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Diabetes Statistics In The Philippines 2017

Top 10 Fatal Diseases In The Philippines That You Need To Know

Top 10 Fatal Diseases In The Philippines That You Need To Know

According to the Central Intelligence Agencys World Factbook, the Philippines ranked 161 out of 224 in terms of average life expectancy. This 2016 data found that the average life expectancy in the Philippines is 69.2 years. More specifically, life expectancy for males in the Philippines is 65.7 years, while life expectancy for females in the Philippines is a bit higher at 72.9 years. At first glance, the Philippines life expectancy when compared to the rest of the world seems promising; however, there are a variety of fatal diseases and health complications that could impact your health, and reduce your life expectancy. Below we will discuss the top 10 deadliest diseases and sicknesses in the Philippines, and ways you can lower your risk so you can live a life full of health and prosperity. Coronary heart disease has been labelled the silent epidemic by some in the medical field, and is responsible for a total of 87,881 deaths in the Philippines each year, which equates to nearly 17% of all deaths annually. Those who have coronary heart disease have a strong build-up of plaque inside the coronary arteries, preventing blood from reaching the coronary arteries. Coronary heart disease gets worse over time, and can cause angina, heart attacks, heart failure, and arrhythmias. One of the best ways to prevent coronary heart disease is to live a healthy lifestyle. For instance, make time to exercise, quit smoking, eat healthy, and maintain a healthy weight. In addition, make sure to manage any other health problems you have such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. You can also reduce your risk by reducing stress and taking aspirin. According to recent research by the WHO, more than 14 million Filipinos suffer from hypertension. The Philippines comes in at Continue reading >>

Diabetes And Pulmonary Tuberculosis: A Global Overview With Special Focus On The Situation In Asian Countries With High Tb-dm Burden

Diabetes And Pulmonary Tuberculosis: A Global Overview With Special Focus On The Situation In Asian Countries With High Tb-dm Burden

Glob Health Action. 2017; 10(1): 1264702. Published online 2017 Jan 13. doi: 10.1080/16549716.2016.1264702 Diabetes and pulmonary tuberculosis: a global overview with special focus on the situation in Asian countries with high TB-DM burden aDepartment of Internal Medicine Section 5, Wuhan Pulmonary Hospital (Wuhan Tuberculosis Control Institute), Wuhan, P.R. China bDepartment of Endocrinology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, P.R. China CONTACT Feng Gao [email protected] , Department of Endocrinology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1277 Jiefang Avenue, Wuhan430022, P.R. China Received 2016 Oct 28; Revised 2016 Nov 11; Accepted 2016 Nov 20. Copyright 2017 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Background: The double burden of tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus (DM) is hitting certain Asian countries harder than other areas. In a global estimate, 15% of all TB cases could be attributable to DM, with 40% of those cases coming from India and China. Many other countries of South, East, and South-East Asia are of particular concern given their TB burdens, large projected increases in DM prevalence, and population size. Objective: In this narrative review, we aimed to: (i) give an overall insight into the evidence on TB-DM epidemiology from high double burden Asian countries, (ii) present the evidence on bi-directional screening Continue reading >>

Philippines | Institute For Health Metrics And Evaluation

Philippines | Institute For Health Metrics And Evaluation

Measuring progress and projecting attainment on the basis of past trends of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals in 188 countries: an analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 The UNs Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are grounded in the global ambition of leaving no one behind. Understanding todays gains and gaps for the health-related SDGs is essential f... Global, regional, and national under-5 mortality, adult mortality, age-specific mortality, and life expectancy, 19702016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 Detailed assessments of mortality patterns, particularly age-specific mortality, represent a crucial input that enables health systems to target interventions to specific populations. Understanding... Global, regional, and national age-sex specific mortality for 264 causes of death, 19802016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 Monitoring levels and trends in premature mortality is crucial to understanding how societies can address prominent sources of early death. The Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study (GBD 2016) provid... Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 333 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 19902016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 Measurement of changes in health across locations is useful to compare and contrast changing epidemiological patterns against health system performance and identify specific needs for resource allo... Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 328 diseases and injuries for 195 countries, 19902016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 As Continue reading >>

Review Diabetes Care In The Philippines

Review Diabetes Care In The Philippines

Abstract Diabetes is increasing at an alarming rate in Asian countries including the Philippines. Both the prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) continue to increase with a commensurate upward trend in the prevalence of prediabetes. The aim of this study was to review the prevalence of diabetes in the Philippines and to describe extensively the characteristics of diabetes care in the Philippines from availability of diagnostics tests to the procurement of medications. A literature search was performed using the search words diabetes care and Philippines. Articles that were retrieved were reviewed for relevance and then synthesized to highlight key features. The prevalence of diabetes in the Philippines is increasing. Rapid urbanization with increasing dependence on electronic gadgets and sedentary lifestyle contribute significantly to this epidemic. Diabetes care in the Philippines is disadvantaged and challenged with respect to resources, government support, and economics. The national insurance system does not cover comprehensive diabetes care in a preventive model and private insurance companies only offer limited diabetes coverage. Thus, most patients rely on “out-of-pocket” expenses, namely, laboratory procedures and daily medications. Consequently, poor pharmacotherapy adherence impairs prevention of complications. Moreover, behavioral modifications are difficult due to cultural preferences for a traditional diet of refined sugar, including white rice and bread. Translating clinical data into practice in the Philippines will require fundamental and transformative changes that increase diabetes awareness, emphasize lifestyle change while respecting cultural preferences, and promote public policy especially regarding the health insurance system to im Continue reading >>

Hypertension, Diabetes Greatly Increase Risk To Cardiovascular Disease

Hypertension, Diabetes Greatly Increase Risk To Cardiovascular Disease

Hypertension, diabetes greatly increase risk to cardiovascular disease Hypertension or high blood pressure, as defined by the Eighth Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 8, 2013), is blood pressure greater than or equal to 140/90 for persons 60 years old and below and 150/90 for those 60 years old and above. Known as the silent killer because of the lack of warning signs or symptoms, many people do not realize they are already hypertensive. According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2013), nearly one billion people globally have high blood pressure, two thirds of whom are in developing countries. Hypertension is also one of the top causes of premature deaths worldwide and the problem is growing. In 2025, an estimated 1.56 billion adults will be living with hypertension, the WHO (2011) warned. In the 8th National Nutrition Survey (NNS) of the Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) in 2013, the single visit blood pressure measurement estimated that about 22.3 percent of Filipino adults were considered hypertensive. This is a meager decline from the 25.3% hypertension rate in 2008, based on the 7th National Nutrition Survey also of the FNRI. The 2013 survey further revealed that the prevalence of hypertension was highest among the 70 years old and above age group at 43.4% and lowest among the 20-29 age group at 7.2%. Males had a higher hypertension prevalence of 25.1% than females at 19.9% in every age group from 20-70 years old and above. Hypertension tended to increase with wealth and was slightly higher among rural dwellers at 19.0% 24.8% compared with urban residents at 20.0% 23.4%. Hypertension exerts significant comorbidity impact on type 2 Continue reading >>

Philippine Diabetes Statistics

Philippine Diabetes Statistics

Posted on November 9, 2012 | No Comments on Philippine Diabetes Statistics The incidence of diabetes is growing around the world. It is in the top ten leading causes of deaths. Filipinos are not an exemption to this incidence as more and more Filipinos are affected by the disease. In fact, the last 2008 survey was alarming enough to conclude that one out of every five Filipinos have diabetes. That means that around 20% of the population have diabetes and this has significantly increase from only 4% in 1998. Another cause for alarm is that Filipinos diagnosed with diabetes are getting younger. Children as young as 5-years old have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. With this trend, the Philippines is expected to belong on the top 10 countries with the most people with diabetes 15 years from now. While the diabetic statistics in the Philippines is relatively low compared to Scandinavian countries, it nevertheless featured a drastic increase that is alarming. Over 7 million Filipinos will have diabetes by 2030. Some experts attribute the increase of diabetic incidence in the Philippines to the lifestyle and culture of Filipinos. For one, Filipinos love to eat. Rice is the Filipinos staple food. Filipinos are fond of holding celebrations from fiestas, chrisms, weddings, and different holidays in which food indulgence is inherent and a crucial part of the celebrations. Filipinos has the best fatty, risky exotic foods such as batsoy, liver and other organ meat (papaitan), sisig, street foods (isaw, adidas), Lechon (split-roasted meat), the best condiments such as bagoong (red and brown), patis (fish sauce), the best steaks Bistek coated with sebo oil, Menudo and other menu. Filipinos also have the best and sweetest native delicacies and cakes (puto, palitaw, biko, bibingka Continue reading >>

Philippines' Diabetes Profile

Philippines' Diabetes Profile

Worldwide, diabetes prevalence increased fourfold, from 108 million in 1980 to 402 million in 2014. In the Philippines, the situation is no better where it is estimated that 1 in 5 Filipinos is a diabetic. Below are the latest statistics relevant to diabetes in the Philippines. The World Health Organization predicts that from 2.7 million in 2000, the number of diabetics in the country will reach 7.7 million by the year 2030. This hews closely to the current trend. The International Diabetes Federation has noted that diabetes has already exceeded the projected rate set for 2025 when it is around 320 million diabetics worldwide. In 2015, however, there are 415 million already suffering from diabetes. Currently, there are 4 million diabetic Filipinos who are diagnosed, but even more worrisome is that theres an even bigger number of Filipinos who are unaware they have the disease. The 2008 survey estimated that 20 percent of the population have increased sugar levels, which is about 1 in 5 Filipinos. Diabetes now affects even young people but it is a trend not only in the Philippines, but elsewhere. The rate of diabetes affecting those aged 18 and above has risen to 8.5 in 2014 from 4.7 in 1980, the World Health Organization noted. It is predicted that the Philippines, in the coming years, will be part of the top countries affected by diabetes due to the accelerated rate of citizens developing the disease. A 2015 meta-analysis, done by Dr Gerry Tan of Cebu Doctors University Hospital, noted that rapid urbanization in the Philippines is one of the factors that propelled the upward trend of the disease. Furthermore, Dr Tan said that diabetes care in the Philippines is a challenge in itself in terms of having resources, government support, and economics. The national insuranc Continue reading >>

Diabetes - Philippines | Statista Market Forecast

Diabetes - Philippines | Statista Market Forecast

Connected medical devices designed for diabetes patients to use at home (e.g. connected glucose meters) Diabetes apps that assist in self-management (e.g. diabetes diaries) Service-oriented diabetes apps which make recommendations based on collected data Telemedical services for diabetes patients Hardware and software solutions for healthcare professionals, e.g. medical equipment for hospitals Revenue in the segment "eHealth solutions for Diabetes" amounts to US$3m in 2018. Revenue is expected to show an annual growth rate (CAGR 2018-2020) of 35.9% resulting in a market volume of US$6m in 2020. User penetration (as a share out of all ill people) is at 2.2% in 2018 and is expected to hit 2.9% in 2020. The average revenue per user (ARPU) currently amounts to US$41.40. From a global comparison perspective it is shown that most revenue is generated in the United States (US$465m in 2018). in the Diabetes market in million US$ in percent Reading Support Revenue in the segment "eHealth solutions for Diabetes" amounts to US$3m in 2018. Reading Support The segment "eHealth solutions for Diabetes" is expected to show a revenue growth of 36.1% in 2019. The Revenue box shows the forecasted revenue development of the selected market (market segment, region) in million US dollars for each year. The Revenue Growth box shows the year-over-year revenue development of the selected market (market segment, region) in percentage terms. A definition and detailed explanation of the displayed markets can be found here. in the Diabetes market in millions in percent Reading Support In the segment "eHealth solutions for Diabetes", the number of users is expected to amount to 0.1m by 2020. Reading Support User penetration in the segment "eHealth solutions for Diabetes" is at 2.2% in 2018. The Use Continue reading >>

Obese Filipinos Now Ballooning

Obese Filipinos Now Ballooning

The Philippines is not only facing a ballooning population but also its people, figuratively speaking, according to a new report. Among the six countriesstudied, the Philippines has the second-lowest obesity and overweight prevalence at 5.1 percent and 23.6 percent, respectively. But despite low prevalence rates, obesity has a strong impact in the Philippines due to the large number of obese persons in the country18 million Filipinos are obese and overweight, the report said. The newly released report, Tackling obesity in Asean: Prevalence, impact and guidance on interventions, was commissioned by Asia Roundtable on Food Innovation for Improved Nutrition (ARoFIIN) and produced by The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). Aside from the Philippines, other members of the Asean included in the study were Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. The report calls for more concerted efforts by health authorities to tackle the problem of obesity so as to avoid strains on health-care systems. Last year, obesity cost the Philippines between $500 million and $1 billion, or equivalent to between 4 percent and 8 percent of its health-care spending. This makes the country the fourth-highest spender for obesity-related problems, the report said. Indonesia is the highest spender at $2 billion to $4 billion followed by Malaysia at $1 billion to $2 billion and then Singapore at $400 million to $1 billion. These costs are due to a spike in incidence of related noncommunicable diseases [NCDs] such as Type 2 diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular diseases and stroke, as well as an increased rate of absenteeism from work arising from illness and poor health, the report said. Apart from costs, obesity-related problems have far-reaching implications. Obesity reduces life spans by a weigh Continue reading >>

The Incidence Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In The Philippines: A 9-year Cohort Study

The Incidence Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In The Philippines: A 9-year Cohort Study

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week aerobic exercise program on physiological parameters and quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Patients attending a diabetes clinic participated in this randomized control trial. They were randomly assigned to an intervention or control group by ballot. The intervention group, in addition to regular conventional treatment, received individually prescribed aerobic exercise for 30 minutes, at 50%-75% of maximum heart rate three times weekly. Main outcome measures included fasting blood sugar, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA(1c)), high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, and a World Health Organization quality of life questionnaire (WHOQoL-BREF). Data analysis involved paired and unpaired t-tests and mixed-design two-way analysis of variance.Eighteen patients with type 2 diabetes and of mean age 46.22 9.79 years participated in the study. Mean duration since onset of diabetes in the intervention and control groups was 4.44 3.33 years and 3.92 2.66 years, respectively. Both groups were similar for duration since onset, baseline physiological parameters, and quality of life. Within-group comparison did not show any significant differences (P > 0.05) for HbA(1c), fasting blood sugar, low-density lipoprotein, or high-density lipoprotein. The intervention group improved significantly (P < 0.05) in their postexercise quality of life compared with baseline. Between-group comparison did not show any significant differences in physiological parameters or quality of life.Patients with type 2 diabetes improved in fasting blood sugar, low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein, and quality of life following 8 weeks of aerobic exercise training. These perceived improvements were not reflec Continue reading >>

Welcome To Pda Online...

Welcome To Pda Online...

Election for the Diabetes Philippines Board of Directors for the Year 2017-2018 Nomination for candidates for the Diabetes Philippines Board of Director must be received at the Diabetes Philippines Office, Unit 25 Facilities Centre, #548 Shaw Blvd., Mandaluyong City in writing (hard copy) not later than 5:00 pm September 11, 2016 The full name of the nominee should be written in the nomination form. FOR DIABETES PHILIPPINES BOARD OF DIRECTORS Candidates for election to the Board of Directors must be active members of the Association in good standing: one must show of attendance in at least one specific session, workshop or annual convention of the association and attendance in the business meeting as well as payment of annual membership fee. Should be nominated by at least three (3) Diabetes Philippines members in good standing and approved by the Committee on Elections. Picture gallery of World Diabetes Day 2004 jump in Picture gallery of World Diabetes Day 2005 jump in Picture gallery of World Diabetes Day 2006 jump in Picture gallery of World Diabetes Day 2007 jump in Picture gallery of World Diabetes Day 2008 jump in Continue reading >>

Diabetes Prevalence (% Of Population Ages 20 To 79) - Country Ranking

Diabetes Prevalence (% Of Population Ages 20 To 79) - Country Ranking

Definition: Diabetes prevalence refers to the percentage of people ages 20-79 who have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Source: International Diabetes Federation, Diabetes Atlas. Rank Country Value Year 1 Mauritius 22.30 2015 2 Palau 20.90 2015 3 Saudi Arabia 20.00 2015 3 Qatar 20.00 2015 3 Kuwait 20.00 2015 6 New Caledonia 19.60 2015 6 Bahrain 19.60 2015 8 United Arab Emirates 19.30 2015 9 Kiribati 18.60 2015 10 Malaysia 17.90 2015 11 Seychelles 17.40 2015 12 Tuvalu 17.30 2015 13 Egypt 16.70 2015 14 Vanuatu 16.60 2015 15 Belize 16.50 2015 16 Solomon Islands 16.40 2015 17 Mexico 15.80 2015 18 Papua New Guinea 15.30 2015 19 Oman 14.80 2015 20 Fiji 13.80 2015 21 Brunei 13.70 2015 21 Tonga 13.70 2015 23 Trinidad and Tobago 13.60 2015 23 Antigua and Barbuda 13.60 2015 23 Barbados 13.60 2015 26 The Bahamas 13.20 2015 27 Cayman Islands 13.10 2015 28 Lebanon 13.00 2015 28 St. Kitts and Nevis 13.00 2015 30 Turkey 12.80 2015 31 Dominica 12.60 2015 32 Suriname 12.50 2015 33 Puerto Rico 12.10 2015 34 Venezuela 12.00 2015 35 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 11.90 2015 36 Jordan 11.70 2015 37 Jamaica 11.50 2015 38 Grenada 11.40 2015 39 Guyana 11.20 2015 40 Guatemala 11.10 2015 41 St. Lucia 10.90 2015 42 United States 10.80 2015 43 Singapore 10.50 2015 43 Montenegro 10.50 2015 45 Libya 10.40 2015 45 Brazil 10.40 2015 47 Serbia 10.30 2015 47 Albania 10.30 2015 47 Macedonia 10.30 2015 50 Iran 10.10 2015 51 Chile 10.00 2015 51 Cuba 10.00 2015 51 Colombia 10.00 2015 54 Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.90 2015 54 Comoros 9.90 2015 54 Malta 9.90 2015 54 Portugal 9.90 2015 58 Panama 9.80 2015 58 China 9.80 2015 60 Paraguay 9.70 2015 61 Cyprus 9.60 2015 61 Tunisia 9.60 2015 63 Iraq 9.30 2015 63 Bhutan 9.30 2015 63 India 9.30 2015 66 Honduras 9.20 2015 66 Nicaragua 9.20 2015 66 El Salvador 9.20 2015 66 Ecuad Continue reading >>

Knowledge And Practice Of Diabetic Foot Care In Patients With Diabetes At Chinese General Hospital And Medical Center | Magbanua | Journal Of The Asean Federation Of Endocrine Societies

Knowledge And Practice Of Diabetic Foot Care In Patients With Diabetes At Chinese General Hospital And Medical Center | Magbanua | Journal Of The Asean Federation Of Endocrine Societies

Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies Chinese General Hospital and Medical Center Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism Chinese General Hospital and Medical Center Knowledge and Practice of Diabetic Foot Care in Patients with Diabetes at Chinese General Hospital and Medical Center* Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Chinese General Hospital and Medical Center, Philippines *Presented during the PRIDE session of the 2017 Philippine Society of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Annual Convention on March 23, 2017 at the EDSA Shangri-La Hotel, Mandaluyong, Philippines. Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Department of Medicine, Chinese General Hospital 286 Blumentritt Road, Sta. Cruz, Manila, Philippines 1014 Received June 6, 2017. Accepted July 27, 2017. Objective. The objective of this study is to measure the level of knowledge and practice of diabetic foot self-care and determine the factors that affect the level and knowledge and practice of diabetic foot self-care among patients with diabetes. Methodology. Three hundred thirty adult patients with diabetes at the outpatient clinics were given self-administered questionnaires on knowledge and practice of diabetic foot self-care. The scores were computed based on their answers. A score of >70% was gauged as good, 50 to 70% as satisfactory and <50% as poor. Results. Of the subjects, 82.7% had good foot care knowledge, 22.4% had good foot self-care practice, and 71% had satisfactory practice score. Patients who received diabetes education were twice as likely to have a good knowledge score (OR 2.41, 95% CI, 1.09 to 5.32; p=0.03). Compared to patients who received diabetes care in private clinics, those who attended the charity outpatie Continue reading >>

Philippines Seen As Diabetes Hotspot

Philippines Seen As Diabetes Hotspot

Philippines seen as diabetes hotspot | SunStar Home / Manila / Local News / Philippines seen as diabetes hotspot WITH an estimated 7.3 million persons with diabetes, the Philippines is now being seen as a diabetes hotspot, according to the Philippine Society of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism (PSEDM). In an interview during the launch of The Diabetes Store (TDS), PSEDM fellow Dr. Ma. Cecille Anonuevo-Cruz said the growing prevalence rate of diabetes in the country makes it a hotspot. It is alarming because of the fact that we may not be in the Top 10, but we are in the Top 15. We are poised to be in the Top 10 if we don't change the way our diabetes is increasing here in the Philippines, said Cruz. She cited the changing lifestyle among Filipinos as among the main reasons for the growing number of people with diabetes. From having a carbohydrate-based diet, Cruz noted how Filipinos are now fonder of eating processed food. Now, we are seeing more and more processed food. That's probably one way of really increasing caloric intake as well. It is because its more convenient because of this different lifestyle we are adopting, said Cruz. She also pointed at having fewer Filipinos walking on a regular basis while resorting to smoking, drinking, and more eating, especially those working at night. Aside from the changing lifestyle, the PSEDM fellow also pointed at the threat brought by diabetes being hereditary. There are certain ethnicities of origin that would also have an increased risk of having diabetes... We have genetic predisposition for it, said Cruz. Records show that there an estimated 7.3 million Filipinos with diabetes, including 3.5 million diagnosed cases, and some 3.8 million that are undiagnosed. According to the World Health Organization, diabetes is Continue reading >>

Epidemiology Of Diabetes Mellitus

Epidemiology Of Diabetes Mellitus

Prevalence (per 1,000 inhabitants) of diabetes worldwide in 2000 - world average was 2.8%. no data ≤ 7.5 7.5–15 15–22.5 22.5–30 30–37.5 37.5–45 45–52.5 52.5–60 60–67.5 67.5–75 75–82.5 ≥ 82.5 Disability-adjusted life year for diabetes mellitus per 100,000 inhabitants in 2004 No data <100 100–200 200–300 300–400 400–500 500–600 600–700 700–800 800–900 900–1,000 1,000–1,500 >1,500 Globally, an estimated 422 million adults are living with diabetes mellitus, according to the latest 2016 data from the World Health Organization (WHO).[1] Diabetes prevalence is increasing rapidly; previous 2013 estimates from the International Diabetes Federation put the number at 381 million people having diabetes.[2] The number is projected to almost double by 2030.[3] Type 2 diabetes makes up about 85-90% of all cases.[4][5] Increases in the overall diabetes prevalence rates largely reflect an increase in risk factors for type 2, notably greater longevity and being overweight or obese.[1] Diabetes mellitus occurs throughout the world, but is more common (especially type 2) in the more developed countries. The greatest increase in prevalence is, however, occurring in low- and middle-income countries[1] including in Asia and Africa, where most patients will probably be found by 2030.[3] The increase in incidence in developing countries follows the trend of urbanization and lifestyle changes, including increasingly sedentary lifestyles, less physically demanding work and the global nutrition transition, marked by increased intake of foods that are high energy-dense but nutrient-poor (often high in sugar and saturated fats, sometimes referred to as the Western pattern diet).[1][3] The risk of getting type 2 diabetes has been widely found to be associat Continue reading >>

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