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Pomace Olive Oil For Diabetes

Olive: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Dosage, And Warning

Olive: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Dosage, And Warning

Olive is a tree. People use the oil from the fruit and seeds, water extracts of the fruit, and the leaves to make medicine. Olive oil is used to prevent heart attack and stroke (cardiovascular disease), breast cancer, colorectal cancer, ovarian cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and migraine headache. Some people use olive oil to treat constipation, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, blood vessel problems associated with diabetes, and pain associated ear infections, arthritis, and gallbladder disease. Olive oil is also used to treat jaundice, intestinal gas, and meteorism (swelling of the abdomen due to gas). It is also used to destroy the bacteria that causes some ulcers, helicobacter pylori. Some people also use olive oil to boost bacteria in the gut and as a "cleanser" or "purifier." Olive oil is applied to the skin (used topically) for earwax, ringing ears (tinnitus), pain in the ears, lice, wounds, minor burns, psoriasis, stretch marks due to pregnancy, eczema, jock itch, ringworm, a skin disease caused tinea versicolor, and for protecting the skin from ultraviolet (UV) damage after sun exposure. In the mouth it is used to reduce gum disease. In foods, olive oil is used as a cooking and salad oil. In manufacturing, olive oil is used to make soaps, commercial plasters and liniments; and to delay setting in dental cements. Olive oil is classified, in part, according to acid content, measured as free oleic acid. Extra virgin olive oil contains a maximum of 1% free oleic acid, virgin olive oil contains 2%, and ordinary olive oil contains 3.3%. Unrefined olive oils with more than 3.3% free oleic acid are considered "unfit for human consumption." Olive oil that is mixed with a gas called ozone (ozonated olive oil) is promoted for everything from bee stings and insect bit Continue reading >>

Oleev.in | Oleev In Diabetes - Oleev.in

Oleev.in | Oleev In Diabetes - Oleev.in

Long term uncontrolled diabetes takes away the sweetness from life and can lead to serious complications in various systems and organs of the body like nerves, kidneys, heart, eyes, liver etc. There are many risk factors for type 2 diabetes like family history, being overweight, physical inactivity etc. Having a proper well balanced diet can lower the risk of type 2 diabetes. MUFA (Monounsaturated Fats) in olive oil helps reduce total cholesterol. Studies have shown that for individuals with type 2 diabetes, high-MUFA helps lower body weight, improves body composition and lowers cardiovascular risk factors. Diabetes can take the taste and nourishment away from your body and leave you tired and unable to enjoy life. You cant change your genes but you can change your cooking medium to Oleev and ensure Welcome to the world of Oleev, where you embark on a journey that takes you beyond the ordinary. At Oleev, our products dont just fulfill your needs, but help you answer the one question that youve always asked yourself, Can I Go Beyond? And the answer, with Oleev, is Yes, You Can! Read More Continue reading >>

The Real Story On Olive Oil

The Real Story On Olive Oil

Canola and olive oil are the two most widely used cooking oils in the world today. It wasn’t always this way and it is important to understand how this change occurred, because it wasn’t always for health reasons that this shift took place. Fred Pescatore, MD, MPH, CCN author of The Hampton’s Diet explains what happened, as he helps us learn about The Science of Fats, Fatty Acids and Edible Oils Canola and olive oil are the two most widely used cooking oils in the world today. It wasn’t always this way and it is important to understand how this change occurred, because it wasn’t always for health reasons that this shift took place. For years, we were stuck in the mire of polyunsaturated fats being healthy for us and these two oils were relegated to the back shelf. However, once the shift to monounsaturated fats and omega-3 fatty acids came to be, these two oils quickly rose to prominence. Since many of you are probably sitting there pretty smugly thinking you are being so healthy because these are the only two oils you use; and, since I have spent so much time saying they aren’t, this is the chapter that explains my reasoning. It is a pretty fascinating story so sit back and read this like a good mystery. Carrie, a 44 year old mother of two teenage children came to see me because she was exhausted all the time. She worked and raised her children so she had plenty to be tired about. She had always been a health nut and during our first visit when we discussed some of the basics, the conversation came around to cooking oils. She held up her hand and said don’t worry there doc, I’ve got that under control – I only use olive oil when I am cooking and canola oil for salad dressings. Several years ago I would have applauded her for her heightened awareness o Continue reading >>

Amelioration Of Diabetes In A Rat Model Through Yoghurt Supplemented With Probiotics And Olive Pomace Extract

Amelioration Of Diabetes In A Rat Model Through Yoghurt Supplemented With Probiotics And Olive Pomace Extract

Amelioration of Diabetes in a Rat Model Through Yoghurt Supplemented with Probiotics and Olive Pomace Extract , Tamer Mohammed El-Messery , Mohamed Tawfeek Fouad , Marwa Mohamed El-Said , Karem Aly Fouda and Adel Gabr Abdel-Razek Abstract: Background and Objective: Olive pomace (OP) is the by-product of olive oil production. The OP contains large amount of phenolic compounds . The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-diabetic effect of yoghurt supplemented with probiotics and olive pomace extract (OPE) in diabetic rats . Materials and Methods: Ultrasonic-assisted method was used for extraction of OP. Total phenolic content of OPE was estimated. The antibacterial activity of OPE was determined. Yoghurt supplemented with probiotics and OPE was prepared. Antioxidant activity, titratable acidity, water holding capacity (WHC) and organoleptic properties were evaluated in yoghurt. Anti-diabetic effect of yoghurt against type-2 diabetes was evaluated in rats. Blood samples were collected for determination of plasma glucose , insulin, lipid profile , plasma markers of oxidative stress , tumor necrosis factor-, liver and kidney functions. Data were analyzed statistically using the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Duncans test. Results: The OPE contains 720 mg gallic acid equivalent g1 dry weight. The HPLC analysis revealed the presence of many phenolic compounds such as vanillin and sinapic acid in OPE. OPE possess antibacterial effect against pathogenic bacteria . Antioxidant activity of yoghurt increased with the increment in OPE concentration. During storage the pH and acidity of yoghurt showed continuous decrease and increase, respectively. The WHC of fresh yoghurt decreased slightly with increasing OPE concentration, while WHC increased duri Continue reading >>

Olive: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions And Warnings - Webmd

Olive: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions And Warnings - Webmd

View clinical references for this vitamin or supplement Wood C, Stewart J, Wood M, and et al. Therapeutic effects of antimotion sickness medications on the secondary symptoms of motion sickness. Aviat.Space Environ.Med 1990;61(2):157-161. View abstract. Wood C. Antimotion sickness and antiemetic drugs. Drugs 1979;17(6):471-479. View abstract. Wyant GM and Dobkin AB. Antisialogogue drugs in man. Comparison of atropine, scopolamine (l-hyoscine) and l-hyoscyamine (bellafoline). Anaesthesia 1957;12(2):203-214. Yang MJ and Chen CC. Herbally induced anticholinergic intoxication: a report of three cases. Kaohsiung J Med Sci 1987;3:133-136. Yang, G., Xu, K., and Luo, Q. [Clinical study of scopolamine detoxification for the treatment of heroin addicts]. Zhonghua Yi Xue.Za Zhi 1996;76(2):141-144. View abstract. Ziskind, A. A. Transdermal scopolamine-induced psychosis. Postgrad Med 9-1-1988;84(3):73-76. View abstract. Lee-Huang, S., Zhang, L., Huang, P. L., Chang, Y. T., and Huang, P. L. Anti-HIV activity of olive leaf extract (OLE) and modulation of host cell gene expression by HIV-1 infection and OLE treatment. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 8-8-2003;307(4):1029-1037. View abstract. Markin, D., Duek, L., and Berdicevsky, I. In vitro antimicrobial activity of olive leaves. Mycoses 2003;46(3-4):132-136. View abstract. O'Brien, N. M., Carpenter, R., O'Callaghan, Y. C., O'Grady, M. N., and Kerry, J. P. Modulatory effects of resveratrol, citroflavan-3-ol, and plant-derived extracts on oxidative stress in U937 cells. J Med Food 2006;9(2):187-195. View abstract. Aguila MB, Pinheiro AR, Mandarim-de-Lacerda CA. Spontaneously hypertensive rats left ventricular cardiomyocyte loss attenuation through different edible oils long-term intake. Int J Cardiol 2005;100:461-6. View abstract. Aguila M Continue reading >>

Olive Oil Vs. Canola Oil

Olive Oil Vs. Canola Oil

Olive oil and canola oil are both marketed as heart healthy oils for cooking and baking. However, while both oils are healthy, the two oils are very different. Olive oil is an oil that is made by pressing ripe olives and collecting their juices; canola oil is made from a hybrid of the rapeseed plant, and is a vegetable oil. Here's how olive oil and canola oil compare. Olive Oil and Canola Oil are Manufactured Differently Olive oil is made from olives, the fruit of the olive tree, and is considered a fruit oil. Ripe olives are crushed, then pressed; the collected juices constitute olive oil. Olive oil is generally pressed at cold temperatures to maintain the nutritional integrity of the oil; these types of olive oils are labeled "cold pressed." You may have noticed that there are different kinds of olive oils available for sale. Extra virgin olive oil is collected from the first pressing of the olives, and contains the most nutrients. Virgin olive oil is collected from the second pressing. Olive juices collected from subsequent pressings are used to make light and pure olive oils; these oils may undergo extra processing. Canola oil is manufactured at high temperatures, using a mechanical process that often involves toxic chemicals, like hexane. Canola oil is degummed, deodorized, bleached and further refined at high temperatures. These high temperatures can change the omega-3 content of the oil and can significantly raise the oil's concentrations of trans fatty acids and saturated fats. Olive Oil Contains More Nutrients Than Canola Oil All in all, olive oil is considered the healthier oil because of the nutrients it contains. Extra virgin olive oil contains antioxidants, polyphenols and omega-3 fatty acids with can promote cardiovascular health and cognitive function as Continue reading >>

Extra Virgin Olive Oil Lowers Blood Glucose And Cholesterol, Study Finds

Extra Virgin Olive Oil Lowers Blood Glucose And Cholesterol, Study Finds

Extra virgin olive oil lowers blood glucose and cholesterol, study finds Extra virgin olive oil lowers blood glucose and cholesterol, study finds Tax sugary drinks to tackle type 2 diabetes, urges Canadian Diabetes Association 08 September 2015 Extra virgin olive oil reduces blood sugar and cholesterol more than other kinds of fats , according to new research. The study, conducted at Sapienza University in Rome, could explain the health benefits associated with a traditional Mediterranean diet for people with diabetes. "Lowering blood glucose and cholesterol may be useful to reduce the negative effects of glucose and cholesterol on the cardiovascular system," said Francesco Violo, lead author of the study. This was a small study involving only 25 participants, all of whom ate a typical Mediterranean lunch - consisting primarily of fruits , vegetables , grains and fish - on two separate occasions. For the first meal, they added 10g of extra virgin olive oil. For the second, they added 10g of corn oil. After each meal, the participants blood glucose levels were tested. The rise in blood sugar levels was much smaller after the meal with extra virgin olive oil than after the meal with corn oil. The findings were consistent with previous studies, which have linked extra virgin olive oil to higher levels of insulin , making it beneficial to people with type 2 diabetes. More surprising, however, were the reduced levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or "bad" cholesterol, associated with the extra virgin olive oil meal. The study's findings are interesting but preliminary. Further studies are needed to confirm them. The study did not examine whether corn oil was worse or better than having no oil at all, for example. Despite its flaws, the study is one of the first to link Continue reading >>

Olive Oil For Diabetes, Recommended Intake, Blood Sugar And Benefits

Olive Oil For Diabetes, Recommended Intake, Blood Sugar And Benefits

Healthy Diet Plans >> Diabetic Diet >> Olive Oil Diabetes is a metabolic disorder where the body cannot effectively utilize the food that has been digested for energy. Type 1 diabetes concerns the auto-immune system and little can be done to prevent it. Type 2 diabetes on the other hand, is related to family history, age, obesity and other lifestyle factors like stress and lack of exercise. Diet, along with exercise, plays a big role in prevention of type 2 diabetes and in its management. In this regard, the benefits of olive oil for diabetes management are indisputable. Numerous researches have been done on the link between diabetes and olive oil and there is a growing body of evidence that suggests that olive oil can play a role in preventing diabetes. To understand how olive oil benefits diabetics we must first understand diabetes and its effect on blood sugar. Our blood contains some amount of sugar. The level of sugar in the blood is lowest in the morning when we wake up. It rises after we eat from the food we digest. It continues to fluctuate throughout the day. A healthy body regulates the level of sugar in the blood so that it remains within a narrow range. If the level of sugar falls too much, a condition known as hypoglycemia, lethargy sets in and it can even cause unconsciousness, brain damage and death. If the level of blood sugar is too high, a condition known as hyperglycemia, it can damage different parts of the body like the eyes, kidneys and the nervous system. After we have eaten and the food has been digested, the hormone insulin helps the body to utilize the sugar which has been extracted from the food. This prevents the levels of sugar from climbing too high. A diabetics body on the other hand, does not produce enough insulin or is abnormally resis Continue reading >>

11 Proven Benefits Of Olive Oil

11 Proven Benefits Of Olive Oil

There are many disagreements about fats in the diet. However, pretty much everyone agrees that olive oil, especially extra virgin , is good for you. Here are 11 health benefits of olive oil that are supported by scientific research. 1. Olive Oil Is Rich in Healthy Monounsaturated Fats Olive oil is the natural oil extracted from olives, the fatty fruit of the olive tree. About 24% of the oil is saturated fats and omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids ( 1 ). But the predominant (73%) fatty acid in olive oil is a monounsaturated fat called oleic acid, which is extremely healthy. Oleic acid is believed to help reduce inflammation, and may have beneficial effects on genes linked to cancer ( 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 ). Monounsaturated fats in extra virgin olive oil are also quite resistant to high heat, making it a healthy choice for cooking . Bottom Line: Olive oil is rich in monounsaturated oleic acid. This fatty acid is believed to have many beneficial effects, and is a healthy choice for cooking. 2. Olive Oil Contains Large Amounts of Antioxidants Extra virgin olive oil is fairly nutritious. Apart from its beneficial fatty acids, it contains modest amounts of Vitamins E and K. But olive oil is also loaded with powerful antioxidants . These antioxidants are biologically active and may help fight serious diseases ( 6 , 7 ). This includes antioxidants that can fight inflammation and help prevent the cholesterol in our blood from becoming oxidized, both crucial steps in the heart disease process ( 8 , 9 ). Bottom Line: Extra virgin olive oil is loaded with antioxidants, some of which have powerful biological effects. 3. Olive Oil Has Strong Anti-Inflammatory Properties Chronic inflammation is thought to be among the leading drivers of many diseases. This includes cancer, cardiovascular disea Continue reading >>

Diabetes Diet: Tips For Buying Genuine Extra Virgin Olive Oil

Diabetes Diet: Tips For Buying Genuine Extra Virgin Olive Oil

Diabetes Diet: Tips For Buying Genuine Extra Virgin Olive Oil Cooking with healthy oils, such as pure Extra Virgin Olive Oil (EVOO), may be one of the best things we can do for our familys well being. Olive oil contains monounsaturated fatty acids, a healthy dietary fat that lowers our risk for heart disease. Also, unlike many processed vegetable oils, EVOO is low in omega-6 fatty acids. Omega-6 is an inflammatory substance that our typical Western diet provides too much of. High intake of omega-6 is associated with chronic illnesses, including cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Unfortunately, much of the olive oil sold in our grocery stores is not genuine EVOO. Many bottles actually contain blends of different olive oil grades, or are a mix of EVOO and vegetable oils (e.g., canola, soybean), and are often chemically refined. So, for those wanting the healthiest EVOO available, here are nine olive oil tips to keep in mind when shopping: Since olives are stone fruits, as are plums and cherries, genuine EVOO is comparable to fresh-squeezed fruit juice that is seasonal, and perishable. Olive oil begins to deteriorate within a few months of milling, and this process speeds up after its container is opened. Light, heat, and oxygen cause EVOO to spoil so its best to choose bottles that protect against light, buy a quantity of oil that will be used quickly, and keep it well sealed in a cool, dark place. Genuine EVOO has a fresh grassy aroma, and a fruity olive taste with a bit of bitterness and pepperinessin great oils these flavors are well balanced. The bitterness and pungency usually indicate the presence of beneficial antioxidants, anti-inflammatories, and other healthy compounds. Since there are many types of olives, EVOOs come in a variety of shades, from green Continue reading >>

Olive, Canola Oil Use Can Prevent Diabetes: Study

Olive, Canola Oil Use Can Prevent Diabetes: Study

Olive, canola oil use can prevent diabetes: Study Olive, canola oil use can prevent diabetes: Study Use of olive pomace or canola oil, instead of your commonly used refined cooking oils, can significantly decrease chances of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, a latest and first of its kind clinical study conducted on Indians showed. The results of the trial, conducted over six months, demonstrated multiple health benefits, along with the pos... Read More NEW DELHI: Use of olive pomace or canola oil , instead of your commonly used refined cooking oils, can significantly decrease chances of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, a latest and first of its kind clinical study conducted on Indians showed. The study was conducted by Diabetes Foundation of India (DFI) and National Diabetes, Obesity & Cholesterol Foundation (N-DOC) along with Fortis C-DOC Centre of Excellence for Diabetes, Metabolic Diseases and Endocrinology. Around 90 people with fatty liver were enrolled into the study. The results of the trial, conducted over six months, demonstrated multiple health benefits, along with the possibility of averting several chronic and often lethal diseases, just by replacing commonly used refined oils with canola or olive pomace oils. Estimates show that around one-third of the Indian urban population suffers from fatty liver, considered a major cause for multiple abnormalities such as clustering of abdominal obesity, high lipids, blood pressure, diabetes and inaction of insulin. Around 25-30% people in the national capital are found to be suffering from such syndromes. According to DFI director and chairman of N-DOC Dr Anoop Misra, who led the investigation, olive pomace oil and canola oil are high on mono-unsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs), considered good fa Continue reading >>

6 Benefits Of Taking A Shot Of Olive Oil In The Morning (#3 Is Crazy)

6 Benefits Of Taking A Shot Of Olive Oil In The Morning (#3 Is Crazy)

6 Benefits Of Taking A Shot Of Olive Oil In The Morning Welcome to the 21st century, where the low-fat diet is slowly but definitely on its way out to make room for a higher fat, lower carbohydrate diet. For decades we have been following the faulty advice to reduce our fat intake to a bare minimum while increasing the amount of sugar in everything. Even a well-known brand of packaged macaroni and cheese contains added sugar, leaving us wondering why noodles and cheese might possibly need to be sweetened. Fat is a macronutrient with many benefits, one of which is the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K. It is also a building block of every cell membrane in the body. It provides energy, slows the absorption of other nutrients (so you feel full longer after a meal) and is required for healthy liver function. Plus, lets face it, fat makes food taste better. Also, did you know that the human brain is more than 50 percent fat? The brain requires fats and especially essential fatty acids for perfect health. The body doesnt synthesize essential fatty acids so it needs to obtain them from a healthy diet. Olive oil is key to the Mediterranean diet Olive oil is a key part of the Mediterranean diet for health and longevity. It is no secret that Southern Europeans who eat a more Mediterranean Diet, consisting of vegetables, fruits, lots of fish and plenty of olive oil, have a higher life expectancy with fewer diseases. An average, Italians and Spaniards consume about 13 liters of olive oil per person per year. While the entire diet does play a big role in how healthy people are, it seems the use of extra virgin olive oil is the major contributing factor to longevity and health. In a study published in 2013, researchers followed two groups of people for five years. One Continue reading >>

Benefits Of Olive Oil For Diabetes

Benefits Of Olive Oil For Diabetes

Olive oil is a staple of the highly recommended Mediterranean diet. Since the Mediterranean diet is so highly recommended, everyone should go right to their neighborhood grocery store and use olive oil for cooking. Simple, right? Well, in one sense, yes…but is anything ever really that simple? Nutritional Facts about Olive Oil 1 tablespoon of olive oil contains 14 grams of total fat, 2 grams of saturated fats, no fiber, no sugar, no cholesterol and no fiber. It is a good source of Vitamins E and K and no protein—so all the calories come from fats.[1] So far, nothing to get excited overly excited about, is there? What makes olive oil so good to use is the types of fat it contains. It contains 1318 mg of omega-6 fats and 103mg of omega-3 fats. In addition, it contains over 10 grams of either mono- or poly-unsaturated fats—the healthier types of fats. Olive oil also has almost 30 g of phytosterols, a type of plant substance that is chemically similar to cholesterol but helps maintain heart health because it inhibits the absorption of cholesterol from food and lowers the amount of LDL cholesterol, the “bad” cholesterol that is associated with heart disease.[2] Finally, olive oil is rich in antioxidants such as oleocanthal and oleeuropein—those plant substances that can help reduce the oxidative damage caused to our bodies by high levels of blood sugar. What is the Best Form of Olive Oil? It does get upsetting, but the fact is that there are lots of people out there making and selling olive oil with less than 100% olive oil! Olive oil has become so popular, there are many forms of olive oil that are not pure olive oil. So the first thing to do is to buy reputable, well- known brands of olive oil and only buy 100% olive oil—extra virgin olive oil is pressed—it Continue reading >>

What Is The Best Cooking Oil (indian) For High Blood Pressure And Diabetes?

What Is The Best Cooking Oil (indian) For High Blood Pressure And Diabetes?

Answered Oct 30, 2017 Author has 833 answers and 65.8k answer views Best oil is the vegetable oil from seeds grown around your neighbourhood. This is way of nature including food, vegetables and fruits. Diabetes has nothing to do with oil. Changing to new food, new oil will help to reduce the blood glucose. But refined food like white sugar and chemical, non-natural food, is the one to be avoided. Non-natural food is the friend for diabetes. They are chemicals derived from natural foods. Hey, you can use Wagga Wagga Diabetes Care oil, this oil can helps to manage your diabetes. And the second reason is this Diabetes Care Oil is 100% Natural Canola Oil made from Non-GM seeds and amongst others that canola oil can help manage blood sugar. For more details - Answered Oct 28, 2017 Author has 431 answers and 107.9k answer views Avoid saturated fats like vanaspati. Sesame, Coconut, Mustard, Groundnut oils which are used traditionally by Indians are okay. Its the refined oils & vanaspati which are most harmful. Eating home based food where you know which oil was used for cooking is safest habit. 169 Views View Upvoters Answer requested by Answered Oct 27, 2017 Author has 78 answers and 29.8k answer views I, myself have been wondering about this answer for quite some time now. Indian food are a lot different from foods around the globe. Extra virgin olive oil is regarded the best oil for consumption as it contains large amount of Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acid which is considered heart friendly but cooking olive oil at high temperature lowers its heart friendly benefits and moreover the smell and flavour of olive oil is not so appealing to us, indians. Pomace olive oil is another type of olive oil which is marketed heavily in India as it is ideal for indian kitchen but though Continue reading >>

Olive Oil In The Prevention And Management Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review And Meta-analysis Of Cohort Studies And Intervention Trials

Olive Oil In The Prevention And Management Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review And Meta-analysis Of Cohort Studies And Intervention Trials

Olive oil in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies and intervention trials 2Nutrition and Obesity Group, Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Basque Country (UPV/EHU) and Lucio Lascaray Research Center, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain 3CIBER Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBERobn), Institute of Health Carlos III, Madrid, Spain 3CIBER Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBERobn), Institute of Health Carlos III, Madrid, Spain 4Health Research Institute of Palma (IdISPa), University Hospital Son Espases, Palma de Mallorca, Spain 1Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition, Nuthetal, Germany 2Nutrition and Obesity Group, Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Basque Country (UPV/EHU) and Lucio Lascaray Research Center, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain 3CIBER Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBERobn), Institute of Health Carlos III, Madrid, Spain 4Health Research Institute of Palma (IdISPa), University Hospital Son Espases, Palma de Mallorca, Spain 5Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna,, Vienna, Austria *Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition, Arthur-Scheunert-Allee 114-116, Nuthetal 14558, Germany. E-mail: [email protected] Received 2016 Oct 26; Revised 2017 Jan 25; Accepted 2017 Feb 2. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license ho Continue reading >>

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