Humulin R Concentrate For Solution For Injection Drug Information, Side Effects, Faqs
-an unusual or allergic reaction to insulin, metacresol, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives This medicine is for injection under the skin. Use exactly as directed. It is important to follow the directions given to you by your doctor or health care professional. Your doctor or health care professional will tell you how long to wait after you inject your dose before eating a meal. Most of the time, you should eat a meal within 30 minutes of your injection. You will be taught how to use this medicine and how to adjust doses for activities and illness. Do not use more insulin than prescribed. Do not use more or less often than prescribed. If you use U-500 insulin: Make sure you are using the right insulin vial prior to each use. You should only use a U-500 insulin syringe. Do not use a U-100 insulin syringe or a tuberculin syringe. The markings on each syringe are different. If you do not use the right syringe, you may take the wrong dose. This can lead to serious side effects. Always check the appearance of your insulin before using it. This medicine should be clear and colorless like water. Do not use it if it is cloudy, thickened, colored, or has solid particles in it. It is important that you put your used needles and syringes in a special sharps container. Do not put them in a trash can. If you do not have a sharps container, call your pharmacist or healthcare provider to get one. Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this medicine may be prescribed for children for selected conditions, precautions do apply. It is important not to miss a dose. Your health care professional or doctor should discuss a plan for missed doses with you. If you do miss a dose, follow their plan. Do not take double doses. Visit your health Continue reading >>
Types Of Insulin And How They Work
Insulin is a hormone the body makes to control the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. It lowers blood sugar by allowing glucose to leave the bloodstream and enter body cells. Without enough insulin, the level of glucose in the bloodstream can become too high. Everyone needs insulin to use food properly. People without diabetes make enough of their own insulin to keep their blood sugar at healthy levels all the time. People with type 1 diabetes no longer make insulin of their own. Instead, they need to take shots of one or more types of insulin to keep their blood sugars close to normal. Between 75 and 90 percent of people with type 2 diabetes need to take insulin shots to help them get the best control of their blood sugar levels. Deciding How Much Insulin to Take The amount of insulin a person needs depends on: Body weight Percentage of body fat Activity level Diet Other medicines Emotions and stress General health Type of insulin When you first start taking insulin shots, your doctor might ask you to change the amount you take or the time you take it several times. You and your doctor will base these changes on the results of your blood sugar tests. You'll need to make adjustments until you find the dose and schedule that work best for you. Each person's need for insulin is different: Some people can control their blood sugar with one shot of insulin a day. Most people need more than three shots every day. Many people need more than one type of insulin. If you take several insulin shots a day or use more than one type of insulin, it doesn't mean your diabetes isn't in good control. Your blood sugar, not the amount or type of insulin you take, is the best way to judge how well you are doing. If you take three shots a day and your blood sugar is near normal, that's Continue reading >>
Humulin R Pdr+ Consumer Monograph | Pdr.net
What is this medication and its most common uses? Humulin R is used to control high blood sugar in people with diabetes. What should I know when beginning and continuing on this medication? Your body needs insulin to turn sugar into energy. Diabetes develops when your body does not make enough insulin or does not properly use the insulin it makes. Humulin R U-100 may help control your blood sugar levels by allowing blood sugar to move from your bloodstream into your cells for energy. What are the beneficial effects of this medication and when should I begin to have results? What: Lowering your blood sugar to a normal level may prevent or delay potential complications associated with diabetes, such as blindness, kidney failure, or heart problems. Humulin R U-100 works by controlling the rise in blood sugar when you eat. When: Humulin R U-100 starts working 30 minutes after injection and the effects may last up to 8 hours. Check your blood sugar regularly and as your healthcare provider tells you to. Your healthcare provider will also order blood tests to measure your blood sugar levels and your hemoglobin A1C (measures your average blood sugar levels over a 2- to 3-month period). It is important to stay on your prescribed diet and exercise program, as this will also affect the results of your blood tests. What are the possible side effects of this medication? The following is not a full list of side effects. Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Only your healthcare provider can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this medication. More common side effects may include: low blood sugar or injection-site reactions. Symptoms of low blood sugar include: anxiety, restlessnes Continue reading >>
What Is Short-acting Insulin?
Short-acting insulins or regular insulins are recombinant human insulins that were developed to mimic normal after-meal insulin release. They are intended to be used as a bolus mealtime insulin to quickly lower the increase in blood glucose (sugar) after eating. Even though they are regular human insulins, they do not end up controlling the after-meal blood glucose like the insulin produced in the body. This is because after regular human insulin is injected it has a delay before it is absorbed into the body. This delays the onset (usually 30 minutes) and prolongs the effect (usually 3-6 hours) of the injected regular insulin. This limits short-acting insulins effectiveness in providing good glucose control and increases the risk of hypoglycemia. Some of the short-acting insulins available in the US include: What is Humulin R (regular human insulin)? Humulin R (regular human insulin) is used with diet and exercise to improve blood glucose control after meals in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Humulin R is given as a subcutaneous (under the skin) injection 30 minutes before meals. It can be injected in the abdomen, thigh, or upper arm or buttocks. Injection sites should be rotated each time to prevent the risk of lipodystrophy, an accumulation of fatty tissue under the skin at the site where insulin is injected. Consult with your healthcare provider on proper use and to determine the specific dose needed. Humulin R is available in a vial containing 100 units/ml (Humulin R U-100), a highly concentrated vial containing 500 units/ml (Humulin R U-500), and a highly concentrated pen containing 500 units/ml (Humulin R U-500 Kwikpen). Humulin R U-500 vials must be injected with a U-500 insulin syringe, otherwise life-threatening hypoglycemia may result. Unopened vials and pen Continue reading >>
What Is Humulin R (insulin Regular)?
Humulin R is the brand name of a medicine that contains insulin regular (a short-acting form of insulin). Insulin is a hormone that's produced by the body in the pancreas. It works to lower levels of sugar in the blood. This prescription medicine is injected to improve blood sugar control in adults with diabetes. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) first approved human insulin in 1982. Humulin R is marketed by Ely Lilly and Company. Humulin R Warnings Humulin R shouldn't be used during an episode of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Low blood sugar is a common side effect of insulin. Symptoms may include: Hunger Headache Weakness Sweating Irritability Tremors Trouble concentrating Fast heartbeat Fainting Seizures Look out for signs of low blood sugar, and carry candy or glucose tablets in case you have an episode. You may also experience signs of hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), which often include: Hunger Increased thirst Dry mouth Fruity breath odor Dry skin Blurred vision Weight loss Increased urination Drowsiness You'll need to monitor your blood sugar levels often while taking this medicine. It's important that you keep Humulin R with you at all times. Be sure to get your prescription refilled before you run out of this medicine. Don't change the brand of insulin or type of syringe you're using without first talking to your healthcare provider. They may not be interchangeable. Before taking Humulin R, tell your doctor if you have, or have ever had: Kidney or liver disease Heart failure, or other heart problems Nerve, adrenal, pituitary, or thyroid problems Eye problems caused by diabetes Allergies to medications Let your doctor know about all the medicines you're taking while using Humulin R, especially certain oral diabetes drugs, such as Actos (pioglitazon Continue reading >>
How does this medication work? What will it do for me? Insulin is a naturally occurring hormone made by the pancreas that helps our body use or store the glucose (sugar) it gets from food. For people with diabetes, either the pancreas does not make enough insulin to meet the body's requirements, or the body cannot properly use the insulin that is made. As a result, glucose cannot be used or stored properly and accumulates in the bloodstream. Insulin injected under the skin helps to lower blood glucose levels. There are many different types of insulin and they are absorbed at different rates and work for varying periods of time. NPH is an intermediate-acting insulin. It takes 1 to 3 hours to begin working after injection, reaches its maximum effect between 5 and 8 hours, and stops working after about 18 to 24 hours. Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are being given this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop using this medication without consulting your doctor. Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to use this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it. What form(s) does this medication come in? Vial Each mL contains 100 units of NPH insulin. Nonmedicinal ingredients: dibasic sodium phosphate, glycerol, m-cresol, phenol, protamine sulfate, and zinc. May contain dimethicone, hydrochloric acid, and sodium hydroxide. Cartridge/KwikPen Each mL contains 100 units of NPH insulin. Nonmedicinal ingredients: dibasic sodium phosphate, Continue reading >>
Humulin R Regular U-100 Insulin Injection : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & Dosing - Webmd
Insulin regular is used with a proper diet and exercise program to control high blood sugar in people with diabetes . Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke . This man-made insulin product is the same as human insulin . It replaces the insulin that your body would normally make. It is a short-acting insulin. It works by helping blood sugar ( glucose ) get into cells so your body can use it for energy. This medication is usually used in combination with a medium- or long-acting insulin product. This medication may also be used alone or with other oral diabetes drugs (such as metformin ). Read the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist before you start using this medication and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor, diabetes educator, or pharmacist. Learn all preparation and usage instructions from your health care professional and the product package. Before using, check this product visually for particles or discoloration. If either is present, do not use the insulin . Insulin regular should be clear and colorless. Before injecting each dose, clean the injection site with rubbing alcohol. Change the injection site each time to lessen injury under the skin and to avoid developing problems under the skin ( lipodystrophy ). Insulin regular may be injected in the stomach area, the thigh, the buttocks, or the back of the upper arm. Do not inject into a vein or muscle because very low blood sugar ( hypoglycemia ) may occur. Do not rub the area after the injection. Do not inject into skin that is red, swollen, or itchy. Do not inject cold insulin because thi Continue reading >>
Humulin R Versus Humalog: A Side-by-side Comparison
Diabetes is a disease that causes high blood sugar levels. Left untreated, high blood sugar levels can cause many problems, such as heart and blood vessel disease, stroke, kidney failure, and blindness. Humulin R and Humalog are two different types of insulin that can help lower your blood sugar level. These drugs work in slightly different ways. In general, insulin lowers your blood sugar level by signaling to your muscle and fat cells to use sugar from your blood. It also signals your liver to stop making sugar. Depending on the type and severity of your diabetes, you may need to take insulin. We’ll compare and contrast Humulin R and Humalog to help you decide if one may be a good choice to treat your diabetes. Humulin R is a brand name for regular insulin. It is a short-acting insulin. That means that it takes about 30 minutes to reach your bloodstream and works for about three to six hours. Humalog is a brand name for insulin lispro, which is a fast-acting insulin. It takes about 15 minutes to start working, but it only lasts two to four hours. The following table compares more features of these two drugs. Humulin R Humalog What drug is it? Regular insulin (short-acting insulin) Insulin lispro (fast-acting insulin) What’s it used for? Blood sugar control in people with diabetes Blood sugar control in people with diabetes Do I need a prescription to buy this drug? No Yes Is a generic version available? No No What forms does it come in? Injectable solution, available in a vial for use with a syringe Injectable solution, available in a vial for use with a syringe. Injectable solution, available in a cartridge that you use in a device called a KwikPen How much do I take? Your doctor will tell you what dose to inject. This depends on your blood sugar readings and the Continue reading >>
Brand Names: Humulin R, Novolin R, Novolin R Innolet, Novolin R Penfill, Relion/novolin R
A A A Medications and Drugs Generic Name: insulin regular (Pronunciation: IN soo lin REG yoo lar) What is insulin regular (Humulin R, Novolin R, Novolin R Innolet, Novolin R PenFill, ReliOn/Novolin R)? What are the possible side effects of insulin regular (Humulin R, Novolin R, Novolin R Innolet, Novolin R PenFill, ReliOn/Novolin R)? What is the most important information I should know about insulin regular (Humulin R, Novolin R, Novolin R Innolet, Novolin R PenFill, ReliOn/Novolin R)? What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using insulin regular (Humulin R, Novolin R, Novolin R Innolet, Novolin R PenFill, ReliOn/Novolin R)? How should I use insulin regular (Humulin R, Novolin R, Novolin R Innolet, Novolin R PenFill, ReliOn/Novolin R)? What happens if I miss a dose (Humulin R, Novolin R, Novolin R Innolet, Novolin R PenFill, ReliOn/Novolin R)? What happens if I overdose (Humulin R, Novolin R, Novolin R Innolet, Novolin R PenFill, ReliOn/Novolin R)? What should I avoid while using insulin regular (Humulin R, Novolin R, Novolin R Innolet, Novolin R PenFill, ReliOn/Novolin R)? What other drugs will affect insulin regular (Humulin R, Novolin R, Novolin R Innolet, Novolin R PenFill, ReliOn/Novolin R)? What is insulin regular (Humulin R, Novolin R, Novolin R Innolet, Novolin R PenFill, ReliOn/Novolin R)? Insulin is a hormone that is produced in the body. It works by lowering levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Insulin regular is a short-acting form of insulin. Insulin regular is used to treat diabetes. Insulin regular may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide. What are the possible side effects of insulin regular (Humulin R, Novolin R, Novolin R Innolet, Novolin R PenFill, ReliOn/Novolin R)? Get emergency medical help if you Continue reading >>
Insulin Actions Times And Peak Times
A good way to improve your glucose levels is to track the peaks and drops in your glucose , so you can figure out why they happened and how to correct them. Once you identify glucose patterns (they ARE there!), you also want to understand when each of your insulins is active and when they typically stop lowering your glucose. This helps you adjust your doses or food intake to stop unwanted ups and downs in your readings. The table below shows the start, peak, and end times for various insulins with some explanations and typical uses for each. When Does My Insulin Peak and How Long Does It Last? designed to peak, covers meals and lowers high BGs Humalog , Novolog and Apidra insulins currently give the best coverage for meals and help keep the glucose lower afterward. Their glucose lowering activity starts to work about 20 minutes after they are taken, with a gradual rise in activity over the next 1.75 to 2.25 hours. Their activity gradually falls over the next 3 hours with about 5 to 6 hours of activity being common with these insulins.Although insulin action times are often quoted as 3-5 hours, the actual duration of insulin action is typically 5 hours or more. See our article Duration of Insulin Action for more information on this important topic. In general, "rapid" insulins are still too slow for many common meals where the glucose peaks within an hour and digestion is complete within 2-3 hours. The best kept secret on stopping post meal spiking is to eake the injection or bolus earlier before the meal and to eat slower low glycemic carbs. Regular insulin still carries its original name of "fast insulin" but its slower action often works better for people who take Symlin or for those who have gastroparesis (delayed digestion). It is also a great choice for those who Continue reading >>
When Does Humulin Insulin Peak?
Like all regular insulins, Humulin R helps to prevent your blood sugar level from rising excessively after meals. The activity of Humulin R typically peaks two to four hours after you inject the medication. To synchronize the peak activity of Humulin R with the blood sugar peak associated with eating, you inject this form of insulin approximately 20 to 30 minutes before meals. Humulin N contains insulin in a chemical suspension that slows and prolongs its release. The peak activity of Humulin N typically occurs approximately eight hours after your injection. The duration of activity is approximately 12 to 16 hours. The activity profile of Humulin N makes it useful for maintaining a relatively constant level of insulin in your bloodstream if administered twice daily. This helps keep your blood sugar level steady between meals. Humulin 70/30 is a premixed formulation containing 70 percent Humulin N and 30 percent Humulin R. The premixed drug is convenient if your doctor prescribes both regular and NPH insulin. Two activity peaks occur with this combination medication; one approximately two hours after injection from the regular insulin and a second lower peak approximately 10 hours after injection from the NPH insulin. Variability in Peak Activity The reported peak activity times for various types of Humulin are averages; your experience may be different. After using Humulin for several weeks, you and your doctor may discover from your home glucose monitoring that you are experiencing peak activity earlier or later than the reported average. If this occurs, the timing of your injections may need to be adjusted. Do not change the dose or timing of your insulin injections unless you talk with your doctor. The peak activity of your insulin dose may also change from one day t Continue reading >>
Type 2 Diabetes: How Long Does It Take For Insulin To Work?
If you have been living with type 2 diabetes for a while, then you may be on a medication regimen that includes insulin. You’ve probably noticed that your type 2 diabetes is a bit different from other people’s. Every person’s body is different, and this is just one reason why the response to insulin treatments can vary from person to person. Read on to ease your confusion about insulin and learn how it supports blood sugar management on the individual level. How insulin works in the body Insulin is produced naturally in the body by the pancreas. The pancreas contains millions of beta cells, and these cells are responsible for making insulin. Whenever you eat food with carbohydrates, your beta cells release insulin so that other cells in the body can use the blood glucose it gets from food for energy. In a sense, insulin acts as a key, letting glucose into the cells. How insulin works without diabetes Under normal circumstances, the body produces insulin after digestion. The presence of insulin triggers cells to take in the glucose and use it as energy. The ability of your cells to respond to insulin is called insulin sensitivity. What happens to insulin when you have diabetes? If you have type 2 diabetes, your body either can’t produce any or enough insulin, or is resistant to its presence. That means glucose is not able to get into your body’s cells effectively. The inability for the cells to absorb the glucose in the blood causes elevated blood sugar levels. Blood sugar levels will be high after meals, and even between meals, since the liver makes glucose when we are between meals or sleeping. People who have type 2 diabetes often take diabetes pills or insulin shots to improve their blood sugar levels. Characteristics of insulin Insulin exists in suspension Continue reading >>
Insulin Regular Human (rx, Otc)
Dosage Forms & Strengths injectable solution Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Initial: 0.2-0.4 units/kg/day SC divided q8hr or more frequently Maintenance: 0.5-1 unit/kg/day SC divided q8hr or more frequently; in insulin-resistant patients (eg, due to obesity), substantially higher daily insulin may be required Approximately 50-75% of the total daily insulin requirements are given as intermediate- or long-acting insulin administered in 1-2 injections; rapid- or short-acting insulin should be used before or at mealtimes to satisfy the remainder balance of the total daily insulin requirements Premixed combinations are available that deliver rapid- or short-acting components at the same time as the intermediate- or long-acting component Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled by diet, exercise, or oral medication: Suggested beginning dose of 10 units/day SC (or 0.1-0.2 unit/kg/day) in evening or divided q12hr Severe Hyperglycemia (Diabetic Ketoacidosis) 0.1 unit/kg/hr IV continuous infusion; if serum glucose does not fall by 50 mg/dL in the first hour, check hydration status; if possible, double the insulin hourly until glucose levels fall at the rate of 50-75 mg/dL/hr; decrease infusion to 0.05-0.1 unit/kg/hour when blood sugar reaches 250 mg/dL Dosing Considerations Dosage of human insulin, which is always expressed in USP units, must be based on the results of blood and urine glucose tests and must be carefully individualized to optimal effect Dose adjustments should be based on regular blood glucose testing Adjust to achieve appropriate glucose control Look for consistent pattern in blood sugars for >3 days Same time each day: Compare blood glucose levels with previous levels found at that time of day For each time of day: Calculate blood glucose range Continue reading >>
Generic Name: Insulin Regular (U-100) Vials (IN su lin) Brand Name: Humulin R, Novolin R Uses of Humulin R: It is used to lower blood sugar in patients with high blood sugar (diabetes). What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take Humulin R? If you have an allergy to insulin or any other part of Humulin R (insulin regular (U-100) vials). If you are allergic to any drugs like this one, any other drugs, foods, or other substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had, like rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs. If you have low blood sugar. This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with this medicine. Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take Humulin R with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor. What are some things I need to know or do while I take Humulin R? Tell all of your health care providers that you take this medicine. This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists. Allergic reactions have happened with Humulin R. Rarely, some reactions can be very bad or life-threatening. Talk with the doctor. Low blood sugar may happen with this medicine. Very low blood sugar can lead to seizures, passing out, long lasting brain damage, and sometimes death. Talk with the doctor. Low blood potassium may happen with Humulin R. If not treated, this can lead to a heartbeat that is not normal, very bad breathing problems, and sometimes death. Talk with the doctor. Avoid driving and doing other tasks or actions that Continue reading >>
Humulin R is a medication approved to control blood sugar levels in people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. It is a short-acting form of insulin specifically used to control the blood sugar spike that occurs after meals. Humulin R, which comes in both a standard and concentrated form, is typically injected just under the skin once or twice a day. Humulin R ( regular insulin ) is a form of insulin used to treat diabetes . It is a short-acting insulin used to help control the spike in blood sugar that occurs after meals. It is typically used in combination with a long-acting insulin. Humulin R can also be used in an insulin pump . U-100 Humulin R (the standard insulin concentration) is available without a prescription, while U-500 Humulin R (a concentrated version used in special situations) requires a prescription. (Click Humulin R Uses for more information, including possible off-label uses.) Humulin R is manufactured by Hospira, Inc. and is marketed and distributed by Eli Lilly and Company. Even though it is made in a laboratory, Humulin R is identical to the insulin produced by the human body. Insulin is a hormone that is naturally produced by the pancreas . This hormone is important for several functions, such as controlling blood sugar. Insulin helps the cells of your body remove glucose ("sugar") from your bloodstream. This sugar fuels your body's cells, giving them the energy they need to work properly. You may need to take insulin if your pancreas has trouble making enough insulin, which is the case in people with type 1 diabetes and in some people who have type 2 diabetes . Humulin R is a short-acting insulin medication. It works more quickly than intermediate- or long-acting insulins but less quickly than rapid-acting insulins. It starts working relatively quic Continue reading >>