic. Not to be forgotten is the likelihood that between 41% (Oman, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE) to 62% (Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, occupied Palestine, Sudan, and Tunisia) of the population is suffering from undiagnosed diabetes. Currently, nearly 10% of all adult deaths in Arab countries are related to the complications of diabetes. This disproportionate prevalence of diabetes within the Arab nations undoubtedly has long-term health implications that will manifest in several ways unless social norms regarding diet and exercise change, along with a serious effort to reconsider government priorities. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes outweighs type 1 diabetes mellitus by roughly 10:1. Among the many causes of type 2diabetes are the following: the inability of peripheral tissues such as skeletal muscle to respond to insulin (insulin resistance), impaired secretion of insulin from pancreatic cells, and eventually beta cell exhaustion and early programmed cell death of betacells. A discussion of type 2 diabetes invariably includes an understanding of the relationship between obesity and diabetes and a realization that fat deposits (particularly of visceral fat in the gut region and epicardial fat surrounding the heart) predispose patients to diabet Continue reading >>

Metabolic Effect Of Gum Arabic (acacia Senegal) In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (t2dm): Randomized, Placebo Controlled Double Blind Trial | Babiker | Functional Foods In Health And Disease

Metabolic Effect Of Gum Arabic (acacia Senegal) In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (t2dm): Randomized, Placebo Controlled Double Blind Trial | Babiker | Functional Foods In Health And Disease

Metabolic effect of Gum Arabic (Acacia Senegal) in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM): Randomized, placebo controlled double blind trial Rasha Babiker, Khalifa Elmusharaf, Michael B. Keogh, Amin S. I. Banaga, Amal M. Saeed Background: Gum Arabic (GA) is a water-soluble dietary fiber, indigestible to both humans and animals. While GA currently does not have any therapeutic potential, it has nutritional value and some effects on metabolism of glucose and lipids. Thus, the aim of this study is to assess the effect of GA on serum level of glucose, lipids, and the BMI in type 2 diabetic patients. Methods: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial took place at Academy Charity Teaching Hospital (ACTH) in Sudan between August 2014 to February 2015. The trial was conducted in type 2 diabetic patients who were on regular oral hypoglycemic drugs and had HbA1C 6.5%. Patients excluded from the study included those on insulin, any patient with a metabolic or gastrointestinal disease, and any patient with history of drug addiction and alcoholism. Other patients excluded were patients who had previous allergic reactions to GA in addition to patients who were pregnant or planned for conception within 6 months. 120 patients were invited to participate in this trial. 100 patients gave consent and were randomized to GA and placebo groups. The GA group was given 30 g of Acacia Senegaland the placebo group was given 5 g of placebo daily for 3 months. The outcomes assessed were primarily the effect of GA on glucose levels in addition to the effects on levels of lipids and the BMI in type 2 diabetic patients. Results: The GA group showed significant reduction in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and HbA1c (P<0.05) within the GA group. Moreover, GA supplementation improved lipi Continue reading >>

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An Error Occurred Setting Your User Cookie

An Error Occurred Setting Your User Cookie This site uses cookies to improve performance. If your browser does not accept cookies, you cannot view this site. There are many reasons why a cookie could not be set correctly. Below are the most common reasons: You have cookies disabled in your browser. You need to reset your browser to accept cookies or to ask you if you want to accept cookies. Your browser asks you whether you want to accept cookies and you declined. To accept cookies from this site, use the Back button and accept the cookie. Your browser does not support cookies. Try a different browser if you suspect this. The date on your computer is in the past. If your computer's clock shows a date before 1 Jan 1970, the browser will automatically forget the cookie. To fix this, set the correct time and date on your computer. You have installed an application that monitors or blocks cookies from being set. You must disable the application while logging in or check with your system administrator. This site uses cookies to improve performance by remembering that you are logged in when you go from page to page. To provide access without cookies would require the site to create a new session for every page you visit, which slows the system down to an unacceptable level. This site stores nothing other than an automatically generated session ID in the cookie; no other information is captured. In general, only the information that you provide, or the choices you make while visiting a web site, can be stored in a cookie. For example, the site cannot determine your email name unless you choose to type it. Allowing a website to create a cookie does not give that or any other site access to the rest of your computer, and only the site that created the cookie can read it. Continue reading >>

The Effects Of Dietary Supplementation With Gum Arabic On Blood Pressure And Renal Function In Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

The Effects Of Dietary Supplementation With Gum Arabic On Blood Pressure And Renal Function In Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

The effects of dietary supplementation with Gum arabic on blood pressure and renal function in subjects with Type 2 diabetes mellitus Glover, David A. 2012. The effects of dietary supplementation with Gum arabic on blood pressure and renal function in subjects with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. MD Thesis, Cardiff University. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with a significant increased morbidity and mortality resulting from microvascular and macrovascular complications, in particular diabetic nephropathy and cardiovascular disease. Treatment of these conditions has involved improving diabetic control, reducing blood pressure and addressing other cardiovascular risk factors. Dietary fibre has wide reaching health benefits, including improvement of diabetic control and blood pressure, potentially by alterations in colonic bacterial populations that result in changes in serum short chain fatty acids. An open labelled study with a washout period was undertaken to examine the potential effects of Gum arabic on blood pressure and renal function. A daily supplement of gum arabic (25g), a soluble dietary fibre, was administered for a period of 12 weeks. An initial pilot study was conducted in healthy subjects (n=10) and subjects with overt nephropathy (n=14). A follow on study investigated subjects with incipient nephropathy (n=23) in more detail. Measurements of renal function, including isotope GFR and ERPF, blood pressure and vascular stiffness (follow on only), and short chain fatty acids were measured. A significant drop in GFR was seen in the healthy individuals with no associated change in filtration fraction, which could convey some renal protective effect. No changes were seen in the diabetic subjects. Significant drops in blood pressure were seen each of the indivi Continue reading >>

Perception Of Persons With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Saudi Arabia - Sciencedirect

Perception Of Persons With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Saudi Arabia - Sciencedirect

Volume 3, Issue 1 , March 2016, Pages 39-44 Perception of persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabia Author links open overlay panel MoudiAlbargawiab Open Access funded by Chinese Nursing Association To explore how perceptions of self-efficacy, health locus of control and outcome expectancy impact the adherence of adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabiato self-care activities. A descriptive correlation design was used to analyse self-report questionnaires completed by a convenience sample of Arabic-speaking individuals (n=30) with type 2 diabetes mellitus from King Abdulaziz Medical City in Riyadh. More than half (53%) of participants reported high self-efficacy, and the majority (77%) valued health and believed that effective diabetes management was important. Although the vast majority (93%) of participants believed that their doctor influenced their diabetes management, 90% and 80% also acknowledged themselves and God, respectively, as the health locus of control. Participants who perceived that they or their doctors were in control of their health condition were more likely to adhere to self-care activities, such as follow a specific diet and perform foot care (p<0.05). Furthermore, female participants reported significantly greater adherence to medication than male participants (6.910.29 vs 5.142.44; p=0.02), and unmarried participants reported greater adherence to exercise than married participants (4.152.22 vs 1.601.43; p=0.001). Finally, self-efficacy had a significant, positive correlation with participants' adherence to exercise (r=0.491; p=0.006) and performing their foot care (r=0.586; p=0.001). Patients' perceptions of their health should be considered by healthcare providers to maximize adherence to effective self-care management. Continue reading >>

Type 2 Diabetes In Arabic, Translation, English-arabic Dictionary

Type 2 Diabetes In Arabic, Translation, English-arabic Dictionary

translation and definition "type 2 diabetes", English-Arabic Dictionary online en A healthy diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in sugar and saturated fats can help prevent Type 2 diabetes, and also help people to manage Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes if they have it. ar . en People with type 1 diabetes require insulin, people with type 2 diabetes can be treated with oral medication, but may also require insulin; ar 1 2 en Consequently, the occurrence of type 2 diabetes has increased since the past decades and type 1 diabetes since the 1950s. ar 2 1 . en Obese people are at higher risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure and stroke, as well as various types of cancer. ar . en In the second scenario, we assumed that risk factor levels had dropped in accordance with the substantial but feasible reductions defined in the HP2010 objectives.3 In the absence of specific HP2010 targets for mean BMI, total diabetes prevalence and mean systolic blood pressure, we assumed that: (i) the 15% obesity target would equate to a population mean BMI of 25 kg/m2 for men and 26 kg/m2 for women; (ii) the 25 per 1000 population clinically diagnosed diabetes prevalence target would equate to a total (diagnosed and undiagnosed) type 1 and type 2 diabetes prevalence of 6%; and (iii) the 16% hypertension prevalence target would equate to a population mean systolic blood pressure of 119 mmHg, representing a 5 mmHg reduction from 2000 levels (Table 3). ar ( ) 2010 (3) : (1) 15% 25 /2 26 /2 . (2) 25 1000 1 2 ( ) 6%. (3) 16% 119 5 2000 ( 3). en Diabetes with the mortality rate of 42.4 per 100,000 inhabitants, with the incidence rate for type 1 diabetes for persons aged up to 29 is 10.7 per 100,000 inhabitants and the incidence rate for type 2 diabetes is 209.6 per 100,000 inha Continue reading >>

Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus In Arabic-speaking Countries | Ismail Laher - Academia.edu

Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus In Arabic-speaking Countries | Ismail Laher - Academia.edu

Type II Diabetes Mellitus in Arabic-Speaking Countries Hindawi Publishing CorporationInternational Journal of EndocrinologyVolume 2012, Article ID 902873, 11 pagesdoi:10.1155/2012/902873Review ArticleType II Diabetes Mellitus in Arabic-Speaking Countries Mohammad Badran and Ismail Laher Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z3 Correspondence should be addressed to Ismail Laher, [email protected] Received 12 March 2012; Accepted 28 May 2012 Academic Editor: Maria L. Dufau Copyright 2012 M. Badran and I. Laher. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The global epidemic of diabetes has not spared the Arabic-speaking countries, which have some of the highest prevalence of type II diabetes. This is particularly true of the Arab Gulf, a conglomerate of high income, oil-producing countries where prevalence rates are the highest. The prevalence rates among adults of the Arabic speaking countries as a whole range between 4%21%, with the lowest being in Somalia and the highest in Kuwait. As economic growth has accelerated, so has the movement of the populations to urban centers where people are more likely to adopt lifestyles that embrace increased high-calorie food consumption and sedentary lifestyles. These factors likely contribute to the increased prevalence of obesity and diabetes in the Arabic speaking countries.1. Introduction for 8.2% of global all-cause mortality for people in this age group with an estimated rate of one death every sevenDiabetes mellitus, long considered a disease of minor signif- secon Continue reading >>

Medicine-taking Experiences And Associated Factors: Comparison Between Arabic-speaking And Caucasian English-speaking Patients With Type 2 Diabetes | 39276

Medicine-taking Experiences And Associated Factors: Comparison Between Arabic-speaking And Caucasian English-speaking Patients With Type 2 Diabetes | 39276

Objective: The objective of this study was to explore and compare medication-taking experiences and associated issues in Arabicspeakingand Caucasian English-speaking patients with type 2 diabetes in Australia.Research Design and Methods: Various healthcare settings in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia, were purposefully selected toobtain a diverse group of participants with type 2 diabetes. Recruitment occurred at diabetes outpatient clinics in two tertiary referralhospitals, six primary care practices and ten community centres. Face-to-face semi-structured individual interviews and groupinterviews were employed. All interviews were audio-taped, transcribed and coded thematically. Data collection continued untilsaturation was reached.Results: A total 100 participants were recruited into two groups: 60 Arabic-speaking and 40 Caucasian English-speaking. Both groupshad similar demographic and clinical characteristics. Only 5% of Arabic-speaking participants had well-controlled diabetes comparedto 17.5% of participants in the English-speaking group. Arabic-speaking participants actively changed medication regimens on theirown without informing their healthcare professionals. Arabic-speaking patients had more knowledge gaps about their prescribedtreatments, compared with the English-speaking group. Their use of diabetes medicines was heavily influenced by peers with diabetesand family members; conversely, they feared that revealing the diagnosis within their wider Arabic community due to stigma andcollective negative social labelling of diabetes. Confidence in non-Arabic speaking healthcare providers was lacking.Conclusion: Findings yielded new insights on medication-taking practices and associated factors of Arabic-speaking patientswith diabetes. It is vital that healthcar Continue reading >>

The Arab Risk (arabrisk): Translation And Validation.

The Arab Risk (arabrisk): Translation And Validation.

- Biomedical Research (2014) Volume 25, Issue 2 The Arab Risk (ARABRISK): Translation and Validation. Alia Alghwiri 1 , Ahmad Alghadir 2 , 3 and Hamzeh Awad 2 * 1 Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Jordan, Amman,Jordan 2 Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University,Riadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 3 Rehabilitation Research Chair, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Visit for more related articles at Biomedical Research The Canadian Risk (CANRISK) is a self-administered questionnaire that identifies people at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this study was to translate the CANRISK into the Arabic language and evaluate the reliability and validity of the Arabic version of the CANRISK (ARABRISK). In this cross-sectional study design, the CANRISK was first translated into Arabic according to the World Health Organization forward/ backward translation protocol for translating assessment tools. Subsequently, the ARABRISK was administered to a convenience sample of people in Jordan and in the capital of Saudi Arabia (Riyadh). The test-retest reliability and convergent validity of the ARABRISK with fasting plasma glucose (FPG) were examined. A total of 538 participants were recruited from Jordan and Riyadh. The ARABRISK total score ranged from 3-59 (mean=25, SD=12). The ARABRISK score reflected high agreement for test-retest reliability (ICC3,1=.98, CI=.97-.99) and correlated significantly with FPG (r=0.3, P=.01). The ARABRISK was developed and reflected high reliability and validity in Jordan and Riyadh. Arab risk (ARABRISK), Canadian Risk (CANRISK), pre-diabetes, screening Diabetes and predictions for future prevalence and associatedh Continue reading >>

Arabic

Arabic

Summary: It is important to look after diabetes for long-term health. Diabetes is a condition which, over time, may cause damage to the bodys organs, blood vessels and nerves. If diabetes is well managed and general health is taken care of, the risk of diabetes-related complications is reduced. This fact sheet provides information on diabetes-related complications including the most common diabetes-related complications and tips to maintain good health. Summary: This fact sheet provides general information and facts about type 1 and 2 diabetes, their common symptoms, causes and treatment. It also covers gestational diabetes. It includes frequently asked questions about diabetes and information about diabetes and travelling, diabetes and driving and diabetes complications and driving. Summary: Type 1 diabetes affects about 10-15% of all people living with diabetes. It occurs when the pancreas cant produce insulin. This happens because the cells that make the insulin (beta cells) have been destroyed by the bodys own immune system. Summary: Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It affects 80-90% of all people living with diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas cant make enough insulin and the bodys cells cant respond properly to the insulin that is made. This leads to high blood glucose levels. Summary: Basic information on type 2 Diabetes including symptoms and prevention This resource has been reviewed in the last 3 years and complies with the Health Translation Directory editorial guidelines and collection policy. The Health Translations Directory is always improving The Centre for Culture, Ethnicity and Health has been contracted to manage and improve Health Translations. We are regularly reviewing our collection and improving your experience Continue reading >>

Contribution Of Type 2 Diabetes Associated Loci In The Arabic Population From Tunisia: A Case-control Study

Contribution Of Type 2 Diabetes Associated Loci In The Arabic Population From Tunisia: A Case-control Study

Contribution of type 2 diabetes associated loci in the Arabic population from Tunisia: a case-control study Candidate gene and genome-wide association studies have both reproducibly identified several common Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) that confer type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk in European populations. Our aim was to evaluate the contribution to T2D of five of these established T2D-associated loci in the Arabic population from Tunisia. A case-control design comprising 884 type 2 diabetic patients and 513 control subjects living in the East-Center of Tunisia was used to analyze the contribution to T2D of the following SNPs: E23K in KCNJ11/Kir6.2, K121Q in ENPP1, the -30G/A variant in the pancreatic -cell specific promoter of Glucokinase, rs7903146 in TCF7L2 encoding transcription factor 7-like2, and rs7923837 in HHEX encoding the homeobox, hematopoietically expressed transcription factor. TCF7L2-rs7903146 T allele increased susceptibility to T2D (OR = 1.25 [1.061.47], P = 0.006) in our study population. This risk was 56% higher among subjects carrying the TT genotype in comparison to those carrying the CC genotype (OR = 1.56 [1.132.16], P = 0.002). No allelic or genotypic association with T2D was detected for the other studied polymorphisms. In the Tunisian population, TCF7L2-rs7903146 T allele confers an increased risk of developing T2D as previously reported in the European population and many other ethnic groups. In contrast, none of the other tested SNPs that influence T2D risk in the European population was associated with T2D in the Tunisian Arabic population. An insufficient power to detect minor allelic contributions or genetic heterogeneity of T2D between different ethnic groups can explain these findings. Arabic PopulationTunisian PopulationNormoglycemi Continue reading >>

Protective Effect Of Gum Arabic Supplementation For Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus And Its Complications

Protective Effect Of Gum Arabic Supplementation For Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus And Its Complications

Article Published In Vol.4 (March-April-2016) Protective Effect of Gum Arabic Supplementation for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and its Complications Background: Gum arabic (Acacia senegal) is a well known soluble dietary fiber and is regarded as the safest dietary fiber by the United States Food and Drug Administration (US FDA). Objective: To determine the effect of Gum arabic supplementation on human subjects with type-2 diabetes mellitus and its complications by routine hematological and biochemical examinations. Materials and Methods: A clinical trial was conducted in forty participants with a daily supplement of powdered Gum arabic (10g/day), for a period of 16 weeks in a healthy subjects, pre-diabetics, patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and patients with diabetic nephropathy. Results: All groups showed significant decrease in fasting blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAc1), followed by significant decrease in total protein and uric acid concentration in the blood. Renal function was also improved after Gum arabic supplementation which was clear in all groups with significant decrease in blood urea nitrogen and creatinine concentration in diabetics and diabetic nephropathy patients. Conclusion: All groups recorded overall health improvement. Thus, findings from the study revealed that Gum arabic supplementation had effects on type-2 diabetes mellitus patients and improved the prognosis of the disease. Keywords: Gum arabic, Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetic Nephropathy. Continue reading >>

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