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Prevalence Of Diabetes In The Philippines

Doh Leads World Diabetes Observance In The Philippines | Department Of Health Website

Doh Leads World Diabetes Observance In The Philippines | Department Of Health Website

DOH LEADS WORLD DIABETES OBSERVANCE IN THE PHILIPPINES The Department of Health (DOH) together with partners from non-government organizations and the private sector urged the Filipino public to mount early preventive action against diabetes during the observance of World Diabetes Day (WDD) held last Thursday, November 23, with the theme, Prevent Diabetes! Know Your Risk. The celebration of WDD was held at the Quezon Memorial Circle with an estimated 1000 participants from the government, nongovernment, and private sectors. Activities included a parade/walk around the circle, Zumba exercise, free screening for participants to know their risk of diabetes and the formation of a human blue circle which is the global symbol of diabetes awareness. A lay forum was also conducted to provide important information and educate participants on diabetes and its risk factors. Diabetes is the 6th leading cause of death among Filipinos based on the data from the 2013 Philippine Health Statistics, and over 6 million Filipinos are diagnosed to have diabetes, as declared by the Philippine Center for Diabetes Education Foundation in 2016. It is a chronic disease characterized by high levels of sugar in the blood (hyperglycemia) because of inadequate production and/or action of insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. Uncontrolled diabetes leads to serious complications such as stroke, heart attack, end-stage kidney disease and diabetic retinopathy among others. Diabetic retinopathy accounted for about 5% of world blindness in 2002. Screening for diabetes and educating the people on its signs, symptoms, ways to prevent and avoid complications play a great role in addressing this debilitating disease. The DOH, as the countrys leading public health government agency, spearhea Continue reading >>

A Summary Of The Philippines Unite For Diabetes Clinical Practice Guidelines For The Diagnosis And Management Of Diabetes (part I: Screening And Diagnosis Of Dm) | Jimeno | Journal Of The Asean Federation Of Endocrine Societies

A Summary Of The Philippines Unite For Diabetes Clinical Practice Guidelines For The Diagnosis And Management Of Diabetes (part I: Screening And Diagnosis Of Dm) | Jimeno | Journal Of The Asean Federation Of Endocrine Societies

Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies A Summary of the Philippines UNITE for Diabetes Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Diabetes (Part I: Screening and Diagnosis of DM) Cecilia Jimeno1 on behalf of the Technical Review Committee of the UNITE for DM Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Management of Diabetes 1 University of the Philippines College of Medicine Associate Professor, University of the Philippines College of Medicine, Clinical Associate Professor, UPCM Philippine General Hospital, Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Associate Professor, Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health Received November 1, 2010. Accepted February 10, 2011. Clinical practice guidelines are systematically developed statements intended to assist practitioners and patients in making decisions about appropriate health care.1 They are user-friendly statements that bring together the best external evidence (research) and clinical experience for rational decision-making about specific health problems. These recommendations are intended to improve the quality of medical care delivered by doctors or groups of doctors, leading to better outcomes such as disease prevention, prevention of complications, and an overall improvement in the quality and quantity of life of patients. For guidelines to be able to achieve these objectives they must ideally be evidence-based; adapted to the local setting; incorporate patients values in decision-making; and in a developing country like the Philippines, consider issues of equity. The Philippine Practice Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Management of Diabetes Mellitus is a pilot project of the UNITE FOR DM organization, a coalition of organizations caring for Continue reading >>

The Philippines Is A Diabetes Hotspot

The Philippines Is A Diabetes Hotspot

Philippine Daily Inquirer / 05:10 AM January 09, 2018 The Philippines is considered one of the diabetes hot spots in the Western Pacific region, where the disease is already reaching epidemic proportions. Our government knows this too well, and the increased taxes on sugary drinks is just one of the steps being taken to stem the tide. Sufficient public education is needed to make everyone aware of the lifestyle changes needed to prevent diabetes, or to detect it earlier, so it can be controlled before there is serious damage to vital organs like the heart, kidneys, brain, eyes, nerves, liversince practically all organs and tissues of the body are affected. Were happy to learn that the Philippine Center for Diabetes Education Foundation, Inc. (PCDEF), founded and currently headed by Dr. Augusto Litonjua, was recognized as a Centre of Education by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and its School of Diabetes during its recent congress held in Abu Dhabi. Dr. Litonjua is considered the Father of Philippine Endocrinology for having pioneered in treating patients with diabetes and other endocrine or hormone-related problems in the country. The PCDEF, also known as the Diabetes Center Philippines, has been at the forefront of raising public awareness for diabetes in the Philippines for the past 25 years through its four major programsDiabetes Awareness Week, Camp Cope (for Type 1 diabetic children), Intensive Training Course for Diabetes Teams, and the National Assembly of Diabetes Educators. To date, it has established more than 200 training teams, based in major hospitals around the country. In the Western Pacific, the Philippines ranks fifthbehind China, Indonesia, Japan and Thailandin the number of diabetics. Based on the IDF Atlas, there were already 3.9 million Continue reading >>

Trends In Prevalence Of Diabetes In Asian Countries

Trends In Prevalence Of Diabetes In Asian Countries

Diabetes is a major lifestyle disorder, the prevalence of which is increasing globally. Asian countries contribute to more than 60% of the world’s diabetic population as the prevalence of diabetes is increasing in these countries. Socio-economic growth and industrialization are rapidly occurring in many of these countries. The urban-rural divide in prevalence is narrowing as urbanization is spreading widely, adversely affecting the lifestyle of populations. Asians have a strong ethnic and genetic predisposition for diabetes and have lower thresholds for the environmental risk factors. As a result, they develop diabetes at a younger age and at a lower body mass index and waist circumference when compared with the Western population. The adverse effect of physical inactivity and fatty food are manifested as the increasing rate of overweightness and obesity, even among children. The health care budgets for the disease management are meager and the health care outcome is far from the optimum. As a result, complications of diabetes are common and the economic burden is very high, especially among the poor strata of the society. National endeavors are urgently needed for early diagnosis, effective management and for primary prevention of diabetes. This editorial aims to highlight the rising trend in prevalence of diabetes in Asia, its causative factors and the urgent need to implement national strategies for primary prevention of type 2 diabetes. Citation: Ramachandran A, Snehalatha C, Shetty AS, Nanditha A. Trends in prevalence of diabetes in Asian countries. World J Diabetes 2012; 3(6): 110-117 Continue reading >>

Diabetes Care In The Philippines

Diabetes Care In The Philippines

BACKGROUND Diabetes is increasing at an alarming rate in Asian countries including the Philip- pines. Both the prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) continue to increase with a com- mensurate upward trend in the prevalence of prediabetes. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to review the prevalence of diabetes in the Philippines and to describe extensively the characteristics of diabetes care in the Philippines from availability of diag- nostics tests to the procurement of medications. METHODS A literature search was performed using the search words diabetes care and Philippines. Articles that were retrieved were reviewed for relevance and then synthesized to highlight key features. FINDINGS The prevalence of diabetes in the Philippines is increasing. Rapid urbanization with increasing dependence on electronic gadgets and sedentary lifestyle contribute signicantly to this epidemic. Diabetes care in the Philippines is disadvantaged and challenged with respect to resources, government support, and economics. The national insurance system does not cover comprehensive diabetes care in a preventive model and private insurance companies only offer limited diabetes cov- erage. Thus, most patients rely on out-of-pocketexpenses, namely, laboratory procedures and daily medications. Consequently, poor pharmacotherapy adherence impairs prevention of complications. Moreover, behavioral modications are difcult due to cultural preferences for a traditional diet of rened sugar, including white rice and bread. CONCLUSIONS Translating clinical data into practice in the Philippines will require fundamental and transformative changes that increase diabetes awareness, emphasize lifestyle change while respecting cultural preferences, and promote public policy especially regardi Continue reading >>

Welcome To Pda Online...

Welcome To Pda Online...

Election for the Diabetes Philippines Board of Directors for the Year 2017-2018 Nomination for candidates for the Diabetes Philippines Board of Director must be received at the Diabetes Philippines Office, Unit 25 Facilities Centre, #548 Shaw Blvd., Mandaluyong City in writing (hard copy) not later than 5:00 pm September 11, 2016 The full name of the nominee should be written in the nomination form. FOR DIABETES PHILIPPINES BOARD OF DIRECTORS Candidates for election to the Board of Directors must be active members of the Association in good standing: one must show of attendance in at least one specific session, workshop or annual convention of the association and attendance in the business meeting as well as payment of annual membership fee. Should be nominated by at least three (3) Diabetes Philippines members in good standing and approved by the Committee on Elections. Picture gallery of World Diabetes Day 2004 jump in Picture gallery of World Diabetes Day 2005 jump in Picture gallery of World Diabetes Day 2006 jump in Picture gallery of World Diabetes Day 2007 jump in Picture gallery of World Diabetes Day 2008 jump in Continue reading >>

Epidemiology Of Diabetes Mellitus In Western Pacific Region: Focus On Philippines.

Epidemiology Of Diabetes Mellitus In Western Pacific Region: Focus On Philippines.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2000 Oct;50 Suppl 2:S29-34. Epidemiology of diabetes mellitus in Western pacific region: focus on Philippines. Unit 25, Facilities Centre, The Philippine Diabetes Association INC, 548 Shaw Boulevard, Mandaluyong, Philippines. [email protected] The aim of Diabcare-Asia project was to collect data on diabetes control, management and complication status among patients in 12 Asian countries. Information was extracted from medical records, interviews and laboratory assessment. The majority (96%) of patients were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus, with mean age (+/-SD) of 59.3+/-12.5 years and mean diabetes duration of 9.4+/-7.0 years. Mean body mass index (BMI) was 24.7+/-4.9 kg/m(2) and the majority (60%) had BMI < or =25 kg/m(2). The majority (70%) of patients were treated with oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs), 15% with insulin, 10% with insulin and OAD combination therapy and 5% with diet control. Among OADs-treated patients, most (44%) received two or more medication. Majority of patients (> or =79%) had satisfactory metabolic control of triglycerides (<2.2 mmol/l), total cholesterol (<6.5 mmol/l) and HDL cholesterol (>0.9 mmol/l). Glucose self-monitoring (either urine or blood) was only practiced by 50% of patients. Glycaemic control (HbA1c) was unsatisfactory as majority of patients had HbA1c>7.4% (73%) and 50% had fasting blood glucose (FBG)>7.8 mmol/l. Cataract (26%), neuropathy (42%) and cerebral stroke (6%) were the most frequently reported complications. Clearly, the level of glycaemic control in majority of patients is below satisfaction. Effective education must be emphasised in the management of diabetes. Continue reading >>

Insulin Resistance Among Adults With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus At The Philippine General Hospital

Insulin Resistance Among Adults With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus At The Philippine General Hospital

Jerome R Barrera1*, Cecilia A Jimeno2 and Elizabeth Paz-Pacheco2 1Department of Internal Medicine, Zamboanga City Medical Center, Philippines 2Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital, Philippines Citation: Barrera JR, Jimeno CA, Paz-Pacheco E (2013) Insulin Resistance among Adults with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus at the Philippine General Hospital. J Diabetes Metab 4:315. doi:10.4172/2155-6156.1000315 Copyright: © 2013 Barrera JR, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Visit for more related articles at Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism Abstract Background: Insulin resistance has been proven to increase the risks for cardiovascular complications in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Recently, insulin resistance has also been shown to play a bigger role in the natural history of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) disease process than is commonly recognized. Limitations and difficulties in assessing insulin resistance in patients with T1DM have been addressed by the creation of clinical scoring known as estimated glucose disposal rate (eGDR). Given the clear association of insulin resistance and cardiovascular complications in diabetic patients, detecting the prevalence of insulin resistance in T1DM population, will probably clarify the welldocumented gaps in the management of this type of diabetes. Objectives: The main objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of insulin resistance among Filipino adults with established type 1 diabetes mellitus at the Philippine General Hospital. T Continue reading >>

Diabetes Mellitus In Philippines

Diabetes Mellitus In Philippines

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Diabetes Care In The Philippines | Paz-pacheco | Journal Of The Asean Federation Of Endocrine Societies

Diabetes Care In The Philippines | Paz-pacheco | Journal Of The Asean Federation Of Endocrine Societies

Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital Philippine Society of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Unviersity of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital Taft Avenue, Ermita 1000 Manila, Philippines Received August 30, 2015. Accepted October 15, 2015. Published online first: November 30, 2015. The global burden of diabetes and its accompanying risk factors is upon us. Asia is the focus of this burden, owing to huge population numbers and increasing prevalence rates. The Philippines National Health and Nutrition Survey (NNHeS) of 2013, has provided the latest health and disease score with prevalence rates of the major risk factors among adults 20 years of age: diabetes (5.4%), hypertension (22.3%), dyslipidemia, low HDL (71.3%), obesity, BMI >25 kg/m2 (31.1%), and smoking (25.4%). Metabolic syndrome as of the 2008 survey reports a 27% prevalence rate (unpublished data). Efforts have to be directed to achieve improvement in prevention, survival, and quality of life for all diabetics. The health infrastructure under the leadership of the Department of Health, in partnership with governmental and non-governmental organizations has to provide a cohesive plan engaging all partners in various aspects of care. Strategies to enhance outcomes include: 1) a national screening program, 2) implementation of practice guidelines that will elevate the quality of care for all, 3) access to healthcare, medications, 4) development of an environment for research in institutions to allow a better understanding of these conditions among Filipino patients and 5) enhancement of training, education and service Continue reading >>

Philippines Seen As Diabetes Hotspot

Philippines Seen As Diabetes Hotspot

WITH an estimated 7.3 million persons with diabetes, the Philippines is now being seen as a diabetes hotspot, according to the Philippine Society of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism (PSEDM). In an interview during the launch of The Diabetes Store (TDS), PSEDM fellow Dr. Ma. Cecille Anonuevo-Cruz said the growing prevalence rate of diabetes in the country makes it a hotspot. It is alarming because of the fact that we may not be in the Top 10, but we are in the Top 15. We are poised to be in the Top 10 if we don't change the way our diabetes is increasing here in the Philippines, said Cruz. She cited the changing lifestyle among Filipinos as among the main reasons for the growing number of people with diabetes. From having a carbohydrate-based diet, Cruz noted how Filipinos are now fonder of eating processed food. Now, we are seeing more and more processed food. That's probably one way of really increasing caloric intake as well. It is because its more convenient because of this different lifestyle we are adopting, said Cruz. She also pointed at having fewer Filipinos walking on a regular basis while resorting to smoking, drinking, and more eating, especially those working at night. Aside from the changing lifestyle, the PSEDM fellow also pointed at the threat brought by diabetes being hereditary. There are certain ethnicities of origin that would also have an increased risk of having diabetes... We have genetic predisposition for it, said Cruz. Records show that there an estimated 7.3 million Filipinos with diabetes, including 3.5 million diagnosed cases, and some 3.8 million that are undiagnosed. According to the World Health Organization, diabetes is one of the four major non-communicable diseases that cause deaths worldwide, with the others being cancer, heart Continue reading >>

Hypertension, Diabetes Greatly Increase Risk To Cardiovascular Disease

Hypertension, Diabetes Greatly Increase Risk To Cardiovascular Disease

Hypertension, diabetes greatly increase risk to cardiovascular disease Hypertension or high blood pressure, as defined by the Eighth Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 8, 2013), is blood pressure greater than or equal to 140/90 for persons 60 years old and below and 150/90 for those 60 years old and above. Known as the silent killer because of the lack of warning signs or symptoms, many people do not realize they are already hypertensive. According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2013), nearly one billion people globally have high blood pressure, two thirds of whom are in developing countries. Hypertension is also one of the top causes of premature deaths worldwide and the problem is growing. In 2025, an estimated 1.56 billion adults will be living with hypertension, the WHO (2011) warned. In the 8th National Nutrition Survey (NNS) of the Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) in 2013, the single visit blood pressure measurement estimated that about 22.3 percent of Filipino adults were considered hypertensive. This is a meager decline from the 25.3% hypertension rate in 2008, based on the 7th National Nutrition Survey also of the FNRI. The 2013 survey further revealed that the prevalence of hypertension was highest among the 70 years old and above age group at 43.4% and lowest among the 20-29 age group at 7.2%. Males had a higher hypertension prevalence of 25.1% than females at 19.9% in every age group from 20-70 years old and above. Hypertension tended to increase with wealth and was slightly higher among rural dwellers at 19.0% 24.8% compared with urban residents at 20.0% 23.4%. Hypertension exerts significant comorbidity impact on type 2 Continue reading >>

Philippines' Diabetes Profile

Philippines' Diabetes Profile

Worldwide, diabetes prevalence increased fourfold, from 108 million in 1980 to 402 million in 2014. In the Philippines, the situation is no better where it is estimated that 1 in 5 Filipinos is a diabetic. Below are the latest statistics relevant to diabetes in the Philippines. The World Health Organization predicts that from 2.7 million in 2000, the number of diabetics in the country will reach 7.7 million by the year 2030. This hews closely to the current trend. The International Diabetes Federation has noted that diabetes has already exceeded the projected rate set for 2025 when it is around 320 million diabetics worldwide. In 2015, however, there are 415 million already suffering from diabetes. Currently, there are 4 million diabetic Filipinos who are diagnosed, but even more worrisome is that theres an even bigger number of Filipinos who are unaware they have the disease. The 2008 survey estimated that 20 percent of the population have increased sugar levels, which is about 1 in 5 Filipinos. Diabetes now affects even young people but it is a trend not only in the Philippines, but elsewhere. The rate of diabetes affecting those aged 18 and above has risen to 8.5 in 2014 from 4.7 in 1980, the World Health Organization noted. It is predicted that the Philippines, in the coming years, will be part of the top countries affected by diabetes due to the accelerated rate of citizens developing the disease. A 2015 meta-analysis, done by Dr Gerry Tan of Cebu Doctors University Hospital, noted that rapid urbanization in the Philippines is one of the factors that propelled the upward trend of the disease. Furthermore, Dr Tan said that diabetes care in the Philippines is a challenge in itself in terms of having resources, government support, and economics. The national insuranc Continue reading >>

Review Diabetes Care In The Philippines

Review Diabetes Care In The Philippines

Abstract Diabetes is increasing at an alarming rate in Asian countries including the Philippines. Both the prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) continue to increase with a commensurate upward trend in the prevalence of prediabetes. The aim of this study was to review the prevalence of diabetes in the Philippines and to describe extensively the characteristics of diabetes care in the Philippines from availability of diagnostics tests to the procurement of medications. A literature search was performed using the search words diabetes care and Philippines. Articles that were retrieved were reviewed for relevance and then synthesized to highlight key features. The prevalence of diabetes in the Philippines is increasing. Rapid urbanization with increasing dependence on electronic gadgets and sedentary lifestyle contribute significantly to this epidemic. Diabetes care in the Philippines is disadvantaged and challenged with respect to resources, government support, and economics. The national insurance system does not cover comprehensive diabetes care in a preventive model and private insurance companies only offer limited diabetes coverage. Thus, most patients rely on “out-of-pocket” expenses, namely, laboratory procedures and daily medications. Consequently, poor pharmacotherapy adherence impairs prevention of complications. Moreover, behavioral modifications are difficult due to cultural preferences for a traditional diet of refined sugar, including white rice and bread. Translating clinical data into practice in the Philippines will require fundamental and transformative changes that increase diabetes awareness, emphasize lifestyle change while respecting cultural preferences, and promote public policy especially regarding the health insurance system to im Continue reading >>

The Prevalence Of Diabetes In The Philippines - Charantia

The Prevalence Of Diabetes In The Philippines - Charantia

The Prevalence of Diabetes in the Philippines is Alarming. Dr. Danilo Baldemor, past president of the Philippine Association of Diabetes Educators, revealed that as of 2012, 9.7% of adult Filipinos had Diabetes while 12.5% are at risk of diabetes. And figures from the DOH National Epidemiology Center show that for the period 1999 to 2005, the number of deaths due to Diabetes grew the fastest among all diseases from 9,749 in 1999 to 18,441 in 2005. Diabetes is a chronic disease which has no cure yet, but can be controlled by a diabetic regimen that starts with a regular blood sugar monitoring and an integrated Diet therapy that includes nutritional supplements, regular physical exercise and medication. And as Ampalaya has long been known to be helpful to diabetics, it has attracted a lot of attention as to its real value in the diet of Diabetics. The Prevalence of Diabetes in the Philippines is Alarming. Dr. Danilo Baldemor, past president of the Philippine Association of Diabetes Educators, revealed that as of 2012, 9.7% of adult Filipinos had Diabetes while 12.5% are at risk of diabetes. And figures from the DOH National Epidemiology Center show that for the period 1999 to 2005, the number of deaths due to Diabetes grew the fastest among all diseases from 9,749 in 1999 to 18,441 in 2005. Diabetes is a chronic disease which has no cure yet, but can be controlled by a diabetic regimen that starts with a regular blood sugar monitoring and an integrated Diet therapy that includes nutritional supplements, regular physical exercise and medication. And as Ampalaya has long been known to be helpful to diabetics, it has attracted a lot of attention as to its real value in the diet of Diabetics. Continue reading >>

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