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Diabetes Care In The Philippines

Philippines

Philippines

The Philippines boasts the most beautiful scenery The Philippines boasts immense natural beauty such as the island of Boracay, Banaue Rice Terraces and Chocolate Hills. Tubbataha Reef is a fantastic excursion, while the Malacaang Palace is another sight worth seeing. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) advise against all travel to south-west Mindanao and the Sulu archipelago, while all but essential travel is advised to the remainder of Mindanao. Around 122,759 British nationals visited the Philippines in 2013, which can only be accessed viably from the United Kingdom by airplane. Manila, the capital of the Philippines, can be reached from London by airplane in around 13 hours, but an average time is often between 16-18 hours. The Philippines is seven hours ahead of British Summer Time and eight hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time, which could require alterations to your diabetes management. If you are unsure about managing your diabetes medication in the Phillippines, you should discuss this with your diabetes team . The Philippines is an incredibly warm country, with average temperatures throughout the year standing at roughly 28C. Regardless of what time of year visiting, travellers taking insulin should vigilantly monitor their blood sugar levels as insulin absorption can be enhanced in warmer temperatures. The currency in The Philippines is the Philippines Peso. Most major credit and debit cards will be accepted by business establishments, but it is worth noting that some may have a minimum purchase requirement before accepting credit card payments. Money changers in the city offer better rates than those at the airport and hotels for those looking to exchange money after arriving in the Philippines. There are no mandatory vaccinations to enter the Philippine Continue reading >>

Diabetes Care In The Philippines | Paz-pacheco | Journal Of The Asean Federation Of Endocrine Societies

Diabetes Care In The Philippines | Paz-pacheco | Journal Of The Asean Federation Of Endocrine Societies

Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital Philippine Society of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Unviersity of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital Taft Avenue, Ermita 1000 Manila, Philippines Received August 30, 2015. Accepted October 15, 2015. Published online first: November 30, 2015. The global burden of diabetes and its accompanying risk factors is upon us. Asia is the focus of this burden, owing to huge population numbers and increasing prevalence rates. The Philippines National Health and Nutrition Survey (NNHeS) of 2013, has provided the latest health and disease score with prevalence rates of the major risk factors among adults 20 years of age: diabetes (5.4%), hypertension (22.3%), dyslipidemia, low HDL (71.3%), obesity, BMI >25 kg/m2 (31.1%), and smoking (25.4%). Metabolic syndrome as of the 2008 survey reports a 27% prevalence rate (unpublished data). Efforts have to be directed to achieve improvement in prevention, survival, and quality of life for all diabetics. The health infrastructure under the leadership of the Department of Health, in partnership with governmental and non-governmental organizations has to provide a cohesive plan engaging all partners in various aspects of care. Strategies to enhance outcomes include: 1) a national screening program, 2) implementation of practice guidelines that will elevate the quality of care for all, 3) access to healthcare, medications, 4) development of an environment for research in institutions to allow a better understanding of these conditions among Filipino patients and 5) enhancement of training, education and service Continue reading >>

Review Diabetes Care In The Philippines

Review Diabetes Care In The Philippines

Abstract Diabetes is increasing at an alarming rate in Asian countries including the Philippines. Both the prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) continue to increase with a commensurate upward trend in the prevalence of prediabetes. The aim of this study was to review the prevalence of diabetes in the Philippines and to describe extensively the characteristics of diabetes care in the Philippines from availability of diagnostics tests to the procurement of medications. A literature search was performed using the search words diabetes care and Philippines. Articles that were retrieved were reviewed for relevance and then synthesized to highlight key features. The prevalence of diabetes in the Philippines is increasing. Rapid urbanization with increasing dependence on electronic gadgets and sedentary lifestyle contribute significantly to this epidemic. Diabetes care in the Philippines is disadvantaged and challenged with respect to resources, government support, and economics. The national insurance system does not cover comprehensive diabetes care in a preventive model and private insurance companies only offer limited diabetes coverage. Thus, most patients rely on “out-of-pocket” expenses, namely, laboratory procedures and daily medications. Consequently, poor pharmacotherapy adherence impairs prevention of complications. Moreover, behavioral modifications are difficult due to cultural preferences for a traditional diet of refined sugar, including white rice and bread. Translating clinical data into practice in the Philippines will require fundamental and transformative changes that increase diabetes awareness, emphasize lifestyle change while respecting cultural preferences, and promote public policy especially regarding the health insurance system to im Continue reading >>

Herdin - Research Details

Herdin - Research Details

Submitted: 13 August 2012 Modified: 05 March 2018 DiabCare 2008: Survey on glycaemic control and the status of diabetes care and complications among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Philippines. INTRODUCTION: DiabCare 2008 study was conducted to understand the current status of diabetes care in the Philippines. It is the continuation of the similar studies conducted in 1998 and 2003. It is expected to shed some light on the changes in status of diabetes care over the past decade in the Philippines. METHODOLOGY: A total of 770 diabetic patients were recruited from general hospitals, diabetes clinics and referral clinics, out of which 724 were type 2 diabetic patients. The following information were collected during direct patient interview and review of medical records: demographic data (date of birth/age, sex, educational status, marital status, ethnicity, etc), medical history (duration of diabetes and concomitant diseases), risk factors, clinical examination reports, self-monitoring data, diabetes education, complications, eye and foot examinations, diabetes management and HbA1C measurement. Quality of life, adjustment to illness, and compliance to medications and health maintaining behaviors were also evaluated using structured questionnaires. RESULTS: The mean HbA1c was 8.03 plus or minus 1.96 % and only 15.0% of the patients achieved ADA target of <7%. 42.5% of patients had LDL levels greater than 2.6 mmol/L; 14.3% had triglycerides greater than 2.2 mmol/L; 19.2% had HDL less than 1 mmol/L and 53.9% of the patients were on lipid lowering agents. 68.4% patients were hypertensive and 64.4% were receiving anti-hypertensive medication. Microvascular, macrovascular and severe late complications were reported in 68.1%, 14.8% and 9.4% patients respectively. Continue reading >>

A Cross-sectional Study Of The Differences In Diabetes Knowledge, Attitudes, Perceptions And Self-care Practices As Related To Assessment Of Chronic Illness Care Among People With Diabetes Consulting In A Family Physician-led Hospital-based First Line Health Service And Local Government Health Unit-based Health Centers In The Philippines

A Cross-sectional Study Of The Differences In Diabetes Knowledge, Attitudes, Perceptions And Self-care Practices As Related To Assessment Of Chronic Illness Care Among People With Diabetes Consulting In A Family Physician-led Hospital-based First Line Health Service And Local Government Health Unit-based Health Centers In The Philippines

A cross-sectional study of the differences in diabetes knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and self-care practices as related to assessment of chronic illness care among people with diabetes consulting in a family physician-led hospital-based first line health service and local government health unit-based health centers in the Philippines Ku and Kegels ; licensee BioMed Central.2014 The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in diabetes knowledge, attitudes and perceptions (KAP), self-care practices as related to assessment of chronic illness care among people with diabetes consulting in a family physician-led tertiary hospital-based out-patient clinic versus local government health unit-based health centers in the Philippines. People with diabetes consulting in the said primary care services were interviewed making use of questionnaires adapted from previously tested and validated KAP questionnaires and the patients assessment of chronic illness care (PACIC) questionnaire. Adherence to medications, diabetes diet, and exercise and the number of diabetes consultations were asked. Analysis of variance was used to determine differences in KAP, self-care practices, and PACIC and regression analysis was used to determine any associations of the abovementioned variables to the PACIC ratings. A total of 549 respondents were included in the study. Differences in knowledge, attitudes, perceptions, PACIC, utilization of health services, and adherence to medications and exercise were all statistically significant. Ratings for diabetes knowledge, positive attitudes, and the perceptions of support attitudes and the abilities to perform self care, and the proportions of those properly utilizing health services and adhering to medications and exercise were higher while r Continue reading >>

New Diabetes Treatment Option For Pinoy Patients

New Diabetes Treatment Option For Pinoy Patients

New diabetes treatment option for Pinoy patients MANILA, Philippines - An estimated three million people in the country have type 2 diabetes. Controlling blood sugar levels is difficult even among patients receiving treatment and only less than 30 percent of Filipino patients are meeting their recommended blood sugar goals. When left untreated or inadequately controlled, type 2 diabetes can lead to heart and kidney disease, blindness, and vascular or neurologic problems. Current therapies for type 2 diabetes such as sulfonylurea, metformin and diet are unable to prevent or delay the progressive loss of beta-cell function. A drug like vildagliptin that improves beta-cell mass and insulin sensitivity will enhance blood sugar control in patients with type 2 diabetes. With good blood sugar control, patients are protected from cardiovascular disease and other diabetes complications, said Dr. Wolfgang Schmidt, chairman and professor of Internal Medicine at the Ruhr-University of Bochum School of Medicine in Germany, and speaker at the Philippine Society of Endocrinology meeting. Vildagliptin is a member of a new class of anti-diabetes medicine called DPP-4 inhibitors. It targets islet dysfunction in the pancreatic alpha and beta cells by blocking the enzyme DPP-4. This increases the ability of the cells to appropriately sense and respond to sugar in the blood, thus improving blood sugar control. Clinical studies in over 20,000 patients have shown that vildagliptin is effective in producing significant blood sugar reductions with a good tolerability profile including no weight gain. We welcome the availability of novel therapeutic options such as vildagliptin that have the potential to address gaps in type 2 diabetes management. Type 2 diabetes remains among the 10 leading ca Continue reading >>

Philippines Home Health Diabetes Care Devices Industry | Opportunities 2020 |

Philippines Home Health Diabetes Care Devices Industry | Opportunities 2020 |

Today, each country envisages and aspires a greater economic dynamism and prosperity. And wants to be a creditor nation than being a debtor nation. But that is not easy to achieve. It depends on respective governments public policy, political and sovereign power and the overall laws of the country. Lasting prosperity is a result of a persistent commitment to low tax rates, a stable currency, limited government, strong private property rights, openness to global trade and financial flows, and sensible regulation. With a population of 98.39 million, Philippines is possessing strong economic growth driven by recovery in government expenditure with robust private consumption and exports, accounting for $272.1 billion GDP in 2013. Some of the largest cities in Philippines are Quezon City, Manila, Caloocan, Davao City and Cebu City. The country accounts for USD 7,840, per capita income in PPP terms. Philippines home health diabetes care devices market is expected to grow at a CAGR of XX.XX% to reach $XX.XX billion by 2020. Rising ageing population, convenience and increasing hospitals expenditure has led to shift in treatment from hospitals to home, which has boosted the home health diabetes care devices market in Philippines. Today, much of the growth in home health diabetes care devices market are mainly contributed to sudden increase in diagnostic rates of the diabetes cases in the region. Rapid advancement of technology along with various initiatives taken by the government & the companies to spread awareness and rapid increase in the obese population has led to robust growth in home health diabetes care devices market in Philippines. Mordor Intelligence has the worlds most inclusive research on the home health diabetes care devices market. We monitor and analyze industr Continue reading >>

Bridges

Bridges

Effectiveness of a Community-Based Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME) Program: A Pilot Study in San Juan, Batangas, Philippines (ST07-002) University of the Philippines Philippine General Hospital This community-based Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME) program endeavors to help people with diabetes in the Philippines acquire the knowledge, self-care practices, and attitudes required for the effective management of diabetes. It offers culturally-appropriate, cost-effective, and comprehensive diabetes care by using locally modified educational materials and tapping support from barangay health workers (BHW). This pilot study is part of a long-term, self-sustaining diabetes program which aims at reducing the burden of diabetes by improving physiologic and behavioral parameters. It aspires to be a model of community diabetes care throughout the country, ultimately attenuating disparities in health outcomes for underserved Filipinos in the rural community. Modules developed by the IDF Consultative Section on Diabetes Education (DECS) in 2002 were translated into the Filipino language by a bilingual translator from the Center Modules developed by the IDF Consultative Section on Diabetes Education (DECS) in 2002 were translated into the Filipino language by a bilingual translator from the Center of the Filipino Language (Sentro ng Wikang Filipino) of the University of the Philippines Manila. The translated modules were modified according to the participants level of knowledge and were used for the diabetes self-management education program. The project team works with the Philippine Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism and partners on various regions of the country, through their diabetes education programs, to promote and direct stepped care approach (as mod Continue reading >>

Level Of Awareness And Compliance In Diabetes Mellitus Management Among Adolescents Diagnosed With Type-1 Diabetes

Level Of Awareness And Compliance In Diabetes Mellitus Management Among Adolescents Diagnosed With Type-1 Diabetes

Your browser does not support the NLM PubReader view. Go to this page to see a list of supporting browsers. Level of Awareness and Compliance in Diabetes Mellitus Management Among Adolescents Diagnosed with Type-1 Diabetes Philipp J Nurs. 2014 Jan-Jun;84(1):54-60. Philipp J Nurs. 2014 Jan-Jun;84(1):54-60. English. 2014 Philippine Nurses Association Inc. Level of Awareness and Compliance in Diabetes Mellitus Management Among Adolescents Diagnosed with Type-1 Diabetes Elvira L. Urgel, PhD, RN,1Joylyn L. Mejilla, MAN, RN,1Josephine M. De Leon, PhD, RN, 1Sofia Magdalena N. Robles, PhDNEd, RN,1 and Catherine Mae G. Trinidad, MAN, RN1 1Centro Escolar University, No. 9, Mendiola St., Manila, Philippines. Address Correspondence to: JosephineM.DeLeon, Assistant Professor, Centro Escolar University, No. 9, Mendiola St., Manila, Philippines. Tel. +63-28819147, +63- 29213254, Cell phone number: +63-9058344072, Fax number: +63-27362211 The study aimed to determine the level of awareness and to assess compliance to Diabetes management of adolescents diagnosed with Type-1 Diabetes. A descriptive correlational type of research was utilized to gather information on the level of awareness and compliance of adolescent patients to diet, exercise and drug management suffering from Type-1 diabetes mellitus. The patients (n=20) were recruited from Institute for Studies on Diabetes Foundation Incorporated, Philippines. A purposive sampling was utilized to select twenty adolescents. A researcher-made questionnaire was utilized as the main instrument in gathering data. Focus group discussion was also done to further assess patient's level of awareness and compliance to diabetes management. Results showed that patients have a moderate level of awareness and some extent of compliance to diabetes. Continue reading >>

About Adnep | Association Of Diabetes Nurse Educators Of The Philippines

About Adnep | Association Of Diabetes Nurse Educators Of The Philippines

Association of Diabetes Nurse Educators of the Philippines The Association of Diabetes Nurse Educators of the Philippines, Inc (ADNEP) is an organization who live by Dr Fermandos crusade of An Empowered Nation Against Diabetes. Dr. Ricardo E. Fernando strongly believed that nurses are integral part of the diabetes team. He started to train nurses from Mary Johnston Hospital in 1971 to help address the growing population of people with diabetes. Dr. Fernando, with a group of nurses from University of the East Ramon Magsaysay Medical Memorial Hospital (UERMMMC) headed by Dean Carmelita C. Divinagracia, drafted and implemented the first curriculum for Diabetes Nurse Educators of the Philippines in 1991. The Association of Diabetes Nurse Educators of the Philippines, Inc. (ADNEP) was formally organized and registered at Securities and Exchange Commission on February 15, 1993. ADNEP is recognized by Philippine Nurses Association (PNA) as one of the nursing specialty groups and an Accredited PRC-CPD Provider. Through the guidance of dedicated advisers, ADNEP volunteers continued to conduct the Post Graduate Diabetes Education Training. To date, the program is now known as Diabetes Education Training Program for Registered Nurses, Registered Nutritionist-Dietitians and Allied Health Care Professionals. It is now being regularly conducted twice a year at Marikina office. Provincial run are also being done upon request which started in the year 2008. Due to the growing recognition for the essential role of diabetes educator, chapters are established in Western Visayas, Southern Mindanao, Bukidnon, Batangas, Cavite, Tarlac, Pangasinan and Bicol. A leading association of globally competent diabetes nurse educators moving people to action towards high level of wellness Empower dia Continue reading >>

Novartis Partners With Local Diabetes Experts To Enhance Primary Care Physicians Skills In Diabetes Diagnosis And Management

Novartis Partners With Local Diabetes Experts To Enhance Primary Care Physicians Skills In Diabetes Diagnosis And Management

Novartis partners with local diabetes experts to enhance primary care physicians skills in diabetes diagnosis and management Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the leading causes of sickness and death in the Philippines. To help address this problem, Novartis Healthcare Philippines, the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists Philippine Chapter (AACE Philippines), Philippine Center for Diabetes Education Foundation (PCDEF) and Philippine Society of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism (PSEDM) have formed a partnership to enhance the skills of local primary care physicians in the diagnosis and management of T2DM. Mandaluyong City, July 6, 2017 Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the leading causes of sickness and death in the Philippines. To help address this problem, Novartis Healthcare Philippines, the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists Philippine Chapter (AACE Philippines), Philippine Center for Diabetes Education Foundation (PCDEF) and Philippine Society of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism (PSEDM) have formed a partnership to enhance the skills of local primary care physicians in the diagnosis and management of T2DM. An estimated 3.5 million Filipinos are suffering from T2DM patients but only 15% are able to control their blood sugar levels, putting the majority at risk for kidney failure, heart attack and stroke, among other complications. Through our partnership with Novartis, we aim to empower and harness primary care physicians in catching and managing T2DM early thereby reducing complications and improving outcomes, said PSEDM president Dr. Pepito Dela Pea. T2DM is a complex disease that requires coordinated care among healthcare professionals. This partnership highlights the vital role of specialists who will casca Continue reading >>

Diabetes Care In Thephilippines

Diabetes Care In Thephilippines

My Invited San Antonio Flicker Photo That Made It To 4th edition of Schmap Map! My photos of Nature and Human Interest. Just click the pictures to go straight to the website! My article on Diabetes Care in the Philippines is now published in the Annals of Global Health Volume 81, issue 6 November-December 2015. This is a thorough review of the kind of Diabetes Care the Philippines available to our countrymen. _________________________________________ Diabetes is increasing at an alarming rate in Asian countries including the Philippines. Both the prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) continue to increase with a commensurate upward trend in the prevalence of prediabetes. The aim of this study was to review the prevalence of diabetes in the Philippines and to describe extensively the characteristics of diabetes care in the Philippines from availability of diagnostics tests to the procurement of medications. A literature search was performed using the search words diabetes care and Philippines. Articles that were retrieved were reviewed for relevance and then synthesized to highlight key features. The prevalence of diabetes in the Philippines is increasing. Rapid urbanization with increasing dependence on electronic gadgets and sedentary lifestyle contribute significantly to this epidemic. Diabetes care in the Philippines is disadvantaged and challenged with respect to resources, government support, and economics. The national insurance system does not cover comprehensive diabetes care in a preventive model and private insurance companies only offer limited diabetes coverage. Thus, most patients rely on out-of-pocket expenses, namely, laboratory procedures and daily medications. Consequently, poor pharmacotherapy adherence impairs prevention of complications. Continue reading >>

Diabetes Care In The Philippines | Paz-pacheco | Journal Of The Asean Federation Of Endocrine Societies

Diabetes Care In The Philippines | Paz-pacheco | Journal Of The Asean Federation Of Endocrine Societies

Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital The global burden of diabetes and its accompanying risk factors is upon us. Asia is the focus of this burden, owing to huge population numbers and increasing prevalence rates. The Philippines National Health and Nutrition Survey (NNHeS) of 2013, has provided the latest health and disease score with prevalence rates of the major risk factors among adults 20 years of age: diabetes (5.4%), hypertension (22.3%), dyslipidemia, low HDL (71.3%), obesity, BMI >25 kg/m2(31.1%), and smoking (25.4%). Metabolic syndrome as of the 2008 survey reports a 27% prevalence rate (unpublished data). Efforts have to be directed to achieve improvement in prevention, survival, and quality of life for all diabetics. The health infrastructure under the leadership of the Department of Health, in partnership with governmental and non-governmental organizations has to provide a cohesive plan engaging all partners in various aspects of care. Strategies to enhance outcomes include: 1) a national screening program, 2) implementation of practice guidelines that will elevate the quality of care for all, 3) access to healthcare, medications, 4) development of an environment for research in institutions to allow a better understanding of these conditions among Filipino patients and 5) enhancement of training, education and service to benefit the Filipino diabetic. Indeed, the challenge is upon all of us as a nation, and we need to stand up and move forward with an organized and accessible system of care, as we aim to combat the epidemic of diabetes and its complications. Khardori R. Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Medscape. -overview. Accesse Continue reading >>

Diabetes Care In The Philippines | Paz-pacheco | Journal Of The Asean Federation Of Endocrine Societies

Diabetes Care In The Philippines | Paz-pacheco | Journal Of The Asean Federation Of Endocrine Societies

Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital Philippine Society of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Unviersity of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital Taft Avenue, Ermita 1000 Manila, Philippines Received August 30, 2015. Accepted October 15, 2015. Published online first: November 30, 2015. The global burden of diabetes and its accompanying risk factors is upon us. Asia is the focus of this burden, owing to huge population numbers and increasing prevalence rates. The Philippines National Health and Nutrition Survey (NNHeS) of 2013, has provided the latest health and disease score with prevalence rates of the major risk factors among adults 20 years of age: diabetes (5.4%), hypertension (22.3%), dyslipidemia, low HDL (71.3%), obesity, BMI >25 kg/m2 (31.1%), and smoking (25.4%). Metabolic syndrome as of the 2008 survey reports a 27% prevalence rate (unpublished data). Efforts have to be directed to achieve improvement in prevention, survival, and quality of life for all diabetics. The health infrastructure under the leadership of the Department of Health, in partnership with governmental and non-governmental organizations has to provide a cohesive plan engaging all partners in various aspects of care. Strategies to enhance outcomes include: 1) a national screening program, 2) implementation of practice guidelines that will elevate the quality of care for all, 3) access to healthcare, medications, 4) development of an environment for research in institutions to allow a better understanding of these conditions among Filipino patients and 5) enhancement of training, education and service Continue reading >>

Level Of Awareness And Compliance In Diabetes Mellitus Management Among Adolescents Diagnosed With Type-1 Diabetes

Level Of Awareness And Compliance In Diabetes Mellitus Management Among Adolescents Diagnosed With Type-1 Diabetes

Your browser does not support the NLM PubReader view. Go to this page to see a list of supporting browsers. Level of Awareness and Compliance in Diabetes Mellitus Management Among Adolescents Diagnosed with Type-1 Diabetes Philipp J Nurs. 2014 Jan-Jun;84(1):54-60. Philipp J Nurs. 2014 Jan-Jun;84(1):54-60. English. 2014 Philippine Nurses Association Inc. Level of Awareness and Compliance in Diabetes Mellitus Management Among Adolescents Diagnosed with Type-1 Diabetes Elvira L. Urgel, PhD, RN,1Joylyn L. Mejilla, MAN, RN,1Josephine M. De Leon, PhD, RN, 1Sofia Magdalena N. Robles, PhDNEd, RN,1 and Catherine Mae G. Trinidad, MAN, RN1 1Centro Escolar University, No. 9, Mendiola St., Manila, Philippines. Address Correspondence to: JosephineM.DeLeon, Assistant Professor, Centro Escolar University, No. 9, Mendiola St., Manila, Philippines. Tel. +63-28819147, +63- 29213254, Cell phone number: +63-9058344072, Fax number: +63-27362211 The study aimed to determine the level of awareness and to assess compliance to Diabetes management of adolescents diagnosed with Type-1 Diabetes. A descriptive correlational type of research was utilized to gather information on the level of awareness and compliance of adolescent patients to diet, exercise and drug management suffering from Type-1 diabetes mellitus. The patients (n=20) were recruited from Institute for Studies on Diabetes Foundation Incorporated, Philippines. A purposive sampling was utilized to select twenty adolescents. A researcher-made questionnaire was utilized as the main instrument in gathering data. Focus group discussion was also done to further assess patient's level of awareness and compliance to diabetes management. Results showed that patients have a moderate level of awareness and some extent of compliance to diabetes. Continue reading >>

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