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Diabetes At Age 30

Age Of Onset For Type 2 Diabetes: Know Your Risk

Age Of Onset For Type 2 Diabetes: Know Your Risk

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 21 million people were diagnosed with diabetes in 2012. The CDC also notes that 90 to 95 percent of cases in adults involve type 2 diabetes. In the past, type 2 diabetes was most prevalent in older adults. But due to widespread poor lifestyle habits, it’s more common in younger people than ever before. Type 2 diabetes is often preventable. Learn what you can do to prevent or delay its onset, no matter your age. Middle-aged and older adults are still at the highest risk for developing type 2 diabetes. According to the CDC, there were a total of 1.7 million new total diabetes cases in 2012. In 2012, adults aged 45 to 64 were the most diagnosed age group for diabetes. New cases of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes in people aged 20 years and older were distributed as follows: ages 20 to 44: 371,000 new cases ages 45 to 64: 892,000 new cases age 65 and older: 400,000 new cases People aged 45 to 64 were also developing diabetes at a faster rate, edging out adults aged 65 and older. Type 2 diabetes used to be only prevalent in adults. It was once called “adult-onset” diabetes. Now, because it is becoming more common in children, it’s simply called “type 2" diabetes. While type 1 diabetes, which is believed to be due to an autoimmune reaction, is more common in children and young adults, type 2 diabetes is rising in incidence, attributed in part to poor lifestyle habits. According to the American Diabetes Association, about 5,090 people under the age of 20 are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes every year. A 2012 study published in Diabetes Care considered the potential future number of diabetes cases in people under the age of 20. The study found that, at current rates, the number of people under the age o Continue reading >>

Type 2 Diabetes: What Is The Average Age Of Onset?

Type 2 Diabetes: What Is The Average Age Of Onset?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 29.1 million people in the United States have diabetes. The variations between individual diagnoses are too great for there to be an exact age of onset for type 2 diabetes. There is evidence, however, that the likelihood of developing the condition increases drastically after the age of 45. Average age of onset for type 2 diabetes The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommend annual diabetes screening tests after the age of 45. But the age at which someone develops the condition depends on too many differing factors to accurately predict. A wide mix of individual health and lifestyle factors can influence the progression of the condition. Many people have diabetes for years before being diagnosed, causing a large variation between the age of onset and age of diagnosis. Meanwhile, some estimates claim that nearly one-third of those with diabetes do not know they have it, which further complicates estimates. And many national surveys and studies do not distinguish between rates of type 1 and 2 diabetes in adults. According to the CDC, from 1997 through to 2011, the average age at which a person was diagnosed with diabetes in the United States was largely the same, at around 54 years of age. While there might not be a set age for onset for type 2 diabetes, age greatly increases the chances of developing the condition. In 2014, an estimated 4.3 percent of Americans over 20 years of age had diabetes, while 13.4 percent of those aged 45-64, and 11.2 percent of those aged 65 or older, had the condition. A 2016 study found that the rates of type 2 diabetes were up to seven times higher in Chinese adults, aged 55-74, than they were in those aged 20-34 years. The ADA report that rates of diabetes remain high i Continue reading >>

Diabetes: What You Need To Know As You Age

Diabetes: What You Need To Know As You Age

Overview Diabetes is a problem that has many consequences: If you have the disease, your body can no longer keep its blood sugar at a healthy level. But over time, the effects of diabetes can become much more complicated. The disease can lead to serious, even life-threatening problems from your head to your toes. Too much blood sugar (also called glucose) can damage the blood vessels and nerves that run throughout your body. This can set the stage for many other medical conditions: stroke heart disease kidney disease vision problems and blindness damage to the feet or legs However, there is good news for the 26 million Americans with diabetes—and those at risk. Experts are learning more all the time about lifestyle steps for diabetes control and prevention. New medications and devices can also help you keep control over your blood sugar and prevent complications, says Johns Hopkins expert Rita Kalyani, M.D. Definitions A1C Test: A blood test used to diagnose and monitor diabetes. By measuring how much glucose (also called blood sugar) is attached to the oxygen-carrying protein in your red blood cells, this test gives you and your health-care provider a picture of your average blood glucose levels over three months. A normal result is below 5.7 percent. If you have type 2 diabetes, you should have this test done twice a year to check if your blood glucose is under control. Blood glucose: Also referred to as blood sugar, the primary energy source for the cells in your body. Blood glucose levels rise after meals and fall the longer you’ve gone without eating. Your blood glucose level is a measure of how much glucose you have in your bloodstream. A normal fasting blood glucose level is between 70 and 100 mg/dl (milligrams per deciliter of blood). Insulin (in-suh-lin): A Continue reading >>

Signs & Symptoms

Signs & Symptoms

Early Detection It is important to know the signs and symptoms of diabetes to detect the disease early and get it under control before any irreversible damage is done to the body. Recent studies indicate that early detection and treatment of diabetes can decrease the chance of developing complications from the disease. Diabetes has often been referred to as a "silent disease" for two reasons: 1) Many people with Type 2 diabetes walk around with symptoms for many years, but are not diagnosed until they develop a complication of the disease, such as blindness, kidney disease, or heart disease; 2) There are no specific physical manifestations in individuals with diabetes. Therefore, unless a person chooses to disclose their disease, it is possible that friends and even family members may be unaware of a person's diagnosis. Diabetes is detected through a blood glucose test, and experts recommend that Americans over age 35 with a family history of diabetes or other risk factors (such as being overweight) should consider asking their physicians for a blood test annually. The earlier diabetes is detected, the earlier complications may be treated and/or prevented. Common signs/symptoms (for Type 1, Type 2, Type 1.5, Pre-diabetes, Gestational Diabetes) Unexplained weight loss is one of the common type 1 diabetes symptoms in women. With this type of diabetes, the body is unable to use all the calories that the food provides, even though the person follows a healthy diet. Due to this, the person loses weight, even without trying to do so. Another symptom that is seen in both types of diabetes is the feeling the need to visit the washroom frequently. The body tries to get rid of the excess sugar through the urine and hence, one feels the need to urinate within very short periods of Continue reading >>

Living Longer With Diabetes: Type 1

Living Longer With Diabetes: Type 1

When you’re diagnosed with diabetes, you may wonder, “Is this going to kill me? How long can I live with this?” These are scary questions. Fortunately, the answers have gotten better. This article is about living longer with Type 1. Next week will be about Type 2. History of life with Type 1 In Type 1, the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas are destroyed. Before insulin was discovered and made injectable, Type 1 diabetes usually killed children within months, or even days. The only treatment known to medicine was going on a low-carb, high-fat and -protein diet. People might live a few years that way. According to the website Defeat Diabetes, “In 1897, the average life expectancy for a 10-year-old child with diabetes was about one year. Diagnosis at age 30 carried a life expectancy of about four years. A newly diagnosed 50-year-old might live eight more years.” (Probably, those 50-year-olds really had Type 2.) In the 1920s, insulin was discovered and became available for use. Life expectancy with Type 1 went up dramatically. But when I started nursing in the 1970s, it was still common for people with Type 1 to die before age 50. With better insulins, home testing, and lower-carbohydrate diets, people live longer. A study from the University of Pittsburgh, published in 2012, found that people with Type 1 diabetes born after 1965 had a life expectancy of 69 years. This compares to a life expectancy at birth of roughly 76 years for men and 81 years for women in the general population in the U.S. A new study of about 25,000 people with Type 1 in Scotland found that men with Type 1 diabetes lose about 11 years of life expectancy, and women about 13 years compared to those without the disease. According to WebMD, “Heart disease accounted for the most lost Continue reading >>

Can We Get Diabetes At The Age Of 23?

Can We Get Diabetes At The Age Of 23?

Yes Sir. It is possible to develop diabetes in your 20’s. However its quite challenging nowadays to determine the type of diabetes an individual has. Three major categories of Diabetes have been observed so far- Adult onset diabetes (Type 2 diabetes or NIDDM) which is the most common form that affects 90% of the diabetic population. However this is also seen in obese pre-teens. Early-onset diabetes (Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or IDDM)observed in a much younger population and diagnosed mostly in the teens. Gestational diabetes which develops in pregnant women. The type of diabetes that we are talking here is called early -onset or type-1 diabetes. In younger individuals, we refer to it as Juvenile diabetes.This is something what we call an auto-immune disorder wherein your immune system mistakenly sees the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas as foreign, and destroys them. The exact mechanism of how this condition is developed has not been completely elucidated, but its known that certain viral infections can trigger it. When your body develops this form of diabetes the arrival of its characteristic symptoms seems quite sudden which is in contrast to the type-2 diabetes whose symptoms take much longer time to express. The condition manifests as symptoms that include weight loss despite eating more, constant thirst and urination, and nausea, low blood pressure and low body temperature. If not treated for this disorder it can lead to severely debilitating conditions of the heart and blood vessels, kidneys, nervous system, eyes, mouth, hands and feet. There is no complete cure for diabetes especially the type-1 form as of now. Keeping a regular check on your blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol,embracing an active lifestyle and proper food habits should Continue reading >>

Diabetes Life Expectancy

Diabetes Life Expectancy

Tweet After diabetes diagnosis, many type 1 and type 2 diabetics worry about their life expectancy. Death is never a pleasant subject but it's human nature to want to know 'how long can I expect to live'. There is no hard and fast answer to the question of ‘how long can I expect to live’ as a number of factors influence one’s life expectancy. How soon diabetes was diagnosed, the progress of diabetic complications and whether one has other existing conditions will all contribute to one’s life expectancy - regardless of whether the person in question has type 1 or type 2 diabetes. How long can people with diabetes expect to live? Diabetes UK estimates in its report, Diabetes in the UK 2010: Key Statistics on Diabetes[5], that the life expectancy of someone with type 2 diabetes is likely to be reduced, as a result of the condition, by up to 10 years. People with type 1 diabetes have traditionally lived shorter lives, with life expectancy having been quoted as being reduced by over 20 years. However, improvement in diabetes care in recent decades indicates that people with type 1 diabetes are now living significantly longer. Results of a 30 year study by the University of Pittsburgh, published in 2012, noted that people with type 1 diabetes born after 1965 had a life expectancy of 69 years.[76] How does diabetic life expectancy compare with people in general? The Office for National Statistics estimates life expectancy amongst new births to be: 77 years for males 81 years for females. Amongst those who are currently 65 years old, the average man can expect to live until 83 years old and the average woman to live until 85 years old. What causes a shorter life expectancy in diabetics? Higher blood sugars over a period of time allow diabetic complications to set in, su Continue reading >>

Half Of Type 1 Diabetes Diagnosis Occur After Age 30

Half Of Type 1 Diabetes Diagnosis Occur After Age 30

Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed in people over age 30 as often as in those under age 30. Type 1 diabetes used to be referred to as “juvenile diabetes”. That name was later called inaccurate since anyone of any age can be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. Those diagnosed with type 1 as adults are generally referred to as having LADA, or latent autoimmune diabetes. It is still a commonly held belief however, that most diagnosed with type 1 are children. This translates to education and support for children diagnosed with diabetes and their parents but not so much for older patients. According to Medscape, new information taken from genetic data at the UK Biobank shows that just as many people are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes over age 30 as are diagnosed while under age 30. Should More Support be Available to Patients Diagnosed with Type 1 as Adults? This information may have implications on the way we view type 1 diabetes and the way we go about screening for it and diagnosing it. Clinically, an adult presenting symptoms of diabetes will most likely have type 2 diabetes because statistically there are many more cases of type 2 than type 1 diabetes. Many adults with type 1 diabetes are first misdiagnosed with type 2 diabetes and often endure trying times as they discover that the type 2 treatment they’ve been prescribed is dangerously inadequate. Aside from not getting the right treatment, adult patients diagnosed with type 1 diabetes often report not getting enough information about their illness and how to manage it successfully. They are left to turn to the internet to search for meaningful type 1 diabetes information. When a child is diagnosed with type 1 diabetes they are typically admitted into a hospital for a few days while they and their parents get educated an Continue reading >>

Diabetes Strikes Adults In 30s

Diabetes Strikes Adults In 30s

AP Medical Writer WASHINGTON –– Is age 30 too young to get a diabetes test? Unfortunately for millions of young Americans who may not realize they are at risk, it is not. New health guidelines reflect an increasingly dismal reality: Cases of the most common form of diabetes, once only a bane of aging, are up 70 percent among 30-somethings in the past decade. Because the disease can quietly fester for years, half of Type 2 diabetics have suffered serious damage to their eyes, kidneys, nerves and arteries by the time they learn they are sick. So if you have always heard that you do not need to be checked for diabetes until age 45, the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists – doctors who specialize in diabetes care – wants you to think again. People with any one of the following diabetes risks should get tested at age 30, according to the group's new guidelines: –Having a diabetic relative. –Being overweight. –Being black, Hispanic, Asian, American Indian or a Pacific Islander, populations with two to three times the risk of diabetes as whites. –Having heart disease, high blood pressure, high triglycerides or low HDL, the "good" cholesterol. –Women who had gestational diabetes during pregnancy or delivered a baby weighing more than 9 pounds. –Women with a hormonal disorder called polycystic ovarian syndrome. –Having a previous blood sugar test that found impaired glucose tolerance, a condition that leads to diabetes. Why check so early? Catch the illness sooner and patients may control their blood sugar enough to stay healthier longer, explains association president Dr. Rhoda Cobin of New York's Mount Sinai School of Medicine. The American Diabetes Association long has urged that everyone be considered for a diabetes test at age 45 and that Continue reading >>

What Everyone Needs To Know About Prediabetes

What Everyone Needs To Know About Prediabetes

By Leda Espinoza and Alexander Wolf Twitter summary: Prediabetes affects millions of Americans, costs billions of dollars, and increases risk of developing #t2 #diabetes. What to do about it? Many people have heard about type 2 diabetes, but its common precursor, prediabetes, doesn’t get as much attention. Prediabetes is estimated by CDC to affect 86 million Americans (51% of whom are 65 years and older), and an estimated 90% of people with prediabetes don’t even know it. According to the CDC, 15-30% of these individuals will develop type 2 diabetes within five years. In other words, as many as 26 million people that currently have prediabetes could develop type 2 diabetes by 2020, effectively doubling the number of people with type 2 diabetes in the US. Prediabetes is also expensive. A 2014 Diabetes Care study estimated that prediabetes costs $44 billion annually, a 74% increase over a five-year period. This learning curve provides an overview of prediabetes, outlining what it is, how it is diagnosed, how it is treated, and more. Prediabetes is an issue that affects our entire society and one that more and more people should be focused on. Table of Contents What are the symptoms of prediabetes? How is prediabetes diagnosed? What can people with prediabetes do to avoid the progression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes? What is prediabetes? Prediabetes is a condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. This occurs when the body has problems in processing glucose properly, and sugar starts to build up in the bloodstream instead of fueling cells in muscles and tissues. Insulin is the hormone that tells cells to take up glucose, and in prediabetes, people typically initially develop insulin resistanc Continue reading >>

Diagnosis: Type 2 Diabetes. Age: 24.

Diagnosis: Type 2 Diabetes. Age: 24.

A few days after Christmas 2008, Mike Durbin of Fort Wayne, Ind., got an unwanted holiday surprise: a double diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and congestive heart failure. His blood glucose was well above normal, and his heart was functioning at only 30 to 35 percent of its capacity. “That scared the hell out of me,” he says. His diabetes diagnosis, however, was not a complete shock. His grandmother has type 2 diabetes, and his great-grandparents had the condition as well. He also had a number of risk factors, including excess weight, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and triglycerides. Yet he had one advantage — his age. He was only 24. It might seem surprising that someone so young could develop type 2 diabetes, but the disease is on the rise among the under-30 set. In fact, 5.7 percent of all new cases of diabetes occur in people between 18 and 29, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates. Another 3.5 percent of diagnoses happen before patients’ 35th birthdays. In Durbin’s case, he was sent to the doctor with a diabetes symptom that just wouldn’t quit — a yeast infection. “As I’ve learned, yeast infections are common among people living with the various types of diabetes,” Durbin says. “The infection led me to the doctor. Tests were done, and I was diagnosed with type 2. Other tests done at that time revealed that I had congestive heart failure as well. In hindsight, I realized I had a lot of the typical symptoms also — increased thirst, dry mouth, frequent urination, fatigue, blurred vision, and headaches.” Creating a Diabetes Management Plan Durbin has made important lifestyle changes now that he’s living with type 2 diabetes. For starters, he checks his blood glucose at least four times a day: when he wakes up, befo Continue reading >>

Diabetes Onset At 3145 Years Of Age Is Associated With An Increased Risk Of Diabetic Retinopathy In Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes Onset At 3145 Years Of Age Is Associated With An Increased Risk Of Diabetic Retinopathy In Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes Onset at 3145 Years of Age is Associated with an Increased Risk of Diabetic Retinopathy in Type 2 Diabetes 1Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai First Peoples Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Shanghai 200080, China 2Department of Ophthalmology, Nanjing Medical University Affiliated Wuxi Second Hospital, Wuxi 214002, China 3Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai First Peoples Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200080, China 4Department of Ophthalmology, Lishui Peoples Hospital, Lishui 323000, China 3Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai First Peoples Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200080, China 5Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China 3Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai First Peoples Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200080, China 3Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai First Peoples Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200080, China 6Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, the Sixth Peoples Hospital of Shanghai, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200233, China 1Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai First Peoples Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Shanghai 200080, China 2Department of Ophthalmology, Nanjing Medical University Affiliated Wuxi Second Hospital, Wuxi 214002, China 3Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai First Peoples Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200080, China 4Department of Ophthalmology, Lishui Peoples Hospital, Lishui 323000, China 5Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China 6Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, the Sixth Continue reading >>

Age Of Your Type 1 Diagnosis

Age Of Your Type 1 Diagnosis

Back when I was diagnosed in 1970 at the age of 8, it was so simple. If you were a child, you had type 1, if you were an older adult, you had type 2. There wasn't any discussion about right or wrong diagnosis or what treatment you needed. My question is, what happened? I noticed when I was on MyGlu that the average age for type 1 diagnosis was 19 and 38% of type 1's are diagnosed as adults. Is it really due to the fact that we are not as physically active as we use to be? Is it because we don't eat as well as before? Is it because we are just staying older longer and things catch up with us?i read all of our stories and mine feels like it is not the norm. I read these stories and feel.horrible for how many are misdiagnosed and why this is still happening? I read all your stories and think, wow it was pretty darn clear when we got my diagnosis, drinking, peeling, weight loss, sleepiness and of course coma kinda finished it off. But wow, some of you have gone through hell and back trying to get an answer. So why do you think there has been such an increase in adult's getting the type 1 diagnosis? This is not my dark thinking here, but could this be that survival of the fittest? Are we going to survive this epidemic? Or will this be ours doing? I know this sounds like gloom but I really don't understand why and how we have had such a huge shift. And I remember back in 1970, I knew no one in any of my schools with diabetes. There just wasn't a lot of us around. Now, I'm sorry to say, we are everywhere. Am I crazy? Just wondering? And finally there is a retreat forums adult type 1's TCOYD in San Diego in June! I was diagnosed as Type 2 at age 40, and two months later (at age 41) re-diagnosed as Type 1 based on antibody tests. I didn't eat or "sit" my way into either diagnos Continue reading >>

Incidence Of Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes In Adults Aged 30–49 Years

Incidence Of Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes In Adults Aged 30–49 Years

The population-based registry in the province of Turin, Italy Abstract OBJECTIVE—Incidence of type 1 diabetes is considered to be low in adults, but no study has been performed in Mediterranean countries. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—We extended the study base of the registry of the province of Turin, Italy, to subjects aged 30–49 years in the period 1999–2001 to estimate the incidences of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Diagnosis of type 1 diabetes was based on permanent insulin treatment or a fasting C-peptide level ≤0.20 nmol/l or islet cell (ICA) or GAD (GADA) antibody positivities. RESULTS—We identified 1,135 case subjects with high completeness of ascertainment (99%), giving an incidence rate of 58.0 per 100,000 person-years (95% CI 54.7–61.5). The incidence of type 1 diabetes was 7.3 per 100,000 person-years (6.2–8.6), comparable with the rates in subjects aged 0–14 and 15–29 years (10.3 [9.5–11.2] and 6.8 [6.3–7.4]). Male subjects had a higher risk than female subjects for both type 1 (rate ratio [RR] 1.70 [95% CI 1.21–2.38]) and type 2 (2.10 [1.84–2.40]) diabetes. ICA and/or GADA positivities were found in 16% of the cohort. In logistic regression, variables independently associated with autoimmune diabetes were age 30–39 years (odds ratio [OR] 2.39 [95% CI 1.40–4.07]), fasting C-peptide <0.60 nmol/l (3.09 [1.74–5.5]), and BMI <26 kg/m2 (2.17 [1.22–3.85]). CONCLUSIONS—Risk of type 1 diabetes between age 30 and 49 years is similar to that found in the same area between age 15 and 29 years. Further studies are required to allow geographical comparisons of risks of both childhood and adulthood autoimmune diabetes, the latter being probably higher than previously believed. Epidemiological studies (1–7) have provided evidence that Continue reading >>

8 Actions To Take If You Have Prediabetes

8 Actions To Take If You Have Prediabetes

Changing the Path to Type 2 A whopping 86 million Americans have prediabetes. That’s according to the latest statistics from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) -- that's 37 percent of American adults over age 20 and 51 percent of adults over age 65. Research shows about 70 percent of people with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes over time. Despite these scary stats, only 11 percent of people who have prediabtes know it. The good news is you can prevent or slow the progression of prediabetes to type 2. Numerous research studies conducted over the last 30 years show that early and aggressive management with continued vigilance over time is what prevents or delays type 2 diabetes. And the earlier you detect it and put your plan into action, the better. Here are eight ways to manage prediabetes. 1. Get Tested to Know for Sure. Do you have family -- parents or siblings -- with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes? Are you carrying extra weight around your middle? Don't get enough exercise? These are a few of the risk factors for prediabetes. A good first step to see if you are at high risk is to use the American Diabetes Association (ADA) Type 2 Diabetes Risk Test. You can take the test by visiting diabetes.org/risk. If you’re at high risk, schedule an appointment with your health care provider to get a check of your blood glucose level -- or, better yet, your A1C (an average of your blood glucose over two to three months). See the blood test results to diagnose prediabetes on the next page. 2. Max Out Your Insulin-Making Reserves. It's well known that at the center of the storm of the slow and steady onset of prediabetes is insulin resistance -- the body's inability, due to excess weight and genetic risk factors, to effectively use the insulin th Continue reading >>

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