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Facts About Type 1 Diabetes

Diabetes By The Numbers: Facts, Statistics, And You

Diabetes By The Numbers: Facts, Statistics, And You

Insulin acts as a “key.” It allows the glucose to go from the blood into the cells. It also helps you store energy. Insulin is a vital part of metabolism. Without it, your body isn’t able to function or perform properly. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to serious complications. It can cause damage to small and large blood vessels and organs. This can often lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, nerve damage, and eye disease. Managing diabetes requires keeping track of blood glucose levels. Treatment may include taking insulin or other medications. Healthy eating habits and regular exercise can also help manage diabetes. Types of Diabetes There are different types of diabetes. Each has something to do with insulin and blood glucose. Type 1 diabetes Type 1 diabetes is a disorder in which the pancreas cannot longer produce insulin. It used to be called juvenile diabetes. It’s also sometimes called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. There is no cure. If you have it, you must take insulin to survive. Type 2 diabetes In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas can produce insulin, at least initially. But the body doesn’t respond to it or use it effectively. This is called insulin resistance. Over time, the ability of the pancreas to make insulin decreases. Then blood sugars go up. Some, but not all people with type 2 diabetes need to take insulin. Most of the time a proper diet, exercise, and medications can manage the disease. Gestational diabetes Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), women with gestational diabetes have a 35 to 60 percent chance of developing type 2 diabetes within 20 years. Prediabetes When blood glucose levels are higher than they should be, but no Continue reading >>

Ten Things You Might Not Know About Diabetes

Ten Things You Might Not Know About Diabetes

Did you know these 10 facts about diabetes? About one third of all people with diabetes do not know they have the disease. Type 2 diabetes often does not have any symptoms. Only about five percent of all people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. If you are at risk, type 2 diabetes can be prevented with moderate weight loss (10–15 pounds) and 30 minutes of moderate physical activity (such as brisk walking) each day. A meal plan for a person with diabetes isn’t very different than that which is recommended for people without diabetes. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in working-age adults. People with diabetes are twice as likely to develop heart disease than someone without diabetes. Good control of diabetes significantly reduces the risk of developing complications and prevents complications from getting worse. Bariatric surgery can reduce the symptoms of diabetes in obese people. Diabetes costs $174 billion annually, including $116 billion in direct medical expenses. Continue reading >>

3 Type 1 Diabetes

3 Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. This results in a deficiency of insulin, causing chronic hyperglycemia. 3.1 PREVALENCE AND INCIDENCE A report from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study, a national multicenter study sponsored by the CDC and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), found that between 2002 and 2005, 15,600 new cases of type 1 diabetes were diagnosed in the US37. The incidence and prevalence of type 1 diabetes are summarized in Tables 14-15. Table 14. Incidence of type 1 diabetes, United States youth. Source: Mayer-Davis et al. 200937 Table 15. Prevalence of type 1 diabetes, United States by age. Data Source Population Prevalence Reference SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Age <20 years 0.148% (2001) Dabelea et al. 20141 0.193% (2009) NHANES 1999-2000 Age 20-39 years 0.34-0.42% Menke et al. 201338 Age 40-59 years 0.31-0.49% Age 60+ years 0.08-0.12% Type 1 diabetes incidence rates appear to be rising; assuming increases over time, the prevalence of type 1 diabetes may increase by as much as 144% by the year 2050 (Table 16). Table 16. Projected increases in type 1 diabetes prevalence among youth from 2010 to 2050. Source: Imperatore et al. 201239 Most recent studies place the prevalence of type 1 diabetes among US youth between 0.15% and 0.2%. Data from the SEARCH study indicated that the prevalence of type 1 diabetes among youth increased 21.1% between 2001 and 2009, with similar increases for boys and girls and in most racial/ethnic and age groups.1 The increase in prevalence in Scenario 2 was expected to occur especially among youths of minority race/ethnicity.39 3.2 DEMOGRAPHIC DIFFERENCES In the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Stud Continue reading >>

Type 1 Diabetes: Myths And Facts

Type 1 Diabetes: Myths And Facts

Diabetes can be a confusing condition, even for the children, teenagers and families who live with it every day. Here, we separate some of the myths from the truths about type 1 diabetes and those who have it. Myth: Diabetes comes from eating too much sugar. Fact: The exact causes of diabetes — both type 1 and type 2 — aren’t known. What is clear is that type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, which means it results when the body’s immune system destroys its own tissues. In this case, the immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells located in the pancreas. What prompts the immune system to target these cells is unknown, but age, genetics, environment, and other factors all play a part. Myth: Diabetes can be reversed with diet and exercise. Fact: While diet and exercise play an important role in how some people manage their type 1 diabetes, there is currently no cure for the condition. People with type 1 diabetes must rely on the infusion of insulin (via injection or an insulin pump) for life. Myth: Kids can grow out of type 1 diabetes. Fact: Diabetes is a lifelong condition, and people of any age can be diagnosed with it — both type 1 and type 2. Myth: People with diabetes can’t have sugar. Fact: With the right amount of planning, medication, and attention to the amount of carbohydrates they eat, people with diabetes can enjoy all the same foods that people without diabetes can. Some people with diabetes may choose not to eat sugary or carbohydrate-rich foods for a variety of reasons. Others might plan ahead to take extra insulin for a piece of cake or a doughnut. What’s more, people with diabetes rely on fast-acting forms of sugar (orange juice, candy, or glucose tabs) to help balance their blood glucose levels and treat hypoglycemia (low blood s Continue reading >>

25 Facts To Know On Exercise On Type 1 Diabetes

25 Facts To Know On Exercise On Type 1 Diabetes

Read JDRF Rolls Out its PEAK Program on Exercise and Type 1. 3. Children and young people with Type 1 all see improved cardiorespiratory fitness and blood lipid levels with regular physical activity. 4. Adults with Type 1 diabetes who are physically active had lower rates of retinopathy 5. Regular exercise decreases total daily insulin needs. 6. Adults with diabetes should aim for a total of 150 minutes of accumulated physical activity each week. 7. Resistance exercise is recommended two to three times a week. What Happens to Your Blood Sugar Levels During Exercise 8. During aerobic exercise, insulin secretion decreases and glucagon secretion increases. 9. During anaerobic activities and high-intensity interval training, circulating insulin levels do not decrease as much as they do in aerobic activities. 10. Trained athletes with Type 1 diabetes experience greater drops in blood sugar levels during aerobic exercise than do those who arent that physically fit. 11. Resistance exercise can provide better blood sugar stability than continuous moderate-intensity aerobic exercise. 12. Aggressive reductions in insulin intake or skipped doses can lead to hyperglycemia and a heightened risk of ketosis. 13. For at least 24 hours after exercise, you have a greater risk of hypoglycemia, especially at night.. How to Manage Your Blood Sugar Levels for Exercise 14. Researchers recommend that your blood sugar levels be between 126 mg/dL and 180 mg/dL before starting aerobic exercise. 15. For anaerobic exercise, you can start out a bit lower at 90 mg/dL to 126 mg/dL. 16. Its not recommended that you exercise if you have had a bout of severe hypoglycemia (with levels below 50 mg/dL) in the last 24 hours. 17. You need to eat carbs after a workout to restock your internal glucose supplies Continue reading >>

What Is Type 1 Diabetes?

What Is Type 1 Diabetes?

In this section, we will share an easy-to-understand overview of type 1 diabetes, including what it is, diagnosis, treatment and links for learning more. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. For unknown reasons, the immune system attacks the insulin producing cells in the pancreas called beta cells and destroys them. You can think of insulin as the key that unlocks your cells and enables them to access sugar. Without access to sugar, it builds up in your blood. You feel tired, your body turns to fat for energy and you lose weight, and you urinate frequently as your body tries to flush out all that excess sugar. Every human (well, all mammals, actually) need insulin to live. Everyone with diabetes needs to take some form in insulin in order to survive. Unfortunately, at this time, type 1 diabetes can’t be prevented or cured. You may have heard type 1 diabetes called juvenile diabetes. About half of people with type 1 diabetes are diagnosed in childhood, though the truth is that type 1 diabetes can develop at any age. This terminology has long since been abandoned. (See: How Many People Have Diabetes?) If left untreated, type 1 diabetes will eventually be fatal. How Do You Treat Type 1 Diabetes? Everyone with type 1 diabetes needs to take insulin to live. Insulin can come from insulin injections, insulin pump or inhaling insulin. Experimental treatments are using implanted insulin-producing cells. The primary challenge of type 1 diabetes is to take enough insulin to lower the high blood sugars but not so much that you have severe low blood sugars. This typically requires frequent checking of blood sugars or, if you have access, using a continuous glucose meter (CGM). Type 1 diabetes requires monitoring and managing all day long. (LADA, latent autoimmune diabetes in Continue reading >>

10 Facts You May Not Know About Type 1 Diabetes

10 Facts You May Not Know About Type 1 Diabetes

1. Type 1 diabetes develops when a patient’s immune system mysteriously destroys pancreatic cells that make the hormone insulin, which regulates blood sugar and helps cells use the sugar glucose for energy. 2. Type 1 Diabetes is the second most common chronic illness in children, behind asthma. 3. Cases of Type 1 diabetes are increasing worldwide, particularly in young children. 4. Warning signs can include extreme thirst, frequent urination, a fruity breath odor and blurred vision. Generalized symptoms such as fatigue, nausea, stomachache, appetite changes and weight loss can also be indicators. 5. Kids are often misdiagnosed with viruses, acid reflux, strep throat, sinus or urinary tract infections. 6. Left untreated, kids are at risk for a life-threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). DKA develops when glucose-starved cells trigger a process that makes blood more acidic. 7. Type 1 Diabetes almost always appears before age 40. Half of patients are diagnosed by 18. 8. By 2050 in the United States, cases in children and teenagers are predicted to more than triple, with the average age of diagnosis apparently increasing. 9. In Philadelphia, Pa, the incidence of Type 1 diabetes in children younger than 5 has more than double since 1985. 10. Type 1 Diabetes’ mortality rate is highest in babies, toddlers, and preschoolers, due to delayed diagnoses and greater vulnerability to dehydration. Continue reading >>

T1d Facts And Myths - Typeonenation

T1d Facts And Myths - Typeonenation

Myth: T1D is caused by eating too much sugar or being obese. Fact: Sugar intake and obesity have nothing to do with the onset of T1D. While we still do not know exactly what triggers the onset of T1D, scientists believe that both genetic and environmental factors are involved. Myth: Only children are diagnosed with T1D. Fact: While children are the age group most frequently associated with T1D, formerly called juvenile diabetes, it is regularly diagnosed in teens, young adults and adults. You can develop T1D at any age. Myth: You can cure T1D by taking insulin. Fact: Taking insulin keeps people with T1D alive, but it is not a cure. Myth: People with diabetes cant or shouldnt eat sugar or sweets. Fact: While limiting sugar intake can be a part of a healthy diet, people with T1D can work sugars and sweets into their diets just like a person without T1D. Sometimes sugar is necessary. If a persons blood-sugar level drops too much, sugar, often in the form of juice or glucose tables, is required to raise it and correct hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Myth: Women with T1D shouldnt get pregnant. Fact: Women with T1D regularly have healthy pregnancies and deliver healthy babies with planning and support. Fact: T1D is not contagious. T1D does not spread from person to person, but families with a history of autoimmune diseases may have more than one family member with T1D. Fact: While some people with T1D have complications, many live with T1D for decades without any complications. Every person is different and some are more genetically predisposed to complications, but optimal control of blood sugar is proven to significantly lower the risk of complications. Myth: You can cure T1D with diet and exercise. Fact: There is no cure for T1D. Healthy eating and exercise can help peopl Continue reading >>

Facts About Type 1 Diabetes - Health

Facts About Type 1 Diabetes - Health

6 Facts People With Type 1 Diabetes Want You to Know When you hear the word diabetes, you likely associate the condition with the bodys inability to process sugar properly. You also probably know that factors like genetics or being overweight can put you at risk, and factors like exercise and a strict diet can help reduce symptoms and risk of diabetes. However, all of these commonly known facts actually relate to type 2 diabetes , not type 1. Thats not surprising, considering of the twenty-four million people living with diabetes in the U.S., only about 10% of them have type 1 . While they share the same name, type 1 is actually pretty different than its counterpart, with varied symptoms and risk factors. Unlike type 2diabetes in which the body has too little insulin, or cant use it effectively, people with type 1 have little to no insulin at all. In fact, its classified as an autoimmune disease because the bodys immune system actually attacks insulin-producing cells. However, without any insulin, cells cant absorb the glucose needed to produce energy. Therefore, anyone with type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day to survive, using a pen, syringe, or pump. Unfortunately, theres no way to prevent type 1 diabetesno matter how many healthy habits you adopt, nor is there a cure. That said, lifestyle factors like diet and exercise are still useful to help manage symptoms. To learn moreabout the condition, watch this video to learn six important facts about type 1 diabetes. Continue reading >>

5 Facts About Type 1 Diabetes

5 Facts About Type 1 Diabetes

At the end of the visit, my goal is to have the patients feel more informed and to feel like their issues have been properly addressed. The choices you make each day can have a huge effect on your health. Rush offers a wealth of resources to help you make good ones. Hair loss, headaches and other signs you may be missing key vitamins and minerals. A monthly program designed to explore diabetes management in a group setting. While diabetes is a serious condition, it is manageable especially if diagnosed early. Here are tips for managing it... Sign up now for free health tips and medical news. When you hear the word "diabetes," you probably know that it has something to do with blood sugar and the need to take to insulin. But what you may not realize is that there are two types of diabetes Type 1 and Type 2. More often youll hear about Type 2 diabetes, which is more common and occurs when the body fails to produce enough insulin and also becomes insulin-resistant. This causes hyperglycemia or high blood sugar. Less talked about is Type 1, an autoimmune disorder, which occurs because of antibodies that destroy your pancreatic beta cells. Without these pancreatic cells, the body can no longer produce insulin, which is why people with Type 1 diabetes are put on insulin. "If you have Type 2 diabetes, you don't necessarily need to be on insulin," says Tiffany Hor, MD , an endocrinologist at Rush University Medical Center. "You'll usually be given pills first to lower your blood sugar. Sometimes the pills aren't adequate, and that's when you may need to start insulin. Type 1 diabetes is always insulin-dependent." Here, Hor offers five other important facts about Type 1 diabetes. 1. Age is often but not always a key factor. Generally, those with Type 1 diabetes are diagnosed du Continue reading >>

Type 1 Diabetes Facts

Type 1 Diabetes Facts

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease that occurs when a persons pancreas stops producing insulin, the hormone that controls blood-sugar levels. T1D develops when the insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells are mistakenly destroyed by the bodys immune system.The cause of this attack is still being researched, however scientists believe the cause may have genetic and environmental components. There is nothing anyone can do to prevent T1D. Presently, there is no known cure. Type 1 diabetes (sometimes known as juvenile diabetes) affects children and adults, though people can be diagnosed at any age. With a typically quick onset, T1D must be managed with the use of insulineither via injection or insulin pump. Soon, people who are insulin dependent may also be able to use artificial pancreas systems to automatically administer their insulin. Type 1 diabetes is a 24/7 disease that requires constant management. People with T1D continuously and carefully balance insulin intake with eating, exercise and other activities. They also measure blood-sugar levels through finger pricks, ideally at least six times a day, or by wearing a continuous glucose monitor. Even with a strict regimen, people with T1D may still experience dangerously high or low blood-glucose levels that can, in extreme cases, be life threatening. Every person with T1D becomes actively involved in managing his or her disease. While insulin therapy keeps people with T1D alive and can help keep blood-glucose levels within recommended range, it is not a cure, nor does it prevent the possibility of T1Ds serious effects. Although T1D is a serious and challenging disease, long-term management options continue to evolve, allowing those with T1D to have full and active lives. JDRF is driving research to lessen t Continue reading >>

Facts And Tips About Type 1 Diabetes

Facts And Tips About Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that’s caused by your pancreas not producing enough insulin—a necessary hormone for your body to function properly. This slideshow shows you fast facts and quick tips about type 1 diabetes—some you may be familiar with and some that just might surprise you. Welcome to the Type 2 Diabetes Center! This is your launching pad for living better with type 2 diabetes. We’ve gathered all the latest type 2 diabetes information, research updates, and advances in devices and medications. And because diabetes impacts every facet of your life, you’ll also find practical advice from leading experts and other people living with type 2 diabetes featured here. That includes mouth-watering, healthy recipes; money-saving tips; advice to help navigate social, professional, and relationship issues; and inspiring personal stories from people just like you. Explore the resources here and be sure to subscribe to our newsletter to be alerted to new additions. Continue reading >>

The Facts About Type 1 Diabetes

The Facts About Type 1 Diabetes

WHAT IS TYPE 1 DIABETES? Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system damages the pancreas so that it can’t make enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps blood sugar (glucose) get into the cells of the body to be used as fuel. When glucose can’t enter the cells, it builds up in the blood, causing high blood sugar. High blood sugar can cause problems with blood vessels, nerves, eyes, kidneys, the heart and other areas of the body. DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT Type 1 diabetes often appears suddenly. In children, type 1 diabetes symptoms may be similar to the flu. Symptoms can include unusual thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger yet with weight loss, loss of appetite, blurred vision, nausea and vomiting. Diagnosis is usually done with a blood test. Children with type 1 diabetes must have multiple daily injections of insulin to keep the blood glucose level within normal ranges. Insulin is given either by injection or insulin pump. Treatment also includes eating the right foods at the right time to manage blood sugar, and regular blood testing to check glucose levels. “Type 1 diabetes is a long-term, chronic condition, with potential, though rare, fatal consequences if not managed regularly,” CHOC Children’s endocrinologist Dr. Mark Daniels says. “An endocrinologist can help a child and his or her family come to terms with the disease and find ways to fit it into their lives.” TYPE 1 VS. TYPE 2 Only 5 percent of all people with diabetes have type 1. The remainder have another kind called type 2 diabetes, which is much more common in adults. While type 1 diabetes occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin, type 2 diabetes occurs when the body isn’t able to use insulin properly, even when it is present. Type 1 di Continue reading >>

Diabetes Facts And Myths

Diabetes Facts And Myths

en espaolLa diabetes: mitos y realidades You want to educate yourself about diabetes so you can help your child manage it. This means having the right information. There's so much online content about diabetes, but it's not always accurate. Even well-meaning family members and friends can give bad information. And this can hurt your child. Here's the truth about some of the common things you might hear. Does eating too much sugar cause diabetes? No, it doesn't. Type 1 diabetes happens when cells in the pancreas that make insulin are destroyed. This happens because something goes wrong with the body's immune system . It has nothing to do with how much sugar a person eats. Sugar doesn't cause diabetes. But sugar can play a role in type 2 diabetes . Eating too much sugar (or sugary foods and drinks) can make people put on weight. Gaining too much weight can lead to type 2 diabetes in some people. Of course, eating too much sugar isn't the only reason why people gain weight. Weight gain from eating too much of any food can make a person's chances of developing type 2 diabetes greater. Yes! People with diabetes can still enjoy sweets sometimes. But like everyone, they should put the brakes on eating too many. Kids with type 1 diabetes don't grow out of it. With type 1 diabetes, the pancreas stops making insulin and won't make it again. People with type 1 diabetes will always need to take insulin , at least until scientists find a cure for diabetes. Kids with type 2 will always have a tendency to get high blood sugar levels. But sometimes taking steps to live a healthier life can lower their blood sugar. If people eat healthy foods and exercise enough to get their blood sugar levels back on track, doctors might say they can stop taking insulin or other medicines . Can you ca Continue reading >>

Type 1 Diabetes Facts And Tips

Type 1 Diabetes Facts And Tips

Type 1 diabetes can also be called insulin-dependent diabetes because people with type 1 must take insulin in order to live. Type 1 diabetes used to be called juvenile diabetes because it was diagnosed mainly in children. However, that name is no longer accurate because children are increasingly developing another type of diabetes—type 2 diabetes. Also, it is possible for adults to be diagnosed as type 1, so the name “juvenile diabetes” isn’t accurate. Researchers aren’t exactly sure what causes type 1 diabetes, although they have some clues, including genetics and environmental triggers. Researchers have noticed that more cases of type 1 diabetes are diagnosed in northern climates, leading them to suggest that environmental triggers play a role in the development of type 1. Specifically, viral infections (which happen more often in colder northern climates where people are in close proximity) may trigger type 1. Type 1 diabetes is far less common than type 2: about 90% of people with diabetes have type 2. With tight blood glucose control, you can avoid many of the short- and long-term complications associated with type 1 diabetes, including foot problems and nerve pain. Exercise is an important part of keeping diabetes under control. Many famous people have type 1 diabetes, including: Jay Cutler (quarterback for the Chicago Bears), Billie Jean King, Ron Santo (Chicago Cubs player), Halle Berry, Mary Tyler Moore, and Nick Jonas. Type 2 diabetes (also called type 2 diabetes mellitus) is more common than type 1 diabetes. Around 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National 2014 Diabetes Statistics Report, 29.1 million Americans, or 9.3% of the US population have diabetes. T Continue reading >>

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