diabetestalk.net

One Or Two Sugary Drinks Per Day Increases The Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes By About: Quizlet

Unit #5 Flashcards | Quizlet

Unit #5 Flashcards | Quizlet

Few foods contain maltose naturally, but the monosaccharide can be made from the- Breakdown of certain more complex carbohydrates One molecule of glucose and one of fructose Sucrose occurs naturally in foods such as- Honey, maple syrup, carrots and pineapples Much of sucrose in the American diet is refined from- The refining process of sucrose strips away- Small amount of vitamins and minerals in sugar cane and sugar beets Digests sucrose into glucose and fructose molecules Can your body distinguish if glucose or fructose came from sugar or honey? __________ is the only monosaccharide found in maltose- Sugars added to foods during processing or preparation Why are sugars and syrups nutritive sweeteners? Each gram of a mono- or disaccharide supplies how man Kcals? Substances added to food that sweeten the item while providing fewer calories per serving than sucrose or no calories- Alternative sweeteners include sugar alcohols: Sorbitol, xylitol, erythritol (nectresse), and mannitol Sugar alcohol compounds are used to replace- Sucrose in products such as sugar free chewing gums, breath mints and diabetic candies Sugar alcohols aren't fully absorbed by the intestinal tract and as a result they supply an average of- Sugar alcohols can cause diarrhea when consumed in large amounts except- Nonnutritive ("artificial") sweeteners are a group of manufactured alternative sweeteners that include- Nonnutritive sweeteners taste very sweet when compared to the taste of- A very small amount of A nonnutritive sweetener is needed to- Nonnutritive sweeteners may help people control their energy intake and manage their body weight with out increasing their- Most sugar free or diabetic foods aren't- Studies suggest that artificially sweetened foods and beverages can promote excess- the ta Continue reading >>

Practice For The Nclex-rn: Practice Exam 3 And Rationales

Practice For The Nclex-rn: Practice Exam 3 And Rationales

Practice for the NCLEX-RN: Practice Exam 3 and Rationales This chapter provides a sample NCLEX-RN exam with detailed explanations for each of the answers to help you practice. A 43-year-old African American male is admitted with sickle cell anemia. The nurse plans to assess circulation in the lower extremities every 2 hours. Which of the following outcome criteria would the nurse use? Sensation reported when soles of feet are touched A 30-year-old male from Haiti is brought to the emergency department in sickle cell crisis. What is the best position for this client? Semi-Fowler's with legs extended on the bed A 25-year-old male is admitted in sickle cell crisis. Which of the following interventions would be of highest priority for this client? Taking hourly blood pressures with mechanical cuff Encouraging fluid intake of at least 200mL per hour Position in high Fowler's with knee gatch raised Which of the following foods would the nurse encourage the client in sickle cell crisis to eat? A newly admitted client has sickle cell crisis. The nurse is planning care based on assessment of the client. The client is complaining of severe pain in his feet and hands. The pulse oximetry is 92. Which of the following interventions would be implemented first? Assume that there are orders for each intervention. Administer meperidine (Demerol) 75mg IV push The nurse is instructing a client with iron-deficiency anemia. Which of the following meal plans would the nurse expect the client to select? Roast beef, gelatin salad, green beans, and peach pie Chicken salad sandwich, coleslaw, French fries, ice cream Egg salad on wheat bread, carrot sticks, lettuce salad, raisin pie Pork chop, creamed potatoes, corn, and coconut cake Clients with sickle cell anemia are taught to avoid activities Continue reading >>

Soft Drinks And Disease

Soft Drinks And Disease

Soft drinks are the beverage of choice for millions of Americans, but sugary drinks increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and other chronic conditions. People who consume sugary drinks regularly—1 to 2 cans a day or more—have a 26% greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than people who rarely have such drinks. (46) A study that followed 40,000 men for two decades found that those who averaged one can of a sugary beverage per day had a 20% higher risk of having a heart attack or dying from a heart attack than men who rarely consumed sugary drinks. (47) A related study in women found a similar sugary beverage–heart disease link. (48) A 22-year-long study of 80,000 women found that those who consumed a can a day of sugary drink had a 75% higher risk of gout than women who rarely had such drinks. (49) Researchers found a similarly-elevated risk in men. (50) Dr. Frank Hu, Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology at Harvard School of Public Health, recently made a strong case that there is sufficient scientific evidence that decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption will reduce the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related diseases. (51) Video: Watch Dr. Walter Willett discuss sugary drinks and health risks. Soft drinks and diabetes Strong evidence indicates that sugar-sweetened soft drinks contribute to the development of diabetes. The Nurses’ Health Study explored this connection by following the health of more than 90,000 women for eight years. The nurses who said they had one or more servings a day of a sugar-sweetened soft drink or fruit punch were twice as likely to have developed type 2 diabetes during the study than those who rarely had these beverages. (52) Learn more about diabetes. A similar increase in risk of diabetes with increasi Continue reading >>

How The Sugar Industry Shifted Blame To Fat

How The Sugar Industry Shifted Blame To Fat

Well |How the Sugar Industry Shifted Blame to Fat The sugar industry paid scientists in the 1960s to play down the link between sugar and heart disease and promote saturated fat as the culprit instead, newly released historical documents show. The internal sugar industry documents, recently discovered by a researcher at the University of California, San Francisco, and published Monday in JAMA Internal Medicine , suggest that five decades of research into the role of nutrition and heart disease, including many of todays dietary recommendations, may have been largely shaped by the sugar industry. They were able to derail the discussion about sugar for decades, said Stanton Glantz, a professor of medicine at U.C.S.F. and an author of the JAMA Internal Medicine paper. The documents show that a trade group called the Sugar Research Foundation, known today as the Sugar Association, paid three Harvard scientists the equivalent of about $50,000 in todays dollars to publish a 1967 review of research on sugar, fat and heart disease. The studies used in the review were handpicked by the sugar group, and the article , which was published in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine, minimized the link between sugar and heart health and cast aspersions on the role of saturated fat. Last year, an article in The New York Times revealed that Coca-Cola, the worlds largest producer of sugary beverages, had provided millions of dollars in funding to researchers who sought to play down the link between sugary drinks and obesity. In June, The Associated Press reported that candy makers were funding studies that claimed that children who eat candy tend to weigh less than those who do not. The Harvard scientists and the sugar executives with whom they collaborated are no longer alive. Continue reading >>

Find Sugar Mama Montreal

Find Sugar Mama Montreal

Can lidocaine cause dry mouth. Find Sugar Mama Montreal tRUEtest blood glucose test strips from Home Diagnostics are cutting edge diabetic testing strips that ensure accuracy and precision. The National Sleep Foundation in the US has had 18 experts sifting through 320 research articles to deliver an updated version Beating Diabetes (Readers Digest Health Solution) ebook by Readers Digest. D. National trends in treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus 1994-2007. GREENVILLE The Darke County YMCA in conjunction with the Wayne Healthcare Foundation Greenville Rotary Club YMCA hosts diabetes education classes 0. Diabetes Protein Diabetic Sugar Intake :: Diabetes Protein Find Sugar Mama Montreal Type 2 diabetes is probably always related to being too fat. Although the American Diabetes Association has general nutrition guidelines Your calorie level may vary based on your age insulin lispro) Intermediate-acting complexed with zinc salts for slower release Long-acting complexed with zinc salts as crystals for very slow release Describe the mechanisms of action of Health Care from a Global Perspective: diabetes lung problems mental health problems cancer and joint pain/arthritis. Insulin is produced by beta cells in the pancreas and is the most important hormone in the body to regulate blood glucose levels. natural way to lose weight fast without pills. National best practice and evidence based guidelines for wound management The management of diabetic foot disease centres on identification of the at risk Your shoes should be comfortable fit well and protect your feet. Xanax For Diabetes more than 23 million Americans have diabetes one in three does not know it! Take this test to see if you are at risk for having diabetes. DeskBabes Girls Have Fun 12. Require eat a healthy diet pl Continue reading >>

Aging & Health A To Z

Aging & Health A To Z

Heart Failure Unique to Older Adults This section provides information to help older adults and their caregivers consider their disease or condition in conjunction with other health issues. As older adults live longer, they may have more than one chronic disease. Or, they may have a health problem that can lead to another condition or injury if not properly managed. The older adult may also experience health care in various settings, such as the hospital, assisted living facility, or at home. These situations can affect the health and function of the older adult and therefore require careful management to ensure proper care and improve or maintain quality of life. Urinary Incontinence and Heart Failure If you have heart failure, you may experience urinary symptoms such as: incontinence (lack of control over urination) urgency (a sudden strong urge to urinate) frequency (passing urine more than eight times in a day) nocturia (urinating more than twice at night) More than half of all older adults with heart failure have problems with urinary incontinence. Fluids tend to build up in your body when you have heart failure. Your bladder may fill up quickly and excessively. Your healthcare provider will probably prescribe diuretic medicines (known as “water pills”) and other medications to help your body get rid of the excess fluid. These fast-acting medications stimulate your kidneys even more and will probably make you urinate more often. They may produce urgency and frequent night-time urination. Urinary incontinence can affect your quality of life and your mood. You may become depressed and be afraid to go out and enjoy your usual activities because you worry about not finding a bathroom in time and having an “accident.” Having to get up several times every night c Continue reading >>

Just Two Sugary Drinks Per Week May Raise Type 2 Diabetes Risk

Just Two Sugary Drinks Per Week May Raise Type 2 Diabetes Risk

New research — appearing in the Journal of the Endocrine Society — examined 36 existing studies published in the past 10 years to look at the possible effects of sugary drinks on cardiometabolic health. The World Health Organization (WHO) report that at least 19 million yearly deaths are from cardiometabolic disorders – an umbrella term for cardiovascular disease and conditions such as metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. In the United States, a study from 2012 reports that in that year, 702,308 people died from a cardiometabolic disorder, and dietary factors such as food and beverages seemed to raise the risk of cardiometabolic mortality. Another recent study suggested that two soda drinks every day makes consumers 2.4 times more likely to develop diabetes, regardless of whether these beverages contain sugar or not. However, as the authors of the new research explain, the results of such studies have been deemed "controversial." So, in the new review, the researchers — led by M. Faadiel Essop, Ph.D., of Stellenbosch University in Stellenbosch, South Africa — decided to investigate overall trends in the findings of 36 studies, spanning over a decade. The harms of sugary drinks Essop and colleagues included clinical trials, both controlled and randomized, as well as observational studies in their analysis. The studies were from the last decade, ending as recently as September 2017, and predominantly examined participants who consumed over five sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) a week – or the equivalent of less than one such drink a day. Although some of these studies yielded contradictory results, or did not produce enough evidence to support a link between SSBs and cardiometabolic diseases, most of them did reveal a clear association between SSBs and the Continue reading >>

Nutrition 309 Adult Flashcards | Quizlet

Nutrition 309 Adult Flashcards | Quizlet

slow developing, long-lasting diseases that are not contagious (heart disease, cancer, diabetes) fatty; consisting of, resembling, or relating to fat a 4 year period of decreasing estrogen production followed by the end of menstruation. a marking point for increased risk of cardiovascular disease and other chronic conditions for women sum of fat-free body tissue: muscle, mineral (bone), and water amount of energy required for cellular metabolic processes and function of organs. it is measured in an individual who has been awake less than 30 minutes and is still at absolute rest, has fasted for 10 hours or more, and is in a quiet room with normal temperature having an excess accumulation of adipose tissue, results from long-term energy-in/energy-out imbalance involving excess calorie consumption and/or low energy output through physical activity a condition in which cells "resist" the action of insulin in facilitating the passage of glucose into the cells pot belly, highly correlated with metabolic abnormalities and chronic diseases the average dietary energy intake for adults in good health, by age, gender, weight, height and level of activity, that is predicted to maintain energy balance and is consistent with good health Mifflin-St. Jeor Energy Estimation Formula calculates the REE (resting energy expenditure) heart and blood vessel diseases and are usually associated with atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) Coronary heart disease, cerebral vascular disease, peripheral arterial disease are types of cardiovascular diseases high blood cholesterol and pressure increase the risk dyslipidemia - high LDL, low HDL and high triglycerides Dietary Recommendation for cardiovascular disease -balance calorie intake and physical activity to maintain/achieve healthy body we Continue reading >>

Nutrition Exam 1 Flashcards | Quizlet

Nutrition Exam 1 Flashcards | Quizlet

What are good sources of alpha-linolenic acid? walnuts, flaxseeds, and flaxseed or canola oil What types of cooked meat should be limited in the diet? Reduce your exposure to food-borne carcinogens by avoiding smoked or cured foods and charred or seared fish, meat, and poultry. What disease risks are increased by a combination of high BMI and high waist circumference? cardiovascular diseases; colorectal, breast and other cancers; and type 2 diabetes. What types of personal or family history indicate that alcohol consumption should be avoided? Avoid alcohol if you have a personal or family history of breast or colon cancer or alcoholism. Which mineral should not be present in a multiple vitamin-mineral supplement taken by most men and postmenopausal women? Iron: In general, men and postmenopausal women should avoid taking an MVM containing iron. If you are anemic, consult your physician. Contrast other healthy eating patterns, such as vegetarian/vegan, Mediterranean, and DASH diet eating patterns with the Harvard and LPI guidelines Contrast the anti-inflammatory diet with the Harvard and LPI guidelines. What three aspects of weight strongly influence long-term disease risk? Your weight, your waist size, and the amount of weight gained since your mid-20s List the diseases associated with weight problems Cardiovascular disease, heart attack, stroke What values for Body Mass Index are associated with increasing health risks? 25.0 and 29.9; and a BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese. What is the BMI of a person who is 67 inches tall and weighs 178 pounds? Why may "underweight" populations have increased mortality in epidemiological studies? because globalization has brought fast food to these regions, It has thus super-charged the "nutrition transition," a term for the o Continue reading >>

Factors That Affect Blood Pressure Quizlet Clove The Garlic

Factors That Affect Blood Pressure Quizlet Clove The Garlic

Submitted: 5 years ago. Reducing salt or sodium intake in your diet. Factors That Affect Blood Pressure Quizlet Clove The Garlic based in Phoenix Make-A-Wish. Systematic Evidence Reviews & Clinical Practice Guidelines; Resources; Continuing Heart & Vascular Diseases High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy; Public. The kidneys produce a substance that helps with the creation of new red blood cells. and liver function for the pregnant woman. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are Factors That Affect Blood Pressure Quizlet Clove The Garlic severe or do not go away: muscle weakness. The Merck Manual states 1600 calories per day are needed for young children and sedentary women; 2000 for active adult You forgot one big one. Fat is also necessary to maintain a healthy system. Being 95 years old Iyengar continued to practice yoga performed complicated asanas willingly shared his Iyengar method is not only a lesson with the use of materials not only simplified and static poses it is nervous and the most important the ain: improving blood vessels reducing the risk of The USPSTF found good how to cook shrimp with garlic and butter squalene fish oil evidence that screening and treatment for high blood pressure causes few major harms. The amount of a protein called albumin in your childs urine. After reading a few books I reduced the salt and increased the potassium. Hypoxia is the main contributor to high-altitude illness. Severely low blood pressure can damage your heart and ain. 11 Early Signs of Pregnancy. A healthy lifestyle can help you lower high blood pressure and Official Partner of the LIVE STRONG Foundation Track; Workouts; Progress; Community; Hot Topics Plain regular or Greek yogurt can thicken smoothies and help you reach your daily recommended diagnosis or treatment Continue reading >>

Diet, Nutrition And Disease Prevention

Diet, Nutrition And Disease Prevention

Building materials and the energy required for life Structural, metabolic, and regulatory functions Most water-soluble vitamins and trace elements Precursors of coenzymes or cofactors for enzymes Bind to specific receptors and activate specific sets of genes to regulate cell growth and cell differentiation -Nutrient intake level sufficient enough to meet the need of 97-98% of the individuals in a life-stage and gender group -Calculated from the EAR (set at two standard deviations from above the EAR) -Required for the maintenance of normal mucous membrane and normal vision function -Source: liver, egg yolk, whole milk, dark green vegetables, fruits Makes Reitonal (retinyl phosphate--> glycoprotein synthesis)--> Retinal (visual cycle)--> Retinoic acid (binds to RAR to activate specific set of genes to regulate cell growth and differentiation -Functions: 1 alpha, 25-Dihydroxycalciferol promotes intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphorous and influences bone mineralization; affects cells differentiation -Association with diseases: Vitamin D deficiency associated with osteoporosis as well as cancer of the colon and other sites -DRI (AI): 15 mcg (600 IU); age >70: 20 mcg/d -Sources: sunlight, fatty fish, fish oil, eggs, butter, milk (fortified) -Composed of group of isomers "a, b, g, d" -Sources: Vegetable oils (soybean or corn) (tocopherols) -Alpha-tocopherol is the major form found in blood and tissues "classical Vitamin E" -Major antioxidant nutrients, preventing cell membrane from oxidative damage -Pure alpha-tocopherol fails to show the protective effects on cardiovascular disease or cancer in humans -G-tocopherol has anti-inflammatory activity through Cox enzyme inhibition--> maybe an effective agent for inhibition against cancer -Deficiencies cause diseases (beri Continue reading >>

Nfsc 303 Exam 2 Flashcards | Quizlet

Nfsc 303 Exam 2 Flashcards | Quizlet

An extra sugary drink per day increases a child's risk of obesity by: Type I diabetes accounts for >90% of all cases. Physical activity is of primary importance in the treatment of diabetes. Why? The symptoms of Type II diabetes are easily recognizable so diagnosis is generally made quickly. The primary factor contributing to the complications of diabetes is: Drinking soda instead of milk or water doubles the risk of_______________ in children. Which type of diabetes is related to unhealthy lifestyle? People with diabetes are advised to watch their saturated fat intake. Why? People with diabetes are predisposed to heart disease as well. About half of men with diabetes will experience which problem? One or two sugary drinks per day increases the risk of type 2 diabetes by about: Type I diabetes is mostly a disease of lifestyle and can be prevented. Which of the following statements is TRUE, in regards to diabetes? In many individuals, Type II diabetes can be prevented, and in some people reversed. The Glut 4 transporters are not being signaled effectively by the insulin in the blood Which of the following foods would most likely contain high amounts of both cholesterol and saturated fat? Which of the following dietary modifications would you make if you wanted to reduce your LDL's? Increase your consumption of polyunsaturated fats. Increase your consumption of monounsaturated fats. How does the energy content (kcal/g) of fat compare to the energy content of alcohol? Fat has a higher energy content than alcohol Which of the following foods would you reduce in your diet if you were concerned about high LDL? Which of the following foods would, most likely, be high in saturated fat? Which of the following foods would you choose if you wanted to increase your consumption of Continue reading >>

Nur 130 Exam 5 Flashcards | Quizlet

Nur 130 Exam 5 Flashcards | Quizlet

Slow-healing sores or frequent infections. Type 2 diabetes develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin. Exactly why this happens is unknown, although genetics and environmental factors, such as excess weight and inactivity, seem to be contributing factors. Weight. Being overweight is a primary risk factor for type 2 diabetes. The more fatty tissue you have, the more resistant your cells become to insulin. However, you don't have to be overweight to develop type 2 diabetes. Fat distribution. If your body stores fat primarily in your abdomen, your risk of type 2 diabetes is greater than if your body stores fat elsewhere, such as your hips and thighs. Inactivity. The less active you are, the greater your risk of type 2 diabetes. Physical activity helps you control your weight, uses up glucose as energy and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin. Family history. The risk of type 2 diabetes increases if your parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes. Race. Although it's unclear why, people of certain races including blacks, Hispanics, American Indians and Asian-Americans are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than whites are. Age. The risk of type 2 diabetes increases as you get older, especially after age 45. That's probably because people tend to exercise less, lose muscle mass and gain weight as they age. But type 2 diabetes is also increasing dramatically among children, adolescents and younger adults. Prediabetes. Prediabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. Left untreated, prediabetes often progresses to type 2 diabetes. Gestational diabetes. If you developed gestational diabetes when you were pregnant, your risk of dev Continue reading >>

Suer Size Me Flashcards | Quizlet

Suer Size Me Flashcards | Quizlet

1. List four different categories of foods that are "convenience foods" 1. Four different categories of "convenience foods" are: Fast Food, Soft Drinks, Snack Foods, and TV Dinners (already prepared foods that we can buy in a store). 2. What is a common definition of obesity? Give your answer in terms of the percentage of a person's weight that is comprised of fat. 2. Obesity is determined by the percent body fat, a person is considered obese when 20% of their body weight is made up of fat. 3. List the three most important causes of preventable death in the U.S. for the entire population. Then list the three most important causes of preventable death amoung teenagers. 3. Three most important causes of preventable death in the U.S. for the entire population include: The three most important causes of preventable death among teenagers are: 4. In terms of BMI what is a healthy weight, overweight, and obese? 4. In terms of BMI a healthy weight is 18.5-25; overweight is 25-30 and obese is anything above 30. 5. State the formula for BMI and describe what it measures in words. Then weigh yourself and calculate your own BMI. 5. The formula for BMI is calculated by weight (pounds) x 703/height (inches). BMI determines your body mass index which correlates to your body fat as it measures your weight to your height. I calculated my own BMI as 23.7 which is a healthy BMI. 6. Name ten serious diseases that obese people get more often then people with a healthy weight. 6. Ten serious diseases that obese people get more often than people with a healthy weight include: 7. Why are people in the U.S. getting fatter? Mr. Spulock told us. 7. Mr. Spurlock told us in his movie that in the U.S. people eat a lot of fast food which will pickle our livers and clog our arteries, and will make us Continue reading >>

Quizzam #2 ~ Chapter 4 & 6

Quizzam #2 ~ Chapter 4 & 6

What percentage of carbohydrates should an adult or child consume in their total calorie intake diet? 45 to 65% of their total calorie intake as carbohydrates should be consumed. What percentage of added sugars does the Dietary Guidelines suggest to consume in a person's typical 2,000 calorie diet? What are the new recommendations of added sugar intake from the Heart Association? No more than 6 teaspoons daily for women and 9 teaspoons daily for men. What are two categories of simple sugars? What are the names of the 6 sugars that make up the simple carbohydrates? Glucose, Fructose, Galactose, (mono) Sucrose, Maltose, Lactose (di) What health risks are associated with consuming refined and added sugars? Potential to increase stroke, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, body fat, liver disease, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol levels, gout, menarche No. Manufacturers use many different types of sweeteners in foods such as corn syrup, dextrose, honey some of which don't really sound like sugar. Added sugars can be found in 74% of packaged foods. There are at least 61 names for hidden added sugars in foods Americans are eating less sugar than before. No. We are up to about 156 pounds per person per year of available sugar (50 teaspoons). The number just keeps going up! The average American is actually consuming about 22 to 30 teaspoons a day or about 66 pounds of added sugar a year. Eh. It is true that your body needs glucose but you can get it from eating complex carbohydrates so you don't need to actually eat sugar. Glucose is the energy of life. High fructose corn syrup is not different then sugar. Essentially yes. Both sugar and corn syrup are both composed of glucose and fructose. It is the fructose that seems to create the problem. Since they both contain it, they bo Continue reading >>

More in diabetes