diabetestalk.net

Numbers For Diabetes

9 Diabetes Numbers You Need To Know

9 Diabetes Numbers You Need To Know

Diabetes is a serious condition that requires careful monitoring for good control. People with diabetes have excess sugar in their blood. This can happen because the pancreas does not produce insulin (type 1 diabetes) or because the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin for the bodys needs (type 2 diabetes). Insulin is a hormone that helps move sugar from the blood into cells where it is used as fuel. If you have diabetes, knowing your key numbers can help you manage your disease to keep your blood sugar at an appropriate level and protect your health from other serious conditions. You can test your blood sugar at home or on the go using a finger-stick test. A blood glucose meter will test a drop of blood so you immediately know how high or low your blood sugar is. If you have diabetes, your doctor will tell you how often to test your sugar and what your target numbers should be. For most people with diabetes the goal is 80-130 mg/dl before eating, or less than 180 mg/dl one to two hours after the beginning of a meal.(3) This number is very important for people with diabetes because it is the average of your blood sugar over two to three months. When you test your blood sugar using a glucose meter, you get the reading for that moment. If you recently ate, your sugar may be higher than normal. If you just finished exercising, it could be unusually low. According to WebMD, the A1C test, which is processed by a laboratory, is the best way to know whether or not your sugar is well controlled.(2) The American Diabetes Association states that the goal A1C number for adults with diabetes is 7 percent or lower. (3) Taking care of your diabetes is part of a bigger health plan that includes taking care of your heart. According to Everyday Health, people with diabetes are at hig Continue reading >>

Diabetes: Know Your Blood Sugar Numbers

Diabetes: Know Your Blood Sugar Numbers

To control your diabetes, you must know your blood sugar numbers. Testing your blood sugar is the only way to know whether your blood sugar is too high, too low, or just right. 1. The hemoglobin A1c test (pronounced he-me-glo-bin A-one-C) measures your blood sugar control over the last 3 months. It is the best way to know if your blood sugar is under control. 2. A finger-stick test you do yourself using a blood glucose meter measures your blood sugar at the time you test. You need both tests to get a complete picture of your blood sugar control. The hemoglobin A1c test is a simple lab test that shows the average amount of sugar that has been in your blood over the last 3 months. Your health care provider does the test by taking a small sample of your blood and sending it to a lab. The hemoglobin A1c test shows if your blood sugar is close to normal or too high. It is the best test for your health care provider to tell if your blood sugar is under control. A finger-stick test is a simple test you can do using a blood glucose meter to check changes in your own blood sugar. The finger-stick test tells you what your blood sugar is at the time you test. Finger-stick testing using a blood glucose meter helps you see how food, physical activity, and diabetes medicine affect your blood sugar. The readings you get from these tests can help you manage your diabetes day by day or even hour by hour. Keep a record of your test results and review it with your health care provider. Ideal goals for most people with diabetes when finger-stick testing using a blood glucose meter are: Your blood sugar goals may be different from these ideal goals. Ask your health care provider what goals are best for you. Continue reading >>

Diagnosis

Diagnosis

Print Symptoms of type 1 diabetes often appear suddenly and are often the reason for checking blood sugar levels. Because symptoms of other types of diabetes and prediabetes come on more gradually or may not be evident, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) has recommended screening guidelines. The ADA recommends that the following people be screened for diabetes: Anyone with a body mass index higher than 25, regardless of age, who has additional risk factors, such as high blood pressure, a sedentary lifestyle, a history of polycystic ovary syndrome, having delivered a baby who weighed more than 9 pounds, a history of diabetes in pregnancy, high cholesterol levels, a history of heart disease, and having a close relative with diabetes. Anyone older than age 45 is advised to receive an initial blood sugar screening, and then, if the results are normal, to be screened every three years thereafter. Tests for type 1 and type 2 diabetes and prediabetes Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. This blood test indicates your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. It measures the percentage of blood sugar attached to hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells. The higher your blood sugar levels, the more hemoglobin you'll have with sugar attached. An A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher on two separate tests indicates that you have diabetes. An A1C between 5.7 and 6.4 percent indicates prediabetes. Below 5.7 is considered normal. If the A1C test results aren't consistent, the test isn't available, or if you have certain conditions that can make the A1C test inaccurate — such as if you're pregnant or have an uncommon form of hemoglobin (known as a hemoglobin variant) — your doctor may use the following tests to diagnose diabetes: Random blood sugar Continue reading >>

What Is A Normal Blood Sugar Level?

What Is A Normal Blood Sugar Level?

The aim of diabetes treatment is to bring blood sugar (“glucose”) as close to normal as possible. What is a normal blood sugar level? And how can you achieve normal blood sugar? First, what is the difference between “sugar” and “glucose”? Sugar is the general name for sweet carbohydrates that dissolve in water. “Carbohydrate” means a food made only of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen. There are various different kinds of sugars. The one our body uses most is called “glucose.” Other sugars we eat, like fructose from fruit or lactose from milk, are converted into glucose in our bodies. Then we can use them for energy. Our bodies also break down starches, which are sugars stuck together, into glucose. When people talk about “blood sugar,” they mean “blood glucose.” The two terms mean the same thing. In the U.S., blood sugar is normally measured in milligrams of glucose per deciliter of blood (mg/dl). A milligram is very little, about 0.00018 of a teaspoon. A deciliter is about 3 1/3 ounces. In Canada and the United Kingdom, blood sugar is reported in millimoles/liter (mmol/L). You can convert Canadian or British glucose levels to American numbers if you multiply them by 18. This is useful to know if you’re reading comments or studies from England or Canada. If someone reports that their fasting blood glucose was 7, you can multiply that by 18 and get their U.S. glucose level of 126 mg/dl. What are normal glucose numbers? They vary throughout the day. (Click here for a blood sugar chart.) For someone without diabetes, a fasting blood sugar on awakening should be under 100 mg/dl. Before-meal normal sugars are 70–99 mg/dl. “Postprandial” sugars taken two hours after meals should be less than 140 mg/dl. Those are the normal numbers for someone w Continue reading >>

What Numbers Are Correct | Diabetic Connect

What Numbers Are Correct | Diabetic Connect

I am new to diabetes, and I am confused about the glucose level numbers. I have noticed that my glucose in the AM fastings is in the 150's is this correct? or is there a scale I have to follow the doc I saw at my last appt. didn't explain anything to me and it's a little overwhelming not knowing if I am controlling my glucose or not. I need HELP!!!! Graylin Bee below has the numbers right. A1C below 7 (I would emphasize not lower than 6you end up with too many lows trying to hit that number). Blood Glucose between 80 and 180 is what I aim for (and this usually results in an A1C of mid 6's (6.7 last test). I would call that perfect controlhowever you accomplish it. For me, the best way to accomplish this is with a reltively low carb diet. The more carbs you eat, the more Humalog/Novalog you have to take to achieve those numbers. The more Humalog/Novalog/instant insulin you have to take, the higher the probability of guessing wrong and ending up super lowor as they say on Twitter IMHO. (I'd like to know the abbreviations Congressman Wiener originated:>) JOSLIN:A1C..<7.0Fasting90-130PP*<160 NON-D:A1C..4.0-6.0Fasting70-100PP**.70-140**Non-diabetic *ADA: "Post-prandial glucose measurements should be made 12 hours after the beginning of the meal, generally peak levels in patients with diabetes." ADA = American Diabetes Assn. Joslin = Joslin Diabetes Center AACE= American Association Of Clinical Endocrinologists Non-diabetic= ranges compiled from goals VERY HELPFUL TO ME I have been trying to get this chart but had been unsuccesful THANK YOU for the CHART!!! It may be worth it to you to do a search on the topic terms, A1c numbers, How low is low, blood sugar readings, and so on. We seems to have many discussing that topic of late, and there are lots of good information and ar Continue reading >>

Understanding Borderline Diabetes: Signs, Symptoms, And More

Understanding Borderline Diabetes: Signs, Symptoms, And More

Borderline diabetes, also called prediabetes, is a condition that develops before someone gets type 2 diabetes. It’s also known as impaired fasting glucose or glucose intolerance. It basically means your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but they’re not quite high enough to be considered diabetes. During the prediabetes phase, your pancreas usually still produces enough insulin in response to ingested carbohydrates. The insulin is less effective at removing the sugar from the bloodstream, though, so your blood sugar remains high. This condition is called insulin resistance. If you have prediabetes, you should know you’re not alone. In 2015, it was estimated that 84.1 million people age 18 and older had the condition. That’s 1 in 3 Americans. Having prediabetes doesn’t mean you’ll definitely develop diabetes. It is a warning of what could lie ahead, however. People with prediabetes have a 5 to 15-fold higher risk for type 2 diabetes than someone with normal blood sugar levels. Those chances increase if you don’t make any healthy changes to your diet or activity habits. “Prediabetes is not pre-problem,” says Jill Weisenberger, MS, RD, CDE, and author of “Diabetes Weight Loss Week by Week.” Someone with insulin resistance in its early stages can develop type 2 diabetes if it continues long enough. Only 10 percent of people with prediabetes even know they have it because they don’t display any symptoms. “Often, people consider these symptoms part of their normal day, so they’re ignored,” says Toby Smithson, RDN, CDE, a spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and co-author of “Diabetes Meal Planning and Nutrition for Dummies.” Any of these risk factors can increase your chances of developing prediabetes: being inacti Continue reading >>

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

Print Diagnosis To diagnose type 2 diabetes, you'll be given a: Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. This blood test indicates your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. It measures the percentage of blood sugar attached to hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells. The higher your blood sugar levels, the more hemoglobin you'll have with sugar attached. An A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher on two separate tests indicates you have diabetes. A result between 5.7 and 6.4 percent is considered prediabetes, which indicates a high risk of developing diabetes. Normal levels are below 5.7 percent. If the A1C test isn't available, or if you have certain conditions — such as if you're pregnant or have an uncommon form of hemoglobin (known as a hemoglobin variant) — that can make the A1C test inaccurate, your doctor may use the following tests to diagnose diabetes: Random blood sugar test. A blood sample will be taken at a random time. Blood sugar values are expressed in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or millimoles per liter (mmol/L). Regardless of when you last ate, a random blood sugar level of 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher suggests diabetes, especially when coupled with any of the signs and symptoms of diabetes, such as frequent urination and extreme thirst. Fasting blood sugar test. A blood sample will be taken after an overnight fast. A fasting blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is normal. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. If it's 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes. Oral glucose tolerance test. For this test, you fast overnight, and the fasting blood sugar level is measured. Then you drink a sugary liquid, and blood s Continue reading >>

Diabetes Control: Numbers To Know - Healthination

Diabetes Control: Numbers To Know - Healthination

Knowing These 6 Numbers Can Help Control Your Diabetes These are a clue your blood sugar and heart are healthy. You work hard to manage your diabetesyou eat well, stay active, and you take your medication. But if youre not staying up to date on certain key health metrics (from your A1C to your cholesterol levels to your BMI), youre missing out on a chance not only to better manage your diabetes in the long run, but also to reduce your risk of heart attack, stroke, or other diabetes-related complications. Here are the main numbers that you need to know for ultimate diabetes control. 1. Know your A1C. One of the most important tests that we do to assess your diabetes control is checking your A1C, says Sonal Chaudhry, MD, an endocrinologist at NYU Langone Health. A1C is a blood test that shows your average blood glucose level over the past three months; its different from the blood sugar checks you may do on a daily basis. Ideally, you want your A1C to be less than 7. If its 9 or above you probably need stronger medication, says Sandra Arvalo, RDN, CDE, a spokesperson for the American Association of Diabetes Educators. 2. Know your fasting blood sugar. Not every type 2 diabetic needs to test their blood sugar throughout the day, but if your doctor wants you to, hell likely want you to test your blood sugar first thing in the morning. This number should be less than 100 to 130. 3. Know your post-meal blood sugar. Another common time doctors may want you to assess your blood sugar is within a two-hour window of eating meals. This number shouldnt be more than 180 one to two hours after the start of a meal. 4. Know your blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force of your blood against the wall of your blood vessels. Its important for you to have normal blood pressure if you h Continue reading >>

8 Numbers You Need To Know For Diabetes

8 Numbers You Need To Know For Diabetes

How to Manage Diabetes With Numbers Diabetes self-management is a numbers game. But it's not just about your blood sugar. There are at least eight different numbers you should be familiar with to lower your risk for complications from diabetes symptoms. "Diabetes self-management is absolutely essential," says Enrico Cagliero, MD, an associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and an associate physician at the Massachusetts General Hospital Diabetes Center. "Although managing these numbers may not improve diabetes symptoms, it can help decrease the risk of serious complications such as blindness or kidney failure down the road." Continue reading >>

Analyzing Your Numbers: When Is It Diabetes?

Analyzing Your Numbers: When Is It Diabetes?

Know the Numbers According to the American Diabetes Association's Standards of Medical Care, these numbers should be used to diagnose pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes. The ADA suggests everyone over age 45 be checked every three years -- especially if your body mass index (BMI) is over 25. People with a family history of diabetes should be tested at a younger age and more frequently. Normal Fasting glucose level: Less than 100 mg/dl Two hours after eating: Less than 140 mg/dl Pre-Diabetes Fasting glucose level: Equal to or greater than 100 mg/dl and less than 126 mg/dl Two hours after eating: Equal to or greater than 140 mg/dl and less than 200 mg/dl Type 2 Diabetes Fasting glucose level: Equal to or greater than 126 mg/dl. A second test is required for confirmation. Two hours after eating: Equal to or greater than 200 mg/dl. A second test is required for confirmation. Aim for these Targets Maintaining recommended targets for the following risk factors may help you avoid heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Aim for the targets below, as recommended by the ADA in its CheckUp America program at checkupamerica.org. Weight: Body mass index between 19 and 25 Waist circumference: Less than 35 inches for women and 40 inches for men LDL (bad) cholesterol: Less than 100 mg/dl HDL (good) cholesterol: Greater than 60 mg/dl Total cholesterol: Less than 200 mg/dl Triglycerides: Less than 150 mg/dl Blood pressure: Less than 120/80 mmHg Blood glucose: Less than 100 mg/dl Smoking cigarettes: No safe level Physical activity: At least 30 minutes of moderate activity most days Determining Your BMI Body mass index (BMI) is a ratio of weight to height that's used to measure body fat. Use this formula to calculate your BMI or go to nhlbisupport.com/bmi/bmicalc.htm for a quick calculation. Then Continue reading >>

Know Your Blood Sugar Numbers: Use Them To Manage Your Diabetes

Know Your Blood Sugar Numbers: Use Them To Manage Your Diabetes

Checking your blood sugar, also called blood glucose, is an important part of diabetes care. This tip sheet tells you: why it helps you to know your blood sugar numbers how to check your blood sugar levels what are target blood sugar levels what to do if your levels are too low or too high how to pay for these tests Why do I need to know my blood sugar numbers? Your blood sugar numbers show how well your diabetes is managed. And managing your diabetes means that you have less chance of having serious health problems, such as kidney disease and vision loss. As you check your blood sugar, you can see what makes your numbers go up and down. For example, you may see that when you are stressed or eat certain foods, your numbers go up. And, you may see that when you take your medicine and are active, your numbers go down. This information lets you know what is working for you and what needs to change. How is blood sugar measured? There are two ways to measure blood sugar. Blood sugar checks that you do yourself. These tell you what your blood sugar level is at the time you test. The A1C (A-one-C) is a test done in a lab or at your provider’s office. This test tells you your average blood sugar level over the past 2 to 3 months. How do I check my blood sugar? You use a blood glucose meter to check your blood sugar. This device uses a small drop of blood from your finger to measure your blood sugar level. You can get the meter and supplies in a drug store or by mail. Read the directions that come with your meter to learn how to check your blood sugar. Your health care team also can show you how to use your meter. Write the date, time, and result of the test in your blood sugar record. Take your blood sugar record and meter to each visit and talk about your results with your h Continue reading >>

Which Diabetes Numbers To Watch

Which Diabetes Numbers To Watch

Know your numbers and know where you stand With diabetes, you’re asked to know a lot of numbers. Knowing your numbers will help you and your doctor see where you are with your blood sugar. A1c What Measures average blood sugar levels over the past 2-3 months When Usually done every 3-6 months Why Tracks how your diabetes is being controlled over time Goal <7% (for most non-pregnant adults); ask your doctor what your individual A1c goal should be FPG Fasting Plasma Glucose What Measures amount of sugar in the blood after an overnight fast When Usually in the morning before breakfast after not eating for at least 8 hours Why Lets you find out if you’re on target for your blood sugar goals Goal 80-130mg/dL for most adults; ask your doctor what your individual blood sugar level goal should be PPG Postprandial Blood Glucose What Measures blood sugar levels after eating When Test should be done 1-2 hours after beginning of the meal Why Important because adding a medication that reduces PPG may help lower your A1C Goal The ADA suggests a target goal of <180 mg/dL Be sure to check with your healthcare provider, because your target goals may be different from the guidelines above. Why Keep Testing These numbers are important because they let your healthcare team and you know how you’re doing, and what impact food, exercise, and your medications have on your blood sugar. Learn how to handle highs and lows. Continue reading >>

Diabetes By The Numbers

Diabetes By The Numbers

Diabetes kills more Americans each year than breast cancer and AIDS combined. In the next 24 hours, over 130 people will develop kidney failure because of diabetes. Thats nearly 50,000 friends, neighbors, co-workers or family members every year. Recent estimates project that as many as 1 in 3 American adults will have diabetes by 2050 unless we take steps to Stop Diabetes. Every 19 seconds, someone is diagnosed with diabetes. Thats more than 32,000 friends, neighbors, co-workers and family members in the next 7 days. 1 in 4 adults who has it doesnt know it. 1 in 3 adults is at risk of developing it. In the next 24 hours, over 130 people will develop kidney failure because of diabetes. That's nearly 50,000 friends, neighbors, co-workers or family members every year. In the next 24 hours, 4,660 new cases of diabetes will be diagnosed. Thats more than 3 friends, neighbors, co-workers or family members every minute of every day. Stop Diabetes is the Association's movement to end the devastating toll that diabetes takes on the lives of millions of individuals and families across our nation. Join the Millions in the Movement. Together we can Stop Diabetes. Continue reading >>

The Numbers: Diabetes Forecast

The Numbers: Diabetes Forecast

By Craig Williams, PharmD, Associate Editor Anyone managing diabetes has heard about the importance of keeping track of "the numbers." These numbers are some key markers to help people with diabetes reduce their risk for complications from the disease. Most notably, they are LDL ("bad") cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood sugar. For most patients with diabetes, the goals are less than 100 mg/dl for LDL cholesterol, less than 130/80 mmHg for blood pressure, and less than 7 percent for A1C , which is a measure of average blood glucose over the past two to three months. For many people, though, the numbers can become a source of stress. For one thing, no one wants to be thought of as just a set of numbers. But beyond that, people's reactions to these goals vary. Some people embrace the numbers and accept them as a personal challenge to achieve their goals. Others are ambivalent and put them on the back burner. Still others seem to become a little afraid of their numbers, partly fearing that they will be judged for not meeting desired targets. This can lead to deciding, "I'd rather just not know." And that can lead to the most dangerous number of allthe one that is unmeasured and unknown. Well, for readers with diabetes and those of us who help take care of people with diabetes, let's briefly revisit the numbers and how to think about them in the context of helping people manage their diabetes. New guidelines for blood glucose control in type 2 and an upcoming guideline on the comprehensive care of type 1 from the American Diabetes Association stress a patient-centered approach. The idea of more patient-centered care is absolutely the correct approach to managing diabetes. People come to providers at many different stages of readiness and willingness to work on differen Continue reading >>

Know Your Diabetes Health Numbers

Know Your Diabetes Health Numbers

Tweet Monitoring your weight and knowing how much you should weigh is just one of many diabetes health numbers you need to know. In order to maintain good health, every diabetic should know a number of different figures relating to their bodies. These include height, weight, blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Type 2 diabetes is associated with being overweight and obese, and maintaining a healthy weight allows easier control of diabetes. The following health numbers also affect your cardiovascular health. Print out, fill in and cut out the following table: Essential numbers for diabetic health HbA1c (%) Ave. Blood Glucose (mmol/L) Age ___ years Height ___ metres/ft Weight ___ kg/stone Waist ___ inches/cm Blood pressure ___ mm/Hg Blood glucose ___ mmol/L Blood cholesterol ___ mmol/L Are there other essential numbers I need to remember for diabetic health? Yes, but the numbers above can help in a variety of diagnostics. They could indicate to you a danger of heart attack or stroke. Read about Diabetes Health Guidelines Once your medical history, gender and health history are understood, a clearer diagnosis can be reached. I can’t fill in the form above. Why do I need to do it? Most people will be able to determine their age, height and weight, but this does not make these numbers any less important. These figures are essential to calculate your body mass index. Why do I need to know my waist circumference? Your waist shows how much abdominal fat you have, and increased girth can signify an increased risk of cardiovascular disease or diabetes. Weight gain can also be a sign of ‘insulin resistance.’ You should measure around your relaxed stomach at belly button level. Men who have a waist circumference of 94-102cm face a 1.5-2 times greater risk of suffering from Continue reading >>

More in diabetes