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Lack Of Sleep And Diabetes

Diabetes And Sleep Problems

Diabetes And Sleep Problems

Sleep difficulties are more common in people who have diabetes than in people who don’t. That’s because having diabetes raises the risk for certain sleep problems such as sleep apnea and restless legs syndrome. Learn more about how diabetes affects sleep, the common types of sleep problems and most importantly, how they can be treated so that you can finally get a good night’s sleep. Frequently Asked Questions Even though I get enough sleep, I feel tired a lot and have nodded off at work. Why might this be? I have pain in my feet that keeps me awake at night. What could be causing this? Sometimes at night my legs feel “twitchy” and I have to keep moving them. Could this be restless legs syndrome? Once in a while I wake up during the night feeling shaky and sweaty. Is this due to my diabetes? I have to get up several times during the night to use the bathroom. What is causing this? How much sleep do I need every night? What is the downside if I don’t get enough sleep? I have trouble falling asleep at night, but I don’t want to take a sleeping pill. What else can I do? I recently gained quite a bit of weight and now I’m waking up a lot during the night. What could this be? Diabetes and Sleep Problems This booklet was developed by Joslin Diabetes Center and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and supported by funding from the ResMed Foundation. Learn more about the common causes of sleep problems among people with diabetes as well as common treatment options. Download the Joslin Diabetes Center booklet Diabetes & Sleep Problems below. Continue reading >>

Link Between Sleep & Diabetes: Everything You Need To Know

Link Between Sleep & Diabetes: Everything You Need To Know

According to National Sleep Foundation, 63% of American population do not get enough daily sleep. Do you also know that most people who suffer from diabetes often have poor sleeping habits? This includes irregular sleeping schedule, difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep. And although little has been mentioned about caregivers and parents of diabetes patients, they are more likely to acquire poor sleeping habits and have a higher tendency to suffer from sleeping problems and consequently develop Type 2 diabetes themselves. So if you have diabetes or are currently caring for someone who has diabetes, this article will educate you more about how sleeping disorders can affect your health and how you can get better sleep. This article will cover the following topics: Relationship Between Sleep and Diabetes Your health and sleep go hand in hand. When you do not sleep enough, your body does not get the needed time to repair. As a result, you tend to be unfocused and irritable, and you suddenly have the urge to eat. If this scenario sounds too familiar to you, maybe you should rethink about the relationship between sleep and your diabetes. The Missing Link — Hormones Sleep plays a crucial role in restoring our body cells. Under healthy conditions, after eating, the pancreas secretes insulin to signal fat cells and muscles to absorb the glucose from food to be used for energy creation and prevents the body from using fat as energy source. This chain of reaction causes the blood glucose levels to resume normal. And to prevent the individual from feeling hungry, the body produces the hormone leptin to depresses the appetite. However, when it comes to diabetes individuals, the muscle and fat cells fails to respond to insulin. This causes a high glucose level in the bloodst Continue reading >>

Lack Of Sleep Tied To Higher Risk Of Diabetes In Kids

Lack Of Sleep Tied To Higher Risk Of Diabetes In Kids

August 15, 2017 / 3:35 PM / 8 months ago Lack of sleep tied to higher risk of diabetes in kids Reuters Health - Children who dont get enough sleep may be more likely to develop diabetes than kids who typically get enough shuteye, a UK study suggests. Thats because each additional hour of sleep children get at night is associated with a lower body weight, more lean muscle mass and less accumulation of sugars in the blood, researchers report in Pediatrics. Obesity and elevated blood sugar are risk factors for type 2 diabetes, which happens when the body cant properly use or make enough of the hormone insulin to convert blood sugar into energy. These findings suggest increasing sleep duration could offer a simple, cost-effective approach to reducing levels of body fat and type 2 diabetes risk early in life, senior study author Christopher Owen of St. Georges, University of London, said by email. Type 2 diabetes used to be called adult-onset diabetes because it was so rare in children. But today, its a common childhood health problem, in large part because millions of kids worldwide are overweight or obese, dont get enough exercise, and eat too many sugary and fatty foods. For the current study, researchers examined survey data on sleep habits and lab results from tests of risk factors for diabetes in 4,525 UK children age 9 or 10. On average, the kids slept 10.5 hours on school nights, although sleep duration ranged from 8 to 12 hours. Children who got less sleep in the study were more likely to have a risk factor for diabetes known as insulin resistance, when the body doesnt respond normally to the hormone. Kids who slept less were also more likely to be extremely overweight or obese and have more body fat, the study also found. Kids 6 to 12 years old should get 9 to 12 Continue reading >>

Can Lack Of Sleep Cause Diabetes?

Can Lack Of Sleep Cause Diabetes?

When we think about diabetes, we usually think about causes involving food, but did you know that sleep might also have an effect on it? Some evidence suggests that sleep deprivation can lead to pre-diabetic states. It’s important to note that when we talk about sleep deprivation, we don’t mean having had a few bad nights – it’s a long-term, serious issue. If you’re a bit sleepy after a late night, you’re probably fine. If you’re chronically tired, struggling to sleep for more than a few hours at a time, and losing focus on daily activities? Then you’re probably suffering from sleep deprivation. Mark Mahowald, director of the Minnesota Regional Sleep Disorders Center, notes that our bodies’ reaction to sleep deprivation can be similar to insulin resistance – a precursor to diabetes. Additionally, poor sleep can lead to weight gain, which also increases the risk of diabetes. Whilst there’s no guarantee that lack of sleep will give you diabetes, there is plenty of evidence to suggest that diabetes can cause sleep loss, so it’s always worth getting checked out if you’re concerned. Many diabetic people have the same issues sleeping – waking often to go to the bathroom. This is because when your blood sugar is too high; your kidneys try to lower it by urinating. If you find that you’re not sleeping well because of a constant need to use the bathroom, it’s definitely worth talking to your doctor about. Diabetes Care published a study in which 40 people with type 2 diabetes were assessed for 6 nights, as well as providing blood samples. Those who were found to sleep poorly had much higher levels of glucose and insulin in their blood (meaning that they had much higher insulin resistance – which increases the risk of complications). This study d Continue reading >>

Lack Of Sleep Tied To Diabetes In Pregnancy

Lack Of Sleep Tied To Diabetes In Pregnancy

Lack of sleep may raise the risk for gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes — abnormally high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy — can lead to excessive birth weight, preterm birth or respiratory distress in the baby, among other problems. It can also increase the mother’s risk for Type 2 diabetes later in life. Researchers pooled data from eight studies involving 17,595 women. Seven of the studies depended on self-reports of sleep, and one measured sleep duration. After adjusting for variables such as age, body mass index and ethnicity, they found that women who slept less than 6.25 hours a night were almost three times as likely to have gestational diabetes as those who slept more. The study is in Sleep Medicine Reviews. The reasons for the link are not known, but the authors suggest that hormonal changes in pregnancy as well as systematic inflammation tied to lack of sleep can lead to insulin resistance and high blood glucose levels. But the study is observational and does not prove a causal relationship between poor sleep and gestational diabetes. “Minimizing sleep disruption is important — limiting caffeine, avoiding electronics at bedtime and so on,” said the lead author, Dr. Sirimon Reutrakul, an associate professor of medicine at the University of Illinois at Chicago. “It’s another factor that may influence overall health. But it’s easier said than done.” Continue reading >>

Type 2 Diabetes And Sleep Troubles

Type 2 Diabetes And Sleep Troubles

Sleep is important for everyone, but it’s especially important when your body experiences changing blood sugar levels and other symptoms of type 2 diabetes. “Sleep deprivation causes changes in the effectiveness of the body's control of appetite, which can lead to weight gain, higher blood sugar, and increased resistance to insulin,” says Richard Castriotta, MD, director of the division of pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. Although sleep is very important when you have type 2 diabetes, you may find you can’t sleep when you need it most. One explanation for the problem seems to be the connection between diabetes and sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a condition that’s characterized by periods of halted breathing while you’re asleep, which wakes you up repeatedly throughout the night, leaving you fatigued and not well rested in the morning. Both type 2 diabetes and sleep apnea are health concerns that are linked to obesity, so experts have long recognized a connection between the two. However, only recently has it been realized how closely these conditions are tied to one another. “There’s much more interrelation between the two conditions than we thought,” says Betul Hatipoglu, MD, a physician in the Cleveland Clinic’s department of endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism. “In fact, one may actually contribute to causing the other, and vice versa. Recent studies have shown that sleep apnea actually increases insulin resistance, hunger, and other type 2 diabetes symptoms,” Dr. Hatipoglu says. “Other studies have shown that treating sleep apnea also improves the symptoms of type 2 diabetes.” Other Sleep Issues You Might Face Another problem that disrupts sleep is frequent urinatio Continue reading >>

Sleep Deprivation Could Lead To Diabetes, Study Finds

Sleep Deprivation Could Lead To Diabetes, Study Finds

Sleep deprivation could lead to diabetes, study finds More than four millionpeople in the UK now have diabetes Our sleep deprived lives could lead to a rise in getting diabetes, according to anew study. The study, published in Diabetes Care and conducted by the University of Chicago, found that not sleeping well can increase your risk of developing diabetes, particularly affecting people who work long hours. People who are tired will eat more because they want to get energy from somewhere. "This couldmean consuming sugar or other foods that can spike blood sugar levels, Dr Maarouf, the diabetes education director of the Stark Diabetes Center at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, told WebMD. New iPhone OS brings special mode to help people sleep She explains: I really push people to eat properly throughout the day and get their blood sugars under control so they sleep better at night. If you get your blood sugar under control, you will get a good night sleep and wake up feeling fabulous with lots of energy. Author of the study, Dr Josiane Broussard, an assistant research professor at the department of Integrative Physiology at the University of Colorado, said:"In this short-term study, we found that two long nights spent catching up on lost sleep can reverse the negative metabolic effects of four consecutive nights of restricted sleep." Record 4m people have diabetes in the UK, charity reveals Diabetes occurs when your body doesnt produce enough insulin. A lack of sleep can lead to insulin resistance, which means your body finds it harder to break down sugars. As well as leading to weight gain, when youre tired, theres insulin resistance, which means the body cant break glucose down into energy.If youre tired and insulin cant do its job properly, then Continue reading >>

Can Diabetes Affect Your Sleep Schedule?

Can Diabetes Affect Your Sleep Schedule?

Diabetes is a condition in which the body is unable to produce insulin properly. This causes excess levels of glucose in the blood. The most common types are type 1 and type 2 diabetes. If you have type 1, your pancreas doesn’t produce insulin, so you must take it on a daily basis. If you have type 2, your body can make some of its own insulin, but it’s often not enough. This means that your body can’t use the insulin correctly. Depending on how well you control your blood sugar, you may or may not experience symptoms. Short-term symptoms of high blood sugar can include frequent thirst or hunger, as well as frequent urination. It isn’t uncommon for these symptoms to have an impact on the way you sleep. Here’s what the research has to say. In one 2012 study, researchers examined the associations between sleep disturbance and diabetes. Sleep disturbance includes difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, or sleeping too much. The study found a clear relationship between sleep disturbance and diabetes. The researchers say that sleep deprivation is a significant risk factor for diabetes, which can sometimes be controlled. Having diabetes doesn’t necessarily mean that your sleep will be impacted. It’s more a matter of what symptoms of diabetes you experience and how you manage them. Certain symptoms are more likely to cause issues when you’re trying to rest: High blood sugar levels can cause frequent urination. If your blood sugar is high at night, you could end up getting up frequently to use the bathroom. When your body has extra glucose, it draws water from your tissues. This can make you feel dehydrated, prompting you to get up for regular glasses of water. The symptoms of low blood sugar, such as shakiness, dizziness, and sweating, can affect your slee Continue reading >>

Stress, Lack Of Sleep Can Increase Your Risk Of Developing Diabetes

Stress, Lack Of Sleep Can Increase Your Risk Of Developing Diabetes

Developing type 2 diabetes as an adult is notonly about eating habits. Several lifestyle factors including stress can put youat a greater risk of developing the disease. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy In type 2 diabetes , you have too much sugar, also called glucose, in your blood. People with diabetes have problems converting food to energy. After a meal, food is broken down into glucose, which is carried by your blood to cells throughout your body. Cells absorb glucose from your blood with the help of the hormone insulin and use it for energy. Type 2 diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition linked to excess weight in which your bodys cells do not use insulin properly. As a result, your body needs more insulin to help glucose enter cells. Stress is one of the more overlooked factors that can increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes , says endocrinologist Mary Vouyiouklis Kellis, MD . Stress puts your body into a flight or fight mode. As a result, your levels of hormonesuch as adrenaline and cortisol rise. This can impact your blood glucose levels, Dr. Kellis says. If you have pre-diabetes, these increases in blood glucose levels cant be effectively lowered because youre insulin-resistant, she says. As a result, over time, stresscan increase a personsrisk to develop type 2 diabetes. Another problem with stress is that the increase in cortisol can make youwant to eat more than youshould, Dr. Kellis says. People who stress-eat are more likely to gain weight. Carrying too much weight is one of the biggest risk factors for type 2 diabetes, she says. Another often-overlooked risk factor is sleep depriva Continue reading >>

Sleep For Diabetes

Sleep For Diabetes

According to recent research, sleep is as important for health as diet and exercise. Lack of sleep raises blood sugars and insulin resistance. With enough sleep, our bodies can heal and repair. Without sleep, they get sicker. Poets have celebrated the importance of sleep for centuries. Shakespeare called it the “Balm of hurt minds, great nature’s second course, Chief nourisher in life’s feast.” Now science is catching up. We’re finding that life is tough, and to function, our bodies and minds need rest. Sleep gives our brains time to learn. According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, people remember a day or a lesson better if they have a good night’s sleep. Sleep gives our bodies time to repair. Our immune systems can work better when our muscles, brains, and digestive system aren’t competing with them for resources. So if your blood vessels or your heart or kidneys need healing (which is the case for many of us), you need to sleep. Sleep deprivation is associated with raised levels of the stress hormone cortisol. Cortisol triggers insulin resistance. Sleep deprivation also lowers levels of the “I’m OK” hormone leptin, which controls appetite. It raises levels of the “eat more” hormone ghrelin. So less sleep leads to more eating and probable weight gain. Sleep gives us a break from endless mental stress. From a spiritual point of view, sleep may be like meditation — it’s a time when our minds can be free of the world’s stresses and our own craziness. Then we can see life and our place in it better. Studies show that people who get enough sleep can concentrate and focus longer and more effectively. They tend to be more creative and better problem solvers. With Type 2 diabetes, lack of sleep is a strong predictor for getting Continue reading >>

Blood Sugar And Sleep Problems: How Blood Sugar Levels Impact Sleep

Blood Sugar And Sleep Problems: How Blood Sugar Levels Impact Sleep

November is National Diabetes Month and Alaska Sleep Clinic is dedicating this month’s blog posts to raising awareness for diabetic complications and how they correlate with sleep disorders and overall tiredness. SLEEP PROBLEMS AND SNORING MAY PREDICT DIABETES Studies have shown that individuals who consistently have a bad night's sleep are more likely to develop conditions linked to diabetes and heart disease. Loud snoring sleepers (many of whom may have sleep apnea), compared to quiet sleepers, double (2x) their risks of developing certain types of metabolic syndrome(s); including diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure. This likelihood also increased dramatically to 80% in those who found it difficult to fall asleep and to 70% for those who woke up feeling not as refreshed. Blood Sugar and Sleep Problems Sleep can affect your blood sugar levels, and your blood glucose control can also affect your sleep. It’s a vicious cycle. As the amount of sleep decreases, blood sugar increases, escalating the issue. Lack of sleep has been shown to increase blood sugar levels and the risk of diabetic issues. Higher blood sugar means less long-lasting fat metabolism in the night and even less sleep. Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine found that people who slept less than 6 hours a night had more blood sugar complications compared to those who received 8 hours of sleep. HIGH BLOOD SUGAR - HYPERGLYCEMIA Sleepless and restless nights hurt more than your mood and energy; it is a form of chronic stress on the body. When there is added stress on your body this results in having higher blood sugar levels. When researchers restricted people with type-1 diabetes to just 4 hours of sleep, their sensitivity to insulin was reduced by 20% compared to that after a full nig Continue reading >>

The Sleep-diabetes Connection

The Sleep-diabetes Connection

Whenever diabetes patients enter Lynn Maarouf’s office with out-of-control blood sugar levels, she immediately asks them how they are sleeping at night. All too often, the answer is the same: not well. “Any time your blood sugar is really high, your kidneys try to get rid of it by urinating,” says Maarouf, RD, the diabetes education director of the Stark Diabetes Center at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston. “So you are probably getting up and going to bathroom all night long -- and not sleeping well.” Diabetes and sleep problems often go hand in hand. Diabetes can cause sleep loss, and there’s evidence that not sleeping well can increase your risk of developing diabetes. Maarouf says high blood sugar is a red flag for sleep problems among people with diabetes for another reason. “People who are tired will eat more because they want to get energy from somewhere,” she says. “That can mean consuming sugar or other foods that can spike blood sugar levels.” “I really push people to eat properly throughout the day and get their blood sugars under control so they sleep better at night,” Maarouf says. “If you get your blood sugar under control, you will get a good night sleep and wake up feeling fabulous with lots of energy.” “There is some evidence that sleep deprivation could lead to pre-diabetic state,” says Mark Mahowald, MD, director of the Minnesota Regional Sleep Disorders Center in Hennepin County. According to Mahowald, the body's reaction to sleep loss can resemble insulin resistance, a precursor to diabetes. Insulin’s job is to help the body use glucose for energy. In insulin resistance, cells fail to use the hormone efficiently, resulting in high blood sugar. Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough in Continue reading >>

Lack Of Sleep And Its Effect On Blood Sugar Levels

Lack Of Sleep And Its Effect On Blood Sugar Levels

More than 29 million Americans suffer from diabetes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, with millions more falling into the “prediabetes” range. Keeping blood glucose levels under control is essential to good health, both for people with diabetes and those who do not have the disease. Although most people know that dietary choices and exercise affect blood sugar levels, many do not realize that sleep can also have a dramatic effect on glycemic control. Failing to get enough sleep or getting poor quality sleep can have serious effects on your blood sugar. This is unhealthy for all individuals but particularly dangerous for those with diabetes or prediabetes. How the Body Regulates Blood Sugar Levels Glucose, a type of sugar, is the body’s primary energy source. Cells throughout your body depend on glucose to continue operating. When you eat a meal, your stomach breaks carbohydrates down into glucose molecules. This glucose is absorbed into the bloodstream, where it circulates throughout your body. The body prefers for blood sugar levels to be kept within a tight range. To achieve this, a hormone called insulin is released by the pancreas into the bloodstream. Insulin tells your body’s cells to increase their uptake of glucose from the blood, resulting in lower blood sugar levels. If blood sugar levels dip too low -- such as after an intense bout of exercise -- another hormone signals the liver to release its excess glucose stores to restore balance. People with diabetes have a difficult time responding properly to insulin. Those with type 1 diabetes are unable to produce insulin, making them unable to keep their glucose levels under control. Individuals with type 2 diabetes gradually become insensitive to insulin over time, making it dif Continue reading >>

Deprivation Nation: How Lack Of Sleep Can Lead To Diabetes

Deprivation Nation: How Lack Of Sleep Can Lead To Diabetes

1 of 2 The Dangers of Sleep Deprivation On the sofa, in front of the TV. On the train, surrounded by fellow commuters. In the movie theater, before the film begins. If you can't stay awake in any — or all — of these places, it's a good bet you're sleep-deprived. This lack of shut-eye does more than make you chronically grouchy; it elevates your risk of high blood pressure and obesity. And now there's a whole new reason to put an end to your sleep starvation: Skimping on rest could increase your chances of getting type 2 diabetes, a disease once believed to be caused primarily by being overweight. In fact, just three consecutive nights of inadequate sleep can elevate a person's risk to a degree roughly equivalent to gaining 20 to 30 pounds, according to a 2007 study at the University of Chicago. "Sleep may be as important as exercise or diet when it comes to developing diabetes," says Eve Van Cauter, MD, a professor of medicine and the senior author of the study. This revelation backs up previous research from Yale and the New England Research Institutes, which showed that people who clock six hours or less of sleep a night are twice as likely to develop diabetes in their lifetime as those who snooze seven hours. Translation? If you're not getting enough rest — even if you're slim and fit — you're putting your health in serious jeopardy. The Connection Between Sleep and Diabetes Here's what we know: Diabetes arises when the body can't properly break down blood sugar, aka glucose, leaving your cells starved for energy. One thing that greatly increases your chances of a blood-sugar malfunction is being overweight. Excess fat makes it harder for cells to properly use insulin, a hormone that helps keep glucose levels normal. So what does sleep have to do with any of Continue reading >>

Impact Of Sleep And Sleep Loss On Glucose Homeostasis And Appetite Regulation

Impact Of Sleep And Sleep Loss On Glucose Homeostasis And Appetite Regulation

Go to: Introduction Diabetes and obesity are two debilitating chronic diseases that are increasing at an alarming rate worldwide [1, 2]. Voluntary sleep restriction may play a role in the rapid increase in the prevalence of diabetes and obesity, and this chapter will review the evidence for such a link. Sleep restriction or impaired sleep may be more common in modern society than in past decades [3, 4]. A survey study from 1960 found modal sleep duration to be 8.0 to 8.9 hours [5], while another survey study in 1995 observed a modal category of only 7 hours [6]. Recent national data also indicate that a greater percentage of adult Americans report sleeping 6 hours or less in 2004 than in 1985 [7]. Thus, the increase in the prevalence of obesity and diabetes appears to be mirrored by a decrease in average sleep duration in the U.S. In simplistic terms, weight gain occurs when there is positive energy balance, that is, energy intake is greater than energy expenditure (see Figure 1). Sleep restriction could affect endogenous processes related to energy balance, such as impairments in glucose metabolism and an upregulation of appetite. Sleep restriction could also affect exogenous factors such as food choice and increased time available to eat. Sleep loss could also lead to reductions in physical activity or energy expenditure, but evidence in support of this hypothesis is lacking. Both impaired glucose metabolism and excess weight can increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Thus, this chapter will first review laboratory studies that examine the effects of sleep loss on glucose metabolism and appetite regulation. The chapter will then review the epidemiological evidence for an association between sleep restriction and diabetes risk, increased body mass index and r Continue reading >>

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