Should Diabetes Be Capitalized

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Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Get, Set, Go From Diabetes Capital Of The World To Diabetes Care Capital Of The World

Go to: India leads the world with largest number of diabetic subjects earning the dubious distinction of “the diabetes capital of the world.0” It was estimated to have had 31.7 million people having diabetes in year 2000 which is projected to be 79.4 million by year 2030.[1] Both the figures are highest in the world. During the next 2 decades, the world population is expected to increase by 37%, but the prevalence of diabetes will increase by 114%. More bothersome is a 151% projected increase in number of people with diabetes vis a vis just a 40% projected increase in population of India during the same period. According to the Diabetes Atlas 2009 published by the International Diabetes Federation, the number of people with diabetes in India in year 2010 was reported to be around 50.8 million which is expected to rise to 69.9 million by 2025 unless urgent preventive steps are taken.[2] The so-called Asian Indian Phenotype refers to certain unique clinical and biochemical abnormalities in Indians which includes but is not limited to increased insulin resistance, greater abdominal adiposity i.e., higher waist circumference despite lower body mass index. This phenotype makes India Continue reading >>

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  1. finel

    Are names of diseases ever capitalized? For example, I'm trying to determine if the following is correct:
    The plaintiff could no longer work due to a health condition called pertussis.

  2. JEL

    General Rule
    Generally, style guides agree that the names of diseases are not routinely capitalized. However, style guides also agree that any part of the name of a disease that is a proper noun in its own right is usually capitalized.
    APA Style Guide advice on the subject is reflected in this blog post at the APA Style Blog site:
    ... the dictionary tells you whether a word is a proper noun (i.e., a specific person, place, or thing), and proper nouns are capitalized in English and therefore in APA Style (see Publication Manual sections 4.16 and 4.18). Their opposite, regular or “common” nouns (which refer to general persons, places, or things), are lowercase in English and thus in APA Style as well.
    (From "Do I Capitalize This Word?", at APA Style Blog.)
    Another source, The Mayfield Handbook of Technical and Scientific Writing, has this to say on the subject:
    Do not capitalize medical terms except for any part of a term consisting of a proper noun:
    infectious mononucleosis
    brachial plexus
    Parkinson's disease
    (From "Section 9.1: Capitalization" in The Mayfield Handbook of Technical and Scientific Writing.)
    The AP Stylebook gives a terse version of the usual convention:
    Capitalize a disease known by name of person or geographical area: Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Ebola virus.
    [From The Associated Press Stylebook, as quoted at Glossophilia in "Capitalizing and pronouncing Ebola (and the naming of other diseases)".]
    Other style guides that I consulted, online and off, did not differ substantively from the APA Style Guide, Mayfield Handbook and AP Stylebook with regard to capitalizing disease names.
    Note: If the use of a specific style guide is mandated for writing containing the names of diseases, that style guide should be consulted and any rules or exceptions therein should be observed.
    Special Cases, Exceptions
    Scientific nomenclature in English: when an organism name (which may also be or contain the name of a disease) is used as a technical (scientific) reference to the organism, this from section 9.1 of the Mayfield Handbook usually applies:
    Capitalize and put in italics the phylum, class, order, family, and genus of plants and animals. Do not capitalize the species.
    Homo sapiens
    Esox lucius
    (op. cit.)
    These conventions for the scientific names of organisms may apply when the name of a disease is also the name of a family or genus of organisms, as shown by Salmonella in the following excerpt from the Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine:
    Such symptoms are most likely due to other organisms such as rotavirus, Salmonella, Shigella, or Escherichia coli.
    (Influenza. (n.d.) Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. (2008). Retrieved November 9 2015 from http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/influenza.)
    Observe that "rotavirus" is neither italicized nor capitalized. This seeming anomaly is due to "rotavirus" being the name of a virus used generically. A virus is not a species:
    Italics Use with Virus Names
    A virus is not a species; a virus belongs to a species. Italicize species, genus, and family of a virus when used in a taxonomic sense. Note however, that it is fine to not mention taxonomy of a virus, especially one like dengue or polio that is well known.
    Do not italicize a virus name when used generically. If you capitalize a virus name (other than one that has a proper name in it so that you must capitalize it), then you need to italicize it.
    (From "Scientific Nomenclature", in Emerging Infectious Diseases.)
    Historical events: the names of historical events, or abridgements of such names, are sometimes also used as the names of diseases. This circumstance often results in capitalization that appears to deviate, or actually does deviate, due to scribal error, from the style conventions for disease name capitalization. Two notable examples of the problem area are "Black Death" and "Spanish Flu". Of the two examples, "Spanish Flu" is the more complicated case, yet neither case is a special challenge with regard to conventional capitalization.
    Black Death is frequently used as the popular name of bubonic plague. It may, however, refer instead to a historical event, an epidemic of bubonic plague in the Middle Ages, and it is then capitalized according to the convention detailed at, for example, WriteExpress:
    Capitalize Historic Periods and Events
    The names of historic periods and events are generally capitalized.
    (From WriteExpress, "How to Capitalize".)
    Spanish Flu, as an abridgement of "1918 Spanish Flu Pandemic", or as an abridgement of any of the various names given to that historical event, observes the usual convention with respect to the capitalization of historical events. When the name is used instead with reference to the disease, then "Spanish", being a specific name (proper noun), retains its capitalization: so, if the reference is not an abridgement of the name of the 1918 Spanish Flu Pandemic event, but rather a reference to a disease only, the conventional capitalization is "Spanish flu".
    Specificity assimilation: Another special case of disease name capitalization arises when proper nouns in the names of diseases become so thoroughly identified with the disease as to no longer depend on the specificity of proper nouns for their meaning.
    When this assimilation has occurred may be difficult to ascertain, but generally, as mentioned earlier, a good dictionary will show the term with capitalization as encountered in use. However, the chosen dictionary may also present multiple options for capitalization, and it will remain entirely up to individual writers to discern and choose the most appropriate form.
    This perhaps troublesome assimilation of the specificity of proper nouns has at least partly occurred with the name "Black Death". For example, "Black Death" is allowed two forms by the Merriam-Webster online dictionary:
    black death
    noun, often capitalized B&D
    Definition of BLACK DEATH
    1 : plague
    2 : a severe epidemic of plague and especially bubonic plague that occurred in Asia and Europe in the 14th century.
    (From "black death", at Merriam-Webster.)
    It can safely be assumed, given the usual conventions for disease names and the names of historical events, that what the dictionary refers to as "often capitalized B&D" is that no capitalization was frequently encountered by lexicographers when the term was used with sense 1, while capitalization of both words was frequently encountered when the term was used with sense 2.

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Here are 8 ways to help deal with fibromyalgia pain with out the nasty side effects of medications

Fibromyalgia With A Capital F

Welcome! It looks like you might be new here, so I wanted to take a moment to tell you a little about me and my blog. My name is Julie Ryan and I live with Fibromyalgia. I've chosen to live positively, to fight back with diet and lifestyle changes and it's made a huge difference for me. The difference between living all my days in bed, and actually LIVING. I hope you'll keep reading - check out the sidebar for a list of my readers favorite posts, and .. subscribe to my Newsletter to make sure you don't miss a post. Thanks for visiting! *BTW, just a heads up that the post below may have affiliate links (some of my posts do). Before I posted my Guide to Living with Fibromyalgia for my subscribers to read I had several friends read through it and edit it. One of those friends edited Fibromyalgia to be fibromyalgia, because technically it’s not supposed to be capitalized. So, why do I write Fibromyalgia with a capital F? It’s simple. As far as I’m concerned Fibromyalgia is real. I don’t capitalize it (as one blogger suggests) because it has power over me, but rather because it’s real and I want it to be taken seriously. It’s just as real as Lupus or Migraines or Diabetes or Continue reading >>

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  1. macco88

    capital letters?

    are there any capital letters in 'general practitioner's surgery' or 'elderly care home' or 'baby clinic'? any ideas?

  2. exms

    I wouldn't capitalise any of those.
    -- A.

  3. rjm

    No no and no. Would you capitalise mechanic's workshop, supermarket or primary school??

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EmpoweRN.com Hi Guys! Thanks so much for watching my nursing youtube channel: EmpoweRN. In this video my team and I did our best to help you understand the Ebola Virus Disease, which has cause so much pain and destruction to certain places in Africa and around the world. As a nurse, our understanding of this disease is of utmost importance so that we can best care for our patients, protect ourselves and our fellow co-workers. I really hope that this video helps you in your nursing or nursing student journey! If it did, please do me a favor & give the video a "thumbs up" and also post a comment! Winner from last video "Chronic Renal Failure": Melisa Pierson Hi Melisa Pierson , please email me at: [email protected] In the Subject please type: I won! Cannot wait to hear from you! For the video with Lab tips go here: http://youtu.be/xwxTALU40BA For the additional NCLEX Style questions you can go here: http://empowern.com/2015/01/ebola-vir... is Ebola At this link there is a written summery, 28 NCLEX style questions as well as a link to download the audio of this video. I hope this helps you out a lot :) If you would like to purchase your own name badge holder please visit Angels I

Capitalizing Disease Names: Why Ebola Is Capitalized

Researchers haven’t reached a consensus about including or omitting the apostrophe — at least not one that has stuck. An article by Len Leshin (which I found through the Separated by a Common Language blog), refers to a motion made by the U.S. National Institutes of Health in 1974 that read, “The possessive form of an eponym should be discontinued, since the author neither had nor owned the disorder.” Yet, although the apostrophe-free spelling is more common in medical literature than in general writing, the apostrophe-bearing version is still in use. Stanford ethicist Hank Greely noted in a 2011 blog post that at the time, the Alzheimer’s spelling still appeared in 15% of English medical articles. Most Disease Names Aren’t Capitalized Returning to capitalization, most disease names aren’t capitalized. The names are often named based on some hallmark of the condition. Diabetes, for example, was named because of what happens to people who have the disease. They urinate a lot, so the name, based on a Greek word, means “to go through, pass through, or pass over.” *When the Ebola virus was discovered, the country was called Zaire. Today, it is called the Democratic Re Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. buggle

    Which is correct?
    type 1 diabetes
    Type 1 Diabetes

  2. manic4titans

    I am not an English teacher but I think Type 1 Diabetes. It is a proper name of a disease, wouldn't you think? I probably type it 5 different ways because I get in a hurry and don't really care as long as I convey my message. ha!

  3. Jordansmom

    Buggle, Jordan finds this thread funny because you're calling for the grammar police and didn't capitalize "calling".
    In the Pink Panther Book its lower case, "type 1 diabetes".

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