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Humulin R And Humulin N

Using Humulin R With Humulin N - Diabetes In Dogs: The K9diabetes.com Forum

Using Humulin R With Humulin N - Diabetes In Dogs: The K9diabetes.com Forum

Diabetes Discussion: Your Dog Anything related to your diabetic dog. In Nov 2011 I got up around 6pm, after nursing Lily (at the time 6 months old), to find my Yorkie/Silky limp on the bathroom floor. My husband was in the middle of the Indian Ocean and I was alone! I picked her up, grabbed the baby and put both in the car and then got our other dog and took her as well to the vet. Mandy (the diabetic) was tested and found to have a BG of 790 and was in diabetic ketoacidosis. I was told they closed in an hour I had to take her to the ER vet. At 2am, still waiting to be seen, I broke down and was no longer weeping but full blown wailing out crys for help. She spent the weekend there and then I took her to the vet. She was put on Humalin NPH 5u 2 times a day. It has been 6 months and she is still uncontrolled...until a few days ago. I had asked my vet for other options other than Humalin N and was told I could put her in a 24 insulin. I told him that is the problem...she doesnt eat when you want her to eat and doesnt always eat the same amount and even worse she never ate dog food before all this happened. We were now mixing diabetic dog food with water in a mixer and syringe feeding her and she went from 15 lbs to 11! She wasnt overweight to begin with and now she is starving! (BTW she was on long term steriods for a skin allergy which caused the diabetes). I said that the problem is she needs a fast acting short duration insulin to give her when she does eat. He said that is not possible. I found this hard to believe seeing how insulin trials have to be tested on animals! He said no way to the Humalin R (fast and short). So i did a bit of reseach and found that I could get it and I did. I AM NOT A VET AND NOT A DOCTOR - just presenting this information as a possible so Continue reading >>

Humulin N

Humulin N

What Is Humulin N? Humulin® N (NPH insulin) is a non-prescription form of insulin used to treat diabetes. It is an intermediate-acting insulin that starts working more slowly and lasts longer than regular insulin. Humulin N is not derived from animals. Instead, it is produced by combining a manufactured insulin (that is identical to human insulin) with certain chemicals to make it last longer. NPH stands for Neutral Protamine Hagedorn, so named because it has a neutral pH, contains protamine, and was invented by a scientist named Hans Christian Hagedorn. (Click Humulin N Uses for more information, including possible off-label uses.) Who Makes Humulin N? Humulin N is manufactured by Eli Lilly and Company. How Does It Work? Humulin N is a form of insulin, which is a hormone that is naturally produced by the pancreas. This hormone is important for several functions, such as controlling blood sugar. Insulin helps the cells of your body remove glucose ("sugar") from your bloodstream. This sugar fuels your body's cells, giving them the energy they need to work properly. You may need to take insulin if your pancreas has trouble making enough insulin, which is the case in people with type 1 diabetes and in some people who have type 2 diabetes. Normally, your body is able to maintain proper levels of sugar in your blood and inside your cells. However, in people with type 1 diabetes (and sometimes type 2 diabetes), the pancreas has trouble making insulin. This causes too much sugar to accumulate in the blood. Too much sugar can also accumulate in the blood if your body has trouble responding to normal levels of insulin, as is common in type 2 diabetes. Over time, high levels of sugar in the blood can lead to serious health problems in the eyes, feet, hands, kidneys, and heart. H Continue reading >>

Humulin N

Humulin N

HUMULIN® N (human insulin [rDNA origin]) isophane) Suspension DESCRIPTION HUMULIN N (human insulin [rDNA origin] isophane) suspension is a human insulin suspension. Human insulin is produced by recombinant DNA technology utilizing a non-pathogenic laboratory strain of Escherichia coli. HUMULIN N is a suspension of crystals produced from combining human insulin and protamine sulfate under appropriate conditions for crystal formation. The amino acid sequence of HUMULIN N is identical to human insulin and has the empirical formula C257H383N65O77S6 with a molecular weight of 5808. HUMULIN N is a sterile white suspension. Each milliliter of HUMULIN N contains 100 units of insulin human, 0.35 mg of protamine sulfate, 16 mg of glycerin, 3.78 mg of dibasic sodium phosphate, 1.6 mg of metacresol, 0.65 mg of phenol, zinc oxide content adjusted to provide 0.025 mg zinc ion, and Water for Injection. The pH is 7.0 to 7.5. Sodium hydroxide and/or hydrochloric acid may be added during manufacture to adjust the pH. Continue reading >>

Humulin N

Humulin N

Brand Names: Humulin N, Humulin N Pen, Novolin N, Novolin N Innolet, Novolin N PenFill, Relion Novolin N Generic Name: insulin isophane (Pronunciation: IN soo lin EYE soe fane) What is insulin isophane (Humulin N, Humulin N Pen, Novolin N, Novolin N Innolet, Novolin N PenFill, Relion Novolin N)? Insulin isophane is a man-made form of a hormone that is produced in the body. It works by lowering levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Insulin isophane is a long-acting form of insulin that is slightly different from other forms of insulin that are not man-made. Insulin isophane is used to treat diabetes. Insulin isophane may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide. What are the possible side effects of insulin isophane? Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of insulin allergy: itching skin rash over the entire body, wheezing, trouble breathing, fast heart rate, sweating, or feeling like you might pass out. Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is the most common side effect of insulin isophane. Symptoms of low blood sugar may include headache, nausea, hunger, confusion, drowsiness, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, fast heartbeat, sweating, tremor, trouble concentrating, confusion, or seizure (convulsions). Watch for signs of low blood sugar. Carry a piece of non-dietetic hard candy or glucose tablets with you in case you have low blood sugar. Tell your doctor if you have itching, swelling, redness, or thickening of the skin where you inject insulin isophane. This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. What is the most important information I should know about insulin isophane? Take care to Continue reading >>

Uk Equivalent Of Humulin R And Humulin N?

Uk Equivalent Of Humulin R And Humulin N?

Diabetes Forum The Global Diabetes Community Find support, ask questions and share your experiences. Join the community UK equivalent of Humulin R and Humulin N? Hi there. I was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in Hungary in October 2016, I spent a week in hospital as a l had a really high blood sugar count of 28 and I injured my foot which wouldn't heal. I inject myself with a HumaPen made by Savvio, Lilly. I need to know the UK equivalent of Humulin R and Humulin N? On the Humulin N vile which is for i can read "insulinum humanum", that's what I take in the evening. Any help appreciated. Hi there. I was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in Hungary in October 2016, I spent a week in hospital as a l had a really high blood sugar count of 28 and I injured my foot which wouldn't heal. I inject myself with a HumaPen made by Savvio, Lilly. I need to know the UK equivalent of Humulin R and Humulin N? On the Humulin N vile which is for i can read "insulinum humanum", that's what I take in the evening. Any help appreciated. Continue reading >>

Humulin R, Novolin R (insulin Regular Human) Dosing, Indications, Interactions, Adverse Effects, And More

Humulin R, Novolin R (insulin Regular Human) Dosing, Indications, Interactions, Adverse Effects, And More

Never share pen between patients even if needle is changed Use with caution in patients with decreased insulin requirements: Diarrhea, nausea/vomiting, malabsorption, hypothyroidism, renal impairment, and hepatic impairment Use with caution in patients with increased insulin requirements: Fever, hyperthyroidism, trauma, infection, and surgery Rapid changes in serum glucose may induce symptoms of hypoglycemia; increase monitoring with changes to insulin dosage, co-administered glucose lowering medications, meal pattern, physical activity; and in patients with renal impairment or hepatic impairment or hypoglycemia unawareness Hypoglycemia is the most common cause of adverse reactions (headache, tachycardia, etc) May cause a shift in potassium from extracellular to intracellular space, possibly leading to hypokalemia; caution when coadministered with potassium-lowering drugs or when administered to patients with a condition that may decrease potassium Thiazolidinediones are peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma agonists and can cause dose-related fluid retention, particularly when used in combination with insulin; fluid retention may lead to or exacerbate heart failure; monitor for signs and symptoms of heart failure, treat the patient accordingly, and consider discontinuing thiazolidinediones Change in insulin regimen should be carried out under close medical supervision and frequency of blood glucose monitoring should be increased Severe, life-threatening, generalized allergy, including anaphylaxis, can occur; discontinue therapy if indicated Not for mixing with any insulin for intravenous use or with insulins other than NPH insulin for subcutaneous use Continue reading >>

When Does Humulin Insulin Peak?

When Does Humulin Insulin Peak?

Like all regular insulins, Humulin R helps to prevent your blood sugar level from rising excessively after meals. The activity of Humulin R typically peaks two to four hours after you inject the medication. To synchronize the peak activity of Humulin R with the blood sugar peak associated with eating, you inject this form of insulin approximately 20 to 30 minutes before meals. Humulin N contains insulin in a chemical suspension that slows and prolongs its release. The peak activity of Humulin N typically occurs approximately eight hours after your injection. The duration of activity is approximately 12 to 16 hours. The activity profile of Humulin N makes it useful for maintaining a relatively constant level of insulin in your bloodstream if administered twice daily. This helps keep your blood sugar level steady between meals. Humulin 70/30 is a premixed formulation containing 70 percent Humulin N and 30 percent Humulin R. The premixed drug is convenient if your doctor prescribes both regular and NPH insulin. Two activity peaks occur with this combination medication; one approximately two hours after injection from the regular insulin and a second lower peak approximately 10 hours after injection from the NPH insulin. Variability in Peak Activity The reported peak activity times for various types of Humulin are averages; your experience may be different. After using Humulin for several weeks, you and your doctor may discover from your home glucose monitoring that you are experiencing peak activity earlier or later than the reported average. If this occurs, the timing of your injections may need to be adjusted. Do not change the dose or timing of your insulin injections unless you talk with your doctor. The peak activity of your insulin dose may also change from one day t Continue reading >>

Metoprolol, Humulin N, Metformin, Med Test Feb/15/ 2017, Humulin R, Lantus

Metoprolol, Humulin N, Metformin, Med Test Feb/15/ 2017, Humulin R, Lantus

Selective inhibitor of Beta-1 adrenergic receptors located on Completely blocks Beta-1 receptors, with little or no effect on Beta-2 receptors at doses less than 100 mg. Reduces heart rate (negative chronotropic effect), cardiac output at rest and during exercise, and lowers BP can cause ischemic heart disease if stopped abruptly take apical pulse and BP before administering Bronchospasm, bradycardia, palpitations, edema, CHF, reduced peripheral circulation, drowsiness, insomnia Uses/purpose: (why is the client taking this Humulin N?) 1. To control hyperglycemia in the diabetic patient YOU ARE TAKING NPH INSULIN FOR YOUR DIABETES Therapeutic affect: (what will Humulin N do for this client?) THE INSULIN WILL HELP LOWER YOUR HIGH BLOOD SUGAR Common side effects/adverse effects of Humulin N 1. hypoglycemia (shakiness, tachycardia, irritability, restlessness, excessive hunger, diaphoresis, dizziness, light-headedness, confusion, weakness, & difficult speaking) 2. Some side effects to look for are: blood sugar that is too low (hypoglycemia), shakiness, irritability, restlessness, excessive hunger, excessive sweating, dizziness, light-headedness, confusion, generalized weakness and difficultly speaking. 1. if you experience any signs of hypoglycemia (shakiness, irritability, restlessness, excessive hunger, excessive sweating, dizziness, light-headedness, confusion) please report to the nurse. 2. Eat within 1-2 hours of receiving your NPH insulin injection 3. Carry a glucagon kit, candy or lump of sugar at all times; this helps if hypoglycemia occurs while you are away from home 4. Also, keep insulin and equipment with you at all times, to help maintain blood sugar level Glucophage, Glucophage XR, Fortamet, Glumetza headache, dizziness, agitation, fatigue, sweating, flushed, Continue reading >>

How To Mix Insulin Clear To Cloudy

How To Mix Insulin Clear To Cloudy

Learn how to mix insulin clear to cloudy. Drawing up and mixing insulin is a skill that nurses will utilize on the job. Insulin is administered to patients who have diabetes. These type of patients depend on insulin so their body can use glucose. Therefore, nurses must be familiar with how to mix insulin. The goal of this article is to teach you how to mix insulin. Below are a video demonstration and step-by-step instructions on how to do this. How to Mix Insulin Purpose of mixing insulin: To prevent having to give the patient two separate injections (hence better for the patient). Most commonly ordered insulin that are mixed: NPH (intermediate-acting) and Regular insulin (short-acting). Important Points to Keep in Mind: Never mix Insulin Glargine “Lantus” with any other type of insulin. Administer the dose within 5 to 10 minutes after drawing up because the regular insulin binds to the NPH and this decreases its action. Check the patient’s blood sugar and for signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia to ensure they aren’t hypoglycemic …if patient is hypoglycemic hold the dose and notify md for further orders. Key Concept for Mixing Insulin: Draw up CLEAR TO CLOUDY Remember the mnemonic: RN (Regular to Nph) Why? It prevents contaminating the vial of clear insulin with the cloudy insulin because if contaminated it can affect the action of the insulin. Why does this matter because they will be mixed in the syringe? You have 5 to 10 minutes to give the insulin mixed in the syringe before the action of the insulins are affected Demonstration on Drawing Up Clear to Cloudy Insulin Steps on How to Mix Insulin 1. Check the doctor’s order and that you have the correct medication: Doctor’s order says: “10 units of Humulin R and 12 units of Humulin N subcutaneous before b Continue reading >>

What Is The Difference Between Humulin N And Humulin R?

What Is The Difference Between Humulin N And Humulin R?

An insulin's onset indicates when the it begins to lower blood glucose, and the peak is the time the insulin is working hardest to decrease blood glucose. The duration describes how long the insulin lasts. Because Humulin R has a faster onset, it is usually injected 30 minutes before meals. If a patient does not eat soon after taking Humulin R, low blood sugar levels may result. In contrast, it is not imperative to eat directly after taking Humulin N, which is usually injected one or two times a day. Both Humulin N and Humulin R are synthetic insulin products that are the same as human insulin. Insulin works by helping blood glucose enter cells and be utilized for energy. Humulin N and Humulin R are sometimes used together to achieve blood glucose control. They are given as an injection under the skin in the stomach, thighs, buttocks or the back of the upper arm. Learn more about Medications & Vitamins Continue reading >>

Humulin N Vs. Novolin N: A Side-by-side Comparison

Humulin N Vs. Novolin N: A Side-by-side Comparison

Diabetes is a disease that causes high blood sugar levels. Not treating your high blood sugar levels can damage your heart and blood vessels. It can also lead to stroke, kidney failure, and blindness. Humulin N and Novolin N are both injectable drugs that treat diabetes by lowering your blood sugar levels. Humulin N and Novolin N are two brands of the same kind of insulin. Insulin lowers your blood sugar levels by sending messages to your muscle and fat cells to use sugar from your blood. It also tells your liver to stop making sugar. We’ll help you compare and contrast these drugs to help you decide if one is a better choice for you. Humulin N and Novolin N are both brand names for the same drug, called insulin NPH. Insulin NPH is an intermediate-acting insulin. Intermediate-acting insulin lasts longer in your body than natural insulin does. Both drugs come in a vial as a solution that you inject with a syringe. Humulin N also comes as a solution you inject with a device called a KwikPen. You do not need a prescription to buy Novolin N or Humulin N from the pharmacy. However, you do need to talk to your doctor before you start using it. Only your doctor knows whether this insulin is right for you and how much you need to use. The table below compares more drug features of Humulin N and Novolin N. Humulin N Novolin N What drug is it? Insulin NPH Insulin NPH Why is it used? To control blood sugar in people with diabetes To control blood sugar in people with diabetes Do I need a prescription to buy this drug? No* No* Is a generic version available? No No What forms does it come in? Injectable solution, available in a vial that you use with a syringe Injectable solution, available in a cartridge that you use in a device called a KwikPen Injectable solution, available in Continue reading >>

Humulin N

Humulin N

Humulin N (insulin human recombinant) [Human insulin (rDNA origin) isophane suspension] is a man-made insulin product indicated for glucose control in patients with diabetes. Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) is a frequent side effect of Humulin N (insulin). Symptoms of low blood sugar may include headache, nausea, hunger, confusion, drowsiness, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, fast heartbeat, sweating, tremor, trouble concentrating, confusion, or seizure (convulsions). Other side effects of Humulin N include injection site reactions (pain, redness, irritation). Tell your doctor if you have serious side effects of Humulin including signs of low potassium level in the blood (such as muscle cramps, weakness, irregular heartbeat). Humulin N (insulin human recombinant) is administered by injection. Any change of insulin should be made cautiously and only under medical supervision. Changes in strength, manufacturer, type (e.g, regular, NPH, analog), species, or method of manufacture may result in the need to change dosage. Humulin N may interact with albuterol, clonidine, reserpine, guanethidine, or beta-blockers. Tell your doctor all medications and supplements you use. Humulin N (insulin human recombinant) should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment. It is unknown if Humulin N passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding. Our Humulin N Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication. This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects t Continue reading >>

Insulin

Insulin

insulin [in´su-lin] 1. the major fuel-regulating hormone of the body, a double-chain protein formed from proinsulin in the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. Insulin promotes the storage of glucose and the uptake of amino acids, increases protein and lipid synthesis, and inhibits lipolysis and gluconeogenesis. Secretion of insulin is a response of the beta cells to a stimulus; the primary stimulus is glucose, and others are amino acids and hormones such as secretin, pancreozymin, and gastrin. These chemicals play an important role in maintaining normal blood glucose levels by triggering insulin release after a meal. After insulin is released from the beta cells, it enters the blood stream and is transported to cells throughout the body. The cell membranes have insulin receptors to which the hormone becomes bonded or “fixed.” An interaction between the insulin and its receptors leads to biochemical processes that include (1) the transport of glucose, amino acids, and certain ions across the membrane and into the cell body; (2) the storage of glycogen in liver and muscle cells; (3) the synthesis of triglycerides and storage of fat; (4) the synthesis of protein, RNA, and DNA, and (5) inhibition of gluconeogenesis, degradation of glycogen and protein, and lipolysis. Although insulin increases the transport of glucose across the cell membrane of most cells, in the brain glucose enters the cells by simple diffusion through the blood--brain barrier. 2. a preparation of the hormone, first discovered in 1921, used in treatment of diabetes mellitus; it may be bovine or porcine in origin (prepared from the pancreas of the animals) or a recombinant human type, although insulin of bovine origin is no longer available in the United States. Recombinant human Continue reading >>

Humulin R Regular U-100 Insulin Injection : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & Dosing - Webmd

Humulin R Regular U-100 Insulin Injection : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & Dosing - Webmd

Insulin regular is used with a proper diet and exercise program to control high blood sugar in people with diabetes . Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke . This man-made insulin product is the same as human insulin . It replaces the insulin that your body would normally make. It is a short-acting insulin. It works by helping blood sugar ( glucose ) get into cells so your body can use it for energy. This medication is usually used in combination with a medium- or long-acting insulin product. This medication may also be used alone or with other oral diabetes drugs (such as metformin ). Read the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist before you start using this medication and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor, diabetes educator, or pharmacist. Learn all preparation and usage instructions from your health care professional and the product package. Before using, check this product visually for particles or discoloration. If either is present, do not use the insulin . Insulin regular should be clear and colorless. Before injecting each dose, clean the injection site with rubbing alcohol. Change the injection site each time to lessen injury under the skin and to avoid developing problems under the skin ( lipodystrophy ). Insulin regular may be injected in the stomach area, the thigh, the buttocks, or the back of the upper arm. Do not inject into a vein or muscle because very low blood sugar ( hypoglycemia ) may occur. Do not rub the area after the injection. Do not inject into skin that is red, swollen, or itchy. Do not inject cold insulin because thi Continue reading >>

Understanding R, N, And Premixed Insulins

Understanding R, N, And Premixed Insulins

Share: Sometimes due to choice, cost, insurance coverage you may find yourself on N, R, or pre-mixed insulin. The following is some information to understand what the types are, how they are taken, and who might be taking them. What is R insulin and when should I take it? Regular or R insulin is clear in color, considered short acting, and is available in names including: Humulin R, Novolin R, ReliOn R. This insulin starts working in 30 minutes and lasts for about 5-8 hours. Regular insulin is taken 30 minutes before meals. It helps to provide coverage for your meals. If you use in combination with N insulin, you would take it before breakfast and dinner. If skipping a meal, you would skip your R insulin. How much is R insulin? R insulin is considerably cheaper than rapid acting analogs such as Humalog or Novolog. Check with your pharmacy for exact pricing. What is N insulin and when should I take it? NPH (N) is a cloudy colored, intermediate acting insulin, and is available as Humulin N, Novolin N, ReliOn N. It starts working in about 1-3 hours, and can last for approximately 10-18 hours. N insulin helps to cover in between your meals and the N you take at breakfast will still be working at lunch to cover your meal. It is essential that you have lunch every day, about 4-5 hours after you inject your N at breakfast. If you do not have lunch, you will be at risk for going too low. The N you take at bed will work during the night to help regular your morning glucose levels. You should have a small bed time snack. NPH or N insulin would be taken with breakfast and before bed for better fasting glucose levels, however instead of giving it at bed, it may be given before dinner also. How much is N insulin? N insulin is a cheaper alternative to longer acting insulins. Check wi Continue reading >>

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