Diabetes In The 1960s

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Diabetes, Cholesterol, Bp: Normal Is No Longer Normal

Pre-diabetes On 10 June 2014 there were global headlines about a ‘condition’ called pre-diabetes. From the Mail telling us that “A third of adults have ‘borderline’ diabetes – but most don’t know: Rising tide of obesity means number who have ‘pre-diabetes‘ has trebled since 2006″ to the Huffington Post proclaiming “Most People In England Have Borderline Diabetes, New Study Reveals“. One third was never most people when I did proportions, but anyway. Here is the summary of the study and findings from a journal web site and here is the original (full) article. A quick review of the article should have made the media far more challenging, instead of just taking the press release headlines: 1) The study used data already gathered for Health Survey England (HSE), which started in 1991. The number of adults involved in the HSE, from whom blood samples were taken, was 7,455 in 2003; 6,347 in 2006 and 1,951 in 2009. I can’t find the numbers for 2011, but they are likely to be small if the trajectory continues. There are over 40 million adults in England. Using 2009 as a guide, projections on this concept of ‘pre-diabetes’ have been made based on 0.0048% of the Continue reading >>

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  1. Richard157

    Needles and Syringes, 1940's - 1960's

    My father started giving me shots of insulin in 1945, when I was 6. When the needles were dull, he sharpened them with a "whet rock". We had our own well, and there were lime deposits from the rocks underground. The needles would be coated with these deposits after they were boiled, and they would occasionally become clogged. The opening in the needles was wide enough that we could push a very small wire through and unclog them. When the needles and glass syringe were being sterilized in boiling water on top of our kitchen stove, we would sometimes forget about them, and all the water would evaporate. Then there was a loud pop and pieces of glass would fly all over the kitchen. I don't think we ever got hurt by these flying pieces of glass, but it was a potential danger. Fortunately, we always kept a spare syringe on hand.
    There is a picture showing a comparison of a 3/4 inch long 26 gauge needle attached to a glass insulin syringe, and a 5mm 32 gauge (5/32 inch) pen needle attached to a Lilly Luxura pen. Click on the link at the bottom of this paragraph to see these needles and syringes. What a contrast when we compare the 1940's and the present day! I used the 3/4 inch needle during my early years. My doctor had my father inject into my leg or arm muscles at a 90 degree angle. I was skin and bones when diagnosed, so the injections were very painful. It was not necessary to push the entire 3/4 inch needle into my muscle, but most of the needle was necessary to get the needed absorption. Injecting into the muscle caused the animal insulin to be absorbed more quickly. The insulin from pigs and cows was not as fast as the fast acting insulins we have today, so having a faster absorption was helpful. In my early years I had only one injection per day, before breakfast. The animal insulin was a 24 hour insulin.
    In 1955 there was concern about the infection caused by the use of glass syringes, and the worlds first plastic disposable syringe called the Monoject, was introduced. Unfortunately, doctors thought it was safer to reuse glass syringes after sterilizing them. In 1956 the plastic disposable syringe we use today was designed. Becton Dickinson did "extensive development trials and tests and in 1961 introduced it's first plastic disposable syringe, the BD Plastipak."
    The link below gives more information on the history of syringes.
    I was still using glass syringes and long needles from 1945 until the 1960's when disposable needles and plastic syringes became available. There are so many things about my diabetes past that I took for granted back then. I tell recently diagnosed diabetics about my past, and some of them look at me in horror and disbelief.

  2. Mar2a

    I love these pieces of history! Unfortunately, I can't access that Facebook page

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