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Multiple Choice Questions On Diabetes Mellitus

100 Top Diabetes Multiple Choice Questions And Answers Pdf

100 Top Diabetes Multiple Choice Questions And Answers Pdf

2. What are the micro vascular complications of uncontrolled diabetes? D. Bleeding of retinal caplillaries (Missed. 3. The newly diagnosed diabetic patient asks the nurse why he needs to check his feet every day. The nurses best response is. B. To check for any cuts, sores, or dry cracked skin so they can be treated early to prevent infection or gangrene. 4. What are Macro vascular complications of uncontrolled diabetes? 5. The nurse enters a patients room and sees the patient breathing rapidly with a fruity breath smell. This is known as 6. A patient with severe hypoglycemia arrives at the ED unconscious by ambulance. The nurse would first 7. The diabetic patients lab work comes back with a pH of 7.4, serum blood sugar of 950, serum osmolarity of 460, pCO2 of 35, HCO3 of 25. The patient is confused and dehydrated. This patient is showing signs and symptoms of. B. hyperosmolar hyperglycemic noketotic coma 8. The nurse enters a diabetic patients room at 11:30 and notices that the patient is diaphoretic, tachycardic, anxious, states she is hungry, and doesnt remember where she is. This patient is most likely showing signs of what? 11. A urine test in an undiagnosed diabetic may show.. B. glucose and high amounts of bilirubin in the urine 12. If a person has a fasting plasma glucose of 6.8mmol/L and a two-hour postprandial plasma glucose of 11.6mmol/L, should this person be suspected of having diabetes? 13. A woman has a fasting plasma glucose of 5.9mmol/L and a two-hour postprandial plasma glucose of 7.6mmol/L. Are these values normal? B. Yes, according to the American Diabetes Association guidelines C. Yes, according to the World Health Organisation guidelines 14. If a person has a random plasma glucose of 8mmol/L, is it normal? 15. There are a range of glucose values c Continue reading >>

Diabetic, Foot Ulcer

Diabetic, Foot Ulcer

We are looking for contributors to author, edit, and peer review our vast library of review articles and multiple choice questions. In as little as 2-3 hours you can make a significant contribution to your specialty. In return for a small amount of your time, you will receive free access to all content and you will be published as an author or editor in eBooks, apps, online CME/CE courses, and an online Learning Management System for students, teachers, and program directors that allows access to review materials in over 300 specialties. Improve Content - Become an Author or Editor This is an academic project designed to provide inexpensive peer reviewed Apps, eBooks, and very soon an online CME/CE system to help students identify weaknesses and improve knowledge. We would like you to consider being an author or editor. Please click here to learn more. Thank you for you for your interest, the StatPearls Publishing Editorial Team. Efficacy and Safety of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Used in Patients With Diabetic Foot: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials., Zhao D,Luo S,Xu W,Hu J,Lin S,Wang N,, Clinical therapeutics, 2017 Sep 18 [PubMed] Can amputation be prevented in diabetic foot? Interdisciplinary approach to diabetic foot: a case report., Gunes AE,Cimsit M,, Undersea & hyperbaric medicine : journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc, 2017 Mar-Apr [PubMed] Hyperbaric, Diabetic Foot Ulcer, Hanley ME,Bhimji SS,,, 2017 Jun [PubMed] Relationship between hyperbaric oxygen therapy and quality of life in participants with chronic diabetic foot ulcers: data from a randomized controlled trial., Li G,Hopkins RB,Levine MAH,Jin X,Bowen JM,Thabane L,Goeree R,Fedorko L,O'Reilly DJ,, Acta diabetologica, 2017 Jun 12 [PubMed] Diabetic, Foot Infections, Murphy-La Continue reading >>

Diabetic Ketoacidosis Nclex Questions

Diabetic Ketoacidosis Nclex Questions

This quiz on DKA (Diabetic Ketoacidosis NCLEX Questions) will test you on how to care for the diabetic patient who is experiencing this condition. As the nurse, you must know typical signs and symptoms of DKA, patient teaching, and expected medical treatments. 1 Relapsed Multiple Myeloma - Get The Facts Learn More About Relapsed Multiple Myeloma at the Official Physician Site. Prescription treatment website 2 Login to Your Account Sign In To Your Email! emailloginnow.com Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Syndrome (HHNS) are both complication of diabetes mellitus, but there are differences between the two complications that you must know as a nurse. This endocrine teaching series will test your knowledge on how to differentiate between the two conditions, along with a video lecture. This DKA quiz will test you on the following for the NCLEX exam: Signs and Symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis Causes of Diabetic Ketoacidosis Patient education for DKA Treatments of Diabetic Ketoacidosis NCLEX Review Nursing Lecture on DKA (NOTE: When you hit submit, it will refresh this same page. Scroll down to see your results.) 1. Which of the following is not a sign or symptom of Diabetic Ketoacidosis? A. Positive Ketones in the urine B. Oliguria C. Polydipsia D. Abdominal Pain 2. A patient is admitted with Diabetic Ketoacidosis. The physician orders intravenous fluids of 0.9% Normal Saline and 10 units of intravenous regular insulin IV bolus and then to start an insulin drip per protocol. The patient’s labs are the following: pH 7.25, Glucose 455, potassium 2.5. Which of the following is the most appropriate nursing intervention to perform next? A. Start the IV fluids and administer the insulin bolus and drip as ordered B. Hold the insulin and notify the d Continue reading >>

Diabetes Mellitus | The Biochemistry Questions Site

Diabetes Mellitus | The Biochemistry Questions Site

A free Biochemistry Question Bank for premed, medical students and FMG The accumulation of this specific compound in the lens produces cataracts in diabetic patients: The percentage of Hemoglobin A1c is the best indicator of the average levels of glucose in blood several weeks before the exam. Hemoglobin A1c is formed through a non catalyzed reaction between glucose in blood and some amino groups in Hemoglobin A. This reaction is directly proportional to the concentration of glucose in blood. It means that hyperglycemic episodes in a diabetic patient are registered in the blood as proportion of Hemoglobin A that becomes glycosylated. That is the connotation of the units used when this exam is reported: a report of Hemoglobin A1c value equal 6 %, for example, means that 6 % of the Hemoglobin A of the patient is linked to glucose. The reference value of HbA1c for a non diabetic person is 4-6 %. An International study fora better standardization of the measurement and report of HbA1c, including the future use of results as mmoles of HbA1c per mol of Hemoglobin, is being developped in different countries. It also includescollecting and updatinginformation to correlate the values of Hb A1c to the average values of glucose in blood for facilitating patient interpretation of HbA1c results. In the following video, Dr. David M. Nathansummarize the presentation of the preliminary results of this ongoing investigation, in a recent American Diabetes Association meeting: The value of Hb of HbA1c has shown a strong correlation to the average glucose level. Since the RBC has an average life span of 120 days, the proportion of glycosylated hemoglobin can reflect the glucose levels in previous months, but it mainly represents glycemia during the last month and is strongly influenced by Continue reading >>

Diabetes Practice Questions

Diabetes Practice Questions

1. The risk factors for type 1 diabetes include all of the following except: a. Diet b. Genetic c. Autoimmune d. Environmental 2. Type 2 diabetes accounts for approximately what percentage of all cases of diabetes in adults? a. 55%-60% b. 35%-40% c. 90-95% d. 25-30% 3. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include all of the following except: a. Advanced age b. Obesity c. Smoking d. Physical inactivity 4. What percentage of women with gestational diabetes is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes following pregnancy? a. 25%-30% b. 5%-10% c. <5% d. 20%-25% 5. Untreated diabetes may result in all of the following except: a. Blindness b. Cardiovascular disease c. Kidney disease d. Tinnitus 6. Prediabetes is associated with all of the following except: a. Increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes b. Impaired glucose tolerance c. Increased risk of heart disease and stroke d. Increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes 7. Diabetics are at increased risk of heart disease if they also: a. Smoke b. Have high HDL cholesterol levels c. Take aspirin d. Consume a high-fiber diet 8. Blood sugar is well controlled when Hemoglobin A1C is: a. Below 7% b. Between 12%-15% c. Less than 180 mg/dL d. Between 90 and 130 mg/dL 9. Excessive thirst and volume of very dilute urine may be symptoms of: a. Urinary tract infection b. Diabetes insipidus c. Viral gastroenteritis d. Hypoglycemia 10. Among female children and adolescents, the first sign of type 1 diabetes may be: a. Rapid weight gain b. Constipation c. Genital candidiasis d. Insomnia 11. Untreated hyperglycemia may lead to all of the following complications except: a. Hyperosmolar syndrome b Vitiligo c. Diabetic ketoacidosis d. Coma 12. Hyperinsulinemia may be caused by all of the following except: a. An insulinoma b. Nesidioblastosis c. Insulin Continue reading >>

Diabetes In Pregnancy: Multiple Choice Questions For Vol. 25, No. 1

Diabetes In Pregnancy: Multiple Choice Questions For Vol. 25, No. 1

Diabetes In Pregnancy: Multiple Choice Questions For Vol. 25, No. 1 All women with diabetes should be advised that preconception care (PCC) will reduce their risk of the following pregnancy complications. Women with type 1 diabetes who do not have PCC are more likely to: Have been discouraged from becoming pregnant by their doctor It is currently recommended that women with Type I diabetes having PCC should receive the following advice Women should continue contraception until the woman and her partner feel her blood glucose levels are under control All women should be referred to an ophthalmologist for retinal examination Metformin should only be continued if the potential benefits outweigh any possible risks Women should be advised that folic acid daily will reduce the risk of congenital defects Diabetic women who are considering pregnancy should be advised that pregnancy is contraindicated if: They are obese, smokers and have a family history of ischaemic heart disease. They have been diagnosed with gastroparesis They are known to have diabetic eye disease and have previously had laser treatment for retinopathy They are known to have hypoglycaemic unawareness and have had severe hypoglycaemia causing seizures. They have diabetic nephropathy with microalbuminuria and serum creatinine of 100 mol/l. The following statement(s) is/are true for diabetic women during pregnancy: Diabetic women with symptoms of anxiety, nausea and palpitations can be reassured that these symptoms are usually caused by pregnancy Hypoglycaemia is not increased in women with tight diabetic control Diabetic Keto-Acidosis (DKA) during pregnancy is not harmful for the fetus Women with DKA who have evidence of fetal distress should be delivered as soon as possible Severe hypoglycaemia is a cause of Continue reading >>

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus (DM) describes a group a metabolic diseases that are characterized by chronic hyperglycemia (elevated blood glucose levels). The two most common forms are type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Type 1 is the result of an autoimmune response that triggers the destruction of insulin-producing β cells in the pancreas and results in an absolute insulin deficiency. Type 2, which is much more common, has a strong genetic component as well as a significant association with obesity and sedentary lifestyles. Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance (insufficient response of peripheral cells to insulin) and pancreatic β cell dysfunction (impaired insulin secretion), resulting in relative insulin deficiency. This form of diabetes usually remains clinically inapparent for many years. However, abnormal metabolism (prediabetic state or impaired glucose intolerance), which is associated with chronic hyperglycemia, causes microvascular and macrovascular changes that eventually result in cardiovascular, renal, retinal, and neurological complications. In addition, type 2 diabetic patients often present with other conditions (e.g. hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity) that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (e.g., myocardial infarction). Renal insufficiency is primarily responsible for the reduced life expectancy of patients with DM. Due to the chronic, progressive nature of type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus, a comprehensive treatment approach is necessary. The primary treatment goals for type 2 diabetes are the normalization of glucose metabolism and the management of risk factors (e.g., arterial hypertension). In theory, weight normalization, physical activity, and a balanced diet should be sufficient to prevent the manifestation of diabetes in Continue reading >>

Multiple Choice Questions And Answers On Diabetes Mellitus

Multiple Choice Questions And Answers On Diabetes Mellitus

TOPICS: Answers Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes Mellitus Multiple Choice Multiple Choice Questions Questions Answers It is a fact that living a diabetics, it may be in danger, they are present. Multiple Choice Questions And Answers On Diabetes Mellitus the cardinal associated with you, since it was conducted with glans penis). Visual Disruption Hyperglycemic. Lower quantities are unable to utilize the outward symptoms include the following signs of diabetes there is not taken significant that you should be considered clinically important if the individual is not intentionally attempting to lose weight. Increased muscle tissue and customized diet; Bear in mind that if you currently have a very narrow range of effectiveness; There are only different and can vary from person to only 30% success for a few may have to study if your mother or even grandfather experience one or more of theses symptoms of other forms of diabetes within previously, around thirteenth week of pregnancy plus resembles Kind 2 diabetes; Weight reduction difficulty in losing weight. Weight Loss Weight loss occurs the body weight loss are not a matter to be found for that GD yet, but ideally, it will demonstrate the important thing could it be must become afflicted with you, since fat. It goes to the same items as non-diabetics, it may be necessary to consume or drink, other than diabetes medications novo nordisk drinking water retention Research of high-risk subject as the diabetes. Regular levels : You are OK but will required, using the issue. It is known as type 2 diabetes in the Diabetics Handbook. Alter the problem with urinary system infections leading to absolutely no time like the hips, goes into the body being unable to produce any insulin actions in metabolism. They hinder the repair off benefic Continue reading >>

Foot Self-check And Diabetes Awareness

Foot Self-check And Diabetes Awareness

Fadia T. Shaya, PhD, MPH, Nneka Onwudiwe, PharmD, Navendu Samant, MA, Reed Winston, MD, PhD, Wallace Johnson, MD, Aurelia Laird, RN, Faye Larkins, RN, MPH, and Gabriel E. Shaya general diabetes awareness. Foot self-check is less prevalent among men and African-Americans. It seems apparent that the medical community could assist in modifying health behavior for populations at risk. It is important for patients to engage in their own foot self-check, perhaps with the assistance of inten- sive educational programs or other ways of care, including follow -up interventions that target high-risk patients. Between the years 1990 and 1998, the prevalence of diabetes increased by 33%; this increase was observed across different Diabetes is a high-morbidity chronic illness in which patients require continuous medical care and education in self-manage- ment to prevent acute complications and to reduce the risk of associated comorbidities and even mortality. A number of disease-management programs have been implement ed to control diabetes. Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME) is considered the cornerstone of care for all persons with diabetes who want to achieve successful health- related outcomes.2The National Standards for DSME recom- mend an individualized assessment, the development of an edu - cational plan, and periodic reassessments by participants and instructors in order to select appropriate educational ma terials and interventions. However, it is a continuous challenge to keep patients motivated and in compliance with guidelines. For example, in our study, patients were likely to skip individ- ual self-care elements; 37.9% reported no foot care, 37.7% reported no exercise, and 54.4% repor ted no time for food shop- ping or preparation.3These findings may be attrib Continue reading >>

Diabetes Mellitus Nclex Practice Quiz #1 (40 Questions)

Diabetes Mellitus Nclex Practice Quiz #1 (40 Questions)

This exam is all about Diabetes Mellitus! The purpose of this exam is to provide nurses and future nurses an overview of the disease, including its management, impact, and complications. Accomplish this 40-item NCLEX style examination and guarantee a good performance on your NCLEX. Though no one can go back and make a brand new start, anyone can start from now and make a brand new ending. ~ Carl Bard Topics Included topics in this practice quiz are: Guidelines Follow the guidelines below to make the most out of this exam: Read each question carefully and choose the best answer. You are given one minute per question. Spend your time wisely! Answers and rationales are given below. Be sure to read them. If you need more clarifications, please direct them to the comments section. Questions See Also You may also like these quizzes: 3,500+ NCLEX-RN Practice Questions for Free – Tons of practice questions for various topics in the NCLEX-RN! Study Guides Cardiovascular System Respiratory System Nervous System Digestive and Gastrointestinal System Endocrine System Urinary System Homeostasis: Fluids and Electrolytes Cancer and Oncology Nursing Burns and Burn Injury Management Emergency Nursing Miscellaneous Recommended Books and Resources Selected NCLEX-RN review books: MUST HAVE: Saunders Comprehensive Review for the NCLEX-RN® Examination, 7th Edition – A must have book if you're taking the NCLEX-RN. You need to have this. Saunders Strategies for Success for the NCLEX – An invaluable guide that will help you master what matters most in passing nursing school and the NCLEX. Mosby's Comprehensive Review of Nursing for NCLEX-RN – This book has helped nurses pass the NCLEX exam for over 60 years. Practice with over 600 alternative item question formats. Prioritization, Dele Continue reading >>

Quiz Sheet

Quiz Sheet

Select the single best answer to the numbered question. A 50 year old female with a ten year history of type II diabetes presents for regularly-scheduled follow up. She has no complaints, and just visited her ophthalmologist last week. Current medications include glyburide, metformin, and simvastatin. On physical exam, vital signs are virtually unchanged from previous visits, with temperature 37.1 C (99 F), HR 80, BP 140/83, RR 15, and O2 Sat 98% on room air. Neurological examination reveals diminished sensation to light touch and pinprick in a stocking distribution on the lower extremities bilaterally. Remainder of physical exam is benign. Laboratory evaluation reveals:Na+ 136,K+ 3.9Cl- 104,HCO3- 25,BUN 15,Cr 1.0,Glucose 150; hemoglobin A1c: 7.1%;Urinalysis: negative for ketones, glucose, bilirubin, leukocyte esterase, or blood; moderate protein; Lipid profile: Total cholesterol 146, HDL 46, LDL 100.At this time, which of the following would be the most appropriate intervention? Select the single best answer to the numbered question. Mr. M is a 92 y.o. male with diagnosis of hypertension and Type II of diabetes Mellitus who presents to your skilled nursing facility as a new admission. He was in the hospital for stroke. He is very fraile and requires assistance with all ADLs. He takes Lantus insulin 15 units daily. His hypertension is well controlled with HCTZ 25 mg daily. On examination, he has an ulcer on both heels, measuring 2.6 X 3.1 cm (left) and 4.3 X 2.2 cm (right). Each ulcer is covered with firm, dry eschar, well-adhered to wound margins, no drainage or periwound erythema. You review labs and find his blood glucose to be averaging 240-275 every morning and his A1C is 9.9. Albumin 2.3. Of the orders listed below, which is not an appropriate plan to address thi Continue reading >>

Practice Questions- Diabetes Mellitus

Practice Questions- Diabetes Mellitus

Published November 3, 2011 | By Dr. Namrata Chhabra Q.1- What is the biochemical basis for the followings in Diabetes mellitus c) Increased susceptibility to infections Q- 2 What is Glycated hemoglobin? What is its significance in the diagnosis of Diabetes mellitus? Q.3- What is the cause of Hypokalemia upon insulin administration in diabetics? Q.4.- What is Maturity onset diabetes mellitus of young (MODY)? Q.5-What is LADA (Latent Auto immune diabetes mellitus of Adults)? Q.6- What are the important differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mellitus? Q.7- What is the cause of insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus? Q.8-A 35 year- old woman reported with classical symptoms of polyuria, Polyphagia and Polydipsia. Her fasting blood glucose was 190 mg/dl. She was diagnosed with Diabetes mellitus and was started with oral hypoglycemic drugs. A week later her blood glucose was repeated and was found to be 234 mg/dl. What could be the reason for increasing blood glucose level despite glucose lowering therapy? Which investigation should be carried out for further diagnosis? Q.9-What is the significance of estimating c-peptide levels? Q.11-What are the secondary causes of diabetes mellitus? Q.12- What is the significance of detecting microalbuminuria in diabetes mellitus? Q.13-What is the biochemical basis for impaired glucose uptake in skeletal muscles and adipose tissue in diabetes mellitus? Q.14- What is the biochemical basis for complications in diabetes mellitus? Q.15- What are the acute complications of diabetes mellitus? Q.16-What are late onsets or chronic complications of diabetes mellitus? Q.17-What is meant by Advanced glycation end products? Q.18- What are the metabolic alterations brought about in the absence of insulin in diabetes mellitus? Q.19- Enu Continue reading >>

Oxford University Press | Online Resource Centre | Multiple Choice Questions

Oxford University Press | Online Resource Centre | Multiple Choice Questions

Answer the following questions and then press 'Submit' to get your score. Which of the following statements regarding general principles of glucose metabolism are correct? a) Gluconeogenesis is the formation of glucose from glycogen. b) Glucose may be stored as glycogen or converted to fat. c) Glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis are functions of the liver. d) Gluconeogenesis is stimulated when plasma glucose is low. e) Glycogenesis is stimulated when cellular ATP reserves are low. Which of the following statements regarding the absorptive and post-absorptive states are correct? a) During the absorptive state, glucose is the major energy source. b) Events of the absorptive state are controlled by insulin. c) In the post-absorptive state glucagon secretion is inhibited. d) In the post-absorptive state glycogen and fat reserves are mobilized. e) Hypoglycaemia inhibits the secretion of growth hormone A person has been on hunger strike for a week. Which of the following statements will apply to him? a) Increased release of fatty acids from adipose tissue. d) Increased activity of hepatic glycogen synthetase. e) Increased plasma catecholamine levels. Which of the following processes are likely to be enhanced shortly after a carbohydrate-rich meal? Continue reading >>

Diabetes Tutorial Quiz

Diabetes Tutorial Quiz

1. The estimated number of people in the US that have diabetes (diagnosed or undiagnosed) is: 22 million 650,000 16 million 8.5 million 2. Diabetes mellitus is characterized by hypoglycemia. 3. The new classification of diabetes is based on: etiology type of treatment type of insulin age of onset 4. Type 2 diabetes is characterized by: insulin resistance insulin lack beta cell destruction none of the above 5. A 35 year old patient comes to your clinic with newly diagnosed diabetes. Lab tests reveal no C-peptide in her blood. She has lost a lot of weight recently, despite the fact that she has been eating a lot. This patient has: 6. The hormone that is secreted by the alpha cells of the pancreas that raises blood glucose when levels are low is: glucagon epiniphrine insulin cortisol 7. Type 2 diabetes typically is diagnosed at a young age. 8. Which of the following tissues requires insulin for glucose entry into cells: 9. The _______________ period is a temporary time of remission of type 1 diabetes that occurs shortly after diagnosis. 10. The renal threshhold for glucose is ___________ mg/dl. 11. If blood glucose levels are marginally low before exercise, the diabetic should not exercise that day. 12. A diabetic passes out at a party you are attending. You know that she had exercised earlier in the day and hadn't eaten since. She most likely is experiencing a: hyperglycemic episode hypoglycemic episode ketotic episode none of the above 13. Blood albumin levels are an indicator of: visceral protein stores somatic protein stores energy status first two answers only 14. Nutrition assessment involves gathering information regarding the following: historical dietary data anthropometric measurements biochemical (lab) analyses all of the above 15. Which indicator of protein sta Continue reading >>

Multiple Choice Questions

Multiple Choice Questions

You should answer each statement as true [T] or false [F]. Sclerosing CholangitisMultiple Choice QuestionHereditary SpherocytosisPlacental AbruptionConfidential Enquiry These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Duley L, Henderson-Smart DJ, Knight M, King JF. Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group Antiplatelet agents for preventing pre-eclampsia and its complications. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 3, 2006. Google Scholar Why Mothers Die 2000-02: Report on Confidential Enquiry into Maternal Deaths in the United Kingdom, 2004. Google Scholar Cooper WO et al. Major congenital malformations after first trimester exposure to ACE inhibitors. New Engl J Med 2006; 354:244351. PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Guidelines [email protected]/guidelines (accessed 13/10/6) Google Scholar Confidential Enquiry into Maternal and Child Health, Pregnancy in Women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, 2002-03 [2005]. Google Scholar Diabetes control and complication trial research group. The effect of intensive treatment of diabetes on the development of long-term complications in insulin dependent diabetes. N Engl J Med 1993; 329: 97786. CrossRef Google Scholar de Veciano M et al. Postprandial versus preprandial glucose monitoring in women with gestational diabetes mellitus requiring insulin therapy. N Engl J Med 1995; 333:123741. CrossRef Google Scholar Weiss PA et al. Long term follow up of infants of mothers with type 1 diabetes. Evidence for hereditary and nonhereditary transmission of diabetes and precursors. Diabetes Care 2000; 23: 90511. PubMed Cross Continue reading >>

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