diabetestalk.net

Epidemiology Of Diabetes Ppt

Sheet2

Sheet2

Epidemiology and Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes Edward Gregg, PhD Epidemiology and Statistics Branch Division of Diabetes Translation Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta, GA Prevalence of Total Diabetes (Diagnosed Diabetes and Undiagnosed Diabetes) in the U.S. Adult Population, Age ≥ 20, 2005-2006 According to Alternative Definitions of Undiagnosed Diabetes 21.5 million 27.0 million 19.7 million 22.4 million (> 126 mg/dl) (> 6.5%) (>126 mg/dl OR > 6.5%) (>126 mg/dl OR 2hPG > 200) Sources: Cowie et al., Diab Care, 2009; unpublished analyses, Bullard et al.; NIDDK, CDC Factors Influencing Future Incidence and Prevalence Estimates Prevalence in year 2010 (number and proportion of adults with diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes, pre-diabetes). Incidence (Rate of new cases into the future). Mortality rates Age distribution of the population. Census projection of population growth. Migration Factors Causally Associated with Increased Diabetes Incidence in Individuals Modifiable and Prime Targets for Individual-Level Interventions Factors Explaining Population Trends in the Disease Types of Risk Factors Structured, multi-disciplinary lifestyle Metformin and other drugs Nutrition / education referral Brief Counseling Food policy incentives and restrictions; Crop subsidy policies Incentives / restrictions related to built environment Youth-targeted obesity prevention * Migration Studies: Association Between Westernization and Diabetes Prevalence in Susceptible Populations King, Diabetes Care, 1993; 1998; Diamond J, Nature, 2003 Indian Australian Aborigines Chinese Nauru New Guinea * Esas fueron lost estimaciones en los E. U. Pero hay evidencia de niveles altos en varios regiones del mundo, por ejemplo en las islas de pacifico del sur, India, la media oriente, Continue reading >>

Global Burden Of Diabetes:

Global Burden Of Diabetes:

Prevalence and projections Peter H. Bennett, M.B., F.R.C.P. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Phoenix, Arizona, U.S.A. Global Projections for the Diabetes Epidemic: 2000-2030 (in millions) NA 19.7 33.9 72% LAC 13.3 33.0 248% EU 17.8 25.1 41% A+NZ 1.2 2.0 65% SSA 7.1 18.6 261% World 2000 = 171 million 2030 = 366 million Increase 213% China 20.8 42.3 204% Wild, S et al.: Global prevalence of diabetes: Estimates for 2000 and projections for 2030 Diabetes Care 2004 In press India 31.7 79.4 251% MEC 20.1 52.8 263% Estimated Number of People with Diabetes in 2000 and 2030 (and % change) Wild, S et al.: Global prevalence of diabetes: Estimates for 2000 and projections for 2030 Diabetes Care 2004. In press +176% +26% -13% Estimated Number of People with Diabetes in 2000 and 2030 (and % change) Wild, S et al.: Global prevalence of diabetes: Estimates for 2000 and projections for 2030 Diabetes Care 2004 In press +308% +247% +189% Estimated Number of People with Diabetes in 2000 and 2030 Wild, S et al.: Global prevalence of diabetes: Estimates for 2000 and projections for 2030 Diabetes Care 2004 In press +242% +212% +75% Diabetes in the United States 1958-1993 Prevalence (%) > 65 years 55-65 years 45-54 years < 45 years Data from the US National Health Interview Survey Diabetes in the United States 1980-2000 Prevalence (%) < 45 years 65-74years 45-64years 75+years Data from the US National Health Interview Survey: Impaired Glucose Homeostasis 'Impaired Fasting Glucose' (IFG) FPG of 100-125mg/dl [5.6 -<7.0mmol/l] IFG IGT 'Impaired Glucose Tolerance’ (IGT) 2h post-load Plasma Glucose of 140-199mg/dl [7.8-11.0mmol/l] and FPG <126mg/dl [<7.0mmol/l] Projections of Numbers with Diabetes* among persons aged 40-74years in USA (Millions) *Based on dia Continue reading >>

More in diabetes