Diagnosing Prediabetes: How To Test For Pre Diabetes?
My quest started with first understanding prediabetes mellitus. I wanted to know the answer to what was really happening to my body, what to expect and how to manage it. I wanted to gather all pre diabetes information that is based on sound research, not just conventional wisdom. I wanted to understand why it happened to me and how do I prevent diabetes type 2. How do I stop prediabetes mellitus progression? Is there such as thing as pre diabetes type 2? Or pre diabetes mellitus? Or is it just an intermediate stage for any form of diabetes? How likely I am to get diabetes in the future? How soon? What could be the pre diabetes complications? I had many questions running through my head and so being a research scientist, I started my literature survey to find eveything about pre diabetes. Put simply, if you have pre-diabetes, you are at high risk of developing diabetes type 2, or diabetes mellitus. You also have an increased risk of developing heart diseases. Pre diabetes is a condition in which the blood sugar level is above its normal range, but still not high enough to be classified as diabetes. The normal range of fasting blood sugar level is supposed to be under 100 mg/dl. For diabetes, we are talking a fasting plasma glucose level of about 125 mg/dl. So, if you have fasting blood sugar level is between 100 mg/dl and 125 mg/dl, then you are considered prediabetic. I have listed additional pre diabetes tests later in this article. For a quick summary, here’s the infographic released by CDC in its 2014 report on diabetes and pre diabetes. But there are two specific categories of pre diabetes that you might fall into. If your fasting glucose level is between 100-125 mg/dl, then you have “Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG)”. If on the other hand, a two-hour oral gluco Continue reading >>
If you have ever asked the question “What is diabetes, exactly?”, then you have come to the right place. Diabetes is a illness that relates to problems with the hormone insulin. When functioning correctly, the pancreas releases insulin which then lets the body retain or utilize sugars and fats taken in through the food we eat. Diabetes occurs when: No insulin is produced Insufficient amounts of insulin is produced The body does not react to insulin in the correct way, a disorder known as “insulin resistance” Suitable management regarding the disease is needed after a individual has been diagnosed with diabetes. Generally three types of diabetes is referred to, namely: Type 1 Diabetes: This is when the beta cells (Insulin-producing cells) are killed by the body’s immune system. As a result the body does not produce any insulin. Subsequently insulin injections must be used to regulate the blood sugar levels. Type 1 diabetes may occur from as early as the age of 20 and makes up roughly 10% of all people suffering from diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes: In this case the pancreas does produce insulin, but it is either an inadequate amount or the body is resistant to it. Both of these cases result in glucose not being able to enter the body’s cells. It is most commonly found in people who are overweight and usually older than 40 years of age. There are however instances of type 2 diabetes where this is not the case, and these instances are rising due to the increase in child obesity. Usually type 2 diabetes is controlled by making healthy lifestyle choices. Sometimes medication is used in addition to a healthy way of living. Pre-Diabetes is when a individual has higher blood sugar levels than normal, but not yet as high as type 2 diabetes. Pre-diabetes can develop into ty Continue reading >>
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Can You Die From Diabetes? Type 1 And Type 2 Life Expectancy
Diabetes is a disease which is caused either due to the lack of proper production of insulin by the pancreas or due to the improper use of insulin in the human body. This gives rise to the blood sugar level or the glucose level in the body as it is the hormone insulin which is responsible for the breakdown of the carbohydrates and the other essential nutrients in the food to release the much-needed energy by the cells. It is a disease which adversely affects the primary function of metabolism in the body thereby exposing our body to several other complications. Diabetes affects different people in different manners and as such, it takes several forms. The most common type of diabetes is type 1 and type 2 diabetes. There are various factors and causes which contribute to each type and form of the disease. Due to the several complications that are associated with this condition, diabetes is often considered a deadly disease that can kill you. It is not uncommon to hear of people who have died of diabetes in the past few years. In this article, we shall further deep dive into the various issues that diabetes accompanies and might lead to the death of the diabetic patient. How Long Can You Live with Diabetes? It is not very uncommon to hear that diabetes will shorten the expected life of the concerned patient. But the question is: How much? There are different opinions about the subject. As per a few types of research conducted, diabetes can shorten life by 8.5 years in a 50-year old individual. On the other hand, Diabetes UK estimates that the expected life span of type 1 diabetic patient is reduced by more than 20 years while a type 2 diabetes patient lives 10 years shorter as compared to the healthier counterparts. Besides, the University of Pittsburg has estimated throu Continue reading >>
How Diabetes Causes Blindness - Topic Overview
Over time, high blood sugar levels from diabetes lead to damage of the retina, the layer on the back of the eye that captures images and sends them as nerve signals to the brain. Whether diabetic retinopathy develops depends in part on how high blood sugar levels have been and how long they have been above a target range. Other things that may increase your risk for diabetic retinopathy include high blood pressure, pregnancy, a family history of the condition, kidney disease, high cholesterol, and whether you smoke. Early retinopathy The early stages of retinal damage are called nonproliferative retinopathy. First, tiny blood vessels called capillaries in the retina develop weakened areas in their walls called microaneurysms. When red blood cells escape through these weakened walls, tiny amounts of bleeding (hemorrhages) become visible when the retina is viewed through an instrument called an ophthalmoscope. To clearly see your retina, the ophthalmologist will enlarge (dilate) your pupils (which serve as a window to the back of your eye) and may also use a special dye to help identify blood vessels that may be leaking. Fluid from the blood also escapes, leading to yellowish "hard exudates." This type of damage does not cause problems with vision unless some of the leaking fluid is near the macula. (The macula is the area of the retina that is responsible for central vision.) An ophthalmologist who specializes in the treatment of retinal problems will attempt to stop blood leakage by using a laser in a process called photocoagulation. By using an appropriately selected laser, your ophthalmologist may seal the small blood vessels that can leak when a person has nonproliferative and proliferative retinopathy. More recently, ophthalmologists have been using injectable medic Continue reading >>
Do Carbs Cause Diabetes And Kill You?
It just keeps coming. Even though science has never vilified a macro-nutrient as the direct cause of diabetes, some less than ethical individuals continue new approaches to get the public to move away from carbs, and toward fat. Why? you ask? Money. If you’re turned off by conspiracy talk, well … after reading this article, you won’t be able to come to a better conclusion than – money. They do call it “The Bottom Line”. We see empirical data that Low-fat diets don’t lead to diabetes, and studies show Low-fat diet’s seeming to reverse diabetes while consumption of carbs are high. But don’t low-CARB diets do the same? How can that be? Well of course if you remove carbs, blood sugar won’t be high. And these Low-carb guru’s hope you don’t learn any more than that. But humans are supposed to have blood sugar, and insulin is there to keep it at a certain level. They’re ignoring Nature We’re supposed to eat carbs. They’re in every natural food on Earth. Even the Inventor of the Glycemic index recommends veganism. Obesity, diabetes, etc, is mostly caused by putting carbs WITH fat in a diet, which nature doesn’t do with any food. Refined carbs are worse. The reason carbs and fat are both maligned AND defended is they’re bad TOGETHER! People with candida and diabetes who started a high-fruit low-fat diet, CURED it. The key is low-fat (according to experts like Neal Barnard, M.D. , and Dr Graham) The reason diabetes happens: Too much fat in the blood blocks insulin receptors from taking glucose out of the blood – leading to prolonged high levels of blood glucose, which prolongs insulin production. Because glucose can’t leave the bloodstream, the pancreas continues to create redundant insulin. Nature shouldn’t be maligned just because humans Continue reading >>
Can Diabetes Kill You?
Here’s what you need to know about the life-threatening diabetes complication called diabetic ketoacidosis. Diabetic ketoacidosis is one of the most serious complications of diabetes. Symptoms can take you by surprise, coming on in just 24 hours or less. Without diabetic ketoacidosis treatment, you will fall into a coma and die. “Every minute that the person is not treated is [another] minute closer to death,” says Joel Zonszein, MD, professor of medicine at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City. Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin. (Diabetic ketoacidosis most often affects people with type 1 diabetes, but there is also type 2 diabetes ketoacidosis.) Without insulin, sugar can’t be stored in your cells to be used as energy and builds up in your blood instead. Your body has to go to a back-up energy system: fat. In the process of breaking down fat for energy, your body releases fatty acids and acids called ketones. Ketones are an alternative form of energy for the body, and just having them in your blood isn’t necessarily harmful. That’s called ketosis, and it can happen when you go on a low-carb diet or even after fasting overnight. “When I put people on a restricted diet, I can get an estimate of how vigorously they’re pursuing it by the presence of ketones in the urine,” says Gerald Bernstein, MD, an endocrinologist and coordinator of the Friedman Diabetes Program at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. RELATED: The Ketogenic Diet Might Be the Next Big Weight Loss Trend, But Should You Try It? But too many ketones are a problem. “In individuals with diabetes who have no or low insulin production, there is an overproduction of ketones, and the kidneys can’t get rid of them fast enough,” sa Continue reading >>
How To Prevent Diabetes And Avoid Complications That Can Kill You
Diabetes, and especially type 2 diabetes, is a major global health problem. Therefore, it is extremely important for everyone to learn how to prevent diabetes so you don’t become just another statistic. The good news is, diabetes can be prevented and/or delayed by adopting a healthy lifestyle. If your weight, diet, lifestyle, or other factors put you at risk of diabetes, it’s never too late to start correcting them. The Role Of Diet And Lifestyle In Diabetes What role do diet and lifestyle play in the onset of diabetes? One way to answer that question is by looking to science. For example, several different studies published in PubMed attempted to find out if diet and lifestyle play a role in a person’s risk of developing diabetes. The findings are quite interesting. One study was conducted between 1980 and 1996 on 84,941 female nurses. At the start of the study, these candidates had no serious health issues. Their diet and lifestyle were periodically observed and recorded. By the time the study ended, 3300 of them had type 2 diabetes. The researchers analyzed their Body Mass Index (BMI), their diet, and lifestyle to see if they could identify common risk factors for diabetes. The results clearly showed that obesity was the most important factor putting women at risk. Smoking, a sedentary lifestyle, and poor dietary choices further increased their chances of getting diabetes. Of the diabetic cases, 95% had at least one of these risk factors. The results of another study, which did a similar analysis on 42,504 American male health workers between the ages of 40 and 75, was published in 2002. At the start of the study, none of the men had diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, or cancer. Information about their diet was periodically collected by using questionnaires. Du Continue reading >>
My Sister Died Because She Didn't Take Diabetes Seriously
When Yolanda Acuna Ocana was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, her family was almost relieved. She was 14 and had been suffering from inexplicable weight loss, constant thirst and tiredness, and they were grateful for a diagnosis. Now — sadly — they feel very differently about diabetes. Last April, aged just 39, Yolanda died as a result of the disease, leaving behind a loving husband and devoted family. ‘No one expects diabetes to kill someone so young in this day and age,’ says Yolanda’s sister, Nicky Dixon, 38, a company director from Surbiton, Surrey. People often think diabetes, type 1 or type 2, is not a serious condition, says Dr Jeremy Allgrove, a paediatric endocrinologist at Barts and the London NHS Trust. ‘But if you don’t look after yourself, it’s a killer.’ The figures are stark: type 1 diabetes reduces life expectancy on average by 20 years. The condition is caused by the body attacking the cells of the pancreas responsible for making insulin. Insulin helps the body break down glucose from food and turn it into energy; without it, blood sugar levels become dangerously high, causing damage to blood vessels. Around 300,000 Britons have the condition. It can run in families, but experts believe the condition is usually triggered, possibly by some sort of virus. Unlike type 2 diabetes, type 1 is characterised by insulin dependence — once diagnosed, a patient must inject themselves daily for the rest of their life. The problem is that many people don’t take their insulin as they should, with potentially fatal consequences. Yolanda was supposed to inject herself seven times a day, but when she left home for university at 18, she reduced her intake because the jabs were causing her to put on weight. This growing trend has even been given a name Continue reading >>
What Are Some Myths About Type 2 Diabetes?
There are a number of myths about type 2 diabetes. The most dangerous myth is the belief that diabetes isn’t that serious. In fact, type 2 diabetes kills more people each year than breast cancer and AIDS combined. Another popular misconception is that type 2 diabetes is caused by eating too much sugar. This myth probably stems from the fact that if you eat a lot of sugar, you may be overweight, and that can increase your risk for type 2 diabetes. But just because you consume a lot of sugar doesn’t mean you’ll end up with diabetes, which is caused by heredity and lifestyle factors, such as being overweight and not exercising. Another myth: Some people believe that if you have type 2 diabetes, you must eat only special foods. Not true. Your diet should be one that would be healthy for anyone -- low in fat, with vegetables, fruits, whole grains, lean meat and nonfat dairy products. The top 4 myths about type 2 diabetes are: Myth 1: "Diabetes is nothing to worry about -- it's just a 'touch of sugar.' I'm just borderline." Fact: Diabetes is a serious condition, but there's a lot you can do to take care of yourself. Myth 2: "If I take my diabetes pills, I don't have to worry about what I eat or whether I exercise." Fact: All three ways -- medication, meal planning, and physical activity -- work together to treat diabetes. Myth 3: "Once you have diabetes, there's nothing you can do to prevent health problems." Fact: Research has proven that keeping blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels on target can help prevent diabetes complications such as heart attack, stroke, and eye problems. Myth 4: "Now that I have diabetes, I shouldn't eat sugar or carbohydrates." Fact: These days, people with diabetes can eat sweets, carbohydrates, or any other food and still ke Continue reading >>
How Does Diabetes Kill You?
One of the ways Diabetes can kill is caused by sugar. The Body basically stops or seriously lacks insulin needed to bring sugar (in form of glucose) around your body, so they can be either used or stored in forms of fat. If they are not used due to Insulin not delivering them around the body, they will travel through (or float through) blood veins and arteries etc. If they meet up with each other they can clog up the blood veins like the same way that fat can. Causing entire limbs to be stopped from being supplied with blood which means no oxygen (from hemoglobin in the blood, which is the main function for the blood veins etc) for the area, which can cause the entire limb to be blue and eventually get necrosis (or quite literally start rotting). Now, it won't be a problem if there is medical surgeries if these are noticeable and easily rerouted. However, it is fast and deadly if these 'blockages' are caused in the brain or anywhere that is not easily reachable by current medical technology and/or unnoticeable, where I presume the pain will be similar to suffocating or heart attack. Continue reading >>
Diabetes: Too Much Sugar Can Kill You
We all love sweet things. They are irresistible because they taste good and they make us happier. But, remember when our moms told us to stay away from sweets? She’s right not only because they will ruin our teeth but also we can get diabetes if we eat too much of them. Diabetes, or diabetes mellitus, is a disease caused by high blood sugar that creates abnormalities to the metabolism. It’s also due to lack of insulin production by the pancreas or when the cells malfunction and don’t react to the insulin. There are two major kinds of diabetes. They are called Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body failed to produce the right amount of insulin. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, happens when the cells rejects the insulin produced by the body which results to insulin deficiency. It is also the most common kind of diabetes. Insulin is the hormone responsible for converting sugar into energy. So if the body lacks insulin, the blood sugar will definitely rise up. There is also a special kind of diabetes that only women can get it. It’s called Gestational diabetes. This kind of diabetes is caused by dramatic increase of blood glucose level during pregnancy. Some common symptoms of diabetes are increased urination frequency, heavy thirst and insatiable hunger. Several other symptoms of diabetes are slow healing of wounds, skin rashes and vision defects. In serious cases, diabetes can lead to nausea, abdominal pain and dehydration. It may even cause someone his perception of himself. It may also lead to complications like heart diseases and blindness. People affected by Type 1 diabetes are ranging from the ages of 12 to 19. On the other hand, Type 2 diabetes usually affects people from the age of 45 or older. However, nowadays due to the world Continue reading >>
Tatto Removal Before And After
About Us The Tattoo Vanish® Tattoo Removal Method and Product was developed in 2003 by our founder Mary Arnold-Ronish. With more than 30 years of experience as a registered nurse with heavy focus in the field of dermatology she was very knowledgeable dealing with skin health and various treatments. In 1993, she decided to apply her experience in dermatology into the field of permanent cosmetics and founded Professional Permanent Cosmetics, a truly professional permanent makeup practice in Las Vegas, Nevada. Her strict sterilization techniques and high quality work were immediately recognized, making her a respected member of the medical community and highly regarded as a true artist in permanent makeup. Why we are different? We apply a local anesthetic before and during the procedure using the tattoo machine in a similar manner as when the tattoo was received. Once the area has been exposed, we apply the Ink Eraser cream for a few minutes. The area is then wiped clean and bandaged. Below are the before and after pictures showing the phenomenal results of our natural Tattoo Vanish Method®. Note that results may vary depending on factors which include skin type and the ink used Our Testimonials Continue reading >>
What Does It Mean If I'm At Risk?
Being told you are at risk of Type 2 diabetes can be confusing. The reasons people are at risk can be different and some people are more at risk than others. But, there are things everyone can do to make sure their risk of Type 2 diabetesis as low as possible. Finding out your risk is an important first step. You may have found out your risk of Type 2 diabetes from our online tool, or from a conversation with your GP. Now you know your risk, you can do something about it. If you don’t know your risk yet, find out using our free Know Your Risk online toolnow. If you found out your risk from your GP, find out more about talking to your GP about your risk. If you found out your risk using Know Your Risk, keep reading. Finding out your risk using our online tool What does your risk category mean? Your risk category explains your chances of getting Type 2 diabetes in the next 10 years, and can help you to see if there are changes you can make to reduce your risk. If you found out your risk on our Know Your Risk tool or at one of our events, here is a reminder of what your risk category means. Low or increased risk One in 20 people with low risk will get Type 2 diabetes in the next 10 years. One in 10 people with increased risk will get Type 2 diabetes in the next 10 years. It is important you're aware of your risk level, even if you are currently at low risk of Type 2 diabetes. Some of the risk factors you can do something about, and some you can’t. As you get older, or if your weight or waist size increases, your risk will increase. So even if you’re low or increased risk, make sure you’re maintaining a healthy weight, eating well and being active to keep your risk as low as possible, for as long as possible. Moderate or high risk One in seven people with moderate r Continue reading >>
Diabetes And Heart Health
by Paula S. Yutzy, RN, BSPA, CDE Two out of three diabetics will die from a heart attack or stroke, which means cardiovascular disease is more likely to kill you than any other complication of diabetes. I was dismayed to learn that in a recent survey of people with diabetes, many did not even identify cardiovascular disease as a complication of diabetes. Yet your risk, just by having diabetes, is very high. You need to know how to stay on top of this threat to your health. Understanding your test results for what I call the “Three Musketeers” of cardiovascular disease is a must for all diabetics and their caregivers. I encourage you to find a way to be physically active and watch your diet as well. These steps will help you reduce your risks from cardiovascular disease. The Three Musketeers I call these three factors the “Three Musketeers” because where you find one, you often find the others. You need to know them by their descriptions and their numbers. High Blood Sugar You know that you need to pay attention to the amount of glucose in your blood. The A1c test indicates your average blood sugar level over the preceding two or three months. The name comes from the fact that the component of blood to which sugar sticks, and can therefore be measured, is called hemoglobin A1c. High blood sugar is generally regarded as an A1c of over 6.5 percent. The American Diabetes Association states the A1c goal for most diabetics is under 7 percent and under 6 percent, if possible, without significant hypoglycemia. Consult your health care provider for an individual goal. High Blood Pressure High blood pressure causes stress on blood vessels and contributes to damage that also leads to kidney failure and retinopathy. People with diabetes should be treated to achieve a systol Continue reading >>
What Is The Life Expectancy For Diabetics?
Diabetes is recognized as one of the leading causes of disability and death worldwide. There was a time when Type 2 diabetes was common in people in their late forties and fifties. However, thanks to the easy availability of processed foods, sedentary lifestyles, poor sleep and a host of other unfavorable factors, type 2 diabetes affects millions of young adults throughout the globe today. A report was commissioned in 2010 by the National Academy on an Aging Society. It showed that diabetes cut off an average of 8.5 years from the lifespan of a regular, diabetic 50-year-old as compared to a 50-year-old without the disease. This data was provided by the Health and Retirement Study, a survey of more than 20,000 Americans over the age of 50, done every two years by the University of Michigan. Characterized by high blood glucose levels, T2D can be the result of a combination of genes, obesity and an unhealthy lifestyle. If left untreated, diabetes can be life-threatening. Complications of this disease can take a serious toll on a patient’s health and well-being. So, how long do diabetics live, you ask? Does having diabetes shorten one’s life? Let’s address these questions, one by one. MORE: Decoding The Dawn Phenomenon (High Morning Blood Sugar) How Long Do Diabetics Live? Diabetes is a system-wide disorder which is categorized by elevated blood glucose levels. This blood travels throughout the human body and when it is laden with sugar, it damages multiple systems. When the condition is left unchecked or is managed poorly, the lifespan of diabetic patients is reduced due to constant damage. Early diagnosis and treatment of diabetes for preventing its long-term complications is the best coping strategy. So, don’t ignore your doctor’s advice if you’re pre-diabeti Continue reading >>