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Metformin Hydrochloride Sustained Release Tablets Is Useful

Metformin Hydrochloride Extended Release

Metformin Hydrochloride Extended Release

About this medication Metformin Hydrochloride Extended Release is the name of the medication. It comes in the form of a tablet, and should be taken by mouth. It belongs to a class of medications called Biguanide. Why is this medication prescribed This medication is used to treat type-2 diabetes and pre-diabetes conditions. Normally, when you eat food, the body breaks down all of the sugars and starches into a sugar called glucose. This is the basic fuel for the cells in the body. The body needs Insulin to be able to use this sugar for energy. Insulin takes the sugar from the blood into the cells. In type 2 diabetes, either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. This causes glucose to build up in the blood instead of going into cells. It can lead to serious diabetes complications. How does it work Metformin Hydrochloride belongs to a group of medications called Biguanides. They work by decreasing the amount of sugar produced by the liver and increasing the amount of sugar absorbed by muscle cells. As a result you get more sugar in the cells and less is in the blood. How to use it This medication comes as a tablet. You should put it in your mouth and swallow it with a glass of water. Do not chew, break or crush it. Swallow it whole. What to do if you are pregnant Tell your physician if you become pregnant. There are not enough studies about this medication in pregnant women. Use the medication during pregnancy only if clearly needed. Continue reading >>

Metformin

Metformin

Tweet Metformin is an oral antidiabetic drug for the treatment of diabetes. Created by Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Metformin is approved in the US and the UK as a treatment for type 2 diabetes. Click here to read our Diabetes and Metformin FAQs including information on lactic acidosis. Other Names for Metformin Metformin is sold both under brand names, and also as a generic drug. Common brand names include: Glucophage Riomet Fortamet Glumetza Obimet Dianben Diabex Diaformin Metformin Treatment Metformin contains the active ingredient metformin hydrochloride (or metformin hcl). Metformin is available both in combination with other drugs, or as a single treatment (a monotherapy). Metformin was approved in 1994 (in the USA) and is prescribed as: 500mg tablets 850mg tablets 500mg modified-release tablets 750mg modified-release tablets 1g modified-release tablets 1g oral powder sachets sugar free 500mg oral powder sachets sugar free 500mg/5ml oral solution sugar free Metformin SR Metformin is also available as metformin SR, a slow release or modified release form of the medication. Modified release versions of metformin may be prescribed for people experiencing significant gastro-intestinal intolerance as a result of standard metformin. Type 2 drug Metformin is a type 2 diabetic drug, and helps diabetics to respond normally to insulin. Like most diabetic drugs, the ultimate goals of Metformin are to lower blood sugar to a normal level and maintain this level. Metformin can be used in conjunction with other diabetic drugs, and diabetics should also use diet and exercise to help control their condition. How Metformin Works Metformin helps the body to control blood sugar in several ways. The drug helps type 2 diabetics respond better to their own insulin, lower the amount of Continue reading >>

Preparation And In-vitro Evaluation Of Metformin Hcl Tablets Containingsustained Release Beads For Increasing Therapeutic Window

Preparation And In-vitro Evaluation Of Metformin Hcl Tablets Containingsustained Release Beads For Increasing Therapeutic Window

Received Date: April 16, 2014; Accepted Date: May 12, 2014; Published Date: May 18, 2014 Citation: Damodar R, Movva B (2014) Preparation and In-vitro Evaluation of Metformin HCl Tablets Containing Sustained Release Beads for Increasing Therapeutic Window. J Bioequiv Availab 6: 091-095. doi: 10.4172/jbb.10000187 Copyright: 2014 Damodar R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. The purpose of present investigation was to develop the dosage form containing metformin for both immediate and sustained release. The SR release tablets of metformin were not useful to control the fasting glucose levels whereas conventional metformin tablets cannot acts for prolonged time, But the tablets prepared by present method useful for control both fasting glucose levels and maintenance dose. Even though many combination therapies available in market as metformin for sustain release and other sulfonylureas for immediate release, The primary concern for considering metformin hydrochloride as monotherapy was its efficient activity, less cost and negligible cardiac risk factors. The immediate release dose was developed by direct compression method and sustained release beads were prepared by inotropic gelation method using sodium alginate and sodium CMC, CaCl2. The various batches of directly compressed tablets with different percentages of sustained release beads were prepared and evaluated for various physical properties and dissolution profile. Hardness (kg/cm2) of tablets was decreased and percentage loss in friability is increased as concentration of beads in tablet increased. All the pa Continue reading >>

Is Metformin Hydrochloride Sustained Release Tablets Is Useful For Losing Weight Purpose?

Is Metformin Hydrochloride Sustained Release Tablets Is Useful For Losing Weight Purpose?

Is Metformin hydrochloride sustained release tablets is useful for losing weight purpose? Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Best Answer: There is actually no strong evidence to prove that. Some who had used it said they lost weight, some said it has no effect, and others said they gained weight after using it. Looking at what metformin is: as a hyppoglycemic (sugar lowering) medicine, it stimulates production of insulin by the pancreas. As the result, carbs metabolism will be enhanced. In non-diabetic condition, the glucose metabolism will speed up thus no building up of stored energy to cause increase in weight. As the result, weight loss can be assumed. As one of the metformin side effects- the taste changes as metallic and that would possibly alter the appetite. So, decrease appetite can contribute to losing weight. However, those losing weight mechanisms could possibly have reverse actions too. Speeded metabolism can end up in increase in your cravings to eat more. The metallic change in the taste could no longer assume effects on your appetite once you got accustomed to it. So what is the conclusion now? In non-diabetic states, I believe metformin can be effective in conjunction with other weight lowering measures especially watching your diet and a regular exercise. In short, metformin can work as a "supplemental measure" with the rest of weight losing tricks. In diabetics, it applies the same. However, other conditions that affects a diabetic person in general are to be considered to determine if it is an effect of metformin or could possibly be due to other conditions affecting the health. Not to forget to mention that if you are non-diabetic wishing to take metformin, take into consideration the forseeable side effects of the drug. I found the book Continue reading >>

Metformin Hcl Er

Metformin Hcl Er

Uses Metformin is used with a proper diet and exercise program and possibly with other medications to control high blood sugar. It is used in patients with type 2 diabetes. Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke. Metformin works by helping to restore your body's proper response to the insulin you naturally produce. It also decreases the amount of sugar that your liver makes and that your stomach/intestines absorb. How to use Metformin HCL ER Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist before you start taking metformin and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist. Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor, usually once daily with the evening meal. Drink plenty of fluids while taking this medication unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Do not crush or chew this medication. Doing so can release all of the drug at once, increasing the risk of side effects. Also, do not split the tablets unless they have a score line and your doctor or pharmacist tells you to do so. Swallow the whole or split tablet without crushing or chewing. The dosage is based on your medical condition, response to treatment, and other medications you may be taking. Be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products). To reduce your risk of side effects (such as upset stomach), your doctor may direct you to start this medication at a low dose and gradually increase your dose. Follow your doctor's instructions carefully. Take this medication regula Continue reading >>

Metformin Overview

Metformin Overview

Metformin is a prescription medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. Metformin belongs to a group of drugs called biguanides, which work by helping your body respond better to the insulin it makes naturally, decreasing the amount of sugar your liver makes, and decreasing the amount of sugar your intestines absorb. This medication comes in tablet, extended-release tablet, and liquid forms. It is taken up to 3 times daily, depending on which form you are taking. Swallow extended-release tablets whole. Common side effects of metformin include diarrhea, nausea, and upset stomach. Metformin is a prescription medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information. Metformin may be found in some form under the following brand names: Serious side effects have been reported including: Lactic Acidosis. In rare cases, metformin can cause a serious side effect called lactic acidosis. This is caused by a buildup of lactic acid in your blood. This build-up can cause serious damage. Lactic acidosis caused by metformin is rare and has occurred mostly in people whose kidneys were not working normally. Lactic acidosis has been reported in about one in 33,000 patients taking metformin over the course of a year. Although rare, if lactic acidosis does occur, it can be fatal in up to half the people who develop it. It is also important for your liver to be working normally when you take metformin. Your liver helps remove lactic acid from your blood. Make sure you tell your doctor before you use metformin if you have kidney or liver problems. You should also stop using metformin and call your doctor right away if you have signs of lactic acidosis. Lactic acidosis is a medical emergency that must be treate Continue reading >>

A Ci= Confidence Interval B Extended-release Metformin Was Clinically Similar To Immediate-release Metformin Based On The Pre-defined

A Ci= Confidence Interval B Extended-release Metformin Was Clinically Similar To Immediate-release Metformin Based On The Pre-defined

Page 1 of 22 Metformin Hydrochloride Extended-Release Tablets 500 mg and 1000 mg Rx only DESCRIPTION Metformin hydrochloride extended-release tablets contain an oral antihyperglycemic drug used in the management of type 2 diabetes. Metformin hydrochloride (N, N- dimethylimidodicarbonimidic diamide hydrochloride) is a member of the biguanide class of oral antihyperglycemics and is not chemically or pharmacologically related to any other class of oral antihyperglycemic agents. The empirical formula of metformin hydrochloride is C4H11N5•HCl and its molecular weight is 165.63. Its structural formula is: Metformin hydrochloride is a white to off-white crystalline powder that is freely soluble in water and is practically insoluble in acetone, ether, and chloroform. The pKa of metformin is 12.4. The pH of a 1% aqueous solution of metformin hydrochloride is 6.68. Metformin hydrochloride extended-release tablets are designed for once-a-day oral administration and deliver 500 mg or 1000 mg of metformin hydrochloride. In addition to the active ingredient metformin hydrochloride, each tablet contains the following inactive ingredients: ammonio methacrylate copolymer type A, ammonio methacrylate copolymer type B, colloidal silicone dioxide, crospovidone, dibutyl sebacate, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose and povidone. USP dissolution test for metformin hydrochloride extended-release tablet is pending. SYSTEM COMPONENTS AND PERFORMANCE Metformin hydrochloride extended-release tablet is designed for once-a-day oral administration using the swellable matrix coated with a permeable membrane technology. The tablet is similar in appearance to other film-coated oral administered tablets but it consists of a swellable active core formulation that is coated Continue reading >>

Study On Sustained-release Metformin Hydrochloride From Matrix Tablet: Influence Of Hydrophilic Polymers And In Vitro Evaluation

Study On Sustained-release Metformin Hydrochloride From Matrix Tablet: Influence Of Hydrophilic Polymers And In Vitro Evaluation

Study on sustained-release metformin hydrochloride from matrix tablet: Influence of hydrophilic polymers and in vitro evaluation Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Smt. Kishoritai Bhoyar College of Pharmacy, Kamptee, Nagpur, India 1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, R.T.M. Nagpur University, Amravati Road, Nagpur, India Address for correspondence: Dr. Kamlesh J. Wadher, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Smt. Kishoritai Bhoyar College of Pharmacy, Kamptee, Nagpur - 441 002, India. E-mail: [email protected] Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer Copyright : International Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. The overall objective of the present work was to develop an oral sustained-release (SR) metformin tablet prepared by the direct compression method, using hydrophilic hydroxylpropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) and Guar gum polymer alone and in combination at different concentrations. Metformin hydrochloride (HCl), a biguanide, has a relatively short plasma half-life and low absolute bioavailability. All the batches were evaluated for thickness, weight variation, hardness and drug content uniformity and in vitro drug release. Mean dissolution time is used to characterize the drug release rate from a dosage form, and indicates the drug release-retarding efficiency of the polymer. The hydrophilic matrix of HPMC alone could not control the Metformin release effectively for 12 h whereas when combined with Guar gum, it coul Continue reading >>

Glucophage Sr 500mg, 750mg And 1000mg Prolonged Release Tablets

Glucophage Sr 500mg, 750mg And 1000mg Prolonged Release Tablets

Glucophage SR 500mg, 750mg and 1000mg prolonged release tablets This information is intended for use by health professionals Glucophage SR 500 mg prolonged release tablets Glucophage SR 750 mg prolonged release tablets Glucophage SR 1000 mg prolonged release tablets 2. Qualitative and quantitative composition 500 mg: One prolonged release tablet contains 500mg metformin hydrochloride corresponding to 390 mg metformin base. 750 mg: One prolonged release tablet contains 750 mg metformin hydrochloride corresponding to 585 mg metformin base. 1000 mg: One prolonged release tablet contains 1000 mg metformin hydrochloride corresponding to 780 mg metformin base. For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1. 500 mg: White to off-white, round, biconvex tablet, debossed on one side with '500'. 750 mg: White capsule-shaped, biconvex tablet, debossed on one side with '750' and on the other side with 'Merck'. 1000 mg: White to off-white capsule-shaped, biconvex tablet, debossed on one side with '1000' and on the other side with 'MERCK'. Reduction in the risk or delay of the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adult, overweight patients with IGT* and/or IFG*, and/or increased HbA1C who are: - at high risk for developing overt type 2 diabetes mellitus (see section 5.1) and - still progressing towards type 2 diabetes mellitus despite implementation of intensive lifestyle change for 3 to 6 months Treatment with Glucophage SR must be based on a risk score incorporating appropriate measures of glycaemic control and including evidence of high cardiovascular risk (see section 5.1). Lifestyle modifications should be continued when metformin is initiated, unless the patient is unable to do so because of medical reasons. *IGT: Impaired Glucose Tolerance; IFG: Impaired Fasting Glucose Trea Continue reading >>

Formulation And Evaluation Of A Sustained-release Tablets Of Metformin Hydrochloride Using Hydrophilic Synthetic And Hydrophobic Natural Polymers

Formulation And Evaluation Of A Sustained-release Tablets Of Metformin Hydrochloride Using Hydrophilic Synthetic And Hydrophobic Natural Polymers

Formulation and Evaluation of a Sustained-Release Tablets of Metformin Hydrochloride Using Hydrophilic Synthetic and Hydrophobic Natural Polymers K. J. Wadher*, R. B. Kakde 1 and M. J. Umekar Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Smt. Kishoritai Bhoyar College of Pharmacy, Kamptee, Nagpur-441 002 1 University Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, R. T. M. Nagpur University Nagpur-440 010, India Indian J Pharm Sci, 2011, 73 (2): 208-215 Metformin hydrochloride has relatively short plasma half-life, low absolute bioavailability. The need for the administration two to three times a day when larger doses are required can decrease patient compliance. Sustained release formulation that would maintain plasma level for 8-12 h might be sufficient for daily dosing of metformin. Sustained release products are needed for metformin to prolong its duration of action and to improve patient compliances. The overall objective of this study was to develop an oral sustained release metformin hydrochloride tablet by using hydrophilic Eudragit RSPO alone or its combination with hydrophobic natural polymers Gum copal and gum damar as rate controlling factor. The tablets were prepared by wet granulation method. The in vitro dissolution study was carried out using USP 22 apparatus I, paddle method and the data was analysed using zero order, first order, Higuchi, Korsmeyer and Hixson-Crowell equations. The drug release study revealed that Eudragit RSPO alone was unable to sustain the drug release. Combining Eudragit with gum Copal and gum Damar sustained the drug release for more than 12 h. Kinetic modeling of in vitro dissolution profiles revealed the drug release mechanism ranges from diffusion controlled or Fickian transport to anomalous type or non-Fickian transport. Fitting the in vit Continue reading >>

Selected Risk Information About Janumet And Janumet Xr

Selected Risk Information About Janumet And Janumet Xr

Metformin, one of the medicines in JANUMET and JANUMET XR, can cause a rare but serious side effect called lactic acidosis (a buildup of lactic acid in the blood), which can cause death. Lactic acidosis is a medical emergency that must be treated in a hospital. Call your doctor right away if you get any of the following symptoms, which could be signs of lactic acidosis: feel cold in your hands or feet; feel dizzy or lightheaded; have a slow or irregular heartbeat; feel very weak or tired; have unusual (not normal) muscle pain; have trouble breathing; feel sleepy or drowsy; have stomach pains, nausea, or vomiting. Most people who have had lactic acidosis with metformin have other things that, combined with the metformin, led to the lactic acidosis. Tell your doctor if you have any of the following, because you have a higher chance of getting lactic acidosis with JANUMET or JANUMET XR if you: have severe kidney problems or your kidneys are affected by certain x-ray tests that use injectable dye; have liver problems; drink alcohol very often, or drink a lot of alcohol in short-term “binge” drinking; get dehydrated (lose large amounts of body fluids, which may happen if you are sick with fever, vomiting, or diarrhea; if you sweat a lot with activity or exercise and do not drink enough fluids); have surgery; have a heart attack, severe infection, or stroke. Your doctor may decide to stop your JANUMET or JANUMET XR for a while if you have any of these things. Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) is another serious side effect that can happen in people taking JANUMET or JANUMET XR. Pancreatitis may be severe and lead to death. Before you start taking JANUMET or JANUMET XR, tell your doctor if you’ve ever had pancreatitis. Stop taking JANUMET or JANUMET XR and call Continue reading >>

Metformin

Metformin

Metformin, marketed under the trade name Glucophage among others, is the first-line medication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes,[4][5] particularly in people who are overweight.[6] It is also used in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome.[4] Limited evidence suggests metformin may prevent the cardiovascular disease and cancer complications of diabetes.[7][8] It is not associated with weight gain.[8] It is taken by mouth.[4] Metformin is generally well tolerated.[9] Common side effects include diarrhea, nausea and abdominal pain.[4] It has a low risk of causing low blood sugar.[4] High blood lactic acid level is a concern if the medication is prescribed inappropriately and in overly large doses.[10] It should not be used in those with significant liver disease or kidney problems.[4] While no clear harm comes from use during pregnancy, insulin is generally preferred for gestational diabetes.[4][11] Metformin is in the biguanide class.[4] It works by decreasing glucose production by the liver and increasing the insulin sensitivity of body tissues.[4] Metformin was discovered in 1922.[12] French physician Jean Sterne began study in humans in the 1950s.[12] It was introduced as a medication in France in 1957 and the United States in 1995.[4][13] It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system.[14] Metformin is believed to be the most widely used medication for diabetes which is taken by mouth.[12] It is available as a generic medication.[4] The wholesale price in the developed world is between 0.21 and 5.55 USD per month as of 2014.[15] In the United States, it costs 5 to 25 USD per month.[4] Medical uses[edit] Metformin is primarily used for type 2 diabetes, but is increasingly be Continue reading >>

Metformin Extended Release Tablets

Metformin Extended Release Tablets

Generic Name: metformin hydrochloride Dosage Form: tablet, extended release Metformin Extended Release Tablets Description Metformin hydrochloride extended release tablets USP are an oral antihyperglycemic drug used in the management of type 2 diabetes. Metformin hydrochloride (N,N-dimethylimidodicarbonimidic diamide hydrochloride) is not chemically or pharmacologically related to any other classes of oral antihyperglycemic agents. The structural formula is as shown: Metformin hydrochloride is a white to off-white crystalline compound with a molecular formula of C4H11N5· HCl and a molecular weight of 165.63. Metformin hydrochloride is freely soluble in water and is practically insoluble in acetone, ether, and chloroform. The pKa of metformin is 12.4. The pH of a 1% aqueous solution of metformin hydrochloride is 6.68. Metformin hydrochloride extended release tablets USP contain 500 mg of metformin hydrochloride USP as the active ingredient. Metformin hydrochloride extended release tablets USP 500 mg contain the inactive ingredients sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, hypromellose and magnesium stearate. Metformin hydrochloride extended release tablets USP 500 mg meets USP dissolution Test 3. System Components and Performance- Metformin hydrochloride extended release tablets USP comprises a swellable matrix system. In the aqueous gastrointestinal (GI) environment, the dosage form swells remarkably thereby increasing in size and geometry from where drug is released slowly by a process of diffusion through the gel matrix that is essentially independent of pH. The hydrated polymer system is not rigid and is expected to be broken up by normal peristalsis in the GI tract. The biologically inert components of the tablet may occasionally remain intact during GI transit and will be Continue reading >>

Preparation And In-vitro Evaluation Of Metformin Hcl Tablets Containingsustained Release Beads For Increasing Therapeutic Window

Preparation And In-vitro Evaluation Of Metformin Hcl Tablets Containingsustained Release Beads For Increasing Therapeutic Window

Received Date: April 16, 2014; Accepted Date: May 12, 2014; Published Date: May 18, 2014 Citation: Damodar R, Movva B (2014) Preparation and In-vitro Evaluation of Metformin HCl Tablets Containing Sustained Release Beads for Increasing Therapeutic Window. J Bioequiv Availab 6: 091-095. doi: 10.4172/jbb.10000187 Copyright: 2014 Damodar R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. The purpose of present investigation was to develop the dosage form containing metformin for both immediate and sustained release. The SR release tablets of metformin were not useful to control the fasting glucose levels whereas conventional metformin tablets cannot acts for prolonged time, But the tablets prepared by present method useful for control both fasting glucose levels and maintenance dose. Even though many combination therapies available in market as metformin for sustain release and other sulfonylureas for immediate release, The primary concern for considering metformin hydrochloride as monotherapy was its efficient activity, less cost and negligible cardiac risk factors. The immediate release dose was developed by direct compression method and sustained release beads were prepared by inotropic gelation method using sodium alginate and sodium CMC, CaCl2. The various batches of directly compressed tablets with different percentages of sustained release beads were prepared and evaluated for various physical properties and dissolution profile. Hardness (kg/cm2) of tablets was decreased and percentage loss in friability is increased as concentration of beads in tablet increased. All the pa Continue reading >>

Metformin Side Effects

Metformin Side Effects

Generic Name: metformin (met FOR min) Brand Names: Fortamet, Glucophage, Glucophage XR, Glumetza, Riomet What is metformin? Metformin is an oral diabetes medicine that helps control blood sugar levels. Metformin is used together with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Metformin is sometimes used together with insulin or other medications, but it is not for treating type 1 diabetes. Important information You should not use metformin if you have severe kidney disease or diabetic ketoacidosis (call your doctor for treatment). If you need to have any type of x-ray or CT scan using a dye that is injected into your veins, you will need to temporarily stop taking metformin. This medicine may cause a serious condition called lactic acidosis. Get emergency medical help if you have even mild symptoms such as: muscle pain or weakness, numb or cold feeling in your arms and legs, trouble breathing, stomach pain, nausea with vomiting, slow or uneven heart rate, dizziness, or feeling very weak or tired. Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to metformin: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Some people develop lactic acidosis while taking this medicine. Early symptoms may get worse over time and this condition can be fatal. Get emergency medical help if you have even mild symptoms such as: muscle pain or weakness; numb or cold feeling in your arms and legs; trouble breathing; feeling dizzy, light-headed, tired, or very weak; stomach pain, nausea with vomiting; or slow or uneven heart rate. Common metformin side effects may include: low blood sugar; nausea, upset stomach; or diarrhea. This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doc Continue reading >>

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