Can Drinking Too Much Soda Pop Increase Diabetes Risk? If So, How?
WHILE many people, some health professionals included, believe that consuming too much sugar causes diabetes, the American Diabetes Association and the scientific community at large have been trying for years to set the record straight. Sugar and other carbohydrates must be limited once a person develops diabetes, they say, but sugar itself doesn't cause the disease; excess weight and physical inactivity are the big lifestyle culprits. Now comes a report that makes the scientific consensus look incorrect and the commonly held "myth" look like reality. In yet another look at tens of thousands of women participating in the Nurses' Health Study, researchers at Harvard have found that those who drank at least one sugary soft drink a day, including fruit punch (as opposed to actual fruit juice) were at about twice the risk for developing adult onset, or type 2, diabetes as those who drank soda pop and other sweetened beverages less often than once a month. The media immediately picked up on it. "Study Links Sugar-Sweetened Soft Drinks and Diabetes" was the way the headline read in the Wall Street Journal. Other news outlets took a similar tack. Is it true? Does sugar, sweet soft drinks in particular, lead to diabetes development? The answer is yes, but no. As the. investigators themselves point out, the women who drank the most soda pop, specifically, those who increased their non-diet soda pop consumption over time, gained significantly more weight than women for whom soda was not a dietary mainstay. They put on more than 10 pounds in 4 years. In other words, much of the increase in diabetes risk came from weight gain rather than sugary beverages per se. Comments Karmeen Kulkarni, MS, RD, president-elect for Health Care and Education for the American Diabetes Association, " Continue reading >>
Soft Drinks And Disease
Soft drinks are the beverage of choice for millions of Americans, but sugary drinks increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and other chronic conditions. People who consume sugary drinks regularly—1 to 2 cans a day or more—have a 26% greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than people who rarely have such drinks. (46) A study that followed 40,000 men for two decades found that those who averaged one can of a sugary beverage per day had a 20% higher risk of having a heart attack or dying from a heart attack than men who rarely consumed sugary drinks. (47) A related study in women found a similar sugary beverage–heart disease link. (48) A 22-year-long study of 80,000 women found that those who consumed a can a day of sugary drink had a 75% higher risk of gout than women who rarely had such drinks. (49) Researchers found a similarly-elevated risk in men. (50) Dr. Frank Hu, Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology at Harvard School of Public Health, recently made a strong case that there is sufficient scientific evidence that decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption will reduce the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related diseases. (51) Video: Watch Dr. Walter Willett discuss sugary drinks and health risks. Soft drinks and diabetes Strong evidence indicates that sugar-sweetened soft drinks contribute to the development of diabetes. The Nurses’ Health Study explored this connection by following the health of more than 90,000 women for eight years. The nurses who said they had one or more servings a day of a sugar-sweetened soft drink or fruit punch were twice as likely to have developed type 2 diabetes during the study than those who rarely had these beverages. (52) Learn more about diabetes. A similar increase in risk of diabetes with increasi Continue reading >>
Can Eating Too Much Sugar Cause Type 2 Diabetes?
Because type 2 diabetes is linked to high levels of sugar in the blood, it may seem logical to assume that eating too much sugar is the cause of the disease. But of course, it’s not that simple. “This has been around for years, this idea that eating too much sugar causes diabetes — but the truth is, type 2 diabetes is a multifactorial disease with many different types of causes,” says Lynn Grieger, RDN, CDE, a nutrition coach in Prescott, Arizona, and a medical reviewer for Everyday Health. “Type 2 diabetes is really complex.” That said, some research does suggest that eating too many sweetened foods can affect type 2 diabetes risk, and with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimating that 30.3 million Americans have the disease — and that millions of more individuals are projected to develop it, too — understanding all the risk factors for the disease, including sugar consumption, is essential to help reverse the diabetes epidemic. The Sugar and Type 2 Diabetes Story: Not So Sweet After the suspicion that sugar was the cause of diabetes, the scientific community pointed its finger at carbohydrates. That makes sense, notes Grieger, explaining that simple and complex carbohydrates are both metabolized as sugar, leading blood sugar levels to fluctuate. Yet carbs are processed differently in the body based on their type: While simple carbs are digested and metabolized quickly, complex carbs take longer to go through this system, resulting in more stable blood sugar. “It comes down to their chemical forms: A simple carbohydrate has a simpler chemical makeup, so it doesn’t take as much for it to be digested, whereas the complex ones take a little longer,” Grieger explains. Sources of complex carbohydrates include whole-wheat bread an Continue reading >>
Even If You're Lean, 1 Soda Per Day Ups Your Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes
It's true that being overweight or obese is a leading risk factor for developing Type 2 diabetes. But attention, skinny and normal-weight people: You may be vulnerable, too. Lots of lifestyle choices influence the risk of diabetes: everything from whether you smoke to how much you exercise (or don't). It turns out, what you choose to drink is also a risk factor. A new study published in the British Medical Journal finds that people in the habit of drinking one sugar-sweetened beverage — such as a soda or sweetened tea — every day had an 18 percent increased risk of developing the disease over a decade. That's compared with people who steer clear of sugary beverages. The researchers reached this estimate by pooling data from 17 previously published studies that had evaluated the link between sugary drinks and diabetes risk. And here's what upends conventional thinking: After the researchers adjusted their estimates for body weight, they found that — even for thin or normal-weight people — one sugary drink per day was associated with a 13 percent increased risk. "So even if people are lean, if they continue consuming sugar-sweetened beverages, they have a greater likelihood of developing Type 2 diabetes," study author Fumiaki Imamura, of the University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, told us. The studies he looked at were observational, so they can't prove cause and effect. But the link between sugary drinks and diabetes is solid, since researchers say they understand the biological mechanisms of how too much sugar can overwork the endocrine system. As we've reported, big soda companies including Coca-Cola and Pepsi have agreed to market more water and low-calorie beverages. And they've pledged to cut back on portions, too. But it's not clear that making Continue reading >>
One Sugar-sweetened Soda A Day Boosts Diabetes Risk
One Sugar-Sweetened Soda A Day Boosts Diabetes Risk All it takes is one can of soda to increase risk of type 2 diabetes by 22%, according to a new study. In the study published in Diabetologia, researchers studied diet and drinking habits of about 28,500 people from Britain, Germany , Denmark,Italy, Spain , Sweden,France, Italy, and the Netherlands over a period of 15 years. Those who consumed a 12 oz serving of a sugared-beverage on average daily about the size of a soda can had a greater risk of developing diabetes compared to people who drank a can once a month or less. (MORE: Sugary Beverages Linked to 180,000 Deaths Worldwide ) The results are in line with other data from the U.S. that linked sugar-sweetened beverages like sodas and fruit juices with an increased risk of heart disease and diabetes. But the relationship is still an association, and does not establish that sugared beverages cause diabetes. The reason for the connection reflects the complex interaction among eating habits, body weight and other metabolic factors that contribute to the disease. In the current analysis, for example, the increased risk of diabetes only appeared among those drinking sugared sodas daily, and not among those who consumed fruit juices. But the association remained even after the scientists took into account the participantsbody mass index (BMI) and the total amount of calories they ate in a day, they still recorded an 18% increased risk of type 2 diabetes among the frequent soda drinkers. That suggests that the contribution of sugared drinks to diabetes risk may extend beyond its effect on weight the researchers found that even those who drank artificially sweetened soft drinks appeared to show an increased risk of diabetes, which disappeared once they adjusted for the infl Continue reading >>
Sugary Drinks May Raise Diabetes Risk
(ISTOCKPHOTO) Drinking colas and other sugary drinks is tied to an increased risk of pre-diabetes, but diet soda is not, a recent study suggests. Previous studies on the link between diet sodas and diabetes have been mixed; some research pointing to a potential connection has suggested this relationship may be explained at least in part by soda drinkers being overweight or obese. In the new study, however, adults who routinely consumed at least one can of soda or other sugar-sweetened beverages a day were 46 percent more likely to develop elevated blood-sugar levels than people who rarely or never drink cola. “Emphasis should be placed on substituting sugar-sweetened beverages with water, unsweetened teas or coffee,” said senior study author Nicola McKeown, a nutrition researcher at Tufts University in Boston. “For daily consumers of sugary drinks, kicking the habit may be a difficult challenge, and incorporating an occasional diet soda, while increasing fluids from other sources, may be the best strategy to ultimately remove sugar-sweetened beverages from the diet,” McKeown added by email. Globally, about 1 in 9 adults have diabetes, and the disease will be the seventh-leading cause of death by 2030, according to the World Health Organization. Most of these people have Type 2, or adult-onset, diabetes, which happens when the body can’t properly use or make enough of the hormone insulin to convert blood sugar into energy. People with blood sugar levels that are slightly elevated, but not high enough for a diabetes diagnosis, are sometimes described as having “pre-diabetes” because many will go on to develop diabetes. In the current study, researchers examined data collected on 1,685 middle-aged adults over about 14 years. At the start of the study, none of Continue reading >>
13 Ways That Sugary Soda Is Bad For Your Health
13 Ways That Sugary Soda is Bad For Your Health When consumed in excess, added sugar can have disastrous effects on your health. However, some sources of sugar are worse than others... and sugary drinks are the worst, by far. This primarily applies to sugary soda, but also to fruit juices, highly sweetened coffees and other sources of liquid sugar. Here are 13 reasons to avoid soda (and other sugary drinks) like the plague. 1. Sugary Drinks Do Not Make You Feel Full and Are Strongly Linked to Weight Gain Added sugar is highly fattening... and liquid sugar even more so. One of the reasons for this, is that sugar supplies large amounts of the simple sugar fructose, which does not lower the hunger hormone ghrelin in the same way as glucose, the main carb found in starchy foods ( 1 ). Studies have also shown that fructose does not seem to stimulate the satiety centers in the brain in the same way as glucose ( 2 ). The brain is actually supposed to regulate your calorie intake. If you eat more of one food (like potatoes), you should automatically eat less of something else instead. Liquid sugar doesn't work in this way... when people consume it, they usually add it on top of the total calorie intake ( 3 ). In other words, sugary drinks don't make you feel full, so you eat the same amount of food as before, but with a whole lot of extra sugar calories on the side ( 4 , 5 ). In one study, people who added soda on top of their current diet ended up consuming 17% more calories than before. That is a huge amount, which could easily lead to obesity over a few years ( 6 ). Not surprisingly, studies have shown that people who drink sugar-sweetened beverages consistently gain more weight than people who don't ( 7 , 8 , 9 ). In one study in children, each daily serving of sugar-sweet Continue reading >>
Daily Can Of Soda Boosts Odds For Prediabetes
HealthDay Reporter THURSDAY, Nov. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Drinking a can of sugary soda every day can dramatically heighten a person's risk of developing prediabetes, a "warning sign" condition that precedes full-blown type 2 diabetes, a new study reports. A person who drinks a daily can of sugar-sweetened beverage has a 46 percent increased risk of developing prediabetes, said senior researcher Nicola McKeown, a scientist with the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University in Boston. However, a can of diet soda every day does not boost prediabetes risk, the researchers found. The results show how regular sugar intake can batter a person's body on a cellular level, McKeown said. Cells require the hormone insulin to break down sugar into energy, she said. But too much sugar in the diet can overexpose the cells to insulin. "This constant spike in blood glucose over time leads to the cells not becoming able to properly respond, and that's the beginning of insulin resistance," McKeown said. Once insulin resistance starts, blood sugar levels rise to levels that are damaging to every major system in the body. Prediabetes is an important landmark on the way to type 2 diabetes, McKeown said. It means a person has elevated blood sugar -- a sign of increasing insulin resistance -- but has not entered full-blown type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is reversible if a person cuts back on sugar. Sugar-sweetened beverages are the leading source of added sugar in the American diet, the authors said in background notes. These results show cutting back on sugary drinks is "a modifiable dietary factor that could have an impact on that progression from prediabetes to diabetes," McKeown said. For this study, McKeown and her colleagues analyzed 14 years of dat Continue reading >>
Is Diet Soda Safe For Diabetes?
Managing blood sugar levels is an everyday goal for people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. While eating sugar doesn’t cause either type of diabetes, keeping tabs on carbohydrate and sugar intake is an important part of managing both types of diabetes. Eating healthfully can also reduce your risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Being overweight or obese is linked to the development of type 2 diabetes. In fact, obesity is one of the leading causes of type 2 diabetes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than one-third of American adults are considered obese. Obesity puts you at risk for diabetes, as well as other troublesome conditions. Eating processed foods that are high in sugar, unhealthy fats, and empty calories increases your risk of gaining too much weight. Drinking sugary drinks is also a risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes. If you are working to keep your blood sugar in check or manage your weight, you might choose diet soda. Low in calories and sugar, diet sodas appear to be a good alternative to sugary drinks. Diet coke and A&W’s diet root beer, for example, claim to be entirely sugar-free. Unfortunately, even though they contain no actual sugar, they are loaded with artificial sweeteners and other unhealthy additives. At one time, there was much debate over the safety of artificial sweeteners. Many feared that these sweeteners caused certain types of cancer. Studies performed in the 1970s suggested that the artificial sweetener saccharin was linked to bladder cancer. Since that time, however, saccharin has been deemed safe. Both the National Cancer Institute and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) consider the sweetener nontoxic. Aspartame, another common yet controversial sweetener, has also gained clearance fo Continue reading >>
How Soda Impacts Diabetes Risk
Sweetened sodas are hugely popular throughout America. Because they are consumed in such volume, any negative health effects should be thoroughly investigated. In this article, we ask whether soda does indeed increase the risk of diabetes. The average can of soda is roughly 20 ounces and contains 15-18 teaspoons of sugar and more than 240 calories. These high levels of quick-digesting carbs do not lower calorie intake at mealtimes. In other words, they are an addition to the daily calorie intake, rather than a replacement. In modern society, the effects of this excessive energy intake are worsened by people's lower levels of physical activity. Because of sedentary lifestyles, the energy sodas provide is often not needed and is stored in the body instead. Contents of this article: Here are some key points about soda and diabetes. More detail and supporting information is in the main article. Although there is a link between diabetes and soda consumption, the reasons why are still unclear Soda that is cola-flavored my carry additional risks Some studies show a relationship between excess soda in the diet and heart problems Soda and diabetes People who drink one, two, or more cans of soda a day are much more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than people who rarely drink soda. In fact, according to a study published in 2010, the risk of developing diabetes is 26 percent higher for people who have one or more sugary drinks each day. Young adults and Asians who consume one or more sweetened drinks daily are at an even greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes. How does drinking sweetened drinks lead to diabetes? Drinking too many sweetened drinks means that the body stores excess energy in the form fat, so, drinking too much soda can play a part in people becoming overweight Continue reading >>
Do You Drink Soda Every Day?
Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy Concerns are building about sugary beverages and their association with obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart disease. These concerns have fueled heated debate in New York City. In June 2012, New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg proposed a citywide ban on super-sized sodas . Then, in March 2013, a judge struck down the proposed limits , one day before they were to take effect. A recent, high-profile study in the journal PLoS Medicine found that soda-pop marketers, taking a cue from the cigarette industry, are trying to subvert sodas health risks with public-service campaigns promoting exercise and worthy community projects. But whats the harm in drinking soda in moderationsay, a can a day? According to Adam Bernstein, MD, DSc , of Cleveland Clinics Wellness Institute, even that amounteven if its diet sodacan hurt your health. You need to try to taper off as best you can, he says. If youre drinking a 20-ounce bottle of soda a day, try a 12-ounce bottle instead. If youre drinking two sodas a day, try one. Dr. Bernstein is the lead author of a study recently published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition that found that daily soda consumption is directly linked to an increased risk of stroke . Consuming one can of soda per day, either sugar-sweetened or diet, increased a persons risk of stroke over time by 16 percent. The increase occurred regardless of whether subjects were overweight, exercised regularly, or were smokers or non-smokers. And the stroke risk increased for each additional can of soda per day that a subject drank. With that data in hand, Bernstein re Continue reading >>
5 Answers - How Long Would It Take To Become Diabetic If You Drink Over Two Litres Of Cola A Day? - Quora
How long would it take to become diabetic if you drink over two litres of cola a day? Tricky question with no definitive answer - i.e. it's not like you can say '117 days, yep, 117 days of drinking 2L of Coke a day will give you type 2 diabetes!' Research has shown a close association between sugar intake and development of type 2 diabetes. The more sugar in the diet, the higher the risk of type 2 diabetes. Sugar has become perhaps the most discussed dietary issue in recent years with more and more research studies linking the effects of sugar to greater risks of obesity and type 2 diabetes . Sugar is a form of carbohydrate that will quickly affect your blood sugar levels if you have diabetes. All carbohydrate raises blood glucose levels and sugar has a very quick effect. It is therefore important not to have too much sugar in your daily diet. Type 2 diabetes was once referred to as sugar diabetes - because sugar is at the heart of the problem. For somebody with (T2) diabetes, it is the total sugar burden from any of the three sources (natural, added or as a product of the digestion of complex carbohydrate) which need taking into account to keep blood glucose levels low. This doesnt mean that type 2 diabetes is necessarily caused by eating too much sugar although sugar intake is one of the most important factors. Others include stress, lack of exercise and a genetic predisposition. Sugar provides energy but has no other nutritional value. Sugar is therefore often referred to as empty calories. Sugar raises blood glucose levels quickly and requires insulin to be produced (or taken by injection) as high blood glucose levels over time cause damage. Insulin causes the cells of your body to take up the free glucose in your bloodstream. So having too much sugar means having Continue reading >>
Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic disease marked by higher-than-normal levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood. It is caused by the body’s inability to produce or use insulin, a hormone that acts to move glucose out of the blood and into cells to be used as energy. There are two types of diabetes: • Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, is an autoimmune disease in which the body does not produce the hormone insulin. There is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes, which represents 5% of diabetes cases. • Type 2 diabetes is the most common form, representing about 95% of all diabetes cases. It usually begins with insulin resistance, where the body does not use insulin properly. At first, the pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But over time, the pancreas loses its ability to produce enough insulin to keep blood sugar at normal levels. Type 2 diabetes is preventable. Prediabetes, also referred to as impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose, is a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. People with prediabetes have a much higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, as well as an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Without intervention efforts, up to 30 percent of people with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within five years5, and up to 70 percent will develop diabetes within their lifetime6. A 2016 study by UCLA found 13 million adults (46 percent of all adults in California) to have prediabetes or undiagnosed diabetes. An additional 2.5 million adults have diagnosed diabetes. Altogether, 15.5 million adults (55 percent of all California adults) have prediabetes or diabetes.7 Liquid sugar is a unique driver of today’s skyrocketing type 2 diabetes and obes Continue reading >>
One Can Of Soda A Day Raises Diabetes Risk, Study Suggests
Shutterstock By: Rachael Rettner, MyHealthNewsDaily Senior Writer Published: 04/24/2013 06:05 PM EDT on MyHealthNewsDaily Drinking just one 12-ounce soda a day may increase the risk of Type 2 diabetes, a new study from Europe suggests. In the study, people who drank a 12-ounce sugar-sweetened soda daily were 18 percent more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes over a 16-year period compared with those who did not consume soda. And people who drank two sodas daily were 18 percent more likely to have a stroke than those who drank one; those who drank three sodas daily saw the same risk increase compared with those who drank two, and so on. The results held even after the researchers took into account risk factors for Type 2 diabetes such as age and physical activity levels, body mass index (BMI) and the total daily calorie intake. The findings agree with earlier studies in the United States, which found daily soda consumption increased the risk of Type 2 diabetes by 25 percent. However, the study found only an association, and cannot prove soda consumption causes Type 2 diabetes. It’s possible other factors not accounted for by the study influenced the disease risk. In addition, participants answered questions about their diet just once at the study’s start, and it’s possible they changed their diets over time, the researchers said. The researchers analyzed information from about 12,000 people who developed Type 2 diabetes between 1991 and 2007, and a randomly selected group of about 15,000 people, most of whom did not develop diabetes. All participants were taking part in a larger study looking into the interaction between diet, environmental factors and the risk of cancer and chronic diseases conducted in eight European countries. People who drank one or more glasses Continue reading >>
Daily Soda May Raise Diabetes Risk
Drinking just one 12-ounce soda a day may increase the risk of Type 2 diabetes, a new study from Europe suggests. In the study, people who drank a 12-ounce sugar-sweetened soda daily were 18 percent more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes over a 16-year period compared with those who did not consume soda. And people who drank two sodas daily were 18 percent more likely to have a stroke than those who drank one; those who drank three sodas daily saw the same risk increase compared with those who drank two, and so on. The results held even after the researchers took into account risk factors for Type 2 diabetes such as age and physical activity levels, body mass index (BMI) and the total daily calorie intake. The findings agree with earlier studies in the United States, which found daily soda consumption increased the risk of Type 2 diabetes by 25 percent. However, the study found only an association, and cannot prove soda consumption causes Type 2 diabetes. It's possible other factors not accounted for by the study influenced the disease risk. In addition, participants answered questions about their diet just once at the study's start, and it's possible they changed their diets over time, the researchers said. The researchers analyzed information from about 12,000 people who developed Type 2 diabetes between 1991 and 2007, and a randomly selected group of about 15,000 people, most of whom did not develop diabetes. All participants were taking part in a larger study looking into the interaction between diet, environmental factors and the risk of cancer and chronic diseases conducted in eight European countries. People who drank one or more glasses of sugar-sweetened soda a day were about 30 percent more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes than those who drank less than one Continue reading >>