Pomegranate And Type 2 Diabetes.
Abstract Over the last decade, various studies have linked pomegranate (Punica granatum Linn), a fruit native to the Middle East, with type 2 diabetes prevention and treatment. This review focuses on current laboratory and clinical research related to the effects of pomegranate fractions (peels, flowers, and seeds) and some of their active components on biochemical and metabolic variables associated with the pathologic markers of type 2 diabetes. This review systematically presents findings from cell culture and animal studies as well as clinical human research. One key mechanism by which pomegranate fractions affect the type 2 diabetic condition is by reducing oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation. This reduction may occur by directly neutralizing the generated reactive oxygen species, increasing certain antioxidant enzyme activities, inducing metal chelation activity, reducing resistin formation, and inhibiting or activating certain transcriptional factors, such as nuclear factor κB and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ. Fasting blood glucose levels were decreased significantly by punicic acid, methanolic seed extract, and pomegranate peel extract. Known compounds in pomegranate, such as punicalagin and ellagic, gallic, oleanolic, ursolic, and uallic acids, have been identified as having anti-diabetic actions. Furthermore, the juice sugar fraction was found to have unique antioxidant polyphenols (tannins and anthocyanins), which could be beneficial to control conditions in type 2 diabetes. These findings provide evidence for the anti-diabetic activity of pomegranate fruit; however, before pomegranate or any of its extracts can be medically recommended for the management of type 2 diabetes, controlled, clinical studies, are needed. Continue reading >>
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Apples | Reverse Type 2 Diabetes
Ex-Diabetic Sidebar: When I was diabetic, my doctors and the hospital's dietitian told me that I would have to avoid fruits. I found that kind of strange, especially, since some of my hospital meals included applesauce, tangerine slices and orange juice! Avoiding fruits was difficult for me because I had a "sweet tooth" -- a strong craving for sweets. Being diabetic, my body craved sugar and I loved sweets -- not just fruits -- I loved apple pie, brownies, chocolate chip cookies, and ice cream. During my research, I discovered how to stop the cravings (see below). I also learned that eating some whole fruit can be beneficial, despite the sugar content in most fruits. Why? Because it's better to eat an apple than some cookies or ice cream to satisfy your craving for something sweet! :-) In addition, studies have shown that the nutrients within most fruits (e.g. antioxidants, Vitamin C, fiber, water) can help prevent and reverse the damage to blood vessels and body tissues caused by Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and other similar diseases. The key is to make sure that you follow an effective reverse diabetes nutritional program such as the one defined in the "Death to Diabetes" 10-Step Reverse Diabetes Wellness Program. Most whole fruits are on the moderate to low end of the Glycemic Index (GI), making them a pretty good choice for most people with diabetes. Many fruits are also packed with vitamins A and C, as well as water,fiber and antioxidants (flavonoids) such as catechin, quercetin, and anthocyanidin. Top 10 Fruits | Reverse Diabetes The following is a list of the top 10 fruits that most diabetics can eat because, for most diabetics, these fruits don't cause large or sustained blood glucose spikes. As a result, eating these fruits can help to satisfy your sweet to Continue reading >>
Pomegranate Juice To Help Diabetes
A study conducted in Israel has revealed that pomegranate juice could provide some health benefits for diabetics. The news may come as a surprise to some experts, because the juice is known to contain significant amounts of sugar. The juice was trialed on a small human study group at the Rappaport Family Institute for Research in the Medical Sciences, in conjunction with the Ramban Medical Centre in Haifa, Israel. The surprising revelation was made that the sugars found in pomegranate juice, although similar in property to other fruit juice sugars, did not negatively influence diabetes parameters. The juice was even found to lower the risk of atherosclerosis. According to Professor Michael Aviram, the expert at the head of the study: "In most juices, sugars are present in free - and harmful - forms. In pomegranate juice, however, the sugars are attached to unique antioxidants, which actually make these sugars protective against atherosclerosis." Diabetes in the EU is an intensely serious problem, with an estimated 19 million people affected by the disease. The research is to be published in the August issue of the Journal Atherosclerosis. The researchers concluded that: "pomegranate juice consumption by diabetic patients did not worsen the diabetic parameters, but rather resulted in anti-oxidative effects on serum and macrophages, which could contribute to attenuation of atherosclerosis development in these patients." Tweet Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that results in hyperglycemia (high blood glucose levels) due to the body: Being ineffective at using the insulin it has produced; also known as insulin resistance and/or Being unable to produce enough insulin Type 2 diabetes is characterised by the body being unable to metabolise glucose (a simple sug Continue reading >>
What Fruits Can A Diabetic Eat?
Diabetics often ask whether it is safe for them to eat large quantities of fruit. Many diabetic patients avoid eating fruit because they are worried that the high sugar content found in most fruits will worsen their condition. Fortunately, there are many fruits a diabetic can enjoy which do not significantly affect blood glucose levels, in fact certain fruits may actually improve glucose control and insulin sensitivity over time. Good Fruits For Diabetics Fiber rich foods are generally safe for diabetics to eat because they tend to have a lower glycemic index (GI) and therefore do not spike blood sugar levels to the same extent as high GI foods. This is because fiber delays the emptying of stomach contents into the small intestine which slows down the absorption of sugar into the blood stream. Fiber rich fruits tend to be fruits with edible skins and seeds as it is these parts of the fruit that are highest in fiber. Fruits high in fiber include (fiber content in brackets): passion fruit (10.4%), raspberries (6.5%), apples (2.5%), pears (2.1%), apricots (2.1%), blueberries (2.7%), kiwifruit (2.1%), strawberries (2.0%), pomegranates (3.4%), and avocados (6.7%). 3 Foods to Throw Out Cut a bit of belly bloat each day, by avoiding these 3 foods nucific.com The avocado is not only high in fiber, but is also a rich source of monounsaturated fat. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends a diet high in monounsaturated fat as it can help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease which is more common in diabetics than the general population. There is also some evidence that a diet rich in monounsaturated fat can improve glycemic control. Fruits high in fructose, and those with high fructose to glucose ratios are also beneficial to diabetics because fructose does not requ Continue reading >>
Pomegranate Extract Benefits For Diabetes
Pomegranate, probably cultivated earliest in Persia (modern day Iran) and the western Himalayas. Later migrated along the Silk Route and is today grown extensively in Korea, Japan and Latin America, where it was introduced by settlers and traders. Throughout history and in many religions and cultures, the pomegranate fruit has been revered as a symbol of strength and vitality, prosperity and fertility. Pomegranate is a rich source of highly active phytochemicals. One of the major benefits of pomegranate juice is in the protection of arteries from fatty deposits (atherosclerosis). It also improves blood flow to the heart and protects from coronary heart disease. Research also exists to show its effect on: High blood pressure Metabolic syndrome Muscle strength Obesity Dental plaque Muscle soreness Hyperlipidemia (high cholesterol) Gum disease Prostate cancer Inflamed and sore mouth Trichomoniasis Intestinal worm infestations Diarrhea Dysentery Sore throat Hemorrhoids and Menopausal symptoms, among others. What Does Research Have to Say? In one of the most important authoritative studies till date relating pomegranate and type 2 diabetes, researchers from the Jordan University of Science and Technology measured the direct effect of fresh pomegranate juice on the levels of fasting blood glucose as well as on insulin and melatonin in individuals with impaired fasting glucose. They found noticeably lower levels of fasting blood sugar as well as lower insulin resistance after three hours of administering pomegranate juice. In patients with impaired fasting glucose, pomegranate juice caused a decrease in the level of serum melatonin within an hour of consumption. How Does it Act? A key mechanism by which pomegranate extract benefits type 2 diabetes patients is through reduction Continue reading >>
Pomegranate Helps Diabetic Hearts
Aug. 29, 2006 -- Drinking pomegranate juice may help people with diabetesdiabetes reduce their risk of heart diseaseheart disease. A preliminary new study shows that people with diabetes who drank pomegranate juice for three months had a lower risk of atherosclerosis -- or hardening of the arteries. In addition, the pomegranate juice appeared to slow the absorption of unhealthy LDL cholesterolLDL cholesterol by immune cells. People with diabetes have increased risk for atherosclerosis, which contributes to coronary heart disease, heart attacks, strokes, and other circulation problems. These results suggest that the antioxidants found in pomegranate juice may be especially beneficial in reducing these heart-related risks associated with diabetes. "In most juices, sugars are present in free -- and harmful -- forms," says researcher Michael Aviram, of the Technion Faculty of Medicine in Haifa, Israel, in a news release. "In pomegranate juice, however, the sugars are attached to unique antioxidants, which actually make these sugars protective against atherosclerosis." People with diabetes aren't able to process sugars normally and are advised to monitor their intake of food and beverages high in natural or processed sugars, including fruit juice. Pomegranate Juice Reduces Diabetes RisksIn the small study, published in the journal Atherosclerosis, researchers examined the effects of drinking a specially prepared concentrated pomegranate juice that is the equivalent to about a 6-ounce glass of "single strength pomegranate juice, just as it is when you squeeze the pomegranate and get the juice," Aviram tells WebMD by email, every day for three months in 10 healthy adults and 10 adults with type 2 diabetes (who were not dependent on insulin therapy). Drinking pomegranate juice Continue reading >>
9 Fruits That Protect Against Diabetes
Diabetes is a metabolic disease which is characterized by high blood sugar levels that result from defects in insulin secretion, or its action, or both. Diet control is an integral part of diabetes care and management. Food selection, preparation, portion size, timing of food consumption, activity adjustments has significant influence in diabetes management. Recently in one study, it is clearly mentioned that whole fruits help in lowering the diabetes symptoms. Fiber is a major content in fruits which lowers the symptoms of diabetes. Fruits are generally rich in, Pectin, which is one of the richest soluble fiber sources and is considered beneficial for people with either form of diabetes. Fiber helps slow the digestion of foods, which then controls the sudden spikes in blood glucose that may occur after a low-fiber meal. Often people suffering from diabetes avoid fruits out of fear that the sugar present in fruits could push up their blood sugar level. However, this is a false conception. Sugar present in fruits is usually in the form of fructose. Unlike other forms of sugar, like sucrose, fructose has low glycemic index. Minimal insulin is needed for the metabolism of fructose. Intake of this fruit sugar is not associated with sudden surge of the blood sugar level. Studies have shown that by reducing cholesterol and triglyceride production, fructose could protect us from diseases such as arteriosclerosis, which leads to heart diseases and stroke. So, fruits prescribed for diabetics usually have high fiber content, low sugar content and low glycemic index. Apples Apples are a good source of soluble fiber with anti-inflammatory affect that may help diabetics recover faster from infections. Pectin, a form of carbohydrate found in Apple helps control blood sugar by releasi Continue reading >>
Pomegranate Health Benefits In Diabetes & Pregnancy
Daily consumption of fresh fruits helps to maintain good health and also prevent numerous diseases, as they supply vitamins, minerals and fiber to the body. Pomegranate is rightly considered as a super fruit due to its nutrient content. With nutrient-dense, pomegranates are also high in antioxidants and it has the ability to affect cell and molecular structure, have a great potential to be beneficial to overall health. Pomegranate has innumerable health benefits. Aside from being healthy, pomegranate is delicious too. The pomegranate is a fruit which is believed to have originated in Iran, bearing deciduous shrub grown in different parts of the world. Pomegranates are good source of vitamins as it includes vitamin A, C and E as well as folic acid. Also, it contains the minerals iron, potassium and calcium. As one of the best nutritious fruits, pomegranates are very much liked by health conscious people. It contains phytochemicals such as anthocyanins, pelargonidins, cyanidin and ellagic acid. Due to this phytochemical content, it bears antioxidant, antiviral and anti-tumour properties. Pomegranate consists of three times the antioxidants of wine or green tea and it is said to be the powerhouse of health. Mostly, pomegranates are known for treating the problems related to heart and for maintaining effective and healthy blood circulation. Other health benefits of pomegranates include cure of stomach disorders, cancer, dental care, osteoarthritis, anaemia and diabetes. Also, it is very beneficial in pregnancy. Nutritional Facts of Pomegranates: Pomegranates are rich source of Vitamin B, Vitamin C, pantothenic acid and potassium, which have the potential to provide immunity against various diseases. This fruit also has calcium and phosphorous which help to strengthen the bo Continue reading >>
Top 10 Great Reasons To Love The Pomegranate
Pomegranate season is underway. Markets are teeming with this glorious red fruit, supermarket shelves are packed with pomegranate juices, and cosmetic stores are promoting pomegranate oil-infused creams. The fruit-with-a-crown is one of the ritual foods for the Rosh Hashana holiday. It is understood to be the fruit that grew in the Garden of Eden and which biblical scouts brought to Moses to show the fertility of the promised land. It is also said to have 613 seeds – corresponding to the 613 mitzvot (commandments) in the Torah. The pomegranate is a fun-to-eat but messy treat packing a tart and sweet taste. And this beautiful fruit is celebrated for its medicinal powers. ISRAEL21c gives you 10 great reasons to add pomegranates to your shopping list: 1. Pomegranates are good for you The pomegranate is known as a superfood. Its jewel-like seeds (arils) have been used for medicinal purposes for millennia. Packed with powerful antioxidants and vitamins, this ruby-red fruit has been shown to be a cure-all for just about any ailment. It helps stomach upsets, menopausal hot flashes, hemorrhoids, conjunctivitis, osteoarthritis, lowers blood pressure, stimulates the immune system, wards off the flu, reduces inflammation, reduces risk of heart disease and lowers cholesterol. “The peel is good for the heart and blood vessels; the white membrane is good for stopping diarrhea and good for wounds and ulcers of the mouth and throat. The fruit also strengthens the brain, cleanses the body and blood from toxins, and is very good at expelling worms from the intestines,” Merav Altman-Adler, who practices classic Chinese medicine, tells ISRAEL21c. 2. Pomegranate juice is heart-healthy “The most important new issue is the cardiovascular protection of pomegranate,” says Prof. Michae Continue reading >>
Top 20 Fruits For Diabetics
Some serious health conditions need extra precaution when it comes to our eating habits. One such disease, diabetes, restricts us from eating certain types of food. From watching our sugar intake to controlling the consumption of refined carbohydrates, precautions could help in reducing the risk factor of diabetes, which could even lead to some types of cancer. Quite many people believe that diabetics cannot eat certain fruits. According to the guidelines by nutritionists and medical institutions, it is important for everyone to have at least 4 to 5 fruits servings in a day. Considering the fact that a person who is suffering from diabetes, should have controlled sugar level, there is no need for them to avoid fruits to keep their blood sugar level controlled. They just need to be extra careful when eating certain kind of fruits such as bananas, litchis, custard apples and mud apples. Eat them but in limited quantity. Here we have listed top 20 fruits that can be eaten by diabetics... Pears Rich in vitamins and fibre, this delicious food is one of the healthier snacking options for diabetics. Papaya Another 'super-food' for diabetics is papaya. Papaya contains essentials minerals and vitamins, hence, can be eaten by people suffering from diabetes. Starfruit Somewhat similar to jamuns, starfruit is another option for diabetics. It controls your blood sugar level but in case a person has diabetes nephropathy, starfruit should be avoided. Guava Guava is good for controlling blood sugar and also prevents constipation. Loaded with vitamin A and C, they also contain high dietary fibre. Kiwi fruit You could include kiwi in your diet. Many researchers have proved that eating kiwis could actually help you in lowering your blood sugar levels. Black Jamun This fruit is one of the Continue reading >>
Natural Cures For Diabetes: Drink Pomegranate Juice And Prevent Harmful Heart Disease Too
Why drink pomegranate juice as one of the natural cures for diabetes? There are nearly 39 million people in the United States and Europe combined who suffer from some form of diabetes. People with diabetes have a higher risk of developing heart disease, so diet and exercise is especially vital for overall good health in diabetic patients. Drinking Pomegranate Juice as One of the Natural Cures for Diabetes In one year, diabetes patients spend roughly 90 to 100 billion dollars on medications alone to control sugar levels. That number is absolutely staggering. What if you knew that drinking pomegranate juice was beneficial for diabetes and could help you save money on medications over time? Diabetes sufferers don’t react the same way to sugar as the rest of the population. As a result, they must monitor their intake of sugars contained in food and drink every day. Many diabetics have to check their blood sugar levels several times a day. Drinking pomegranate juice to control sugar for diabetes may have excellent benefits. Take a look at this study that was conducted in Israel by Dr. Michael Aviram, a medical expert of the Technion Faculty of Medicine. Dr. Aviram and his colleagues asked a group of diabetes patients to drink pomegranate juice for a time period of three months. Here is what the study revealed at the end of the three months. The juice seems to inhibit the absorption of LDL (bad) cholesterol into the body. The antioxidants contained in the juice help to fight heart disease (to which diabetics are more prone). The juice reduces the chance of developing atherosclerosis, a medical condition that can lead to heart disease and a higher risk of stroke. The sugars in pomegranate juice didn’t cause a negative reaction to blood glucose levels. Unlike other juices, Continue reading >>
Pomegranates And Blood Sugar
The seed and flower of the pomegranate fruit may possess properties capable of lowering blood sugar, potentially benefiting patients with hyperglycemia and diabetes. Doctors from India to Africa are studying pomegranate seeds, flowers and their extracts and compounds for hypoglycemic, or blood sugar lowering, properties, and to identify their mechanisms. For example, a 2007 "Journal of Medicinal Food" report acknowledges the hypoglycemic activity of pomegranate seeds, flowers and juice and identifies three antioxidant acids as among their potentially anti-diabetic constituents. If you have concerns about your blood sugar, consult with your doctor and only use pomegranate-based therapies with her approval. Video of the Day According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, the pomegranate fruit grows on the Punica granatum tree native to Iran and now cultivated in parts of Europe, Asia, Africa and the Mediterranean. Used for millennia in folk medicine, it has since demonstrated antioxidant, antibacterial and antiviral properties in laboratory tests, although human trials have been neither as abundant nor conclusive. There is no standard dosage of pomegranate for medical purposes, although UMM's Steven D. Ehrlich, N.M.D., reports that drinking 8-12 ounces per day is considered safe. Ehrlich warns, however, that people with diabetes should not drink pomegranate juice or any fruit juice without their doctor's prior approval. A 2007 study in the "African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines" on the blood sugar-lowering effects in diabetic rats of several herbal compounds, including pomegranate seeds, found no significant difference in the fasting blood-glucose levels of the subjects fed pomegranate seeds from the control group. Study author Gh Continue reading >>
10 Diabetic Friendly Fruits To Help You Manage Diabetes Better
Diabetes mellitus (DM) commonly referred to as Diabetes, is a chronic disorder. It occurs when the pancreas does not secrete enough insulin or when the cells of the body become resistant to insulin. In either case, the blood sugar cannot get into the cells for storage, which then leads to serious complications. Diabetes, perhaps more than any other disease, is strongly associated with the western diet, as it was uncommon in cultures consuming a 'primitive diet'. However as cultures switch from their native diets, to the foods of commerce; their rate of diabetes increases eventually reaching the proportions seen in the western societies. However, what's alarming is the fact that India Is home to 62 million diabetics and the number is estimated to be 100 million by 2030. Obesity is seen as one of the major contributing factors to the development of insulin resistance in approximately 90% of the individuals with type-2 diabetes. In most cases, achieving ideal body weight is associated with the restoration of normal blood sugar levels. Hence dietary modifications and treatment are fundamental to the successful treatment of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. There are some specific foods that have been shown to produce positive effects on blood sugar control. These foods have a low glycemic index and glycemic load and are high in fiber. When it comes to diabetics eating fruits, there is a lot of confusion and information is very misleading. Just remember that moderation is the key here. TIPS TO ENJOY FRUITS IF YOU ARE DIABETIC: - Always eat fruits that are fresh, local and in season. - Eat fruits that have a low glycemic index. - Fruits should not be eaten with your main meals, its best to have fruits in between meals and as a snack. - Fruits with high glycemic index should be Continue reading >>
Do Pomegranates Have A Role In Type 2 Diabetes?
Pomegranates may have a soft spot in the fight against type 2 diabetes. These tough skinned fruits have demonstrated some antidiabetes benefits in several recent studies. For example, let’s consider the fruit’s role in AGEs (advanced glycation endproducts). AGEs are the product of foods that are fried or prepared at high temperatures. Basically these substances form when sugar reacts with proteins. Dietary AGEs are associated with inflammation and oxidative stress, which in turn are linked to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and its complications. In the Journal of Medicinal Food, experts reported on the impact of various fruit juices, including pomegranate, apple, cranberry, pineapple, Concord grape, and black cherry, on glycation. Pomegranate juice (and two of its major compounds, ellagic acid and punicalagin) was by far the most effective, as it inhibited glycation by 98 percent. The oil in pomegranate seeds also may be effective in managing type 2 diabetes. In an animal study, researchers administered pomegranate seed oil, soybean oil, water, or nothing to groups of rats for 28 days. At the end of the trial period, all the rats that did not get pomegranate seed oil showed lower levels of serum insulin and glutathione peroxidase activity. (Glutathione peroxidase protects the body against oxidative damage. Rats given pomegranate, however, had significantly higher levels of these two factors. The findings indicate that pomegranate seed oil may improve insulin secretion. Fasting blood glucose levels, however, did not change with use of pomegranate seed oil. A review study from mid-2013 presented the findings of laboratory, animal, and human clinical studies. The authors reported that: Pomegranate components reduce oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation (the degrad Continue reading >>
Why Are Pomegranates Good For Diabetics? 4 Reasons
The glistening seeds of the pomegranate are an irresistible treat for many of us, and that includes diabetics. Typically, diabetics are advised to avoid consuming fruits and juices in high quantities as they can cause a spike in blood sugar. But several studies now show that diabetics certainly shouldn’t have to resist pomegranates. The pomegranate (both its seeds and juice) has been shown to greatly reduce blood sugar, an especially vital function for those with type 2 diabetes. Ayurvedic and Unani practitioners have long been using pomegranates to treat diabetes, and they’re now finding support from breakthrough scientific research. So why are pomegranates good for diabetics? 1. Lower Blood Glucose Levels Though pomegranates contain sugar, the sugars are attached to antioxidants that lower the blood glucose levels and fight cell damage. One particular study tested participants 3 hours after they consumed 1.5 ml pomegranate juice per kg of their body weight. These participants exhibited a significant drop in fasting blood glucose levels.1 Unlike many other fruits that contain sugars in free form, pomegranates consist of sugars that are attached to antioxidants. Of these, about 4 antioxidant compounds belonging to the ellagitannin class are believed to help reduce blood sugar. Commercially available pomegranate juices that are extracted from the whole fruit and not just the seeds have 3 times as much antioxidants as red wine and green tea.[ref]Gil, Maria I., Francisco A. Tomás-Barberán, Betty Hess-Pierce, Deirdre M. Holcroft, and Adel A. Kader. “Antioxidant activity of pomegranate juice and its relationship with phenolic composition and processing.” Journal of Agricultural and Food chemistry 48, no. 10 (2000): 4581-4589.[/ref] Pomegranate antioxidants help you Continue reading >>