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Diabetes And Styes

Eye Doctor Q And A - Diabetes And Its Effect On The Eyes

Eye Doctor Q And A - Diabetes And Its Effect On The Eyes

Q: How does diabetes affect your eyes? L.L., Connecticut A: Diabetes causes problems in the retina with what are collectively called microvascular abnormalities. The small blood vessels develop microaneurysms and leak blood. New blood vessel growth ( neovascularization ) occurs. Unfortunately, these blood vessels are weak and also leak. These leaks (hemorrhages) can cause irreversible damage to the retina and permanent vision loss. Patients with controlled diabetes do better than those with uncontrolled diabetes. However, even a person whose diabetes is under perfect control can still develop diabetic retinopathy hence, the need for yearly retinal exams. Dr. Slonim Q: Does diabetic retinopathy get progressively worse? F.R. A: Yes. When left unrecognized and untreated, diabetic retinopathy can get worse and eventually lead to blindness. Diabetic retinopathy can even get worse despite use of the best treatments that currently exist for it. Dr. Slonim Q: My father has type 2 diabetes and he is seeing double. We went to the hospital about a week ago and they said the diabetes had affected a nerve on the right eye. Can medicine get his sight back to normal? W.C. A: Diabetes can affect any one of the three cranial nerves that are responsible for movement of the eyes. Diabetes is one of the more common conditions associated with sixth nerve (Abducens nerve) palsies. Paralysis of this nerve affects the lateral rectus muscle that allows the eye to look outward. There is no specific medicine for this. The paralysis can be temporary and last a few months or it can be permanent. Dr. Slonim Q: Can diabetes cause you to have eye infections such as pink eye and frequent styes? K.M. A: That's a great question! Yes, people with diabetes are more likely to get bacterial infections, incl Continue reading >>

Symptoms Of Diabetes: Seven Signs You Could Have The Condition

Symptoms Of Diabetes: Seven Signs You Could Have The Condition

The symptoms are not always obvious, and many people could be suffering with the condition for years before they learn they have it. Every week 4,500 people are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes across the UK. However, experts warn thousands could be living with undiagnosed type 2 diabetes. The condition, which can be caused by being overweight and poor diet can cause blindness, limbs to be amputated - every week diabetes causes 150 amputations - and even kidney failure. It has even been linked to a reduce life expectancy if the condition it not managed well. People also need to ensure they look after their feet properly as high levels of blood glucose can cause foot problems. This can stop nerves working so people might not feel when they have cut their feet or burned themselves. The main symptoms of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are: Urinating more often than usual - particularly at night Excessive urination can be triggered by excess glucose in the blood which interferes with the kidney’s ability to concentrate urine. Feeling thirsty Kidneys have to work harder in people with type 2 diabetes. Puldisia is the term given to excessive thirst. Diabetes.co.uk said: “If you feel thirsty all the time or your thirst is stronger than usual and continues even after you drink, it can be a sign that not all is well inside your body.” If you feel thirsty all the time or your thirst is stronger than usual and continues even after you drink, it can be a sign that not all is well inside your body Feeling tired Feeling tired could be a symptom of many conditions - but it can be caused in people who have low blood sugar. Itching around the penis or vagina Thrush - a yeast infection - tends to affect warm, moist areas of the body such as the vagina, penis, mouth and certain areas Continue reading >>

Why Does My Son Keep Getting Styes?

Why Does My Son Keep Getting Styes?

A stye is an abscess which occurs in the eyelid. It usually arises in the base of the hair follicle of an eyelash. Although not serious or dangerous in themselves recurrent styes interfere with vision and are very uncomfortable and troublesome, as well as being somewhat disfiguring or causing embarrassment. If anyone has recurrent infections, particularly skin infections such as abscesses, styes or boils, they need a medical check up to make sure that their immunity is normal. Another condition which needs to be checked for is diabetes. Because diabetes leads to more sugar in the blood and secretions there is more chance for skin infections to take hold as bacteria grow more readily in a sugar rich environment. The hormone changes which occur at your son's age make acne more likely. This is because the nature of secretions produced by the skin at the bases of the hair follicles changes, making them produce more grease which can get infected. This could be a reason why your son is more prone to styes. ME is a difficult diagnosis which is usually only made once all other possible causes of tiredness have been excluded. If your son was thoroughly investigated by a paediatrician and no medical abnormalities were found then it is certainly possible that his styes are associated with the slight changes in the immune system which can accompany ME. However you should not assume his styes are due to his ME without checking for other causes first. Your next step is to take your son to see his GP for a check up and probably blood tests to make sure his immunity is normal and to exclude diabetes. His tendency to styes may be reduced by taking an antibiotic such as a tetracycline daily for several months. This is a common treatment for acne and helps by reducing infection and alter Continue reading >>

When Diabetes Gets Complicated

When Diabetes Gets Complicated

Home About us Remarkable You Prediabetes & diabetes When diabetes gets complicated The far-reaching, collateral damage diabetes causes if left untreated The American Diabetes Association estimates that there are 29 million people with diabetes in the United States and that 8 million of those people are living with the disease undiagnosed. Living with undiagnosed or poorly managed diabetes is particularly dangerous, said Catherine Rolih, MD, an endocrinologist with Novant Health Forsyth Medical Center. Diabetes increases your risk for a lot of very serious health problems. From head to toe, the list of possible diabetes complications is a long one, but Dr. Rolih says that with help from your doctor it doesnt have to be so scary. The good news is that with treatment and lifestyle changes, many people are able to offset or delay many of the most severe complications, she said. Here are some of the most common complications associated with diabetes and ways that patients can help prevent them: Eyes - According to the American Diabetes Association, people with diabetes are 40 percent more likely to develop glaucoma, or increased eye pressure, and 60 percent more likely to develop cataracts, a condition that clouds the lens of the eye. They are also at risk to develop diabetic retinopathy, which is caused by damage to the blood vessels in the eye. All three conditions can result in vision loss in their most severe stages. Its important for patients with diabetes to make an annual eye doctor visit part of their overall care plan, and to make note of any major changes to their vision, said Dr. Rolih. Skin - Common skin infections, including styes, boils and fungal infections, are more likely to affect people with diabetes than those without, but being diabetic can cause some u Continue reading >>

Eye Stye Causes, Symptoms & Treatment | Eye Infection

Eye Stye Causes, Symptoms & Treatment | Eye Infection

Later sty symptoms can include swelling, discomfort during blinking, eye watering, and light sensitivity. A common symptom of a sty is a small, yellowish spot in the bump that develops as pus expands in the area. People with diabetes, chronic blepharitis (eyelid inflammation), seborrhea, and chronic debilitating illnesses are having more chances to have styes than the general population. Stress seems to trigger the development of a sty; those who have high blood lipid levels are more susceptible to oil gland blockages, including those in the eyelid and thus more likely to develop a sty. Warm compress or warm washcloth to the affected area four to six times a day, can speed up the sty rupture and relief its symptoms. Sty should not press / squeeze to facilitate drainage, since this can spread or worsen the infection. If a sty persists for long time, doctor lances to drain the infection under local anesthesia in their office. Antibiotic and/or steroid ointments are sometime prescribing to treat a sty. Persistent and multiple styes are treating with oral antibiotics. OTC pain medications may use for pain. Stop contact lenses and eye makeup until a total cure. Sty rarely causes complications such as chalazion, a form of scarring of the eyelid glands and formation of cysts. Chalazia can be large enough to deform the eye cornea and affects the vision, and they may cause a cosmetic problem. There is no known method to prevent sty, but being hygienic can help to prevent all forms of infection, including the sty. Other things that can help prevent sty include: Never sharing cosmetics or eye makeup tools with others, Continue reading >>

Diabetes Symptoms You Can’t Afford To Ignore & What You Can Do About Them

Diabetes Symptoms You Can’t Afford To Ignore & What You Can Do About Them

In the U.S., diabetes — or diabetes mellitus (DM) — is full-blown epidemic, and that’s not hyperbole. An estimated 29 million Americans have some form of diabetes, nearly 10 percent of the population, and even more alarming, the average American has a one in three chance of developing diabetes symptoms at some point in his or her lifetime. (1) The statistics are alarming, and they get even worse. Another 86 million people have prediabetes, with up to 30 percent of them developing type 2 diabetes within five years. And perhaps the most concerning, about a third of people who have diabetes — approximately 8 million adults — are believed to be undiagnosed and unaware. That’s why it’s so vital to understand and recognize diabetes symptoms. And there’s actually good news. While there’s technically no known “cure” for diabetes — whether it’s type 1, type 2 or gestational diabetes — there’s plenty that can be done to help reverse diabetes naturally, control diabetes symptoms and prevent diabetes complications. The Most Common Diabetes Symptoms Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that results from problems controlling the hormone insulin. Diabetes symptoms are a result of higher-than-normal levels of glucose (sugar) in your blood. With type 1 diabetes, symptoms usually develop sooner and at a younger age than with type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes also normally causes more severe symptoms. In fact, because type 2 diabetes signs and symptoms can be minimal in some cases, it sometimes can go diagnosed for a long period of time, causing the problem to worsen and long-term damage to develop. While it’s still not entirely known how this happens, prolonged exposure to high blood sugar can damage nerve fibers that affect the blood vessels, heart, e Continue reading >>

The Anterior Segment Of The Eye In Diabetes

The Anterior Segment Of The Eye In Diabetes

The anterior segment of the eye in diabetes 1Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Nigeria 2Ophthalmology Department, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria Correspondence: CO Adeoti, Department of Ophthalmology, College of Health Sciences, PO Box 979, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria, Tel +234 80 3374 2827, Email [email protected] Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer Copyright 2012 Adeoti et al, publisher and licensee Dove Medical Press Ltd. This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. A prospective study to examine the anterior segment of the eye in patients with diabetes mellitus. The anterior segments of the eyes of 181 patients with diabetes mellitus were examined. The commonest finding in the lids was warts, followed by poliosis and chalazia, and, in the conjunctiva, tortuous conjunctival vessels inferiorly (36.50%), pterygium (14.92%), and pingueculum (14.37%). Corneal sensitivity was reduced in 25 (13.80%) patients. Iris atrophy was the commonest finding in the iris. Dilatation of the pupil was delayed in 34 (18.79%) patients. Cataract was found in 119 (65.75%) patients. Forty-one (22.65%) patients had intraocular pressure greater than 21 mmHg. Seven (3.87%) patients, four (2.21%) patients, and one (0.55%) patient had seventh, third, and fourth palsy, respectively. No patient had sixth nerve palsy. Primary care physicians and other allied health care professionals who are first in contact with patients are enjoined to familiarize themselves with the anterior segment features of diabetes mellitus and take necessary action when they are detected. Keywords: diabetes m Continue reading >>

9 Surprising Signs Of Diabetes | Care2 Healthy Living

9 Surprising Signs Of Diabetes | Care2 Healthy Living

The symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes usually appear in subtle ways. In fact, its typical for people in the early stages of the disease to not realize theres something wrong for about 5 years before theyre diagnosed. Because diabetes can wreak havoc on your health, especially if it goes undiagnosed for too long, its important to know the signs and symptoms before it goes too far. Many of us know the most common symptomsfrequent urination, increased thirst and unusual weight loss, just to name a few. But there are plenty of other, less obvious signs that somethings not quite right. Read on for some of the most surprising symptoms of diabetes. Is your snoring keeping your spouse up at night? Excessive nighttime noise is one symptom of diabetes, and has actually be shown to be a risk factor for developing the disease. One major sleep disorder associated with snoring, obstructive sleep apnea, is a whopping nine times more common in diabetics than in the general population. People with diabetes often feel unusually cold, especially in their hands and feet. This is due to diabetic neuropathy, kidney damage that is the result of diabetes, which causes poor circulation, and thus makes it difficult for your hands and feet to stay warm. Diabetes isnt just a disease of the body, its also a disease of the mind . The low glucose levels that are a hallmark of diabetes can cause all sorts of mental issuesincluding anxiety, apathy, moodiness, impaired judgement and, yes, irritability. Most of us havent wet the bed since we were littlebut people with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are more prone to this embarrassing nighttime leakage. Frequent urination is a common symptom of diabetes and peeing in your sleep isnt necessarily an exception. Poor vision and blindness are often associated with Continue reading >>

Diabetes And Your Skin

Diabetes And Your Skin

Proper care, awareness crucial to maintaining healthy skin Skin is the largest organ in your body. Many people with diabetes are more likely to develop skin problems. While some are minor and mainly cosmetic, others can be fatal. “Diabetes tends to dry out the skin as part of the disease process,” said Jeffrey Meffert, MD, program director, dermatology at University Health System’s Diabetes Institute in San Antonio, Texas. “Some of the medications used can make the problem worse.” When blood sugar is high the body loses fluid, causing the skin to become dry. Dry skin in diabetes is related to damage to the nerves that cause sweating, the body’s main lubricating system. Dry skin and infections Dry skin can lead to many major concerns in diabetes. Cracking and peeling results in openings in the skin, allowing bacteria or fungi to enter the body. High levels of sugar in the body are great breeding grounds and reduce your body’s ability to heal itself, increasing the chances an infection may spread. Several different kinds of bacterial infections occur more often in people with diabetes. Among these are: • styes in the glands of the eyelids; • boils; • folliculitis of the hair follicles; • carbuncles — very deep infections of the skin and underlying tissue; and • infections around the nails. “With bacterial infections, you most often first see a redness around the area of the cut or crack,” said Matthew G. Garoufalis, DPM, a podiatrist in private practice in Chicago. “People with diabetes are at a disadvantage because they often will not feel pain, which can be an early warning that an infection is occurring. As it progresses, you may also see drainage from the wound, and it may become warm to the touch.” Fungal infections also are a concer Continue reading >>

Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetic Retinopathy

What is Diabetes Mellitus? Diabetes mellitus, or simply diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood glucose (sugar) levels, either because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. There are three main types of Diabetes Mellitus (DM): Type 1: This results from not making insulin. Type 1 diabetics need insulin, either by self-injection or using an insulin pump. Type 2: This results from insulin resistance, where cells fail to use insulin properly. This is sometimes accompanied by reduced insulin secretion. Patients are treated with diet, exercise, oral medication, or a combination. Type 3: Gestational Diabetes: Diabetes occurring during pregnancy. How is Diabetes Mellitus diagnosed? Diabetes may have symptoms in some people, and no symptoms in others. Generally, Type 1 diabetes presents with increased thirst (polydipsia), frequent urination (polyuria), and increased hunger (polyphagia). Symptoms may develop over weeks to months. Untreated, this condition may cause a person to lose consciousness and become very ill (diabetic ketoacidosis). Left untreated, glucose can absorb into the lens of the eye, leading to temporary changes in lens shape and vision changes, including blurred vision. Types 2 and 3 diabetes may have minimal symptoms. A single, elevated blood glucose measurement can make a diagnosis, or it may require either single or multiple measurements of blood glucose to determine the degree of impairment of glucose metabolism. Your doctor is the person to help you determine if you might have diabetes. How is Diabetes Mellitus treated? Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease for which there is treatment but no known cure. Treatment is aimed at keeping blood glucose le Continue reading >>

An Overview Of The Eye In Diabetes

An Overview Of The Eye In Diabetes

Anil Negi , MD MRCOphth and Stephen A Vernon , DM FRCOphth Eye and ENT Centre, University Hospital, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK Copyright 2003, The Royal Society of Medicine This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. The three papers in this symposium are based on presentations to an RSM meeting on the Diabetic Eye, held on 9 April 2003. The matter is particularly topical because the National Service Framework for Diabetes calls for a high-quality retinal screening programme. After a review of the various ophthalmic conditions likely to be encountered in diabetic patients (A Negi, S A Vernon) we proceed to the most important, diabetic retinopathy, with a discussion of screening methods (D M Squirrell, J F Talbot) and an account of laser treatments (J G F Dowler). Colour versions of the clinical photographs are available online [ www.jrsm.org ]. Publication was coordinated by Professor Susan Lightman, of Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, UK. Diabetes is one of the world's greatest health challenges and its prevalence appears to be increasing. In the UK some 1.4 million people are known to have diabetes and the number with undiagnosed diabetes is probably similar. Of the known cases, around 200 000 are type 1 and 1.2 million type 2. 1 The increasing prevalence of obesity in the young is expected to cause an epidemic of early-onset type 2 disease in the western world, with a rise in prevalence from the 1995 figure of 51 million to 72 million in 2025. Type 1 diabetes affects young lean people (usually diagnosed at <30 years); they are insulin deficient and always need insulin. Type 2 diabetes tends to affect older obese persons (>30 years but see above); the abnormality is partial insulin deficiency, insulin resistance or both. In both types, m Continue reading >>

Diabetes And Diabetic Retinopathy: Q&a

Diabetes And Diabetic Retinopathy: Q&a

Q&A Menu To find the Q&As most helpful to you, please click on one of these subjects: How Does Diabetes Affect Eyes? Q: How does diabetes affect your eyes? — L.L., Connecticut A: Diabetes causes problems in the retina with what are collectively called microvascular abnormalities. The small blood vessels develop microaneurysms and leak blood. New blood vessel growth (neovascularization) occurs. Unfortunately, these blood vessels are weak and also leak. These leaks (hemorrhages) can cause irreversible damage to the retina and permanent vision loss. Patients with controlled diabetes do better than those with uncontrolled diabetes. However, even a person whose diabetes is under perfect control can still develop diabetic retinopathy — hence, the need for yearly retinal exams. — Dr. Slonim Q: Does diabetic retinopathy get progressively worse? — F.R. A: Yes. When left unrecognized and untreated, diabetic retinopathy can get worse and eventually lead to blindness. Diabetic retinopathy can even get worse despite use of the best treatments that currently exist for it. — Dr. Slonim Q: My father has type 2 diabetes and he is seeing double. We went to the hospital about a week ago and they said the diabetes had affected a nerve on the right eye. Can medicine get his sight back to normal? — W.C. A: Diabetes can affect any one of the three cranial nerves that are responsible for movement of the eyes. Diabetes is one of the more common conditions associated with sixth nerve (Abducens nerve) palsies. Paralysis of this nerve affects the lateral rectus muscle that allows the eye to look outward. There is no specific medicine for this. The paralysis can be temporary and last a few months or it can be permanent. — Dr. Slonim Q: Can diabetes cause you to have eye infections suc Continue reading >>

Styes And Acne | Diabetes Forum The Global Diabetes Community

Styes And Acne | Diabetes Forum The Global Diabetes Community

Diabetes Forum The Global Diabetes Community Find support, ask questions and share your experiences. Join the community I diagnosed myself with diabetes in February and immediately went on a diet to reduce carbs, salt and fat while the NHS assured themselves of the diagnosis. Since then have had styes, acne (which I've had for years on and off) and have a bloodshot eye which I fear is retinopathy though the NHS don't seem very concerned about it although they are arranging an appointment for an eye check. I can't find any information anywhere about the timescale of any improvement of these symptoms. As I understand it haemoglobin has a life span of 3 months and glucose attaches to it so it would seem logical that as time passes toward the 3 months the haemoglobin with the high glucose will be dying off and will be replaced by ones without high glucose. However, there is little sign of any improvement after 2 months. The NHS don't want me to test because of cost so I bought my own kit but have only been testing for a couple of weeks. Rates are between 3.6 - 5.2 which I don't think class as high. Does anyone have any idea how soon I could expect improvement and if reduction of blood glucose slows progression of retinopathy? Sorry to bother you all but I'm unable to find information anywhere. A stye or hordeolum is a small, painful lump on the inside or outside of the eyelid. It is actually an abscess filled with pus and is usually caused by a staphylococcus bacteria eye infection. Styes are common with most people experiencing one or two of them at some stage in their life. Acne, medically known as Acne Vulgaris, is a skin disease that involves the oil glands at the base of hair follicles. It commonly occurs during puberty when the sebaceous (oil) glands come to life - t Continue reading >>

I Have Frequent And Recurring Stye Problem. Please Advise.

I Have Frequent And Recurring Stye Problem. Please Advise.

iCliniq Ask a doctor online Medical Forum Ophthalmology (Eye Care) Stye I have frequent and recurring stye problem. Please advise. Q. I have frequent and recurring stye problem. Please advise. I have frequent and recurring stye problem. Please advise. MBBS, ., MS OPHTHALMOLOGY., DNB OPHTHALMOLOGY., FELLOWSHIP IN CATARACT AND PHACOEMULSIFICATION., TRAINING IN Stye is an infective condition of the glands of the eyelids. This is caused by infection with common bacteria like staphylococci. The treatment is mainly by the use of antibiotic eye drops and oral anti-inflammatory drugs. Use of hot compression will provide symptomatic relief. The common causes that need to be ruled out in recurrent stye are, exposure to dust, smoke where there is more chance of infection, frequent rubbing of the eyes with fingers, uncorrected refractive error, general problems like decreased immunity and diabetes. Hence, I advise you to look for these common problems and avoid things like exposure to dust and smoke by wearing protective glasses, and avoid rubbing of the eyes. Washing of the face with clean water and maintaining facial hygiene will be of great help. Healthy diet is very important in preventing frequent infections as consumption of sugar rich diet leads to recurrent infections. Hence, I advise you to consume healthy balanced diet rich in proteins and avoid sugar and sweets. A complete course of antibiotics like Ciprofloxacin 500mg twice a day for 5-7 days will eradicate the bacteria and prevent further recurrences. Inspite of all this, if you are having recurring stye then a few tests like blood sugar level to rule out diabetes, vision testing of the eyes to rule out refractive error have to be done. Revert back to an eyecare ophthalmologist online for further follow up --> Continue reading >>

Diabetes And Infections

Diabetes And Infections

For people with diabetes, high blood sugars increase the risk of infections starting and spreading more quickly. High blood sugars also slow down the healing process and make infections more resistant to treatment. The first line of defense when it comes to managing the risk for infections is to manage your blood sugar levels as close to your target range as possible because high blood sugar can slow or limit your body’s ability to fight off infection. Some of the more likely places for infections in people with diabetes include the bladder, vagina, feet, kidneys, skin and gums. The Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism published a study by scientists who explain that the greater frequency of infections in people with diabetes is caused by numerous factors such as: high blood sugar levels that weaken the immune system micro- and macro-angiopathies (blood vessel disease) neuropathy which masks pain signals of an injury decrease in antibacterial activity of urine gastrointestinal and urinary function impairment frequent medical interventions due to other health issues People with diabetes are much more likely than people without diabetes to have a bladder infection which is also known as a urinary tract infection (UTI). UTI infections may involve the ureters, urethra, kidneys or bladder and you may experience pain, tiredness, nausea and fever. If you have a UTI, it is crucial to treat the infection because if not, the bacteria may spread to your kidneys and cause a dangerous kidney infection. An American Diabetes Association (ADA) published article states that more than 50% of men and women with diabetes live with some type of bladder dysfunction which involves symptoms like “urinary urgency, frequency, nocturia, and incontinence.” Early detection and treat Continue reading >>

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