When Diabetes Gets Complicated
Home About us Remarkable You Prediabetes & diabetes When diabetes gets complicated The far-reaching, collateral damage diabetes causes if left untreated The American Diabetes Association estimates that there are 29 million people with diabetes in the United States and that 8 million of those people are living with the disease undiagnosed. Living with undiagnosed or poorly managed diabetes is particularly dangerous, said Catherine Rolih, MD, an endocrinologist with Novant Health Forsyth Medical Center. Diabetes increases your risk for a lot of very serious health problems. From head to toe, the list of possible diabetes complications is a long one, but Dr. Rolih says that with help from your doctor it doesnt have to be so scary. The good news is that with treatment and lifestyle changes, many people are able to offset or delay many of the most severe complications, she said. Here are some of the most common complications associated with diabetes and ways that patients can help prevent them: Eyes - According to the American Diabetes Association, people with diabetes are 40 percent more likely to develop glaucoma, or increased eye pressure, and 60 percent more likely to develop cataracts, a condition that clouds the lens of the eye. They are also at risk to develop diabetic retinopathy, which is caused by damage to the blood vessels in the eye. All three conditions can result in vision loss in their most severe stages. Its important for patients with diabetes to make an annual eye doctor visit part of their overall care plan, and to make note of any major changes to their vision, said Dr. Rolih. Skin - Common skin infections, including styes, boils and fungal infections, are more likely to affect people with diabetes than those without, but being diabetic can cause some u Continue reading >>
What Would Cause Recurrent Eye Stye And Boil Infections?
What would cause recurrent eye stye and boil infections? Dear doctor;I have often get sty infections on the eyelids and boils at least five times in a year. What could be the problem and how do I permanently deal with both stye and boil? What causes boil? I have often get sty infections on the eyelids and boils at least five times in a year. What could be the problem and how do I permanently deal with both stye and boil? What causes boil? Recurrent sty infections and boils usually occur due to reduced visual acuity. It is said that if vision is impaired, one tends to rub eyes frequently to see better. This causes recurrent infection. One may have a boil at a time which may not heal completely and relapse again. Poor hygiene of hands or eyes can also predispose to it. Diabetes, HIV infection and other immune suppressive ailments make one more prone to develop infections anywhere in the body including eyes. It is better to get vision tested. Even if there is a small impairment, it can be corrected by suitable measures including eye glasses. Exclude diabetes by doing a blood glucose test. Suitable antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drugs can help to cure the boil completely. Continue reading >>
Styes And Acne | Diabetes Forum The Global Diabetes Community
Diabetes Forum The Global Diabetes Community Find support, ask questions and share your experiences. Join the community I diagnosed myself with diabetes in February and immediately went on a diet to reduce carbs, salt and fat while the NHS assured themselves of the diagnosis. Since then have had styes, acne (which I've had for years on and off) and have a bloodshot eye which I fear is retinopathy though the NHS don't seem very concerned about it although they are arranging an appointment for an eye check. I can't find any information anywhere about the timescale of any improvement of these symptoms. As I understand it haemoglobin has a life span of 3 months and glucose attaches to it so it would seem logical that as time passes toward the 3 months the haemoglobin with the high glucose will be dying off and will be replaced by ones without high glucose. However, there is little sign of any improvement after 2 months. The NHS don't want me to test because of cost so I bought my own kit but have only been testing for a couple of weeks. Rates are between 3.6 - 5.2 which I don't think class as high. Does anyone have any idea how soon I could expect improvement and if reduction of blood glucose slows progression of retinopathy? Sorry to bother you all but I'm unable to find information anywhere. A stye or hordeolum is a small, painful lump on the inside or outside of the eyelid. It is actually an abscess filled with pus and is usually caused by a staphylococcus bacteria eye infection. Styes are common with most people experiencing one or two of them at some stage in their life. Acne, medically known as Acne Vulgaris, is a skin disease that involves the oil glands at the base of hair follicles. It commonly occurs during puberty when the sebaceous (oil) glands come to life - t Continue reading >>
Recurrence Of Styes? Does That Mean I Have Diabetes?
HealthBoards > Vision > Eye & Vision > Recurrence of styes? Does that mean i have diabetes? Recurrence of styes? Does that mean i have diabetes? Recurrence of styes? Does that mean i have diabetes? 8-9 months ago I got hit by a soft spikey ball inside the eye. A month or two later I had watery eyes, a feeling of a foreign particle in my eye etc so I went to the doctor and after observing my eye, he found that there was a pimple inside the eyelids. He gave me some eye droppers and after a day my eye was good. Until yesterday, 6 months after first getting this thing in my eye, i'm having the same symptoms again. I looked around the net and found styes so I think I might have that. I know that you can't diagnose yourself over the net and all, but I think i do have this. I was scared to read that people with diabetes get this, so does that mean that I have diabetes as well? I've experienced some symptoms associated with diabetes. Have I got diabetes or is there another cause of these styes? I'd like to mention that I've put some moisturizer on, near the eyes both time i have got these styes so could it be possible that the styes are caused by the neutrogena moisturizer? For diabetes, I'm not obese or anything as such but I do have some of the sytmptoms such as always thirsty, especially after eating chocolate or food etc? So what do you guys think? Because I have had a recurrence of the stye, does that mean i have diabetes? Continue reading >>
Diabetes And Diabetic Retinopathy: Q&a
Q&A Menu To find the Q&As most helpful to you, please click on one of these subjects: How Does Diabetes Affect Eyes? Q: How does diabetes affect your eyes? — L.L., Connecticut A: Diabetes causes problems in the retina with what are collectively called microvascular abnormalities. The small blood vessels develop microaneurysms and leak blood. New blood vessel growth (neovascularization) occurs. Unfortunately, these blood vessels are weak and also leak. These leaks (hemorrhages) can cause irreversible damage to the retina and permanent vision loss. Patients with controlled diabetes do better than those with uncontrolled diabetes. However, even a person whose diabetes is under perfect control can still develop diabetic retinopathy — hence, the need for yearly retinal exams. — Dr. Slonim Q: Does diabetic retinopathy get progressively worse? — F.R. A: Yes. When left unrecognized and untreated, diabetic retinopathy can get worse and eventually lead to blindness. Diabetic retinopathy can even get worse despite use of the best treatments that currently exist for it. — Dr. Slonim Q: My father has type 2 diabetes and he is seeing double. We went to the hospital about a week ago and they said the diabetes had affected a nerve on the right eye. Can medicine get his sight back to normal? — W.C. A: Diabetes can affect any one of the three cranial nerves that are responsible for movement of the eyes. Diabetes is one of the more common conditions associated with sixth nerve (Abducens nerve) palsies. Paralysis of this nerve affects the lateral rectus muscle that allows the eye to look outward. There is no specific medicine for this. The paralysis can be temporary and last a few months or it can be permanent. — Dr. Slonim Q: Can diabetes cause you to have eye infections suc Continue reading >>
Diabetes Symptoms You Can’t Afford To Ignore & What You Can Do About Them
In the U.S., diabetes — or diabetes mellitus (DM) — is full-blown epidemic, and that’s not hyperbole. An estimated 29 million Americans have some form of diabetes, nearly 10 percent of the population, and even more alarming, the average American has a one in three chance of developing diabetes symptoms at some point in his or her lifetime. (1) The statistics are alarming, and they get even worse. Another 86 million people have prediabetes, with up to 30 percent of them developing type 2 diabetes within five years. And perhaps the most concerning, about a third of people who have diabetes — approximately 8 million adults — are believed to be undiagnosed and unaware. That’s why it’s so vital to understand and recognize diabetes symptoms. And there’s actually good news. While there’s technically no known “cure” for diabetes — whether it’s type 1, type 2 or gestational diabetes — there’s plenty that can be done to help reverse diabetes naturally, control diabetes symptoms and prevent diabetes complications. The Most Common Diabetes Symptoms Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that results from problems controlling the hormone insulin. Diabetes symptoms are a result of higher-than-normal levels of glucose (sugar) in your blood. With type 1 diabetes, symptoms usually develop sooner and at a younger age than with type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes also normally causes more severe symptoms. In fact, because type 2 diabetes signs and symptoms can be minimal in some cases, it sometimes can go diagnosed for a long period of time, causing the problem to worsen and long-term damage to develop. While it’s still not entirely known how this happens, prolonged exposure to high blood sugar can damage nerve fibers that affect the blood vessels, heart, e Continue reading >>
The Anterior Segment Of The Eye In Diabetes
The anterior segment of the eye in diabetes 1Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Nigeria 2Ophthalmology Department, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria Correspondence: CO Adeoti, Department of Ophthalmology, College of Health Sciences, PO Box 979, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria, Tel +234 80 3374 2827, Email [email protected] Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer Copyright 2012 Adeoti et al, publisher and licensee Dove Medical Press Ltd. This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. A prospective study to examine the anterior segment of the eye in patients with diabetes mellitus. The anterior segments of the eyes of 181 patients with diabetes mellitus were examined. The commonest finding in the lids was warts, followed by poliosis and chalazia, and, in the conjunctiva, tortuous conjunctival vessels inferiorly (36.50%), pterygium (14.92%), and pingueculum (14.37%). Corneal sensitivity was reduced in 25 (13.80%) patients. Iris atrophy was the commonest finding in the iris. Dilatation of the pupil was delayed in 34 (18.79%) patients. Cataract was found in 119 (65.75%) patients. Forty-one (22.65%) patients had intraocular pressure greater than 21 mmHg. Seven (3.87%) patients, four (2.21%) patients, and one (0.55%) patient had seventh, third, and fourth palsy, respectively. No patient had sixth nerve palsy. Primary care physicians and other allied health care professionals who are first in contact with patients are enjoined to familiarize themselves with the anterior segment features of diabetes mellitus and take necessary action when they are detected. Keywords: diabetes m Continue reading >>
Diabetes And Infections
For people with diabetes, high blood sugars increase the risk of infections starting and spreading more quickly. High blood sugars also slow down the healing process and make infections more resistant to treatment. The first line of defense when it comes to managing the risk for infections is to manage your blood sugar levels as close to your target range as possible because high blood sugar can slow or limit your body’s ability to fight off infection. Some of the more likely places for infections in people with diabetes include the bladder, vagina, feet, kidneys, skin and gums. The Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism published a study by scientists who explain that the greater frequency of infections in people with diabetes is caused by numerous factors such as: high blood sugar levels that weaken the immune system micro- and macro-angiopathies (blood vessel disease) neuropathy which masks pain signals of an injury decrease in antibacterial activity of urine gastrointestinal and urinary function impairment frequent medical interventions due to other health issues People with diabetes are much more likely than people without diabetes to have a bladder infection which is also known as a urinary tract infection (UTI). UTI infections may involve the ureters, urethra, kidneys or bladder and you may experience pain, tiredness, nausea and fever. If you have a UTI, it is crucial to treat the infection because if not, the bacteria may spread to your kidneys and cause a dangerous kidney infection. An American Diabetes Association (ADA) published article states that more than 50% of men and women with diabetes live with some type of bladder dysfunction which involves symptoms like “urinary urgency, frequency, nocturia, and incontinence.” Early detection and treat Continue reading >>
I Have Frequent And Recurring Stye Problem. Please Advise.
iCliniq Ask a doctor online Medical Forum Ophthalmology (Eye Care) Stye I have frequent and recurring stye problem. Please advise. Q. I have frequent and recurring stye problem. Please advise. I have frequent and recurring stye problem. Please advise. MBBS, ., MS OPHTHALMOLOGY., DNB OPHTHALMOLOGY., FELLOWSHIP IN CATARACT AND PHACOEMULSIFICATION., TRAINING IN Stye is an infective condition of the glands of the eyelids. This is caused by infection with common bacteria like staphylococci. The treatment is mainly by the use of antibiotic eye drops and oral anti-inflammatory drugs. Use of hot compression will provide symptomatic relief. The common causes that need to be ruled out in recurrent stye are, exposure to dust, smoke where there is more chance of infection, frequent rubbing of the eyes with fingers, uncorrected refractive error, general problems like decreased immunity and diabetes. Hence, I advise you to look for these common problems and avoid things like exposure to dust and smoke by wearing protective glasses, and avoid rubbing of the eyes. Washing of the face with clean water and maintaining facial hygiene will be of great help. Healthy diet is very important in preventing frequent infections as consumption of sugar rich diet leads to recurrent infections. Hence, I advise you to consume healthy balanced diet rich in proteins and avoid sugar and sweets. A complete course of antibiotics like Ciprofloxacin 500mg twice a day for 5-7 days will eradicate the bacteria and prevent further recurrences. Inspite of all this, if you are having recurring stye then a few tests like blood sugar level to rule out diabetes, vision testing of the eyes to rule out refractive error have to be done. Revert back to an eyecare ophthalmologist online for further follow up --> Continue reading >>
Diabetes And Your Skin
Proper care, awareness crucial to maintaining healthy skin Skin is the largest organ in your body. Many people with diabetes are more likely to develop skin problems. While some are minor and mainly cosmetic, others can be fatal. “Diabetes tends to dry out the skin as part of the disease process,” said Jeffrey Meffert, MD, program director, dermatology at University Health System’s Diabetes Institute in San Antonio, Texas. “Some of the medications used can make the problem worse.” When blood sugar is high the body loses fluid, causing the skin to become dry. Dry skin in diabetes is related to damage to the nerves that cause sweating, the body’s main lubricating system. Dry skin and infections Dry skin can lead to many major concerns in diabetes. Cracking and peeling results in openings in the skin, allowing bacteria or fungi to enter the body. High levels of sugar in the body are great breeding grounds and reduce your body’s ability to heal itself, increasing the chances an infection may spread. Several different kinds of bacterial infections occur more often in people with diabetes. Among these are: • styes in the glands of the eyelids; • boils; • folliculitis of the hair follicles; • carbuncles — very deep infections of the skin and underlying tissue; and • infections around the nails. “With bacterial infections, you most often first see a redness around the area of the cut or crack,” said Matthew G. Garoufalis, DPM, a podiatrist in private practice in Chicago. “People with diabetes are at a disadvantage because they often will not feel pain, which can be an early warning that an infection is occurring. As it progresses, you may also see drainage from the wound, and it may become warm to the touch.” Fungal infections also are a concer Continue reading >>
9 Surprising Signs Of Diabetes | Care2 Healthy Living
The symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes usually appear in subtle ways. In fact, its typical for people in the early stages of the disease to not realize theres something wrong for about 5 years before theyre diagnosed. Because diabetes can wreak havoc on your health, especially if it goes undiagnosed for too long, its important to know the signs and symptoms before it goes too far. Many of us know the most common symptomsfrequent urination, increased thirst and unusual weight loss, just to name a few. But there are plenty of other, less obvious signs that somethings not quite right. Read on for some of the most surprising symptoms of diabetes. Is your snoring keeping your spouse up at night? Excessive nighttime noise is one symptom of diabetes, and has actually be shown to be a risk factor for developing the disease. One major sleep disorder associated with snoring, obstructive sleep apnea, is a whopping nine times more common in diabetics than in the general population. People with diabetes often feel unusually cold, especially in their hands and feet. This is due to diabetic neuropathy, kidney damage that is the result of diabetes, which causes poor circulation, and thus makes it difficult for your hands and feet to stay warm. Diabetes isnt just a disease of the body, its also a disease of the mind . The low glucose levels that are a hallmark of diabetes can cause all sorts of mental issuesincluding anxiety, apathy, moodiness, impaired judgement and, yes, irritability. Most of us havent wet the bed since we were littlebut people with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are more prone to this embarrassing nighttime leakage. Frequent urination is a common symptom of diabetes and peeing in your sleep isnt necessarily an exception. Poor vision and blindness are often associated with Continue reading >>
An Overview Of The Eye In Diabetes
Anil Negi , MD MRCOphth and Stephen A Vernon , DM FRCOphth Eye and ENT Centre, University Hospital, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK Copyright 2003, The Royal Society of Medicine This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. The three papers in this symposium are based on presentations to an RSM meeting on the Diabetic Eye, held on 9 April 2003. The matter is particularly topical because the National Service Framework for Diabetes calls for a high-quality retinal screening programme. After a review of the various ophthalmic conditions likely to be encountered in diabetic patients (A Negi, S A Vernon) we proceed to the most important, diabetic retinopathy, with a discussion of screening methods (D M Squirrell, J F Talbot) and an account of laser treatments (J G F Dowler). Colour versions of the clinical photographs are available online [ www.jrsm.org ]. Publication was coordinated by Professor Susan Lightman, of Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, UK. Diabetes is one of the world's greatest health challenges and its prevalence appears to be increasing. In the UK some 1.4 million people are known to have diabetes and the number with undiagnosed diabetes is probably similar. Of the known cases, around 200 000 are type 1 and 1.2 million type 2. 1 The increasing prevalence of obesity in the young is expected to cause an epidemic of early-onset type 2 disease in the western world, with a rise in prevalence from the 1995 figure of 51 million to 72 million in 2025. Type 1 diabetes affects young lean people (usually diagnosed at <30 years); they are insulin deficient and always need insulin. Type 2 diabetes tends to affect older obese persons (>30 years but see above); the abnormality is partial insulin deficiency, insulin resistance or both. In both types, m Continue reading >>
Eye Doctor Q And A - Diabetes And Its Effect On The Eyes
Q: How does diabetes affect your eyes? L.L., Connecticut A: Diabetes causes problems in the retina with what are collectively called microvascular abnormalities. The small blood vessels develop microaneurysms and leak blood. New blood vessel growth ( neovascularization ) occurs. Unfortunately, these blood vessels are weak and also leak. These leaks (hemorrhages) can cause irreversible damage to the retina and permanent vision loss. Patients with controlled diabetes do better than those with uncontrolled diabetes. However, even a person whose diabetes is under perfect control can still develop diabetic retinopathy hence, the need for yearly retinal exams. Dr. Slonim Q: Does diabetic retinopathy get progressively worse? F.R. A: Yes. When left unrecognized and untreated, diabetic retinopathy can get worse and eventually lead to blindness. Diabetic retinopathy can even get worse despite use of the best treatments that currently exist for it. Dr. Slonim Q: My father has type 2 diabetes and he is seeing double. We went to the hospital about a week ago and they said the diabetes had affected a nerve on the right eye. Can medicine get his sight back to normal? W.C. A: Diabetes can affect any one of the three cranial nerves that are responsible for movement of the eyes. Diabetes is one of the more common conditions associated with sixth nerve (Abducens nerve) palsies. Paralysis of this nerve affects the lateral rectus muscle that allows the eye to look outward. There is no specific medicine for this. The paralysis can be temporary and last a few months or it can be permanent. Dr. Slonim Q: Can diabetes cause you to have eye infections such as pink eye and frequent styes? K.M. A: That's a great question! Yes, people with diabetes are more likely to get bacterial infections, incl Continue reading >>
Diabetic retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina. This condition causes progressive damage to the retina, the light-sensitive lining at the back of the eye, and if left untreated can potentially cause blindness. Diabetic retinopathy can develop in anyone who has type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes. The longer a patient has had diabetes and the less controlled the blood sugar, the more likely one is to develop diabetic retinopathy. Symptoms include: Seeing spots or floaters in your field of vision Blurred vision Having a dark or empty spot in the center of your vision Difficulty seeing well at night Diabetes Diabetes mellitus is the inability of the body to use and store sugar properly, resulting in high blood sugar levels. It results in changes in the body's veins, arteries and capillaries which in turn affect the body's ability to produce the insulin needed to control blood sugar levels. How Diabetes affects vision? Diabetes may cause: Nonproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR) NPDR is also called background diabetic retinopathy and is the earliest stage of diabetic retinopathy. With NPDR, damaged blood vessels in the retina leak extra fluid and small amounts of blood into the eye. Cholesterol or other fat deposits from blood, called hard exudates, may leak into retina. With NPDR, your central vision is affected by any of the following: Hard exudates on the central retina (macula) Microaneurysms (small bulges in blood vessels of the retina that often leak fluid) Retinal hemorrhages (tiny spots of blood that leak into the retina) Macular edema (swelling/thickening of macula) Macular ischemia (closing of small blood vessels/capillaries) Click here to view a vision simulator for patients experiencing sympto Continue reading >>
Do Recurrent Boils Have Anything To Do With Diabetes?
I am a 43-year-old woman and was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes two years ago. I've always had pretty good skin, but in the past year I've had a problem with boils in my groin area. My job is very stressful at times, and I think this has something to do with when they surface. I've noticed they usually rear their ugly heads between ovulation and my period, and at a time when I'm stressed out and eating poorly, too. My gynecologist has prescribed me antibiotics to treat them twice already this year. Can you please tell me what the connection is between boils and diabetes, and how best to care for them? Continue reading >>