Injectable Diabetes Medications List

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Diabetes Drugs

Tweet There are a number of different types of diabetes drugs - with some having similar ways of acting. Drugs which act similarly to each other are put into the same class of drugs. Below is a list of the most common diabetes drug classes, an A-Z of all diabetes drugs, how they work, who they are for and which medications fall into these drug classes. Jump to the treatment you’re interested in: Biguanides / Metformin Sulphonylureas Meglitinides / Prandial glucose regulator / Glinides Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors Thiazolidinedione / Glitazones DPP-4 inhibitors / Gliptins Incretin mimetics / GLP-1 analogues Amylin analogues A to Z of diabetes drugs Insulin Insulin is a hormone which helps to regulate blood sugar. A number of different types of insulin are available as medication, with some insulins acting for as long as a day and others acting for only a few hours. However, insulin is prescribed for people with type 1 diabetes and for people with type 2 diabetes who have not responded so well on oral medication (tablets). Read more on insulin Biguanides / Metformin The only available diabetes medication in the biguanides class of drugs is metformin. Biguanides prevent the liver fr Continue reading >>

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  1. laurenleet1d

    I use Humalog for my fast-acting insulin, which supposedly starts working within 10-30 minutes and will peak at 2-4 hours.
    If I have a correction dose with no food, it can take over an hour before my glucose levels start to drop. I just wondered if that's normal and what other people experience?
    I've often thought of swapping to Novorapid/Novolog to see if it helps me control my diabetes any better but thought I'd ask here first and see what other diabetics experience!
    Thanks in advance :)

  2. I_Think_There4_I_Ham

    Fast acting insulin actually stays in your system for 3-4 hours. It's result isn't instant, it works slowly over time.
    When I was first diagnosed with type 1, my blood sugar would be high, I would take insulin, test 2 hours later and still be high, take more and then drop very low.
    With insulin you have something called "insulin on board" or "IOB". The reason why I was going low before was because I wasn't taking into account the IOB and my fast acting was still working in my system. I used to do injections when went to the pen. Now I am on an insulin pump (highly recommend!) and only take fast acting. My pump actually takes into account my IOB when taking insulin for food or high blood sugar which is very useful.
    I would do more research about IOB!

  3. LingonberryPancakes

    A very long time. Takes me about two hours to come down from a "mild" high (~200), and 4-5 hours to come down from a severe high (300+). Quite frustrating actually (dealing with a high right now).

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Non-insulin Injectable Diabetes Medications

As you’ve learned over the past few months, there are numerous types of diabetes pills that can be effective in treating Type 2 diabetes. But, thanks to the changing nature of this condition, over time, diabetes pills may not be enough to keep blood sugars and HbA1c within a safe range. In the past, the next step would be to start on insulin. And while many people do, indeed, go on insulin (and there’s nothing wrong with that), today, there are other options: these are the non-insulin injectable medications. Amylin analog Amylin is a hormone that is secreted along with insulin in response to food intake. In people with Type 1 diabetes and people with Type 2 diabetes who require insulin, both insulin and amylin is reduced due to the beta cells in the pancreas not working as they should. The first non-insulin injectable drug for diabetes was approved by the FDA in 2005 — this drug was pramlintide (brand name Symlin), a synthetic form of amylin. How it works: Pramlintide slows gastric emptying, blocks the release of glucagon (a hormone that raises blood sugar), reduces after-meal glucose release from the liver, and helps to reduce food intake, possibly leading to weight loss. Th Continue reading >>

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  1. john5220

    My metforming I started taking it 2 months ago and it was working fine for like the last 30 days then just like that a couple days ago it pretty much stopped working.
    Ok my BG readings used to be about 160 two hours after eating now its 207 or more.
    I was prescribed 500mg once a day should I take more? I wonder if my pancreas is gone?
    I am 31 years old and I am 255 pounds and 5' 11"
    What should I do guys? is this the end for me? I will admit I lapsed and I started back eating white bread and brown rice when I saw the metformin was actually working and I stopped exercising so I didn't feel there was any harm. Maybe it was the worse mistake of my life?
    I am surprised this much damage could have been done in just 1 month.

  2. andcol

    Metformin isn't a cure. It just reduces the availability of the pancreas to release glucose. If you have started back on the foods that cause issues then you know the answer. Stop eating them again.
    It is said that met at its maximum dose will lower you BG level by between 30 to 40mg/dl
    Have you looked at doing a fast or low carb to reduce your BG levels. I managed to return mine (luckily) to normal within 3 months

  3. Bebo321

    You need to understand that there isn't a magic pill that 'cures' diabetes. Metformin suppresses your liver (which is likely too full of fat) from releasing glucose into your bloodstream.
    Fasting/dieting and making a concerted effort to change your lifestyle is the only way to go. Time to get back on the horse and stay on! If you can make significant changes and really get to grips with this nasty condition, you will not only feel much healthier, you'll have loads more energy and you can steer clear of any potential complications.

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Injectable Type 2 Diabetes Medications List

What is diabetes mellitus? Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition that leads to high levels of blood glucose because the body cannot produce enough insulin or it becomes resistant to it. There are 2 forms of diabetes mellitus, type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). In the United States, 90% of patients are suffering from T2D. Patients with T1D require injectable insulin to control their levels of blood sugar because they cannot produce insulin naturally. On the other hand, patients with T2D can usually manage their condition through oral diabetes drugs, proper diet and regular exercise. In some cases, type 2 diabetic patients may take injectable diabetes medication to help them manage their levels of blood sugar. It is important to control blood sugar levels so as to prevent the risk of long-term diabetes complications. Injectable type 2 diabetes medications Injectable diabetes medications are usually prescribed when oral diabetes medications fail to control the level of blood sugar in type 2 diabetic patients. Injectable drugs that are used by type 2 diabetic patients could either be insulin-based or non-insulin injectables, such as Amylin. Injectable insulin is usuall Continue reading >>

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  1. ruth8890

    3-20-12-UPDATED - Blood Glucose not 90 but high at 130....
    Hi - I was worried about diabetes b/c of my "new" chocolate cravings - serious DAILY cravings--started when I began Lipitor for my cholesterol.
    My PCP ordered the "Hg a1c" test to evaluate my sugars/test for diabetes. I did read that if you have liver disease it's not a very good test for diabetes but she knows all about my Cirrhosis. I don't have extensive "

    updated" knowledge about diabetes.
    Anyway, I'm not overweight, I eat really well, always have been thirsty since a child. Glucose is normal at 90 but the Hga1c results were 5.6 in February and now 6.4 (range = 4.8-5.6).
    I read 6.4 means "approaching" diabetes...??
    I searched MDJ (found posts from 2009) & mysickliver (really helpful) but I'm wondering if anyone here has been tested and why and if you have any knowledge of how this might be connected to Cirrhosis or could it be connected to the Lipitor & of course anything you can share about it. Thanks tons, Ru
    Post edited by: ruth8890, at: 03/19/2012 09:30 PM
    Post edited by: ruth8890, at: 03/20/2012 08:05 PM

  2. dmanflan

    Normal for A1C is 2-6%, it is a standard test for us diabetics as it is an average of the blood glucose (blood sugar) levels for the last 2-3 months. It gives an indication of how well we are controlling our diabetes. Hence your 6.4 indicates a change in how your body is processing your blood glucose. It could be either the Lipitor or the chocolate. YOU can only control the chocolate as you should follow your hepatologist's advice on the Lipitor. I personally have an addiction to chocolate and have trouble with my A1C. I do think there is a balance somewhere with the chocolate but I haven't found it. People tell me to satisfy my sweet tooth with fruit or some other sweet that is not as harmful to my blood (BTW Hg=blood) glucose but it never seems to "hit that spot".
    You need to watch both your A1C and your chocolate intake or you could end up not only gaining weight but also having to treat your approaching diabetes. Ask your doc if you need to start monitoring you blood glucose levels at home.

  3. mpmom

    Diabetes and Liver disease is a very common combination.
    1) The liver creates Glucose Tolerance Factor (GFT) from chromium, niacin and possibly glutathione. GFT is needed for the hormone insulin to properly regulate blood-sugar levels. Due to its critical role in facilitating amino acid entry into muscle cells, GFT empowered insulin is also a necessary co-factor for Growth Hormone to be effective in promoting muscle growth in response to athletic training programs.
    2) The liver serves as the main glucose buffer, preventing high or low extremes of blood sugar. It is the key regulator of blood sugar between meals, due to its manufacture, storage and release of glycogen. Glycogen is the starch form of glucose in which the body can store a half days sugar supply. When the blood sugar is low, a healthy liver converts stored glycogen into glucose, releasing it into the bloodstream to raise blood sugar levels. When blood sugar is to high, the healthy liver will remove much of it, converting the excess into stored glycogen or fat.
    3) The liver can make glucose from dietary or body-derived amino acids. This process called gluconeogenesis or "the making of new glucose", ensures adequate brain and muscle carbohydrate fuel supplies even when the diet provides little or no carbohydrates. The liver produces as much as 20-25% of the blood sugar and endurance athlete's muscles might burn during intense training or competition by converting the amino alanine (released from muscle tissue) into glucose.
    So when the liver is damaged we have a rise in diabetes.
    Here is a link that describes what is called hepatogenous diabetes.1,2
    http:// clinical.diabetesjournals.org/ content/22/1/42.full
    Interesting the anti-rejection meds also often cause diabetes.

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