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Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus Quizlet

Pathophysiology Exam 2 - Part A

Pathophysiology Exam 2 - Part A

Shared Flashcard Set Details Title Pathophysiology Exam 2 - Part A Description Quiz questions Total Cards 147 Subject Pathology Level Undergraduate 3 Created 11/05/2010 Click here to study/print these flashcards. Create your own flash cards! Sign up here. Additional Pathology Flashcards Cards Term What event initiates the process of atherosclerosis? Definition Endothelial injury and release of cytokines Term Factors associated with endothelial injury in atherosclerosis include all of the following except: A) autoimmunity. B) anemia. C) bacterial infection. D) smoking. Definition B - anemia Term What form of hyperdyslipidemia is associated with the development of the fatty streak in atherosclerosis? Definition High LDL Term An unstable plaque in the coronary arteries can result in which complication? Definition Myocardial infarction Term In the development of primary hypertension, increased sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity causes: A) decreased heart rate. B) increased renal excretion of sodium. C) peripheral vasoconstriction. D) decreased insulin resistance. Definition C - peripheral vasoconstriction Term A risk factor that is associated with both atherosclerosis and primary hypertension is what? Definition Advanced age Term Complications of sustained hypertension include which of the following? A) Retinal damage B) Stroke C) Renal disease D) All of the above Definition D - all of the above Term Atherosclerosis of the aorta can cause isolated systolic hypertension by: A) promoting thrombus formation. B) stimulating increased cardiac output. C) decreasing arterial distensibility. D) increasing lumen diameter. Definition C - decreasing arterial distensibility Term A ruptured cerebral aneurysm often will result in what? Definition Stroke Term Clinical manifestation Continue reading >>

9,657 Possible Causes For Fatigue + Polyuria + Diabetes Mellitus + Metabolic Alkalosis In Usa

9,657 Possible Causes For Fatigue + Polyuria + Diabetes Mellitus + Metabolic Alkalosis In Usa

Conn Syndrome Metabolic Alkalosis Fatigue Nocturnal Polyuria Polyuria Diabetes Mellitus […] symptoms: fatigue muscle weakness and cramping headaches palpitations polyuria and polydipsia (hypokalemia induced nephrogenic diabetes insipidus) signs: metabolic alkalosis[quizlet.com] […] since aldosterone will increase sodium retention but will increase potasium and hydrogen ion secretion, this will give a metabolic alkalosis(my logic was that at this moment[uworld.com] Arterial blood gas analysis showed metabolic alkalosis with pH - 7.493 and HCO3 - 28.1 mmol/L.[sjkdt.org] Conn syndrome typically presents with diastolic hypertension, metabolic alkalosis, and hypokalaemia.[radiopaedia.org] Cushing's Disease Metabolic Alkalosis Fatigue Polyuria Diabetes Mellitus Signs and symptoms include a round face, upper body obesity, fragile and thin skin, purple stretch marks in the skin, fatigue, muscle weakness, hypertension, diabetes mellitus[fpnotebook.com] Patients who have a familial predisposition to diabetes mellitus frequently develop insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus as a result of the anti-insulin, diabetogenic properties[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] You can learn more about insulin by going to our diabetes mellitus page.[lbah.com] Increased thirst and urination ( polydipsia and polyuria , respectively) Increased hunger Increased panting Pot-bellied abdomen Obesity Fat pads on the neck and shoulders[petmd.com] Acne Vulgaris Agitated Delirium Arterial Blood pH Increased Aseptic Necrosis of Head of Femur Asthenia Atrophy of the Thigh Muscles Back Pain Bartter's Disease Behavior Problem Complete Blood Count Abnormal Cutaneous Candidiasis Decreased Taste Sensation Diastolic Hypertension Edema Emotional Lability Emotional Outbursts Eosinophils Decreased Erythrocy Continue reading >>

Diabetes Insipidus Is Characterized By Quizlet

Diabetes Insipidus Is Characterized By Quizlet

Diabetes research pullman – type.2.diabetes.quizlet, @ type 2 diabetes quizlet ★★ diabetes research by pullman the 3 step trick that reverses diabetes mellitus is characterized by diabetes insipidus labs;. A+ type ii diabetes characterized quizlet | follow , ★★★type ii diabetes is characterized by quizlet★★★. we collect what you are looking for here. type ii diabetes is characterized by quizlet,we collect what. Diabetes insipidus – symptoms – mayo clinic, Diabetes insipidus — comprehensive overview covers causes and treatment of this condition causing excessive urination.. Diabetes mellitus flashcards | quizlet, A group metabolic disorders characterized hyperglycemia tx diabetes insipidus performed confirm diagnosis diabetes mellitus . @ diabetes disease characterized ★★ diabetic foot, Diabetes disease characterized ] real diabetes insipidus diabetes★★ diabetes disease characterized ★★ ::. Difference diabetes mellitus diabetes insipidus, Difference diabetes mellitus diabetes insipidus. diabetes mellitus characterized hyperglycemia (high blood sugar level), glycosuria (glucose urine), polyuria ( increased volume urine due osmotic effect glucose), polydipsia (excessivie thirst), polyphagia (excessive appetite).. Continue reading >>

Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus Quizlet

Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus Quizlet

diabetes-insipidus-treatment/ Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus is a disorder of the kidney where a renal response to AD... ... ... Diabetes Insipidus Vs Diabetes Mellitus - Difference Between Diabetes Insipidus And Diabetes ... www.youtube.com Continue reading >>

Endocrine System Ch 16

Endocrine System Ch 16

Sort What is the relationship of hypothalamus and pituitary gland? Structurally, they are connected by the Median eminence in the brain. Hormones are made in nerve cell bodies positioned in the hypothalamus, and these hormones are then transported down the nerve cell's axons to the posterior pituitary. This gives rise to the Tuberoinfundibular pathway. Dopamine released from the hypothalamus travels via this pathway to activate the secretion of prolactin from the anterior pituitary. Many hormones released by both affect the release of hormones of the other. For example, the release of some hypothalamic hormones affect the synthesis and release of ACTH, TSH, prolactin, growth hormone, endorphins, FSH, and LH from the pituitary gland. The hypothalmus also produces vasopresin (ADH) and oxytocin, which both affect hormone secretion from the pituitary. Here are some more: Corticotropin-releasing hormone and vasopresin from the hypothalamus stimulates anterior pituitary to secrete ACTH. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone from the hypothalamus stimulates the anterior pituitary to secrete LH and FSH. Growth hormone-releasing hormone stimulates anterior pituitary to secrete growth hormone. Somatostatin inhibits secretion of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary. Thyrotropin-releasing hormone stimulates the anterior pituitary to secrete TSH. The subsequent hormones released from the pituitary usually serve multiple functions, one being to create a negative feedback message to the hypothalamus to tell it to stop sending hormones to the pituitary so that these hormones do not get produced in excess. Therefore, each regulates the other in order to maintain homeostasis What is the role of hypothalamus in the regulation of GH, PRL ,TSH, ACTH, FSH and LH. GH = growth hormome, GH = gro Continue reading >>

Quizlet Final P.q.'s (2) Flashcards Preview

Quizlet Final P.q.'s (2) Flashcards Preview

A patient has been diagnosed with cirrhosis. Which of the following is not commonly associated with cirrhosis? A.) frothy, fatty stools B.) shrunken liver C.) acites D.) hx of ETOH abuse Which of the following might you expect to see in a pt. with hepatitis D? A.) world-wide traveler B.) history of hepatitis B C.) history of ETOH use D.) over-consumption of vitamin-D fortified milk Which of the following is not commonly present at the same time as abnormally high bilirubin levels in the blood? A.) excessive bleeding and bruising B.) altered levels of consciousness C.) constipation D.) acites A patient has been diagnosed with liver failure. Which of the following lab tests is not used to monitor liver functioning? A.) levels of ALT B.) serum bilirubin C.) levels of AST D.) serum lipase levels Which of the following is known as the 'Master Gland', because the hormones it secretes control many other endocrine glands? a.) Hypothalamus b.) Pituitary gland c.) Adrenals d.) Thymus Continue reading >>

Type 1 Diabetes Vs. Type 2 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes Vs. Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes affects over 29 million people in the United States, and 1 in 4 of those affected are unaware that they have diabetes.[1] Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in younger people and occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin. In type 2 diabetes, the body cannot use the insulin it produces. This disease, frequently related to obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, and genetics, is most often diagnosed in adults, but incidence rates are increasing among teens in America.[2][3] Comparison chart Type 1 Diabetes versus Type 2 Diabetes comparison chart Type 1 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes Definition Beta cells in pancreas are being attacked by body's own cells and therefore can't produce insulin to take sugar out of the blood stream. Insulin is not produced. Diet related insulin release is so large and frequent that receptor cells have become less sensitive to the insulin. This insulin resistance results in less sugar being removed from the blood. Diagnosis Genetic, environmental and auto-immune factors, idiopathic Genetic, obesity (central adipose), physical inactivity, high/low birth weight, GDM, poor placental growth, metabolic syndrome Warning Signs Increased thirst & urination, constant hunger, weight loss, blurred vision and extreme tiredness, glycouria Feeling tired or ill, frequent urination (especially at night), unusual thirst, weight loss, blurred vision, frequent infections and slow wound healing, asymptomatic Commonly Afflicted Groups Children/teens Adults, elderly, certain ethnic groups Prone ethnic groups All more common in African American, Latino/Hispanic, Native American, Asian or Pacific Islander Bodily Effects Beleived to be triggered autoimmune destruction of the beta cells; autoimmune attack may occur following a viral infection such as mumps, rubell Continue reading >>

Multiple Choice Quiz 1

Multiple Choice Quiz 1

(See related pages) 1 In which of these compartments is Na+ concentration the lowest? 2 Which statement concerning body fluid composition is correct? A) Intracellular fluid contains a lower concentration of proteins than interstitial fluid. C) Extracellular fluid contains a higher concentration of potassium than intracellular fluid. D) Extracellular fluid contains a higher concentration of sodium than intracellular fluid. 3 Which fluid compartment contains about 67% (by volume) of all body water? 4 The fluid secreted into the stomach by the stomach lining is part of which fluid compartment? 5 In which choice are the major body fluid compartments ranked correctly in order of decreasing volume? A) intracellular, plasma, interstitial B) plasma, interstitial, intracellular C) intracellular, interstitial, plasma D) plasma, intracellular, interstitial 7 In which choice would the person on the left be most likely to have a lower body water content (by percent of body weight) than the person on the right? A) person with 15% body fat / person with 5% body fat 8 Which of these body fluid compartments contains the highest concentration of proteins? 9 Various tissues in the body have different levels of water content. Which of these has the lowest water content by volume? 10 The capillary endothelium separates these two body fluid compartments. 12 A loss of body water would do which of the following? A) increased water reabsorption in the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts 19 This hormone directly increases water reabsorption in the kidneys. 25 A small amount of the daily water requirement is met by molecules produced during oxidative phosphorylation in the mitochondria. This is referred to as 42 Which hormone is correctly matched with the results of its hypersecretion? Continue reading >>

Anatomy And Physiology Ii

Anatomy And Physiology Ii

Sort - Know the three mechanisms for controlling the release of a hormone. Humoral Stimuli - changes blood characteristics - ex: Ca2+, Na+, K+ and glucose levels change Neural stimuli (regulation) - Nervous system activity - Ex: strong emotions, response to fear, upset due to stress. Hormonal stimuli - One hormone causes release of another (cascade affect) - one gland controls activity of another, most involve pituitary. - What are the three hormone cascades that involve three different endocrine structures and three different hormones? -Hypothalamus CRH Pituitary ACTH Adrenal Cortisol -Hypothalamus TRH Pituitary TSH Thyroid T3/T4 -Hypothalamus GnRH Pituitary FSH/LH Testes Testosterone - Know in detail how insulin decreases blood sugar. What happens to the blood sugar? Insulin decreases blood sugar by allowing our body tissues to import and use glucose and controls the activity of GLUT channels (glucose transport) by becoming triggered by excessive amounts of blood sugar. The blood sugar then creates a condition known as Diabetes mellitus which is when there is lack of insulin and the cells can't properly import glucose and glucose stays in the blood creating sweet urine due to an excessive loss of glucose in the urine. Also, body cells starve and tissues burn more protein and fact producing acidic waster known as ketones. Continue reading >>

Diabetes Insipidus Vs. Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Insipidus Vs. Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is characterized by high levels of sugar in the blood while diabetes insipidus is a disease where kidneys are unable to conserve water. Diabetes insipidus (DI) is a rare disease while diabetes mellitus is very common; "diabetes" in general usage refers to diabetes mellitus, which is of 3 types — gestational, Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. The causes, symptoms, treatment and prognosis for diabetes insipidus are different from diabetes mellitus. Comparison chart Excessive thirst, excess volume of severely diluted urine. High blood sugar, excessive urination, increased thirst, increased hunger. 3 in 100,000 people 7.7 per 1000 people Deficiency of ADH. Brain tumor, head injury, medication such as lithium, genetics Type 1 - Autoimmune Disease; Type 2 - Genetics, lifestyle, infection Typically desmopressin (nasal spray) or IM, IV hypertonic saline solution (3% or 5%). Thiazide diuretics. Insulin and lifestyle management Causes and Types of Diabetes Diabetes insipidus Diabetes insipidus, or DI, is characterized by the inability of kidneys to conserve water when they purify blood. This can be either because of: a deficiency of ADH (antidiuretic hormone or vasopressin), or a failure of the kidneys to respond to ADH In the first case, the condition is called central DI, and in the second case it is called nephrogenic DI. Central DI is the more common form of the disease. Central DI can be inherited or caused due to damage to either the hypothalamus (the part of the brain that produces ADH) or the pituitary gland, where ADH is stored. Head injuries, tumors, infections or surgery can inflict such damage. Nephrogenic DI can be inherited (from mother to son) or be caused by kidney disease, hypercalcemia (excess calcium in the body) or by certain drugs such as lithiu Continue reading >>

In Diabetes Mellitus Quizlet,sugar Intolerance Symptoms,what Is Lean Meat List,diabetes Diabetes Care - Pdf 2016

In Diabetes Mellitus Quizlet,sugar Intolerance Symptoms,what Is Lean Meat List,diabetes Diabetes Care - Pdf 2016

I think this is important because it can remind people that a big part of the prophetic what is the treatment of type 2 diabetes impulse is sadness. General Information Not FDA approved for use in dogs diabetes insipidus in old dogs and cats asda blood sugar monitor but it is a common and accepted practice to use insulin in dogs and cats. Over the years ARR has conducted over 1500 health camps for diabetes screening in rural Tamil Nadu. Sure enough it In Persons With Untreated Diabetes Mellitus Quizlet turns out that way as Miller returns from cold spots with traditional recipes to share with her patients. In the 1930′s a man by the name of Sakel found that pathophysiology nephrogenic diabetes insipidus treating the patient with large doses of insulin did have a palliative effect on Unfortunately many of those undergoing this type of treatment lapsed into a coma and died. Insulin pump therapy provides more flexibility for your lifestyle while giving you greater control of your diabetes1. Detailed information on type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes, including causes, symptoms, complications, risk factors, and treatment. Comments to “In diabetes mellitus quizlet” Continue reading >>

Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus

Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes Mellitus It is characterized by hyperglycemia (high blood sugar level), glycosuria (glucose in urine), polyuria ( increased volume of urine due to the osmotic effect of glucose), polydipsia (excessivie thirst), polyphagia (excessive appetite). It is due to the hyposecretion of insulin or lack of insulin. It is of two types:- Diabetes Type I and Diabetes Type II. Diabetes Type I (Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, IDDM): It is cased due to deficient insulin production by pancreas because either beta cells of islets of Langerhans are not able to produce insulin or beta cells are absent. Diabetes Type II (Insulin Independent or Non insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, NIDDM): It is an inherited recessive autosomal disorder appearing after the age of 40 years in which the cells fail to take up insulin from blood. It results in deficient passage of glucose form blood into the cell surfaces for storage or for direct consumption. It may occur due to defective insulin receptors over cell surfaces or abnormality on plasma protein amylin. The phenomenon is called insulin resistance. This type of diabetes mellitus accounts for 80-90% of all cases of diabetes. It is kept under control by administration of insulin in case of insulin dependent diabetes. and hypoglycaemics in case of insulin independent diabetes. Sugar free diet is a pre requisite in both the cases. Diabetes Insipidus (Drinker’s disease): Hypo secretion of ADH (Antidiuretic hormone or Vasopressin) causes a disorder known as diabetes insipidus (Excretion of large quantity of dilute urine). ADH is released into blood when special osmoreceptors or hypothalamic neurons are stimulated by rise in osmotic pressure of blood due to loss of water from the body. In this disorder, person suffers from polyuria, i.e., Continue reading >>

Hesi Case Study Gestational Diabetes Quizlet

Hesi Case Study Gestational Diabetes Quizlet

Hesi case study gestational diabetes quizlet HESI CASE STUDY. GESTATIONAL DIABETES. 1. How should the nurse record Amanda's obstetrical history using the G-T-P-A-L designation? A) 3-2-0-1-3. Hair Doughnut Short Hair canadian Journal of Diabetes Volume 40 Issue 5 Pages Diabetes And Bedwetting gestational diabetes hesi case study quizlet diet Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Of DiabetesDiabetes DietGestational DiabetesDiabetes CareDiabetes Mellitus. What's the Difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes? on the difference .. Testing Strategies: How to Pass the NCLEX/ATI/ HESI on Your First Attempt. See More. Surgical Technology - General Surgery flashcards Quizlet . Shows how much i need to study 20 Pharmacology Nursing Flashcards . Just in case. A gestational diabetes diet is a meal plan that helps control your blood sugar Diabetes Type 1 Hesi Case Study Quizlet childhood diabetes cure diabetes type You are here: Home / diabetes food otel / Causes And Symptoms Of Sugar Diabetes Type 1 Hesi Case Study Quizlet ::The 3 Step Trick that Reverses Diabetes pregnancy and increased risk of gestational diabetes or maternal diabetes. gestational diabetes mellitus from the American College A case-control study 1 hesi case study quizlet read more; diabetes symptoms dry tongue diabetes They're also likely to develop gestational diabetes in subsequent Vitamins; MedTerms Diabetic Leg Ulcers Diabetes Type 1 Hesi Case Study Quizlet Diabetic Use our free Diabetes practice questions to make sure you pass. What percentage of women with gestational diabetes is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes following pregnancy? Nerve conduction studies or electromyography In this case, the body cannot use glucose or fat for energy and glucose is excret Continue reading >>

Patho Exam 2 Review

Patho Exam 2 Review

True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. ____ 1. Anaplasia is recognized by loss or organization and a marked increase in nuclear size. ____ 2. A hallmark of cancer cells is their immortality. ____ 3. For the function of tumor suppressor genes to be lost, only one chromosome (allele) of the gene must be inactivated. ____ 4. Most cancers must acquire mutation in six distinct areas: growth signals, antigrowth signals, evading apoptosis, replicating ability, angiogenesis, and invasion and metastasis. ____ 5. There is no current evidence that associates obesity with cancer formation. ____ 6. The term “neoplasm†can refer to a benign tumor. ____ 7. The brain does not require insulin for glucose uptake. ____ 8. Somatostatin produced by the hypothalamus inhibits the release of growth hormone and thyroid stimulating hormone. ____ 9. Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) directly affects melanocyte stimulation. ____ 10. Aldosterone secretion is stimulated by angiotensin I. ____ 11. Antidiuretic hormone has no direct effect on electrolyte levels. ____ 12. A person with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) usually craves cold drinks. ____ 13. Pituitary adenomas are malignant tumors. ____ 14. Abnormal immunologic mechanisms producing autoantibodies are responsible for both Graves’ disease and hypothyroidism. ____ 15. Thyroid carcinoma, although rare, is the most common endocrine malignancy. ____ 16. The most common cause of hypoparathyroidism is damage to the glands during surgery. ____ 17. Individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus have a greater degree of pancreatic changes than individuals with type 1 diabetes. ____ 18. Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) is characterized by increased levels of anti Continue reading >>

Exercise 41a: Urinalysis

Exercise 41a: Urinalysis

2 ASSUMING NORMAL CONDITIONS, NOTE WHETHER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING SUBSTANCES WOULD BE (A) IN GREATER RELATIVE CONCENTRATION IN THE URINE THAN IN THE GLOMERULAR FILTRATE, (B) IN LESSER CONCENTRATION IN THE URINE THAN IN THE GLOMERULAR FILTRATE, OR (C) ABSENT FROM BOTH THE URINE AND THE GLOMERULAR FILTRATE. 1. WATER 2. PHOSPHATE IONS 3. SULFATE IONS 4. POTASSIUM IONS 5. SODIUM IONS 3 ASSUMING NORMAL CONDITIONS, NOTE WHETHER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING SUBSTANCES WOULD BE (A) IN GREATER RELATIVE CONCENTRATION IN THE URINE THAN IN THE GLOMERULAR FILTRATE, (B) IN LESSER CONCENTRATION IN THE URINE THAN IN THE GLOMERULAR FILTRATE, OR (C) ABSENT FROM BOTH THE URINE AND THE GLOMERULAR FILTRATE. 6. AMINO ACID 7. GLUCOSE 8. ALBUMIN 9. RED BLOOD CELLS 10. UREA 4 ASSUMING NORMAL CONDITIONS, NOTE WHETHER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING SUBSTANCES WOULD BE (A) IN GREATER RELATIVE CONCENTRATION IN THE URINE THAN IN THE GLOMERULAR FILTRATE, (B) IN LESSER CONCENTRATION IN THE URINE THAN IN THE GLOMERULAR FILTRATE, OR (C) ABSENT FROM BOTH THE URINE AND THE GLOMERULAR FILTRATE. 11. URIC ACID 12. CREATININE 13. PUS (WBCs) 14. NITRITES 22 THE PRESENCE OF ABNORMAL CONSTITUENTS OR CONDITIONS IN URINE MAY BE ASSOCIATED WITH DISEASE, DISORDERS, AND OTHER CAUSES LISTED IN THE KEY. SELECT AND LIST ALL CONDITIONS ASSOCIATED WITH EACH NUMBERED ITEM. 1. LOW SPECIFIC GRAVITY 2. HIGH SPECIFIC GRAVITY 3. GLUCOSE 4. ALBUMIN 5. BLOOD CELLS 23 THE PRESENCE OF ABNORMAL CONSTITUENTS OR CONDITIONS IN URINE MAY BE ASSOCIATED WITH DISEASE, DISORDERS, AND OTHER CAUSES LISTED IN THE KEY. SELECT AND LIST ALL CONDITIONS ASSOCIATED WITH EACH NUMBERED ITEM. 6. HEMOGLOBIN 7. BILIRUBIN 8. KETONE BODIES 9. CASTS 10. PUS Continue reading >>

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