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How Our Bodies Turn Food Into Energy

All parts of the body (muscles, brain, heart, and liver) need energy to work. This energy comes from the food we eat. Our bodies digest the food we eat by mixing it with fluids (acids and enzymes) in the stomach. When the stomach digests food, the carbohydrate (sugars and starches) in the food breaks down into another type of sugar, called glucose. The stomach and small intestines absorb the glucose and then release it into the bloodstream. Once in the bloodstream, glucose can be used immediately for energy or stored in our bodies, to be used later. However, our bodies need insulin in order to use or store glucose for energy. Without insulin, glucose stays in the bloodstream, keeping blood sugar levels high. How the Body Makes Insulin Insulin is a hormone made by beta cells in the pancreas. Beta cells are very sensitive to the amount of glucose in the bloodstream. Normally beta cells check the blood's glucose level every few seconds and sense when they need to speed up or slow down the amount of insulin they're making and releasing. When someone eats something high in carbohydrates, like a piece of bread, the glucose level in the blood rises and the beta cells trigger the pancreas Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. BreC

    Diabetes and Arthritis

    It has been cold and wet here off and on since November. Yards are mushy from so much rain. With all the cold and rain, most will eventually get a visit from the ritis brothers. I already feel their presence in my back, knees, and neck. Read an article that stated people with diagnosed diabetes are nearly twice as likely to have arthritis, indicating a diabetes-arthritis connection. That certainly has a ring of truth with me. I use warm compresses and take Aleve. My pcp and spine specialist bot have said that Aleve is an arthritis medicine and have me taking at least 1 a day and more if needed. How do you deal with arthritis.

  2. moni_now

    Hi BreC, I hear you when you mention the cold and dampness. My body has been an aching field. I had always been told that Ibrophfen was okay to take but at my last regular doc. appt. (after reviewing the lab work where my AC1 had gone from 6.5 to 7.8) my doc. referred me to orthopaedic specialist. My pain had become chronic for 4 months in my right knee. I can only say I should have gone much sooner. I'd literally been eating ibroprofen. It wasn't helping and I was developing stomach problems. Xrays showed the extent of my osteoarthritis. I was given a cortisone shot and next Tues. I begin physical therapy to strengthen my legs. (I'd gotten to the point that I wasn't walking correctly at all and this was causing hip and back pain as well as the knee.) Anyway, if you get to the point where the pain meds you are taking isn't helping at all, please tell your doctor and ask for a referral to have it checked out by a bone and joint specialist. I can't tell you the difference that one cortisone shot made to help me get back on the road to recovery and to get my BG back under control. Pain can elevate BG and slow your movements so that you aren't getting enough exercise. I've got enough going on with diabetes management without having to deal with arthritis. Another thing is weight and I know that's a nasty word, but I was told for every pound overweight that we are there are 4 to 6 pounds of pressure on our load bearing joints. In my case that means there are hundreds of pounds of pressure on my knees that really shouldn't be there so I'm working on that, too. My plan includes that by this time next year I can be within my goal weight and it will take the year I'm sure. All this is the reason I just joined Diabetic Connect. I know I can't do this alone…

  3. suecsdy

    Be aware that nsaids can cause damage to the kidneys with long term use. I am no longer allowed to take them because of recent issues with kidney function. Bummer, since ibuprofen was my painkiller of choice. Right now my only option is Tylenol and it doesn't work that well for me unless it's hydrocodone or the pm mix with benadryl. One makes me slightly loopy and the other will put me out. At least I get some sleep with the latter. Aspercream and other rubs seem to help with joint pain and some other aches though. Used them recently when I got a vaccination that went into the muscle and was really hurting.(Still feels bruised, but the lump is finally gone.)

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