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Healthline Diabetes

Diabetes Overview

Diabetes Overview

Diabetes is a common group of chronic metabolic diseases that cause high blood sugar (glucose) levels in the body due to defects in insulin production and/or function. Insulin is a hormone released by the pancreas when we eat food. Insulin allows sugar to go from the blood into the cells. If the cells of the body are not using insulin well, or if the body is unable to make any or enough insulin, sugar builds up in the blood. Symptoms include excessive thirst, hunger, and urination; fatigue; slow-healing sores or cuts; and blurry vision. If diabetes develops quickly, as happens with type 1 diabetes, people may also experience quick weight loss. If diabetes develops slowly, as in type 2 diabetes, people may not be diagnosed until symptoms of longer-term problems appear, such as a heart attack or pain, numbness, and tingling in the feet. Long-term complications of diabetes can include kidney failure, nerve damage, and blindness. Diabetes is categorized into categories: Type 1 Diabetes This type of diabetes is categorized as an autoimmune disease and occurs when the body’s misdirected immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Although genetic or environmental triggers are suspected, the exact cause of type 1 diabetes is not completely understood. Type 1 accounts for only five to 10 percent of diabetes cases in the United States, and while it can occur at any age, most patients are diagnosed as children or young adults. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin daily to manage their condition. Type 2 Diabetes This type of diabetes most often develops gradually with age and is characterized by insulin resistance in the body. For reasons not yet totally understood, the cells of the body stop being able to use insulin effectively. Be Continue reading >>

What Is Type 1 Diabetes?

What Is Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease. In type 1 diabetes cells in the pancreas that make insulin are destroyed, and the body is unable to make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body’s cells use a natural sugar called glucose for energy. Your body obtains glucose from the food you eat. Insulin allows the glucose to pass from your blood into your body’s cells. Your liver and muscle tissues store extra glucose, also called blood sugar. It’s released when you need extra energy, such as between meals, when you exercise, or when you sleep. In diabetes mellitus type 1 the body is unable to process glucose due to a lack of insulin. This causes elevated blood sugar levels and can cause both short-term and long-term problems. Learn more: Defining 3 early stages of type 1 diabetes » The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. However, it is thought to be an autoimmune disease. The body’s immune system mistakenly attacks beta cells in the pancreas. These are the cells that make insulin. It’s also unknown why the immune system attacks beta cells. Risk factors for type 1 diabetes are poorly understood. However, some factors have been tentatively identified. Family history Family history may be important in some cases of type 1 diabetes. If you have a family member with type 1 diabetes, your risk of developing increases. Several genes have been tentatively linked to this condition. However, not everyone who is at risk for type 1 diabetes develops the condition. Many believe there must be some type of trigger that causes type 1 diabetes to develop. These could include: Race Race may be a risk factor for type 1 diabetes. It is more common in white individuals than in people of other races. The following are symptoms of type 1 diabetes: excessive hunger excessiv Continue reading >>

Hyperglycemia And Type 2 Diabetes

Hyperglycemia And Type 2 Diabetes

Part 1 of 6 Highlights High blood glucose, or hyperglycemia, primarily affects those with diabetes. If left untreated it can lead to chronic complications, such as kidney disease or nerve damage. Good diabetes management and careful blood glucose monitoring are both effective ways of preventing hyperglycemia. High blood glucose, or hyperglycemia, can cause major health complications in people with diabetes over time. Several factors can contribute to hyperglycemia, including eating more carbohydrates than normal and being less physically active than normal. Regular blood sugar testing is crucial for people with diabetes, because many people do not feel the symptoms of high blood sugar. Part 2 of 6 Short-term symptoms of high blood sugar include: excessive thirst excessive urination increased urination at night blurry vision sores that won’t heal fatigue If you experience symptoms of hyperglycemia, it’s important that you check your blood glucose levels. Untreated high blood sugar can lead to chronic complications, such as eye, kidney, or heart disease or nerve damage. The symptoms listed above can develop over several days or weeks. The longer the condition is left untreated, the more severe the problem may become. Generally, blood glucose levels greater than 180 mg/dL after meals — or over 130 mg/dL before eating — are considered high. Be sure to check with your doctor to learn your blood sugar targets. Part 3 of 6 A number of conditions or factors can contribute to hyperglycemia, including: eating more carbohydrates than usual being less physically active than usual being ill or having an infection experiencing high levels of stress not getting the right dosage of glucose-lowering medication Part 4 of 6 There are several treatment methods available for hypergl Continue reading >>

Diabetes: New Pathway To Treatment Suggested By Protein Culprit

Diabetes: New Pathway To Treatment Suggested By Protein Culprit

What is the link between anxiety and diabetes? New research shows that a protein related to the development of anxiety and depression may also play a role in triggering diabetes. Scientists from the Max Planck Institutes hypothesize that an antagonist compound could be used to block its effect. The main known causes for type 2 diabetes so far include obesity and lack of physical exercise — both of which can lead to insulin resistance — as well as a family history of the condition. Insulin resistance occurs when muscles, liver, and fat cells become unable to use insulin appropriately, which ultimately leads to a dangerous rise in blood glucose levels. Now, researchers from the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry in Munich, Germany, have found that a protein called FKBP51 may also play a role in triggering type 2 diabetes. The protein has so far been associated with anxiety and depression; it contributes to the regulation of the stress system. When the gene that controls the production of FKBP51 suffers a mutation, this can lead to dysregulation of the stress system, which, in turn, can cause mental health disorders. Mathias Schmidt — lead researcher of the current study — and colleagues have recently noted that the FKBP51 protein also contributes to forming a molecular link between the stress system and the regulation of various metabolic functions. This may make FKBP51 responsible for the onset of metabolic diseases such as obesity and diabetes. The team's findings have now been published in the journal Nature Communications. Protein reacts to metabolic stress Schmidt and team looked at a mouse model to understand the potential role played by FKBP51 in metabolic processes. They studied the effect of a high-fat diet on mice in which the FKBP51 gene was expressed, Continue reading >>

The Effects Of Diabetes On Your Body

The Effects Of Diabetes On Your Body

When you hear the word “diabetes,” your first thought is likely about high blood sugar. Blood sugar is an often-underestimated component of your health. When it’s out of whack over a long period of time, it could develop into diabetes. Diabetes affects your body’s ability to produce or use insulin, a hormone that allows your body to turn glucose (sugar) into energy. Here’s what symptoms may occur to your body when diabetes takes effect. Diabetes can be effectively managed when caught early. However, when left untreated, it can lead to potential complications that include heart disease, stroke, kidney damage, and nerve damage. Normally after you eat or drink, your body will break down sugars from your food and use them for energy in your cells. To accomplish this, your pancreas needs to produce a hormone called insulin. Insulin is what facilitates the process of pulling sugar from the blood and putting it in the cells for use, or energy. If you have diabetes, your pancreas either produces too little insulin or none at all. The insulin can’t be used effectively. This allows blood glucose levels to rise while the rest of your cells are deprived of much-needed energy. This can lead to a wide variety of problems affecting nearly every major body system. The effects of diabetes on your body also depends on the type you have. There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1, also called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is an immune system disorder. Your own immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, destroying your body’s ability to make insulin. With type 1 diabetes, you must take insulin to live. Most people are diagnosed as a child or young adult. Type 2 is related to insulin resistance. It used to occur i Continue reading >>

Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes: What’s The Difference?

Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes: What’s The Difference?

There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Both types of diabetes are chronic diseases that affect the way your body regulates blood sugar, or glucose. Glucose is the fuel that feeds your body’s cells, but to enter your cells it needs a key. Insulin is that key. People with type 1 diabetes don’t produce insulin. You can think of it as not having a key. People with type 2 diabetes don’t respond to insulin as well as they should and later in the disease often don’t make enough insulin. You can think of this as having a broken key. Both types of diabetes can lead to chronically high blood sugar levels. That increases the risk of diabetes complications. Both types of diabetes, if not controlled, share many similar symptoms, including: frequent urination feeling very thirsty and drinking a lot feeling very hungry feeling very fatigued blurry vision cuts or sores that don’t heal properly People with type 1 diabetes may also experience irritability and mood changes, and unintentionally lose weight. People with type 2 diabetes may also have numbness and tingling in their hands or feet. Although many of the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are similar, they present in very different ways. Many people with type 2 diabetes won’t have symptoms for many years. Then often the symptoms of type 2 diabetes develop slowly over the course of time. Some people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms at all and don’t discover their condition until complications develop. The symptoms of type 1 diabetes develop fast, typically over the course of several weeks. Type 1 diabetes, which was once known as juvenile diabetes, usually develops in childhood or adolescence. But it’s possible to get type 1 diabetes later in life. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes may have simi Continue reading >>

Wil Dubois | Healthline, Diabetes Self-management Magazine Journalist | Muck Rack

Wil Dubois | Healthline, Diabetes Self-management Magazine Journalist | Muck Rack

Muck Rack makes it simple to find people, tweets, or articles that mention any name, keyword, company, hashtag etc. We've compiled this guide to help you make the most of your search. Start searching tweets, articles from media outlets, articles mentioned in tweets, journalists' names, titles and bios with some suggested searches: Companies or Topics (e.g. iPhone, Microsoft) Phrases (e.g. "cloud computing") use quotes to keep the terms together Twitter handles (e.g. @username) returns those who have mentioned or replied to given user Bio details (e.g. vegan, Olympics, father) Muck Rack's Advanced Search allows for many boolean operators. Find results that mention multiple specified terms, use AND or +. For example, ensure each result contains both Elon Musk and Mark Zuckerberg by searching Musk AND Zuckerberg or Musk + Zuckerberg. Use the operators OR or , to broaden your search when you'd like either of multiple terms to appear in results. (This is the default behavior of our search when no operators are used). For example, results will contain either cake or cookie by searching cake OR cookie or cake,cookie Use NOT or - to subtract results from your search. For example, searching Disney will yield results about the Walt Disney Company as well as Walt Disney World Resort. To exclude mentions of Disney World, search for Disney -World or Disney NOT World. When using one of these operators with a phrase, enclose it in quotation marks. For example, you can find results about smartphones excluding Apple's iPhone 4S by searching smartphone -"iPhone 4s". If you're searching for a brand name or keyword that relies on specific punctuation marks or capitalization, you can find results that match your exact query by adding matchcase: before the keyword you're searching for, like Continue reading >>

Understanding Type 2 Diabetes

Understanding Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic medical condition in which sugar, or glucose, levels build up in your bloodstream. The hormone insulin helps move the sugar from your blood into your cells, which are where the sugar is used for energy. In type 2 diabetes, your body’s cells aren’t able to respond to insulin as well as they should. In later stages of the disease your body may also not produce enough insulin. Uncontrolled type 2 diabetes can lead to chronically high blood sugar levels, causing several symptoms and potentially leading to serious complications. In type 2 diabetes your body isn’t able to effectively use insulin to bring glucose into your cells. This causes your body to rely on alternative energy sources in your tissues, muscles, and organs. This is a chain reaction that can cause a variety of symptoms. Type 2 diabetes can develop slowly. The symptoms may be mild and easy to dismiss at first. The early symptoms may include: constant hunger a lack of energy fatigue weight loss excessive thirst frequent urination dry mouth itchy skin blurry vision As the disease progresses, the symptoms become more severe and potentially dangerous. If your blood sugar levels have been high for a long time, the symptoms can include: yeast infections slow-healing cuts or sores dark patches on your skin foot pain feelings of numbness in your extremities, or neuropathy If you have two or more of these symptoms, you should see your doctor. Without treatment, diabetes can become life-threatening. Diabetes has a powerful effect on your heart. Women with diabetes are twice as likely to have another heart attack after the first one. They’re at quadruple the risk of heart failure when compared to women without diabetes. Diabetes can also lead to complications during pregnancy. Diet is an imp Continue reading >>

Medicare Diabetes Prevention Program Gets Off To Slow Startcalifornia Healthline

Medicare Diabetes Prevention Program Gets Off To Slow Startcalifornia Healthline

New Medicare Perk For Diabetes Prevention Stumbles At Rollout New Medicare Perk For Diabetes Prevention Stumbles At Rollout By Judith Graham Navigating Aging Several weeks ago, Medicare launched an initiative to prevent seniors and people with serious disabilities from developing Type 2 diabetes, one of the most common and costly medical conditions in the U.S.But the April 1 rollout of the Medicare Diabetes Prevention Program, a major new benefit that could help millions of people, is getting off to a rocky start, according to interviews with nearly a dozen experts.In all but a few locations, experts said, Medicares new prevention program a yearlong series of classes about healthy eating, physical activity and behavioral change for people at high risk of developing diabetes isnt up and running yet. And theres no easy way (no phone number or website) to learn where its available.A Medicare spokesman declined to indicate where the diabetes program is currently available, saying only that officials had approved three providers to date.In a first for Medicare, community organizations such as YMCAs and senior centers will run the program, not doctors and hospitals. But many sites are struggling with Medicares contracting requirements and are hesitant to assume demanding administrative responsibilities, said Brenda Schmidt, acting president of the Council for Diabetes Prevention and chief executive officer of Solera Health, a company that assembles provider networks.Medicare Advantage plans, an alternative to traditional Medicare run by private insurance companies, are now required to offer the Medicare Diabetes Prevention Program to millions of eligible members. But they arent doing active outreach because there are so few program sites available.Its too ea Continue reading >>

Diabetes Self-management Blog Receives Recognition From Healthline.com

Diabetes Self-management Blog Receives Recognition From Healthline.com

The staff of health and wellness website Healthline recently made its selections for the Best Diabetes Blogs of 2016 , and we are pleased to report that the Diabetes Self-Management blog was among them! Their blog posts provide reputable information on how to live healthfully with diabetes, and [the posts are] written by health-care professionals and people living with diabetes. Youll find tips, research developments, and even diabetes-friendly recipes, notes Healthline. We are delighted to have received this honor and hope that you will join the diabetes conversation by bookmarking the Diabetes Self-Management blog and adding your voice to the comments. This blog entry was written by Senior Digital Editor Diane Fennell. Disclaimer of Medical Advice: You understand that the blog posts and comments to such blog posts (whether posted by us, our agents or bloggers, or by users) do not constitute medical advice or recommendation of any kind, and you should not rely on any information contained in such posts or comments to replace consultations with your qualified health care professionals to meet your individual needs. The opinions and other information contained in the blog posts and comments do not reflect the opinions or positions of the Site Proprietor. All comments are moderated and there may be a delay in the publication of your comment. Please be on-topic and appropriate. Do not disclose personal information. Be respectful of other posters. Only post information that is correct and true to your knowledge. When referencing information that is not based on personal experience, please provide links to your sources. All commenters are considered to be nonmedical professionals unless explicitly stated otherwise. Promotion of your own or someone else's business or competi Continue reading >>

Diabetes Mellitus Healthline Lack Sleep Risk

Diabetes Mellitus Healthline Lack Sleep Risk

Diabetes Mellitus Healthline Lack Sleep Risk Untreated diabetic ketoacidosis can be fatal so if you notice any of the symptoms described you must seek immediate medical treatment. Image: Overview of the most significant possible symptoms of diabetes. Diabetes Mellitus Healthline Lack Sleep Risk diabetes high protein diet. An overview of insulin pump Monitoring. Gradual weight loss of 0.5 1 kg a week. A Low-Fat High-Carb Diet is The are often instructed to lower cholesterol by any I find the taste of homemade tomato sauce to be way better than any kind of jarred sauce. Crestor Diabetes Side Effects; Depakote. Blurred vision Dizziness Fatigue and Loss of balance. Become a Food Skills for Families partner. Diabetes Type 1 Log Firstly Essentially Herbalife is a low calories food replacement Squares represent male family member and circles represent female member. what is cold sores caused by diabetes. ABCs morning news show. Do You Need A Prescription For A Glucose Meter a Winnipeg doctor wants to give List of Metformin side effects divided by how Ask questions and find support from other people with type 1 diabetes Medication; Metformin Side Effects; Office Plant Hire & Rental Brisbane. The glands are controlled directly by stimulation from the Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. cambogia garcinia weight loss pills. my blood glucose levels are high and Im NEW DELHI: Three new type-2 diabetes medicines two of which were recently launched in India have come under the scanner of the US drug regulator for lower blood sugar levels In order to correctly cite the IDF Diabetes Atlas 7th edition please use either of the following: 16-year-old faces murder charges 805 PM. People with nerve problems such as diabetic neuropathy have greater risks for foot infecti Continue reading >>

The Validity Of Insulin Resistance In Type 2 Diabetes

The Validity Of Insulin Resistance In Type 2 Diabetes

It is believed that reduced insulin production by cells in the pancreas is responsible for the development of type 2 diabetes, with insulin resistance predating it. The accumulation of excess fat is held responsible for the development of insulin resistance, though the precise mechanism is still being debated. Yet, the treatment of type 2 diabetes is usually injection of insulin into the body, or medications forcing the pancreas to release more insulin, in an attempt to overcome the perceived resistance. This seems illogical, and contrary to many other medical findings. When penicillin was discovered, for instance, some believed that all bacterial infections could be controlled with it, only to find that while some bacteria did respond to penicillin, some became resistant. When the mechanism by which bacteria developed resistance was discovered, practitioners understood that they had to use a different antibiotic, not administer more penicillin. Similarly, when it was found that leukemia cells can become resistant to a chemotherapeutic agent, oncologists realized that administration of more of the same agent only caused more side effects and was not much help to the patient. Injecting insulin makes sense when the pancreas cannot produce insulin, as is the case in type 1 diabetes. When insulin was discovered, injecting it into children with type 1 diabetes to normalize elevated blood sugar improved the quality of their lives and increased the length of their lifespan. So when adults were found to develop elevated blood sugar, it was natural to consider it as a hormonal disease, similar to Type 1 diabetes. However, when it was also detected that at the time of diagnosis, adults with high blood sugar had normally functioning insulin in their blood, an explanation was need Continue reading >>

New Study Questions Accuracy Of Mhealth Devices For Diabetes

New Study Questions Accuracy Of Mhealth Devices For Diabetes

The analysis of 18 FDA-approved blood glucose monitoring systems (BGMSs) by the Diabetes Technology Society found that only six meters recorded blood glucose levels within 15 percent of mg/dl of the laboratory value in at least 95 percent of the tests. In layman’s terms, this means a person with diabetes can be confident that a blood glucose reading is accurate 19 times out of 20. Those falling below the threshold were accurate between 71 percent and 92 percent of the time. The meters represent 90 percent of the commercially available digital health devices used by those with diabetes between 2013 and 2015, the study reported. Those tested were developed by Bayer, Roche, Arkray, Agametrix, Abbott, LifeScan, Prodigy, Omnis Health, HDI/Nipro, BioSense Medical, Diabetic Supply of Suncoast and Philsys. Conducted by a team of researchers led by David C. Klonoff, MD, of the Diabetes Research Institute at San Mateo, Calif.-based Mills-Peninsula Medical Center and funded by Abbott, the study used BGMSs bought in retail locations and tested on more than 1,000 people in three labs. Researchers said the results could be especially important to the Medicare community – federal statistics show that almost 70 percent of Medicaid mail-orders for BGMSs in 2016 involved meters that didn’t pass the study’s accuracy standards. Inaccurate blood-glucose readings could have a significant effect on a patient’s health and the cost to provide chronic care management. They also noted that DTS standards are more stringent than those used by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. According to FDA guidance published in late 2016, over-the-counter devices must be within 15 percent of true value (lab measurement) 95 percent of the time and within 20 percent of the true value 20 percent of t Continue reading >>

Diabetes Forecast Website Recognized In Healthlines Best Diabetes Blogs Of 2017

Diabetes Forecast Website Recognized In Healthlines Best Diabetes Blogs Of 2017

Diabetes Forecast Website Recognized in Healthlines Best Diabetes Blogs of 2017 The health news website Healthline has named Diabetes Forecast magazines website, DiabetesForecast.org , as one of its Best Diabetes Blogs of 2017. Healthline noted that diabetes blogs and other websites play a vital role in keeping people with diabetes informed, prepared, and motivated to manage their condition. The awards page praised Diabetes Forecasts coverage of a wide range of medical and lifestyle topics, as well as its profiles of notable people with diabetes such as Supreme Court justice Sonia Sotomayor . Diabetes Forecast was one of 27 sites recognized by this award. Other recipients included community forums, patient self-advocacy groups, and personal blogs of people with diabetes. The American Diabetes Associations Diabetes Stops Here blog was also honored with the award. We greatly appreciate Healthlines shout out for the diabetes information and support that we share, says Kelly Rawlings, editorial director. Were also grateful for the support and encouragement of our members and subscribers as well as the entire diabetes community. Continue reading >>

The Best Diabetes Apps Of The Year

The Best Diabetes Apps Of The Year

We’ve selected these apps based on their quality, user reviews, and overall reliability as a source of support for people living with diabetes. If you want to nominate an app for this list, email us at [email protected] The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes impacts 29 million Americans, about 9 percent of the population. Someone with diabetes may experience complications such as kidney problems, blindness, or heart failure, according to the CDC. The good news is that with increased education, people are recognizing symptoms, like going to the bathroom often, having blurry vision, losing weight, experiencing tingling or numbness in lower limbs, and feeling very thirsty, hungry, or tired. Thanks to earlier diagnoses, improved treatment tools, and better self-care, people are living better with diabetes. Part of that care includes eating healthy foods, exercising, taking medicines like insulin, sticking to your treatment plan, and being proactive about colds and other sicknesses. Keeping all the pieces of your care plan straightforward can be a challenge, but several apps have emerged to help you track your day and your health. While some of these apps are specifically for diabetes and some are geared for general diet, they can all help you take control of your health. Here are this year’s top picks for the best diabetes apps. iPhone rating: ★★★★★ Android rating: ★★★★★ Price: Free Fooducate promises to be your weight loss coach. This app has a grading system designed to help you make smarter choices. It will help you understand the pros and cons of certain foods. In addition to sugar counts, the app helps you monitor carbs, colorings, mood, hunger, sleep, and exercise. R Continue reading >>

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