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Do Diabetics Need Calcium

Sugar Shock? Taking Calcium And Vitamin D When Youre Diabetic

Sugar Shock? Taking Calcium And Vitamin D When Youre Diabetic

Sugar Shock? Taking Calcium and Vitamin D When Youre Diabetic Recently, we talked about vitamin D and diabetes . And that got me thinking. So what happens when you dont like to swallow pills? Or you have a hard time swallowing pills? Or if you have dysphagia? How do you get your calcium and vitamin D? There are ways to get calcium other than in a pill, such as in soft chews, gummies, or dissolvables. These are great options, but what about when you have diabetes? Could you still take these alternatives to pills when you have to worry about maintaining blood sugar levels? So, I looked into some of these non-pill forms of calcium and vitamin D to see if you could. Most of the calcium and vitamin D soft chews, gummies, and dissolvables contain sugar and/or corn syrup. Not very diabetic friendly. So for the people needing or wanting a sugar-free alternative of calcium and vitamin D, there are sugar-free versions available. But then youre still putting sucralose or acesulfame in your body. These artificially created sweeteners do help those with diabetes manage their sugar levels, even though there is debate going on about the low sugar foods . But then theres one sneaky brand I found: a name brand chewable claiming to be sugar free, yet on the label it contains sugar. Why would a sugar-free product still have sugar in it? So again, I looked into it. Did you know that even if a product is labeled sugar free, it can contain up to 0.5 g sugars per reference amounts customarily consumed (RACC) and per labeled serving (or for meals and main dishes, less than 0.5 g per labeled serving) . So keep this in mind when looking at total sugars consumed, especially when taking in multiple servings . (And just FYI, if the label names things like honey, it can still be considered sugar fr Continue reading >>

Vitamin D, Calcium May Prevent, Improve Diabetes

Vitamin D, Calcium May Prevent, Improve Diabetes

"Although the evidence to date suggests that vitamin D and calcium deficiency influences post-prandial glycaemia and insulin response while supplementation may be beneficial in optimizing these processes, our understanding of the exact mechanisms by which vitamin D and calcium may promote beta cell function, or ameliorate insulin resistance and systemic inflammation is incomplete,"​ wrote lead author Anastassios Pittas. "It is also not clear whether the effects are additive or synergistic,"​ he added. Vitamin D refers to two biologically inactive precursors - D3, also known as cholecalciferol, and D2, also known as ergocalciferol. The former, produced in the skin on exposure to UVB radiation (290 to 320 nm), is said to be more bioactive. The latter is derived from plants and only enters the body via the diet, from consumption of foods such as oily fish, egg yolk and liver. Both D3 and D2 precursors are hydroxylated in the liver and kidneys to form 25- hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), the non-active 'storage' form, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D), the biologically active form that is tightly controlled by the body Writing in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism​, Pittas and co-workers reviewed data from observational studies and clinical trials in adults with results related to the control of glucose. The data from observational studies showed a "relatively consistent association" between low intakes of calcium, vitamin D, or dairy intake and type-2 diabetes, with highest levels associated with a 64 per cent lower prevalence of the disease, and a 29 per cent lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome among non-blacks. When intake of calcium and vitamin D was combined, the inverse associations were still observed, with the highest versus lowest combine Continue reading >>

Calcium Concentration Tied To Diabetes

Calcium Concentration Tied To Diabetes

Home / Resources / Articles / Calcium Concentration Tied to Diabetes According to an Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS), high calcium serum concentrations are associated with an increased risk for type 2 diabetes. Several studies have associated calcium supplement intake with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), so Lorenzo et al. chose to study the relationship between serum calcium concentration and the development of diabetes, a chronic condition, which shares similar risk factors to CVD. A total of 863 individuals between the ages 40-69 were included in the study, and none of them had diabetes at the start of the study. Aside from their serum calcium concentrations, participants had their insulin sensitivity and acute insulin response measured at baseline and then every few months. To determine if a patient developed diabetes or an impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), researchers looked at their most recent fasting and 2-hr post-prandial glucose levels and/or whether the patient started using anti-diabetic medications. Results of the study indicated that there was a relationship between serum calcium concentration and the development of diabetes or IGT, but this relationship was not linear. This is because increased risk for diabetes was most seen when patients had the highest levels of serum calcium (>2.5 mmol/L). Furthermore, researchers found a patients calcium concentration to be unrelated to glucose and insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity. In conclusion, Lorenzo et als study does not provide the evidence to suggest that a high calcium concentration causes type 2 diabetes; however, it can be classified as a risk factor. Presented at EASD Barcelona, September 2013. Lorenzo V, et al. Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS) Continue reading >>

The Role Of Vitamin D And Calcium In Type 2 Diabetes. A Systematic Review And Meta-analysis

The Role Of Vitamin D And Calcium In Type 2 Diabetes. A Systematic Review And Meta-analysis

Context: Altered vitamin D and calcium homeostasis may play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM). Evidence Acquisition and Analyses: MEDLINE review was conducted through January 2007 for observational studies and clinical trials in adults with outcomes related to glucose homeostasis. When data were available to combine, meta-analyses were performed, and summary odds ratios (OR) are presented. Evidence Synthesis: Observational studies show a relatively consistent association between low vitamin D status, calcium or dairy intake, and prevalent type 2 DM or metabolic syndrome [OR (95% confidence interval): type 2 DM prevalence, 0.36 (0.16–0.80) among nonblacks for highest vs. lowest 25-hydroxyvitamin D; metabolic syndrome prevalence, 0.71 (0.57–0.89) for highest vs. lowest dairy intake]. There are also inverse associations with incident type 2 DM or metabolic syndrome [OR (95% confidence interval): type 2 DM incidence, 0.82 (0.72–0.93) for highest vs. lowest combined vitamin D and calcium intake; 0.86 (0.79–0.93) for highest vs. lowest dairy intake]. Evidence from trials with vitamin D and/or calcium supplementation suggests that combined vitamin D and calcium supplementation may have a role in the prevention of type 2 DM only in populations at high risk (i.e. glucose intolerance). The available evidence is limited because most observational studies are cross-sectional and did not adjust for important confounders, whereas intervention studies were short in duration, included few subjects, used a variety of formulations of vitamin D and calcium, or did post hoc analyses. Conclusions: Vitamin D and calcium insufficiency may negatively influence glycemia, whereas combined supplementation with both nutrients may be beneficial in optimizing Continue reading >>

Vitamin D And Diabetes

Vitamin D And Diabetes

Tweet Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that plays a number of important roles in the body, including maintaining the health of your bones, teeth and joints, and assisting immune system function. This underrated vitamin is found in certain foods but is also produced by the body in response to exposure to the sun. When the sun’s ultraviolet-B (UVB) rays are exposed to bare skin, the body converts a cholesterol derivative into Vitamin D. In fact, it’s now known that every cell and tissue within the body has a Vitamin D protein receptor. However, most of us in the UK and other Western countries are deficient in Vitamin D, including many patients with Type 2 diabetes, due to limited sunlight exposure caused by a number of factors, including more time spent at home, in the office or the car, shorter days in winter, sunscreen use in summer and fears of skin cancer. Vitamin D deficiency The signs of Vitamin D deficiency can range from bone pain and muscle weakness to depression and weakened immune system, while longer-term deficiency can result in obesity, high blood pressure, psoriasis, osteoporosis, chronic fatigue, Alzheimer’s disease, cancer and type 2 diabetes. Exposing your skin to the sun for 15-20 minutes each day can help increase your body’s own production of vitamin D and thus reduce your risk of diabetes and other serious medical conditions. Alternatively, you can get your daily intake of vitamin D through dietary supplements and foods such as nuts, oily fish, eggs, powdered milk and some fortified cereals. Effects on diabetes Vitamin D is believed to help improve the body’s sensitivity to insulin – the hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar levels – and thus reduce the risk of insulin resistance, which is often a precursor to type 2 diabetes Continue reading >>

Calcium For Diabetes - Recommended Intake And Insulin Resistance

Calcium For Diabetes - Recommended Intake And Insulin Resistance

Healthy Diet Plans >> Diabetic Diet >> Calcium The incidence of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is on the increase worldwide. More than 1 million new cases are diagnosed every year in just the US. Although treatments for this type of diabetes and its attendant complications have improved tremendously over the years, prevention is still the preferred option. Epidemiological data suggests that 90% of cases of type 2 diabetes can be attributed to habits and lifestyle that can be changed. In this regard, the use of calcium for the prevention of diabetes has been the subject of numerous studies. Vitamin D plays an important role in the absorption of calcium by the body. Low levels of this vitamin reduce the bodys ability to absorb calcium from food. The body then turns to the skeletal system for its calcium requirements, thereby weakening the bones. Vitamin D is also required by the body to maintain calcium and phosphorus homeostasis or equilibrium. Recent evidence also suggests that vitamin D and calcium homeostasis also play an important role in neuromuscular function, multiple sclerosis and prostate and colorectal cancer. Calcium and vitamin D are also suspected to be modifiers of diabetes risk. Calcium and vitamin D deficiency has been suspected as having a major role in the development of both type1 & type2 diabetes. Read in detail about the diet for diabetes Calcium is an essential component of intracellular processes that occur within insulin responsive tissues like skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. A very narrow range of calcium concentration is needed for optimal insulin mediated functioning. Concentration levels that are out of this optimal range may contribute to peripheral insulin resistance. Vitamin D plays an important role in maintaining the right levels of calciu Continue reading >>

Magnesium, Calcium, Potassium And Diabetes

Magnesium, Calcium, Potassium And Diabetes

When it comes to minerals such as magnesium, calcium and potassium, people with diabetes may get too much of a good thing. While these minerals benefit your body in some ways, in others they are related to diabetes. Learn how these well-known minerals may have an impact on diabetes and other related health issues. Often referred to as one of the building blocks to life, magnesium is transported from your blood into your cells by insulin. When you have a magnesium deficiency, you may develop insulin resistance. This can be a precursor to conditions such as diabetes or heart disease. Insulin regulates the entry of sugar into the cells to create energy. A diet that includes the right amount of magnesium can help reduce your risk of developing these health conditions. The Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) for magnesium for adult men is 410 to 420 mg/d and 310 to 320 mg/d for women, depending on your age. Recent studies show magnesium levels tend to be lower in people with diabetes. Other conditions linked to magnesium deficiency include cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and ketoacidosis as well as calcium deficiency and potassium deficiency. Certain diabetes medications can raise magnesium levels, such as Pioglitazone and Metformin. Include foods in your diet that have plenty of magnesium, such as almonds, whole grains and spinach. Your doctor may recommend taking magnesium supplements to help improve your insulin sensitivity and reduce your blood pressure. Always consult with your physician before taking magnesium supplements. Too much magnesium can lead to toxicity. Symptoms include nausea, muscle weakness, hypotension, irregular heartbeat and urine retention. Your doctor may decide to measure your serum magnesium levels. Potassium is frequently called an electrolyte Continue reading >>

Can Diabetics Take Calcium Tablets?

Can Diabetics Take Calcium Tablets?

Calcium tablets along with the supplements of other vitamins and minerals have long been popular amongst the medical community in order to get the much-needed nutrients into our bodies which the normal day to day diet cannot give us. However, recent studies have questioned the very concept of supplements which are used to get the vitamins and minerals in an artificial manner. In fact, one of the most renowned associations, the American Diabetes Association often advises against the taking of any such tablets and supplements because these may not be safe in the long term. Nevertheless, a few researchers believe that taking a small amount will do more benefits than harm to the patients. Let us explore the merits and demerits of taking calcium tablets in diabetes. So, come and join us in this article where we try to answer the question Can Diabetics Take Calcium Tablets? Harmful Effects of Taking Calcium Supplements Why Do You Need Calcium Supplements to Manage Diabetes? Before understanding whether or not calcium supplements should be taken when you are a diabetic, it is imperative you first understand why do diabetes take these calcium supplements in the first place. Following are a few reasons: Researchers are of the belief that taking in sufficient amounts of calcium will reduce the risk of you contacting type 2 diabetes . As per one of the studies conducted by researchers, it was found that if you are prediabetic and you take supplements of both calcium and vitamin D, the fasting blood glucose does not rise to a great extent, thereby reducing the risk of diabetes. With calcium supplements, the bodys resistance to the hormone insulin is reduced to a large extent. The good amount of calcium in the body further helps the beta cells of the pancreas to release more and mo Continue reading >>

The Best Calcium-rich Foods For People With Diabetes | Everyday Health

The Best Calcium-rich Foods For People With Diabetes | Everyday Health

Why Foods With Calcium Should Be Part of Your Diabetes Diet When you have diabetes, its important to modify your diet to ensure that your blood sugar and weight stay controlled. That means fueling up with foods like lean protein, whole grains, nonstarchy veggies , and certain fruits. But theres another beneficial type of food you may not have considered adding to your diabetes diet: eats that are rich in calcium. Research suggests that the mineral not only can help offset the risk for osteoporosis, with which diabetes is associated, but it may also help halt progression of the disease in those who have been diagnosed. Supplementation of both calcium and vitamin D have been shown to be beneficial in optimizing glucose metabolism, says Melissa Joy Dobbins,RDN, CDE , who is based in Chicago. Thats crucial when you have diabetes, which is marked by insulin resistance a condition that prevents glucose from reaching cells for energy or from being stored for later use, resulting in an accumulation of that glucose in the bloodstream. A study published in October 2014 in PLOS One backs up this idea, suggesting that daily supplementation with both calcium and vitamin D over a six-month period may help improve insulin sensitivity in those with prediabetes. The potential benefits of calcium-rich food for diabetes dont end there. The mineral may also benefit individuals with prediabetes , the precursor to the full-blown form of the disease, as well as people who are at risk for prediabetes based on their family history, diet and lifestyle, or ethnicity. Observational studies have shown an association between low vitamin D status, calcium intake, and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome, says Angela Ginn-Meadow, RD, CDE , a senior education coordinator for the Un Continue reading >>

Zinc, Calcium, Magnesium And Vitamin D Cut Risk Of Diabetes

Zinc, Calcium, Magnesium And Vitamin D Cut Risk Of Diabetes

Those who consume the most calcium, magnesium and zinc were up to 28% less likely to develop type 2 diabetes Zinc, calcium and magnesium cut chances of type 2 diabetes, and calcium intake by men and women and high vitamin D levels in men lowered insulin levels, in three studies. In a diabetes study, doctors knew that zinc helps cells use energy and wanted to see if zinc lowered the chances of type 2 diabetes. Researchers measured the diets of over 82,000 women, aged 33 to 60, and followed up for 24 years. Taking into account differences in family history and lifestyle, scientists found those who consumed the most zinc were 28 percent less likely to develop type 2 diabetes compared to those who consumed the least. In a calcium and magnesiumstudy, researchers evaluated the diets of over 64,000 men and women who began the study without type 2 diabetes and followed up for seven years. Women who consumed the most calcium were 27 percent less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than women who consumed the least. Also, men and women who consumed the most magnesium were 20 percent less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than men and women who consumed the least. In an insulin study, doctors thought that calcium and vitamin D might lower risk for type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetics often produce high levels of insulin to process excess blood sugar or have high insulin levels because the body can’t properly use it. The pancreas produces insulin along with a molecule called C-peptide—a by-product of insulin production—in equal amounts, making C-peptide a good measure of insulin levels. In the study, researchers found that healthy women and men who consumed the most calcium had C-peptide levels 20 percent lower and 17 percent lower, respectively, than women and men who got the lea Continue reading >>

The Benefits Of Calcium And Vitamin D

The Benefits Of Calcium And Vitamin D

Nutrition Superstar While there's no doubt about dairy's status as a nutrition superstar (it's packed with protein, minerals, and vitamins A, D, B12, and riboflavin), the jury is still out on some of the more recently publicized benefits. Here's some help to sort it all out. Fighting Diabetes? Calcium and vitamin D may lower the risk of type 2 diabetes in people with pre-diabetes, says Anastassios Pittas, M.D., assistant professor of medicine in the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism, and Molecular Medicine at Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston. In a recent study, Pittas found that participants with pre-diabetes who took vitamin D (700 IU per day) and calcium (500 mg per day) for three years had a smaller rise in fasting blood glucose (0.4 mg/dl) compared with those who took a placebo pill. "Vitamin D and calcium may have direct effects on the pancreatic beta cells to enhance insulin secretion," Pittas says. "There may also be beneficial effects on insulin resistance, but the mechanisms are not clear." The bottom line: "It's premature to make a recommendation that people at risk for type 2 diabetes should take vitamin D and calcium," Pittas says. "I recommend the same as for most people--800 IU of vitamin D and 1,200 mg of calcium. Getting these from foods is always preferable." However, it can be difficult to get that amount in your diet. Talk with a physician or nutritionist about whether a supplement is right for you. Weight Loss Aid? In the past few years, eating sufficient low-fat and fat-free dairy foods has been tied to weight loss. "The research is still inconclusive at this time," says Ruth Litchfield, Ph.D., R.D., L.D, assistant professor and extension service nutrition specialist at Iowa State University in Ames. "The National Dairy Co Continue reading >>

A Warning About Calcium Supplements

A Warning About Calcium Supplements

Women who take calcium supplements in addition to having a high-calcium diet may be at increased risk of death from all causes, and particularly from cardiovascular disease and ischemic heart disease , according to research recently published in the journal BMJ. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in people with diabetes. Calcium intake guidelines have generally focused on preventing low levels of calcium, and indeed, more than 60% of middle-age and older women in the United States now regularly take calcium supplements to preserve bone health (calcium is important for strong bones). But reanalysis of some recent studies has indicated a higher risk of ischemic heart disease (a condition in which there is a reduced supply of blood to the heart) and stroke with calcium supplements. To evaluate the effect of dietary and supplemental calcium intake on cardiovascular health and mortality, researchers at Uppsala University in Sweden followed 61,433 women born between 1914 and 1948 for nearly two decades. The participants diets were determined by questionnaires administered to all the women at the start of the study and to 38,984 of the women approximately 10 years later. The participants were divided into four groups based on their calcium consumption: less than 600 milligrams (mg) a day, from 600 mg to 999 mg a day, from 1,000 mg through 1,399 mg a day, and 1,400 or more mg daily (equivalent to about five 8-ounce glasses of cows milk). Over the course of the 19-year follow-up, 11,944 of the participants died, 3,862 from cardiovascular disease, 1,932 of ischemic heart disease, and 1,100 of stroke. Compared to women with a calcium intake of 600 mg to 999 mg daily, those consuming more than 1,400 mg each day had 1.40 times the risk of death from any cause, 1.4 Continue reading >>

What People With Diabetes Need To Know About Osteoporosis

What People With Diabetes Need To Know About Osteoporosis

What People With Diabetes Need to Know About Osteoporosis What People With Diabetes Need to Know About Osteoporosis Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism, a term that describes the way our bodies chemically change the foods we eat into growth and energy. After we digest food, glucose (sugar) enters the bloodstream, where it is used by the cells for energy. For glucose to get into the cells, insulin must be present. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, an organ located behind the stomach. It is responsible for moving glucose from the bloodstream into the cells to provide energy needed for daily life. In people with diabetes, the body produces too little or no insulin or it does not respond properly to the insulin that is produced. As a result, glucose builds up in the blood and may overflow into the urine where it is excreted from the body. Therefore, the cells lose their main source of energy. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 29.1 million people have diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the body produces little or no insulin. This form of the disease typically appears in children and young adults, but it can develop at any age. In type 2 diabetes, the body produces insulin but not enough, and the body does not respond properly to the insulin that is produced. This form of the disease is more common in people who are older, overweight, and inactive. Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones become less dense and more likely to fracture. Fractures from osteoporosis can result in pain and disability. In the United States, more than 53 million people either already have osteoporosis or are at high risk due to low bone mass. Risk factors for developing osteoporosis include: for women, being postmenopausal, having an early menopause, or not Continue reading >>

Vitamin Deficiencies In People With Diabetes: The Supplements You Need

Vitamin Deficiencies In People With Diabetes: The Supplements You Need

As an orthopedic surgeon, I have many patients with diabetes who tell me, “I can’t have surgery because I won’t heal.” That is certainly not the case, however. Diabetes does affect the small blood vessels and the function of immune cells when blood sugar is high, but with proper nutrition and blood sugar management, people with diabetes are very safe to undergo knee replacements, abdominal surgery, and many elective procedures. It is critical, of course, that people with diabetes who undergo elective or traumatic surgery work closely with their doctor to manage their blood sugar, but supplementation is also a vital part of recovery. Diabetes frequently causes nutritional deficiencies, often initiated by changes in diet or medications. As a result, people with diabetes must use supplements. Helping my patients identify their nutritional deficiencies and educating them on the importance of essential vitamins has made an overwhelming difference in their recovery from surgery and their overall daily health. The following essential vitamins are often deficient in people with diabetes. Vitamin B12 Vitamin B12 is bound to protein in food. The activity of hydrochloric acid and gastric protease in the stomach releases vitamin B12 from its protein. Once it is released, vitamin B12 begins to work quickly. It is important for the formation of red blood cells, neurological function, and DNA synthesis. It also supports the digestive system in keeping glucose levels stable. A simple blood test can determine the level of B12 in the body. Adults who have a value below 170 to 250 pg/mL are considered deficient in the vitamin. An elevated blood homocysteine level or elevated methylmalconic acid level may also suggest a B12 deficiency. Symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency are megalob Continue reading >>

6 Essential Minerals For Diabetics

6 Essential Minerals For Diabetics

If you are diabetic, there are many treatment options available, and supplements to try. However, help for diabetes may be closer than you think. These 6 essential minerals can fight the symptoms of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Minerals are an essential part of the human body. Minerals are just as vital as vitamins in keeping your body healthy and happy. In fact, mineral deficiencies can lead to a host of health problems, including an increased chance of diabetes. If you have diabetes, ensuring your diet is rich in the following minerals will help you restore balance to your body and reduce the need for diabetes medications. Combined with other natural treatments for diabetes, you may find that you no longer suffer from diabetes side effects at all. Before taking any of these supplements, consult with a health professional to identify their potential risks and benefits in your particular case. Chromium Chromium is a well-documented mineral that can help prevent and help with controlling blood sugar levels in existing diabetes. Chromium is also essential for the population of insulin receptors, for binding insulin to cells, and for increasing the utilization of glucose. While high doses of the mineral can be toxic, small dosage amounts have been shown to help diabetics with type 2 diabetes. Some studies have indicated that chromium picolinate may be more effective than other forms of chromium in supplements, as it is easier for the body to absorb and use. What It Does According to studies, chromium can enhance the effects of insulin. Deficiencies in chromium impair blood glucose control. In several studies, it was shown that those with diabetes have abnormally low chromium levels. The trace mineral may be able to reduce insulin levels and improve the lipid profile in Continue reading >>

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