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Can Pneumonia Shot Cause High Blood Sugar

Seniors: Pneumonia Shots Can Be Critical To Health

Seniors: Pneumonia Shots Can Be Critical To Health

Seniors: Pneumonia Shots Can Be Critical to Health Seniors: Pneumonia Shots Can Be Critical to Health On the radio this morning, there was a short piece done on the importance of seniors getting a pneumonia shot. Senior Health Advisor Your healthcare provider may recommend the shot if: * You are scheduled to have chemotherapy (have the shot at least 2 weeks before chemotherapy starts). * You have diabetes, heart disease, chronic lung disease, kidney disease, or liver disease. * You have leukemia, Hodgkin's disease, multiple myeloma, or lymphoma. * You have HIV/AIDS, an organ transplant, or another condition that has weakened your immune system. You should have no more than 2 shots of the pneumonia vaccine in your lifetime. The shots should be given at least 5 years apart." Don't get the vaccination if you have an allergic reaction to mercury or are a smoker. Primary doctor would not give 79 year old sister penumonia shot. He said that the administration said no shots for those over 65. Is this true? Pat Elliott HERWriter Guide (reply to Anonymous) Anon - The Centers for Disease Control recommend the pneumonia vaccine for all adults age 65 and older. Here are the specific recommendations: The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, PCV or Prevnar is currently recommended for use in children under the age of 2 years. Pneumovax and Pnu-Immune are 23-valent polysaccharide vaccines (PPVSV) that are currently recommended for use in all adults who are older than 65 years of age and for persons who are 2 years and older and at high risk for disease (e.g., sickle cell disease, HIV infection, or other immunocompromising conditions). Please see the following link for information on Pneumococcal Disease and government recommendations for the pheumococcal vaccine. You may want to print it Continue reading >>

3 Vaccinations You Need If You Have Diabetes

3 Vaccinations You Need If You Have Diabetes

Thinkstock Staying healthy with diabetes is about more than just controlling your blood sugar. Keeping up-to-date on vaccinations, like flu shots, is also an important part of diabetes management. “People with diabetes typically don’t handle infections as well,” says William Schaffner, MD, an infectious disease specialist and professor of preventive medicine at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee. Diabetes can cause an altered immune response that increases the susceptibility to and severity of infections, such as the flu, Dr. Schaffner says. “We also know that blood sugar levels can be negatively affected when a person with diabetes is under physiologic stress like infection,” he adds. In addition, "people with diabetes are at higher risk of complications from many vaccine-preventable illnesses, so why not focus on prevention?” asks Deborah Malkoff-Cohen, RD, a dietitian and certified diabetes educator in private practice in New York City. Your Vaccination To-Do List The three most important vaccines for people with diabetes are: Flu: If you have diabetes, you should be at the head of the line when the annual flu shot becomes available, says Schaffner. “People with all forms of diabetes are more likely to become infected and are more susceptible to complications of flu,” he says. “An illness like influenza can raise blood glucose to alarmingly high levels and be dangerous," Malkoff-Cohen adds. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends getting a flu shot as soon as it becomes available, usually by October. However, as long as the flu is circulating, it’s never too late in the season to get vaccinated. “Before and during flu season, there are abundant reminders in most pharmacies that say ‘get your flu shot.’ If y Continue reading >>

Should I Get A Flu Shot If I Have Diabetes?

Should I Get A Flu Shot If I Have Diabetes?

Having type 1 or type 2 diabetes puts you at increased risk of illness because elevated blood sugar weakens the immune system. Getting an annual flu shot is the best way to protect yourself. Fall is here, and that means that along with pumpkins and hay rides, it’s influenza (flu) season—which can last until May. For those with diabetes, flu isn’t just a drag: It can result in hospitalization, and occasionally even death. Fortunately, a vaccine can slash your risk of the illness by an estimated 40-60%, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The flu shot also lowers your chances of hospitalization, which is most common in flu patients with chronic conditions like diabetes. The vaccine can also “prevent major respiratory infections during the flu season,” says Kavita Seetharaman, MD, staff physician at Joslin Diabetes Center, a Boston-based non-profit affiliated with Harvard Medical School. Why Is the Flu So Dangerous for People with Diabetes? “As with any other infection, the flu virus can cause inflammation, congestion, and mucus production in the respiratory tract,” as well as cough, fever, and even breathing difficulties, Dr. Seetharaman says. But for diabetes patients, there’s another risk. “When patients with diabetes are not feeling well,” due to illness, infection, or injury, “they can become more insulin resistant. Blood sugar rises [even if patients aren’t eating], and ketones can develop,” she explains. Ketones are chemicals that are produced when there’s not enough glucose (sugar) to fuel the metabolism; the presence of ketones (which can be detected with over-the-counter test strips) indicate that the body is using fat for energy. Patients with diabetes can accumulate ketones in the blood, which can make Continue reading >>

Diabetes And The Flu

Diabetes And The Flu

Diabetes can turn a simple case of the flu into a serious problem. "People who have diabetes are three times more likely to be hospitalized if they get the flu," says Helena Duffy, CDE, a nurse practitioner at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City. Diabetes can weaken your immune system and make it harder for your body to fight off the influenza virus, she says. The flu can affect your blood sugar levels. You're also at higher risk for pneumonia. And if you're not eating well while you're sick, you could be at risk for hypoglycemia. Get a Flu Shot for Prevention The best way to protect yourself is to get a flu shot at the beginning of every flu season. Avoid the nasal flu vaccine, which has not been extensively studied in people with diabetes (PWDs). Ask people living in your house to get a flu vaccine, too. PWDs also should get the pneumococcal vaccine to protect against pneumonia. If you have diabetes, ask your doctor about getting a second shot five to 10 years after the first. When You Have Diabetes and the Flu If you do get sick, ask your doctor about Tamiflu (oseltavimir), a prescription antiviral medication that can ease symptoms and shorten the duration of your illness. For best results, take it as soon as you notice symptoms. It's also important to pay close attention to your blood glucose levels. "Check your blood glucose every two to four hours, and record your readings," Duffy says. "If your blood sugar remains high or gets too low, call your doctor." Duffy says people with type 1 diabetes who feel ill and have a blood glucose reading over 250 mg/dl should test for ketones in the urine. Left untreated, excessive ketones can result in ketoacidosis, a dangerous condition that occurs when fat is burned for energy instead of glucose. If you have the flu, do Continue reading >>

4 Surprising Reasons For Blood Sugar Swings

4 Surprising Reasons For Blood Sugar Swings

Managing diabetes means being prepared for unexpected blood sugar changes. Certain foods and drinks are often to blame, but not always. Seemingly simple facts of everyday life can sometimes kick your sugar out of whack, too. Stress. When you're under stress, certain hormones send nutrients, including sugar, into the bloodstream to prepare your body for action. For people with diabetes, that stress response can equal a spike in blood sugar. It can also trigger poor eating habits, whether it's eating too little or eating too much. Do you suspect stress raises your blood sugar? Every time you check your sugar for the next 2 weeks, rate your stress on a scale from one to 10 and write down both your rating and your blood sugar. If you see a connection between the two, it's time to manage your stress. "Find some time that's just yours. Take a walk, ride a bike, or take regular breaks to unwind," says Linda M. Siminerio, RN, PhD, CDE. She's the director of the University of Pittsburgh Diabetes Institute. Tossing and Turning. "Sleep disorders, lack of sleep, and interrupted sleep can raise blood sugars," says Pamela Allweiss, MD, MPH. She's a medical officer in the division of diabetes translation at the CDC. People with diabetes who have trouble falling asleep or who wake up in the night several times a week have higher fasting blood sugar than those who get a better night's sleep. If you have insomnia, get it treated. Sick Days. Cold, flu, or any infection is a physical stress that can hike blood sugar just like mental stress. To top it off, the sugar and alcohol in some cold medicines can boost blood sugar, while the illness itself can kill your appetite and bring your levels down. When you're sick, check your blood sugar every 2 to 4 hours, and test your blood or urine for Continue reading >>

Why People With Diabetes Need A Flu Shot

Why People With Diabetes Need A Flu Shot

If you have any form of diabetes, even if its well-controlled, I strongly recommend you get the flu vaccine . Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy Heres why. Everyone has the chance to get the flu . If you have diabetes , your immune system is already weakened. Taking extra precautions is important because your overall risk for catching the flu is higher than those who dont have it. For the same reason, you are also more likely to have complications from the flu. Even more fundamentally, if you have diabetes, it is so important that you take active steps to keep it under control. This can help protect you from a range of more serious health problems, including those that can all spiral from the flu. A few exceptions apply. You should not get a flu vaccine if you have ever had an allergic reaction to the flu vaccine in the past, if you are allergic to eggs or if you currently have symptoms of flu or common cold. Why inadequately controlled diabetes heightens risk Uncontrolled or less controlled diabetes and flu do not play well together. Heres how this duo can affect your health: The immune system of people with uncontrolled or less controlled diabetes is weakened. For this reason, they are more likely to develop complications of flu even potentially life-threatening conditions, such as bacterial pneumonia. The risk of pneumonia in people with diabetes is even greater if they have other chronic conditions, including chronic kidney disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) . Flu and infections can worsen blood glucose control and exacerbate diabetes symptoms, particularly in people whose diabetes is less controlled. Th Continue reading >>

Type 2 Diabetes And Flu: Does Illness Influence Blood Sugar Levels?

Type 2 Diabetes And Flu: Does Illness Influence Blood Sugar Levels?

Nobody likes getting sick. Cos' let's face it, there are few things more miserable than being confined to a bed or couch struggling to breathe and carry out daily activities. And unfortunately, diabetes increases risk of illness of many kinds, including the flu. The reason this happens is because elevated blood sugar levels weaken the immune system, making it more susceptible to infection. And on the opposite side, infections raise blood sugar levels because as the immune system is mounting it’s attack, it needs energy to fight infection. So catching the flu can result in a bit of a vicious cycle. What is the Flu? Influenza is a viral infection that affects millions of people each year. It is a notoriously contagious respiratory illness that commonly infects the nose, throat and lungs. It spreads from person to person through droplets expectorated when people cough, sneeze or talk. Additionally, if these small droplets are on surfaces (counters, handles etc), people can touch them, then touch their face and infect themselves. People may be infected and infect others before they even know they’re sick and even after they’ve begun feeling better. Generally people are contagious for about a week, though this obviously will vary depending on the person. Once a person is infected, symptoms show up within 1-4 days. Symptoms of influenza Please note, not everyone will get all of these symptoms and some of them can be symptoms of other disease. If you have any of these signs, you should schedule a doctor’s visit for proper diagnosis. Symptoms of influenza include: Fever/chills Cough Sore throat Runny nose Body aches Headaches Fatigue Flushed skin Vomiting and diarrhea Complications of influenza Complications of influenza can include: Pneumonia Ear infections Sinus Infec Continue reading >>

Flu & Diabetes | Risks & Advice | Flu Jabs | Dfaf

Flu & Diabetes | Risks & Advice | Flu Jabs | Dfaf

This section is intended for healthcare professionals and associated healthcare employees in the UK only this includes GPs, nurses, practice managers, GP practice administration support, pharmacists and pharmacy counter assistants. If you are not a healthcare professional or healthcare employee, you should not enter this section information regarding flu can be found on the main website. I AM A HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONAL OR ASSOCIATED EMPLOYEE I AM NOT A HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONAL OR ASSOCIATED EMPLOYEE While catching flu is never a pleasant experience, it can have more serious implications if you have a condition such as diabetes. If you have diabetes you are at greater risk of catching flu, as having diabetes makes it harder for your body to fight off the virus1. This applies to all types of diabetes (Type 1, Type 2 and diet-controlled diabetes)2. You are also at greater risk of developing complications such as pneumonia, as your body is under increased stress1. And for people with diabetes, having flu can also affect your blood sugar levels, increasing your risk of developing short-term complications such as ketoacidosis and hyperglycaemia1. So its important to test your blood sugar more regularly than normal if you do get flu1. If you catch or develop flu, its also worth considering that some over-the-counter medications contain high levels of sugar, which could affect your blood sugar management1. Your pharmacist will be able to advise you on which medications you should or shouldnt take. The flu viruses predominantly circulate during the winter. So you should think about how to help protect yourself as the flu season approaches. Vaccination is the most effective way to avoid developing the flu3, and if you have diabetes, you are eligible for a free flu vaccination on t Continue reading >>

The Truth About Flu Shots

The Truth About Flu Shots

**Editors Note: This article is based on current recommendations and research from the CDC . We encourage everyone to consult their doctor whenmaking personal health decisions. I got my flu shot in a Target CVS this year. I went in to pick up my insulin from the pharmacy, and when the pharmacist asked if Id like to get a flu shot I agreed. Id been meaning to anyway. Within 2 minutes Id filled out the necessary paperwork and she gave me the injection. Unfortunately, she hit a vein when she took the needle out, blood was dripping down my arm right in the middle of a public area of Target. The pharmacist was embarrassed and worried that Id be upset, but with 15 years as a Type 1 diabetic under my belt, this felt like a pretty average day. I laughed, thanked her, and left with a $5 gift card. A win-win, because I know how important it is to get a flu shot as a T1D. No doubt, your healthcare professional has urged you to get a flu vaccine. In the United States, flu vaccines are recommended for everyone over 6 months old but if you have diabetes, getting vaccinated is especially important ( CDC ). Dr. Marina Basina, an endocrinologist at Stanford explains that If a person with diabetes gets the flu, it becomes much more difficult to manage blood sugars any infection will elevate blood sugars and increase variability in the readings and resistance to insulin. On the other hand, fevers, sweats and poor appetite may lead to low blood sugars, or ketone formation even in the setting of normal blood sugars. Furthermore, DKA is more frequent in the setting of flu even when blood sugars are not significantly elevated. Flu shots are a safe, inexpensive and effective way to lower your risk ofgetting sick. One study found that flu vaccination is associated with a 79% lower rate of hosp Continue reading >>

Vaccine Information For Adults

Vaccine Information For Adults

Each year thousands of adults in the United States get sick from diseases that could be prevented by vaccines — some people are hospitalized, and some even die. People with diabetes (both type 1 and type 2) are at higher risk for serious problems from certain vaccine-preventable diseases. Getting vaccinated is an important step in staying healthy. If you have diabetes, talk with your doctor about getting your vaccinations up-to-date. Why Vaccines are Important for You Diabetes, even if well managed, can make it harder for your immune system to fight infections, so you may be at risk for more serious complications from an illness compared to people without diabetes. Some illnesses, like influenza, can raise your blood glucose to dangerously high levels. People with diabetes have higher rates of hepatitis B than the rest of the population. Outbreaks of hepatitis B associated with blood glucose monitoring procedures have happened among people with diabetes. People with diabetes are at increased risk for death from pneumonia (lung infection), bacteremia (blood infection) and meningitis (infection of the lining of the brain and spinal cord). Immunization provides the best protection against vaccine-preventable diseases. Vaccines are one of the safest ways for you to protect your health, even if you are taking prescription medications. Vaccine side effects are usually mild and go away on their own. Severe side effects are very rare. Vaccines You Need There may be other vaccines recommended for you based on your lifestyle, travel habits, and other factors. Take the Adult Vaccine Quiz and talk with your healthcare professional about which vaccines are right for you. Getting Vaccinated You regularly see your provider for diabetes care, and that is a great place to start! If yo Continue reading >>

Pneumococcal Vaccination Side Effects And Recommendations Patient Comments: Pneumococcal Vaccination (pneumonia Vaccine) - Side Effects - Viewers Share Their Medical Experiences - Medicinenet

Pneumococcal Vaccination Side Effects And Recommendations Patient Comments: Pneumococcal Vaccination (pneumonia Vaccine) - Side Effects - Viewers Share Their Medical Experiences - Medicinenet

Did you experience any side effects from the pneumonia vaccine? Submit Your Comment Comment from: Kat, 45-54 Female (Patient) Published: April 24 I got my pneumonia vaccine shot on April 19th, 2018. Other than mild soreness in the injection area, I have full mobility in my arm, no stiffness, no itching , swelling or redness. I'm not coughing or feverish. In some of the comments that I am reading some are saying that they'll never take the shot again, but my doctor told me that it's a one shot deal, good for life. Comment from: TFryer, 65-74 Female (Patient) Published: April 24 I am a 66 year old woman with asthma and a history of pneumonia . I got the Prevnar 13 vaccine on 3/21/18 and experienced severe pain and redness of my entire forearm for 4 days after the pneumonia vaccine. The day after receiving it, I ran a high fever of around 102 degrees. One week later, I started experiencing pain on the left side of my neck and left ear (the vaccine was in my left arm). After going to my primary care doctor and dentist to try and determine the cause of the pain in my left ear (which no one did), I finally had to get a massage and chiropractic adjustment. A week and a half later, I went to an ENT. After a thorough examination, he agreed that I was having a reaction to the vaccine. He put me on muscle relaxers, steroids and Ibuprofen for a week, which gave me relief, but after finishing the medicines, the pain and discomfort resumed. He is now referring me to a physiotherapist for myofascial pain management. Wow, if I had known I would be suffering like this for over a month, I would never have gotten the vaccine. Never again. I would rather take my chances with pneumonia! Comment from: Concerned daughter, 65-74 Female ( Caregiver ) Published: March 16 Prevnar 13 can be a dan Continue reading >>

Get Your Flu And Pneumonia Shots

Get Your Flu And Pneumonia Shots

Flu season is getting under way, and if you have not done so already this year, it’s time to get your flu shot. People with diabetes age 2 and older will also benefit from being vaccinated against pneumonia. According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), “Every person with diabetes needs a flu shot each year.” The ADA also recommends that people with diabetes encourage the people they live with or spend a lot of time with to be vaccinated as well—this will decrease their chances of being exposed to the flu by the people around them. People who have diabetes should be vaccinated against the flu by injection, not by the nasal-spray flu vaccine (also called the Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine, or “LAIV,” brand name FluMist). That’s because the nasal-spray vaccine contains weakened live viruses (unlike the injection, which contains killed viruses), and therefore is not appropriate for people with diabetes, who are at higher risk of developing influenza-related complications. The sooner you can be vaccinated the better, since the flu shot takes about two weeks to take effect in the body. However, if you have a cold or other respiratory illness, wait until you have recovered to get a shot. Also, people who are allergic to eggs should not get a flu shot because the viruses used in the vaccine are grown in hens’ eggs. To find out where flu shots are available near you, click here to visit The American Lung Association’s Flu Clinic Locator Site. At the site, you can also sign up to have a yearly vaccination reminder e-mailed to you. If you have questions about the flu vaccine, check out the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Q&A page on the subject. Getting a pneumococcal vaccine (often referred to as the “pneumonia” shot), is also part Continue reading >>

Elevated Bg From Flu Shot?

Elevated Bg From Flu Shot?

I had been struggling with my BG for several weeks. I was so frustrated. Well I kept adjusting my basal rates and now have everything back to where they should be. Finally!!! Well now I'm puzzled. I changed my infusion set this morning. I went to the pharmacy to pick up more strips and my insulin. While there I had my flu shot. It wasn't planned. But now all afternoon my BG won't come below 130 even with corrections. Has anyone noticed that the flu shot will cause the rise that is very stubborn to come down? My arm is a little sore and I have to admit I do have the body aches. I'm thinking the elevation could be from the shot. But it makes me wonder if the infusion set maybe isn't in a "happy" place. Sorry you had probs with it Debbie. I had no increase in bg last year, but I know the vaccine is different each year, so who knows. I haven't had this year's yet, I had planned to go Saturday, but kinda got side-tracked and ended up going to buy a car instead I'll go this coming Saturday, and will keep a close check on bg. Sounds like you were coming down with something anyway, hope you feel better soon. Last edited by Mands; 9/28/09 at 12:02 AM. Reason: typos A1c December 06 6.3 March 06 6.2 June 07 5.7 Dec 07 5.8 June 08 5.6 Nov. 08 5.7 Jan 09 5.8 May 09 5.6 Aug 09 5.4 Feb 10 6.0 Sept 10 6.5 Feb 11 7.1 June 11 5.7 Nov 11 5.9 (41) Feb 12 6.1 (43) Aug 12 6.4 (46) Dec 12 5.8 (40.4) June 13 5.9 (41) January 14 6.1 (43) July 14 6.4 (46) Feb. 15 5.8 (40) Sept 15 6.8 (52) January 16 7.6% (60) April 16 7.0% (53) July 16 5.9% (41) Oct. 16 5.4% (36) I don't think I was coming down with anything. I felt fine prior to the flu shot. Last year was actually the first year I had no symptoms after getting the shot. I always get a sore arm, run a low grade fever and get the typical flu li Continue reading >>

Does The Flu Shot Affect Blood Sugar?

Does The Flu Shot Affect Blood Sugar?

While most physicians will tell you that your blood glucose will not be impacted by a flu shot, anecdotally there are reports of increased blood sugar levels immediately post- injection. Does this mean you shouldn’t get a flu shot? Absolutely not. Your risk from contracting the flu is far greater than a brief period of elevated blood glucose. The Flu Shot Doctors say that diabetics should not take the nasal form of the flu vaccination, only the injection. The vaccine is made of killed flu viruses, and cannot give you the flu. The vaccine is between 70% and 90% effective, and takes about two weeks to provide full immunity. It is generally available sometime during September, and physicians urge diabetics to get it as early as possible so they have complete immunity when the season begins. Some people report higher-than-normal blood glucose readings immediately after their vaccination and for a week or two. Generally, these levels are not high enough to signify an emergency situation, i.e. hyperglycemia and all of its ramifications. There is no real explanation for this increase, other than a possible small bump to the metabolism as the body processes the vaccine. Being aware of the possibility, and adjusting insulin and diet to address the higher readings should be sufficient. If after a couple of weeks glucose levels don’t return to normal, consult your physician. Why Getting a Flu Shot is Critical for Diabetics According to the CDC, diabetics are three times more likely to be hospitalized for the flu and the complications it causes than the rest of the population. Diabetes weakens the immune system, making diabetics more susceptible to the flu, and more likely to develop complications. Doctors not only urge diabetics to get vaccinated, but also strongly recommend t Continue reading >>

Vaccination Practices For People With Diabetes Aade Practice Synopsis

Vaccination Practices For People With Diabetes Aade Practice Synopsis

Introduction Influenza, pneumococcal, hepatitis B, tetanus, pertussis, and shingles are common preventable infectious diseases with high morbidity and mortality in people with chronic diseases, such as diabetes, renal failure, and in the elderly.1 Observational study of patients with a wide variety of chronic illnesses has shown that these conditions are associated with a higher hospitalization rate and complications compared to persons without chronic health conditions.2,3 Communities with pockets of unvaccinated and undervaccinated populations are at increased risk for outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases. 4,5 Background/Rationale and Evidence Annual administration of the influenza vaccine has been shown to decrease diabetes-related hospital admissions for influenza during “flu epidemics†by as much as 79% based on reports of case-controlled series.1 The number of seasonal influenza- associated deaths varies from year to year because of the unpredictability in length and severity. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates flu associated deaths ranged from a low of 3,000 to a high of about 40,000 during flu seasons from 1976-2007.6 While anyone can have influenza related complications and hospitalizations, serious illness and death, the CDC reports that older adults are especially vulnerable. According to the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), the American College of Physicians, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American Academy of Family Physicians, vaccinating individuals at high risk before influenza season each year is the most effective measure for reducing the impact of influenza.7 Individuals with diabetes are six times more likely to be hospitalized and three times more likely to die from complicat Continue reading >>

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